place-making

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pages: 441 words: 96,534

Streetfight: Handbook for an Urban Revolution by Janette Sadik-Khan, Seth Solomonow

autonomous vehicles, bike sharing scheme, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, congestion charging, crowdsourcing, digital map, edge city, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Enrique Peñalosa, Hyperloop, Induced demand, Jane Jacobs, Loma Prieta earthquake, Lyft, New Urbanism, place-making, self-driving car, sharing economy, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, Works Progress Administration, Zipcar

Still, residents of Beverly Hills protested the planned Westside subway expansion beneath Beverly Hills High School, saying the tunnel was close to an earthquake fault and would create a possible explosion hazard. A judge threw out the case in 2014. Downtown Los Angeles is also first in line for the city’s bike-share program, and the district’s progress could easily be a model for pedestrian-friendly and place-making projects in Hollywood, seven miles away. In 2012, then-council member Eric Garcetti worked with his predecessor, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, to alter zoning regulations in Hollywood that would allow high-rise residential and commercial buildings. Higher-density buildings would provide needed housing and take advantage of the city’s subway system, decreasing dependence on single-occupant vehicles for every trip.

In the immense wedge of former traffic lanes above 23rd Street we outlined a plaza in thermoplastic and filled in the remaining space with a texturized gravel treatment adhered to the asphalt, evoking the compacted gravel of pedestrian paths in Paris’s Jardin du Luxembourg or nearby Bryant Park, but at a fraction of the cost and time. A stretch of asphalt empty of cars was an invitation for human-scale street life to emerge. Minutes after workers set out the first construction barrels to detour traffic and start work on the plaza, a group of art students materialized, sat on the blacktop, and started to sketch nearby buildings. This was one of the most moving examples of urban place making and it illustrates just how hungry people are for public space. By looking at where people placed their feet and posteriors, we saw the outline of the city we needed to build. The people took care of the rest. By September 2008, within less than three months, the plazas at Madison Square were ready—light speed by municipal standards. Mayor Bloomberg and representatives of local business associations cut the ribbon on what totaled sixty-five thousand square feet of pedestrian space at the square and along Broadway, an urban expanse larger than a football field in the middle of the city, and the most significant change to Broadway in decades.

The way the street was designed was illegal under Dallas building standards, but that was part of the point they wanted to make: livable streets are a virtual impossibility in many cities thanks to outmoded planning rules and manuals, which reject most uses for the street that don’t involve moving cars and keeping obstacles—and people—out of the way. These DIY acts reveal the power of signs, signals, paint—seemingly minor cues from the streets that shape our lives. It takes only a little bit of imagination to transform a sidewalk into a place-making feature of the street. In an increasing number of cases, city planners are being inspired and, in turn, inspiring these kinds of unorthodox strategies, blurring the lines between the sanctioned and unsanctioned and also erasing the barriers between the people and those who represent them. There are countless eyesores within any city that offer opportunities for inexpensive interventions.


The Metropolitan Revolution: How Cities and Metros Are Fixing Our Broken Politics and Fragile Economy by Bruce Katz, Jennifer Bradley

3D printing, additive manufacturing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, British Empire, business climate, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, collapse of Lehman Brothers, deindustrialization, demographic transition, desegregation, double entry bookkeeping, edge city, Edward Glaeser, global supply chain, immigration reform, income inequality, industrial cluster, intermodal, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, lone genius, Mark Zuckerberg, Masdar, megacity, Menlo Park, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, Occupy movement, place-making, postindustrial economy, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, Richard Florida, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, smart cities, smart grid, sovereign wealth fund, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the market place, The Spirit Level, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, trade route, transit-oriented development, urban planning, white flight

Second, the launch of M1 Rail exemplifies the collaborative spirit and integrated nature of economy shaping and place making at the heart of the metropolitan revolution. Detroit’s revival is being inspired, accelerated, and supported by an intricate web of philanthropic and business leaders and a remarkable set of nonprofit and quasi-public intermediaries that are painstakingly connecting the dots between hundreds of separate actions and transactions. The New Economy Initiative for Southeast Michigan— a $100 million consortium of ten local and national foundations—is a major investor in Detroit’s midtown and downtown. Since its inception in 2007, the initiative has supported or created several investment funds for start-ups and provided capital for significant place-making infrastructure, particularly in TechTown in midtown and its surrounding area, and its grants have helped launch 417 new companies, create 6,700 jobs, and leverage $261 million in additional investment in start-up companies supported by its grantees.100 06-2151-2 ch6.indd 139 5/20/13 6:53 PM 140 THE RISE OF INNOVATION DISTRICTS Living Cities, another philanthropic consortium, has invested $22 million in the Woodward Corridor Initiative to “redensify” the corridor and realize the full potential of the transit investment.101 The Kresge Foundation alone committed $150 million over the next five years to implement the recommendations and strategies outlined in the Detroit Future City report, doubling down on the investments it has already made along the riverfront, in M1 Rail, in the planning for the Detroit Future City effort, and as part of both the New Economy Initiative and Living Cities.102 In 2011 the Henry Ford Health System, the Detroit Medical Center, and Wayne State University, along with state and philanthropic support, launched the Live Midtown initiative, which provides financial incentives for employees who move to the area and entices existing renters and homeowners to stay and reinvest.103 Based on the program’s success, a group of downtown corporations—Quicken Loans, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Compuware, Strategic Staffing Solutions, Marketing Associates, and DTE Energy—created the Live Downtown Initiative.

This chapter and the next focus on the revolution to be: how megatrends will drive cities and metros to reshape their physical and social landscape within as well as forge new connections with their trading partners abroad. As the next decade unfolds, profound economic, demographic, and cultural shifts are likely to alter radically the place preferences of firms and people and, in the process, to reconceive the very link between economy shaping and place making. 113 06-2151-2 ch6.indd 113 5/20/13 6:53 PM 114 THE RISE OF INNOVATION DISTRICTS A confluence of trends is already leading companies and consumers to revalue the physical assets and attributes of cities and make employment centers of suburbia more urban. Our open, innovative economy increasingly craves proximity and extols integration, which allow knowledge to be transferred easily between, within, and across clusters, firms, workers, and supporting institutions, thereby enabling the creation of new ideas that fuel even greater economic activity and growth.

Still others can be found in traditional exurban science parks like Research Triangle Park in Raleigh-Durham that are scrambling to urbanize to keep pace with workers’ preference for walkable communities and firms’ preference for proximity to other firms and collaborative opportunities. Innovation districts arise in disparate geographies with different economic drivers. But all of them draw from the best innovations in both industry cluster and place-making strategies to create well-defined communities packed with resources for firms, entrepreneurs, innovators, researchers, and residents. The theory behind business clusters is that the geographical concentration of interconnected firms and supporting institutions leads to more innovation and production efficiencies, shared inputs, 06-2151-2 ch6.indd 114 5/20/13 6:53 PM THE RISE OF INNOVATION DISTRICTS 115 thicker labor markets, and collective problem solving; the theory behind walkable urbanism is that dense, mixed-use neighborhoods with cultural, recreational, and retail amenities will attract highly educated, innovative, entrepreneurial individuals and benefit the neighborhood’s existing residents.


pages: 598 words: 140,612

Triumph of the City: How Our Greatest Invention Makes Us Richer, Smarter, Greener, Healthier, and Happier by Edward L. Glaeser

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affirmative action, Andrei Shleifer, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Broken windows theory, carbon footprint, Celebration, Florida, clean water, congestion charging, declining real wages, desegregation, diversified portfolio, Edward Glaeser, endowment effect, European colonialism, financial innovation, Frank Gehry, global village, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute cuisine, Home mortgage interest deduction, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, job-hopping, John Snow's cholera map, Mahatma Gandhi, McMansion, megacity, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, New Urbanism, place-making, Ponzi scheme, Potemkin village, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, RFID, Richard Florida, Rosa Parks, school vouchers, Seaside, Florida, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, Steven Pinker, strikebreaker, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the new new thing, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, Works Progress Administration, young professional

And finally Detroit has itself found a mayor, David Bing, who understands that the people aren’t coming back and that empty homes should be replaced with some more reasonable use of space. Mayor Bing is not short on compassion, but he also understands the edifice error. He knows Detroit can be a great city if it cares for its people well even if it has far fewer structures. Museums and transportation and the arts do have an important role in place-making. Yet planners must be realistic and expect moderate successes, not blockbusters. Realism pushes toward small, sensible projects, not betting a city’s future on a vast, expensive roll of the dice. The real payoff of these investments in amenities lies not in tourism but in attracting the skilled residents who can really make a city rebound, especially if those residents can connect with the world economy.

Housing vouchers are good at what they were designed to do—using public dollars to put poorer people into better homes. They actually get resources to the people who need them, instead of lining contractors’ pockets and building white-elephant projects. But they are not the solution to cities’ larger social problems. The Moving to Opportunity study shows that we can’t solve the problems of urban poverty by just giving people money to move to richer neighborhoods. Bad policy puts place-making above helping people, but sometimes social entrepreneurs can do great good by focusing on just one place. For almost forty years, the Harlem Children’s Zone has fought for the children of Manhattan’s best-known African-American community. They’ve created a dense web of social activities, such as the Baby College, which teaches parenting skills, aimed at improving academic outcomes and reducing crime.

Apart from some nasty allegations about polluting a Texas aquifer, Mitchell has managed to cultivate a reputation for being a green energy man, which is not the stereotype of the Texas wildcatter. In the 1960s, he decided to diversify into real estate, and he envisioned a vast city in a forest thirty miles north of Houston. Building a large new community in the middle of nowhere takes deep pockets, and Mitchell had to borrow millions to make his place-making bet. The Department of Housing and Urban Development gave The Woodlands a $50 million loan guarantee. But that guarantee came with conditions, one of which was the need for environmental sensitivity. Mitchell then hired Ian McHarg, a Glaswegian based in Philadelphia, as his environmental consultant, and told him, “I have named my project The Woodlands and there had better be some woodlands when we get done.”


pages: 369 words: 94,588

The Enigma of Capital: And the Crises of Capitalism by David Harvey

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accounting loophole / creative accounting, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, Bernie Madoff, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business climate, call centre, capital controls, creative destruction, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, equal pay for equal work, European colonialism, failed state, financial innovation, Frank Gehry, full employment, global reserve currency, Google Earth, Guggenheim Bilbao, Gunnar Myrdal, illegal immigration, indoor plumbing, interest rate swap, invention of the steam engine, Jane Jacobs, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, Just-in-time delivery, land reform, liquidity trap, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, means of production, megacity, microcredit, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Myron Scholes, new economy, New Urbanism, Northern Rock, oil shale / tar sands, peak oil, Pearl River Delta, place-making, Ponzi scheme, precariat, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, special drawing rights, special economic zone, statistical arbitrage, structural adjustment programs, the built environment, the market place, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, women in the workforce

How they live, sustain themselves and reproduce the species varies enormously from place to place, but in the process people create places within which they dwell, from the peasant hut, the small village, the favela, the urban tenement, to the suburban tract house or the multimillion-dollar homes in the Hamptons of Long Island, in China’s gated communities or in Sao Paulo’s or Mexico City’s high rise penthouses. Place-making, and the creation of a dwelling place that becomes the secure environment called house and home, is as extensive as capital accumulation in its impacts upon the land, even as the production of such places becomes a major vehicle for surplus production and absorption. The production of ‘the urban’, where most of the world’s burgeoning population now lives, has become over time more closely intertwined with capital accumulation, to the point where it is hard to disentangle one from the other.

The empty condominiums in Florida and New York, the shuttered shopping malls in California and the empty Caribbean luxury hotel all tell the same story. Capital, as Marx astutely once put it, here encounters barriers in its own nature. The disjunction between the quest for hypermobility and an increasingly sclerotic built environment (think of the huge amount of fixed capital embedded in Tokyo or New York City) becomes ever more dramatic. ——— The creation of territorial forms of social organisation, place-making, has been fundamental to human activity throughout history. How, then, has the circulation and accumulation of capital adapted to and transformed the territorial forms it inherited from preceding eras, made distinctive places and rejigged the map of global political power in ways that can accommodate the quest for endless compound growth? The rise of the modern state, for example, parallels the rise of capitalism and it was the main capitalist powers that partitioned much of the earth’s surface into colonial possessions and imperial administrative forms, particularly in the period 1870 to 1925.

Go to any do-it-yourself ’ store in suburban New Jersey or in Oxfordshire and you will see myriads of people acquiring commodities that will be used to shape the space they call home and garden into something that is distinctly their own. The shanty town dwellers do much the same, though in their case it is often discarded commodities that form their raw materials and the space they occupy has no legal status and no infrastructures (unless the local state or a World Bank programme on sites and services has made some rudimentary attempt to provide them). Place-making, particularly around that place we call ‘home’, is an art that belongs largely to the people and not to capital, even as certain aspects of the places we call cities are fiercely fought over as capitalist developers struggle to provide the physical infrastructures so necessary for accumulation to occur on the ground. The deeper meanings that people assign to their relationship to the land, to place, home and the practices of dwelling are perpetually at odds with the crass commercialisms of land and property markets.


pages: 207 words: 63,071

My Start-Up Life: What A by Ben Casnocha, Marc Benioff

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affirmative action, Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, Bonfire of the Vanities, business process, call centre, creative destruction, David Brooks, don't be evil, fear of failure, hiring and firing, index fund, informal economy, Jeff Bezos, Lao Tzu, Menlo Park, Paul Graham, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Sand Hill Road, side project, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, technology bubble, traffic fines

I’m lucky at a young age to have natural inclinations toward entrepreneurship and writing and I have a pretty good sense of what I’ll be doing in twenty to thirty years. If this isn’t you, fear not—for most people, it isn’t. Just ask forty-year-olds if they predicted their current line of work when they were children. Finding your passion is discovering what activities, causes, ideas, people, or places make you the most excited about living. Psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi calls this being in the “Flow.” The critical element of the discovery process is exploration into the unknown. Unless genetics pull you toward an activity, you won’t find your “flow” unless you extend yourself. It’s critical you travel to places you’ve never been to, talk to people from different walks of life, take jobs you wouldn’t otherwise consider, read books on topics you’re certain are not interesting.

Think about five people who mean a lot to you and mail them a handwritten note, right now, expressing your appreciation. Online: Each handwritten note should be four lines long. Day 8. Create an expert effect. Develop expertise in an issue that others will find valuable. Become an indispensable resource in something. Day 9. Travel somewhere. Get outside your normal frame of reference and see what happens. See if you approach an issue with a new perspective. See if a new physical place puts you in a new mental place. Make a reservation today! Online: See the best places to visit. Day 10. Raise the bar for one day and observe results. Hold impeccable standards for one full day. No crappy emails, no half-ass efforts, no tasks put off, no workout skipped, no silly indulgence in unhealthy food. Easier than you thought? Day 11. Read The Kite Runner along with Jack Welch’s Straight from the Gut. See which you find more interesting.


pages: 282 words: 69,481

Road to ruin: an introduction to sprawl and how to cure it by Dom Nozzi

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business climate, car-free, Jane Jacobs, New Urbanism, Parkinson's law, place-making, Ray Oldenburg, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, skinny streets, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Great Good Place, transit-oriented development, urban decay, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, zero-sum game

Newman and Kenworthy, Cities and Automobile Dependence, 148, 152, 157, 158. 34. Holtzclaw, “New Emissions Assay.” 35. Newman and Kenworthy, Cities and Automobile Dependence, 151. 36. Center for Urban Transportation Research, Transportation, Land Use, 17. 37. Richert, “Markets for Traditional Neighborhoods,” 1. 38. Nathan R. Norris to pro-urb@listserv.uga.edu, 29 October 2002. 39. Lee, “Place Making in Suburbia,” 73. 40 . Freeman, “The Effects of Sprawl,” 76. 41. Ewald, A Concept, 52–53. 42. Institute of Transportation Engineers, Traditional Neighborhood Development, 5. 43. Congress for the New Urbanism, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 1997. 44. Longman, “Sprawl,” 44. 45. Sayer, “The Costs of Sprawl,” 11. 46. Heimlich and Anderson, Development at the Urban Fringe; Chen, “The Science of Smart Growth,” 86. 47.

New York: Touchstone, 1994. Lagerberg, B., and Anderson, M. Washington State Petroleum Markets Data Book. WSEO 91-384. Olympia: Washington State Energy Office, January 1992. Land Use Digest. “Report Surveys Impact of Transit-Focused Development.” Washington, D.C.: Urban Land Institute, April, 1994. Langdon, P. A Better Place to Live. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994. Lee, T. “Place Making in Suburbia.” Urban Land 59, 10 (2000): 73. Lennard S. H. C., and Lennard, H. L. Making Cities Livable Newsletter, Carmel, Calif., 1987. Levinson, D., and Kumar, A. “Activity, Travel, and the Allocation of Time.” APA Journal 61, 4 (1995): 458–70. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. Alternatives to Sprawl. Cambridge, Mass.: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 1995. ———. Making the Land Use/Transportation/Air Quality Connection (LUTRAQ).


pages: 91 words: 5,667

The Asperger Love Guide: A Practical Guide for Adults With Asperger's Syndrome to Seeking, Establishing and Maintaining Successful Relationships by Genevieve Edmonds, Dean Worton

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fear of failure, neurotypical, place-making, theory of mind

Stop focusing on the negatives, concentrate on what you’ve done well in the past. Accept compliments and support from your partner. AS Characteristics Possible Outcome Managing Outcome Fears. Your fears may appear out of proportion or nonsensical. This could alarm or anger your partner. Accept support from your partner to alleviate your fears. Understand that having AS can make the world appear a frightening and bewildering place, make sure that your partner realizes this. Remember that your worst fears rarely occur at full effect. Lack of awareness of dangers. Can make your partner feel anxious and that they must ‘mother’ you. Read safety guides and explain that AS can cause a lack of social understanding, for example, with danger. Ask for support if you need it, don’t be ashamed to do this. Attitudes to disability or ‘difference’.


pages: 361 words: 111,500

Geography of Bliss by Eric Weiner

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Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, call centre, cuban missile crisis, Exxon Valdez, happiness index / gross national happiness, indoor plumbing, Mikhail Gorbachev, place-making, Pluto: dwarf planet, science of happiness, Silicon Valley, Transnistria, union organizing

As a foreign correspondent for National Public Radio, I traveled to places such as Iraq, Afghanistan, and Indonesia: unhappy places. On one level, this made perfect sense. Unconsciously, I was observing the first law of writing: Write about what you know. And so, notebook in hand, tape recorder slung over my shoulder, I roamed the world telling the stories of gloomy, unhappy people. The truth is that unhappy people, living in profoundly unhappy places, make for good stories. They tug at heartstrings and inspire pathos. They can also be a real bummer. What if, I wondered, I spent a year traveling the globe, seeking out not the world’s well-trodden trouble spots but, rather, its unheralded happy places? Places that possess, in spades, one or more of the ingredients that we consider essential to the hearty stew of happiness: money, pleasure, spirituality, family, and chocolate, among others.

I find a wonderful one a block from my hotel in downtown Rotterdam. It is simultaneously large and cozy, upscale and run-down. Nice wood floors, but they look like they haven’t been polished in years. It’s the kind of place where you could spend hours nursing one beer, and I suspect many people here do just that. Everyone is smoking, so I join in, lighting up a little cigar. Something about the place makes time feel expansive and I become acutely aware of the smallest details. I notice a woman sitting on a bar stool, her legs perpendicular, resting on a nearby banister so that they form a little drawbridge, which she raises and lowers as people pass by. I order something called a Trapiste beer. It’s warm. Normally, I don’t like warm beer, but I like this beer. All around me I hear the pleasant chortle of Dutch.


pages: 355 words: 106,952

Visit Sunny Chernobyl: And Other Adventures in the World's Most Polluted Places by Andrew Blackwell

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carbon footprint, clean water, Google Earth, gravity well, liberation theology, nuclear paranoia, oil rush, oil shale / tar sands, place-making, ride hailing / ride sharing, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, special economic zone, the scientific method, young professional

Once the section of pipe had fully descended, it was time to detach the power swivel, pull another piece of heavy pipe off the rack, hoist it upright, and thread it into the string. One of the roughnecks would reattach the power swivel to the top of it all, and then drilling would begin again. It wasn’t easy work. The roughnecks were in constant motion, guiding the new lengths of pipe into place, making sure they sat correctly, spraying excess mud off the drilling platform with a hose, readying the next stage of pipe. Radley timed the intervals between stages of drilling, to see how efficient his workers were in the changeover. “About three minutes,” he said. “Pretty good.” This was Radley in the role of both “pusher” and “company man,” the two people whose job on a well is to make sure that it gets drilled without wasting time or money.

Except during the several months of the monsoon, the Yamuna essentially ceases to exist as it approaches Delhi. Because it would otherwise disappear into the riverbed, water extracted for Delhi is transported via the Munak Escape, a fork of the Western Yamuna Canal that itself receives a helping of industrial waste and domestic sewage. The water then collects behind the Wazirabad Barrage, on Delhi’s northern margin. (Here it is augmented with water brought from the Ganga, of all places, making the Ganga a tributary of one of its own tributaries.) Thanks to these inputs, there is water in the river at Wazirabad. But this water does not flow south into Delhi, as the river once did. Instead, it is pumped out and treated, becoming the basis of the city’s water supply. Nevertheless, there is water downstream of the Wazirabad Barrage, flowing the fourteen miles through the heart of Delhi.

The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape by James Howard Kunstler

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A Pattern Language, blue-collar work, California gold rush, car-free, City Beautiful movement, corporate governance, Donald Trump, financial independence, fixed income, Ford paid five dollars a day, Frank Gehry, germ theory of disease, indoor plumbing, jitney, land tenure, mass immigration, means of production, megastructure, Menlo Park, new economy, oil shock, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, postindustrial economy, Potemkin village, Ronald Reagan, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Whole Earth Review, working poor, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism

To do so will certainly require a transformation of the physical setting for our civilization, a remaking of the places where we live and work. � 1 1 2 ... Ch apter Seven TH E EVI L E M P I R E A merkan, have been living orr-rentered liv,," for ", long that the collective memory of what used to make a landscape or a townscape or even a suburb humanly rewarding has nearly been erased. The culture of good place-making, like the culture of farming, or agriculture, is a body of knowledge and acquired skills. It is not bred in the bone, and if it is not transmitted from one generation to the next, it is lost. Does the modern profession called urban planning have anything to do with making good places anymore ? Planners no longer employ the vocabulary of civic art, nor do they find the opportunity to practice it-the term civic art itself has nearly vanished in common usage.

Then the Arab Oil Embargo struck in the fall of 1973, and the traffic vanished from the big new shopping boulevard, and the bottom fell out of the economy for a while--though not long enough for America to get the message--and I began to dimly discern that the place itself, this new everyday environment, was the catastrophe. As a child of my times, I was naturally ignorant about the culture of place-making which America had thrown away in its eagerness to be­ come a �lltiQn. It simply wasn't there anymore, especially for someone unconnected to the formal study of architecture. Nobody I knew, or even knew of, talked about building good towns. Cities were considered hopeless--the official policy of urban renewal was a sick joke, and individual acts of urban gentrification were commonly sneered T H E G E O G R A P H Y O F N O W H E R E at as an offense to the poor.


pages: 158 words: 35,552

The Last Girlfriend on Earth: And Other Love Stories by Simon Rich

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British Empire, place-making, pre–internet, Saturday Night Live

She waved at him happily and finished up her phone call. “Cool, I’ll see you in Paris. Listen, I gotta run. ’Bye!” She put away her phone and kissed Josh on the cheek. He laughed and kissed her back. “Who was that?” he asked. “Oh, some ad firm,” she said. “They want me to be the new face of Dior.” “That’s cool,” Josh said. “Do you like omelets?” She nodded enthusiastically. “I love them.” “Well, this place makes great ones.” She blushed as he held open the door for her. “After you,” he said. They entered to the sound of deafening applause. I Love Girl I am Oog. I love Girl. Girl loves Boog. It is bad situation. Boog and I are very different people. For example, we have different jobs. My job is Rock Thrower. I will explain what that is. There are many rocks all over the place and people are always tripping over them.

The Preppers Cookbook: Essential Prepping Foods and Recipes to Deliciously Survive Any Disaster by Rockridge Press

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clean water, place-making

Sourdough Starter A sourdough starter is a survivalist’s best friend; from it, you can make myriad delicious breads and dessert recipes. It doesn’t require yeast, and if you keep it going, you can use the same starter for years. • 2 cups all-purpose flour • 2½ cups lukewarm water 1. Put the flour in a glass container. Add the water and stir together until mixed. Cover mixture with a towel and set it in a warm place. Make sure that it isn’t too hot and there aren’t any drafts that will chill the mixture. 2. In 4–6 days, you’ll notice that it’s bubbling and smelling wonderfully yeasty. It’s now ready. Keep it going by stirring in 2 cups of flour and about ¾ cup of lukewarm water whenever you use a cup of the starter. Yields 1 batch of starter. Personal Hygiene Items It may seem now that if you’re in a survival situation, you won’t be worrying much about smelling good.


pages: 903 words: 235,753

The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty by Benjamin H. Bratton

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1960s counterculture, 3D printing, 4chan, Ada Lovelace, additive manufacturing, airport security, Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, algorithmic trading, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, basic income, Benevolent Dictator For Life (BDFL), Berlin Wall, bioinformatics, bitcoin, blockchain, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, call centre, carbon footprint, carbon-based life, Cass Sunstein, Celebration, Florida, charter city, clean water, cloud computing, connected car, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, dark matter, David Graeber, deglobalization, dematerialisation, disintermediation, distributed generation, don't be evil, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Eratosthenes, ethereum blockchain, facts on the ground, Flash crash, Frank Gehry, Frederick Winslow Taylor, future of work, Georg Cantor, gig economy, global supply chain, Google Earth, Google Glasses, Guggenheim Bilbao, High speed trading, Hyperloop, illegal immigration, industrial robot, information retrieval, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), intermodal, Internet of things, invisible hand, Jacob Appelbaum, Jaron Lanier, John Markoff, Jony Ive, Julian Assange, Khan Academy, liberal capitalism, lifelogging, linked data, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, Masdar, McMansion, means of production, megacity, megastructure, Menlo Park, Minecraft, Monroe Doctrine, Network effects, new economy, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, packet switching, PageRank, pattern recognition, peak oil, peer-to-peer, performance metric, personalized medicine, Peter Eisenman, Peter Thiel, phenotype, Philip Mirowski, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, planetary scale, RAND corporation, recommendation engine, reserve currency, RFID, Robert Bork, Sand Hill Road, self-driving car, semantic web, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Slavoj Žižek, smart cities, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, software studies, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, spectrum auction, Startup school, statistical arbitrage, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Stuxnet, Superbowl ad, supply-chain management, supply-chain management software, TaskRabbit, the built environment, The Chicago School, the scientific method, Torches of Freedom, transaction costs, Turing complete, Turing machine, Turing test, universal basic income, urban planning, Vernor Vinge, Washington Consensus, web application, Westphalian system, WikiLeaks, working poor, Y Combinator

Elizabeth Grosz develops a philosophical trope of demarcation as an elemental principle of animal world-making. She writes, “The earth can be infinitely divided, territorialized, framed. … Framing is how chaos becomes territory. Framing is the means by which objects are delimited, qualities unleashed and art is made possible.”27 Making enclosure by drawing a segment of the world into a presentation is elementary place-making; it is the gesture of geography. Schmitt would not disagree up to this point. The frame, however, is a peculiar sort of introduction of difference whereby the surface of things appears to fold in on itself. It captures and exhibits its subject curled back on itself by a delineation of figure and ground. Grosz links the act of framing, however, not to the subtractive competition of natural selection but to the multiplicative energy of sexual selection and its economies of display, expenditure, and abundance.

For the latter, logistics is a technical imaginary for the world in choreographic motion, an image that in turn becomes a technique for organizing the world as a distributed, generalized complex of distributed, integrated interfaces. 29.  A possible methodological framework: Interface design is less about the design of a thing than of a condition of transference (that could become a thing) and can take at least three main forms. First-order interface design produces the conditions of interassemblage between people, things, or places—making it good, smart, fast, flexible, sustainable, and so on. This is how urban planning and public policy are also interface design. Second-order interface design produces images of interassemblage that give order, predictability, and clarity to how people use systems. These images are very powerful guides—so powerful that they really are the interfaces to what they represent. This is how graphic designers are interface designers.

See cars: driverless personal rapid transit (PRT) systems, 282 personhood, 173–175, 271, 439n65 persuasive interfaces, 224, 430n65 pervasive computing, 113, 172, 301–302 petroglyphs, 309 phone-car interface, 280 physicalization of abstraction, 29, 33 physical-to-virtual binary opposition, 19 Pinochet, Augusto, 59, 385n25 piracy, 380n15 pirate radio, 244–245 placebo interfaces, 224 placefulness, 16, 29, 155 place-making, 84, 149–150, 310 planetary computational economy, 92 planetary data infrastructure, 267 planetary photography, 150, 300, 354 planetary-scale computation architecture, 5, 197 assignment claimed by, 122 cartographic imperative of, 191 client-side versus server-side critique, 356–357 climactic impact of, 92–93, 96 design and, 192, 356 divides crossed, 27–28 ecological governance convergence, 98 economic geography, effect on, 199 elements of, 5 emergence of, 3, 13, 55 energy footprint, 82–83, 92–96, 106–107, 113, 140–141, 258–260, 303–304 forms taken, 4–5 future of, 351, 356 Google's occupation of, 34–40 governance and, 27 jurisdictions, 357 limits to growth, 93–94 at microlevel of the object, 191–192 neoliberalism and, 21 physical world, relation to, 358 political geography and, 6, 11 real project of, 404n11 space of, 34–40, 303 technologies’ alignment into, 4–5 urban design for, 160 Planetary Skin Institute, 88–90, 92, 97–98, 106, 180, 336, 392n42, 452n67 planetary supersurfaces, 188–189 planetary visualization, 452n69 Planet of the Apes, 182 planetology, comparative, 300–302, 333, 353, 360 plan of action, 43, 342 platform architecture, ideal, 49–50 platform-as-state, 7–8, 42, 48–50, 120–123, 140, 295, 315–316, 319, 327, 335, 341 platform-based robotics, 138–139 platform cities, 183–189 platform design, 44, 48, 51 platform economics network value, 159 platform surplus value, 48, 137, 159, 309, 374 User platform value, 309, 375–376 User surplus, 48 value versus price, indexing of, 336 platforms accidents of, 51 authority, 57 autonomy, 136, 282, 339 centralization versus decentralization, 48 characteristics of, 47–51, 214 City layer, designs for, 177 competition between, 50 component standardization, 47–48 control-decontrol paradox in, 46 decision-making, 44, 341–342 defined, 42, 328, 374, 383n4 diagrams ensnaring actors in, 44 economically sustainable, 48 etymology, 43 exchange value, 51 functions of, 19, 41, 119, 328, 342 future of, 117, 141–145, 244, 295, 315–316 genealogy of, 42 generic universality, 49 geography, 110–112 governing, 109, 119, 143 identity, 42 information mediated, 46 institutional forms, 44 introduction, 41–46 logic, 19, 44, 314 mechanics, 44–51 model-to-real correlation, 387n33 network effects, 48 neutrality, 44 origins, 46 overview of, 41–46 physicality and tactility of, 129–130 platform of platforms, 332–333 platform-within-a-platform principle, 284 plots in, 44 as remedy and poison, 5, 133 robotics, shift to, 362 service infrastructures, 116 as stacks, 7–8, 42–43 standardization, 44–46 theory, 41, 47 wars, 110, 123–125, 295 platform sovereignty activist stance on, 312 architectural surface interfaciality in, 166–167 City layer infrastructures role in, 151–153 constitutional violence of, 155 deciding exceptions in, 21 decision-making, 32–33, 44 defined, 374 derivation of, 37 design, 87–88 emergence of, 33, 152 grid programmability providing, 38 guarantees, 151 of nonhuman User, 273 overview of, 51 paradoxes of, 37 principle of, 36 productive accidents of, 37 reversibility, 22, 152–153 states, 339 urban envelopes, 159, 258 platform surplus value, 38, 48, 137, 159, 309, 374 platform totalities, 297 plot, 43–44 Plug-In City (Archigram), 179 pluralism, 302–303 polis, segmentation of, 241 political, the, 6, 30, 379n10 political agency, 173–175, 250, 258 political-geographic order, 26, 56 political identity of the User, 260, 347 political machine, stack as, 55–58 political philosophy, 20 political rights of the User, 285 political subjectivity, 21, 136, 152, 258, 260, 268 political technology, territory as, 335 political theology, 105, 236, 243, 297, 426n46 politico-theological geographies, 242, 248, 320–322 politics agonistic logics of, 180, 247 architectural, 166–167 interfacial, 244–246 of Internet of Things, 204 norms of, 39 Schmittian, spatial dimension of, 381n24 of ubiquitous computing, 203 “Politics of the Envelope, The” (Zaera-Polo), 166 Pontecorvo, Gillo, 244 poor doors, 311 pop futurist media, 432n71 Popper, Karl, 459n19 popular ecology movement, 86 Portzamparc, Christian de, 311 postage stamps, 194 postal identity, 193–196, 206 postal system, 132, 153–154, 195 post-Anthropocenic geopolitics, 285 post-Anthropocenic User, 264 Postel, John, 319 post-Fordism, 231 posthumanism, 275 post-human User, 285, 287–288 “Postscript on Societies of Control” (Deleuze), 157–158 Pourparlers (Deleuze), 147 Pouzin, Louis, 41 poverty ending, 303, 443n23 interiority/exteriority of, 311–312 politics of, 312, 444n30 of working poor, 331 power architecture symbolizing, 325 cultural legitimacy of exercise of, 424n41 of extralegal violence, 317 monopolizing, 308–309 shifts in, 233, 312–313 power-knowledge asymmetries, 454n75 power of brand, 128, 130 “Powers of Ten” (Eames and Eames), 52 power tools, 438n59 preagricultural societies, 149 presence, 205 Price, Cedric, 179, 201 Princeton Radio Project, 254 Prism, 9, 121, 320 privacy axiomatization of individual, 409n42 biopolitics of, 159, 360 cost of, 136, 285, 445n37 expectations of, 346 meta-metadata recursivity for, 287 right to, 270, 285 sacralization through encryption, 347 privacy markets, 285, 445n37 private human User, dissolution of, 289 private versus public space, 159 production labor.


pages: 1,797 words: 390,698

Power at Ground Zero: Politics, Money, and the Remaking of Lower Manhattan by Lynne B. Sagalyn

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affirmative action, airport security, Bonfire of the Vanities, clean water, conceptual framework, corporate governance, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, estate planning, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, high net worth, informal economy, intermodal, iterative process, Jane Jacobs, mortgage debt, New Urbanism, place-making, rent control, Rosa Parks, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, the built environment, the High Line, time value of money, too big to fail, Torches of Freedom, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, white flight, young professional

The extensive debates about vision, countless public meetings, forums with stakeholders, noisy controversies over design, and press-saturated politics produced more progress in the three emotionally charged years following 9/11 than many New Yorkers were able to acknowledge. Workable plans for four elements central to rebuilding the Trade Center—a 9/11 Memorial design, a fully dimensioned site plan, a dramatic design for a place-making Transportation Hub, and an iconic 1,776-foot skyscraper—had been extracted from competing ambitions, contentious turf battles, and conflicts between the twin goals of remembrance and rebuilding that seemed to defy clean resolution. These pieces created a foundation for moving forward with the actual work of rebuilding. What ultimately emerged from these set pieces would depend on numerous design decisions, financial calls, technical challenges, and political considerations—in short, decisions about how to implement the ideas would redefine the conceptual visions that had been put before the public.

The Port Authority agreed to retain Studio Daniel Libeskind to develop design guidelines that, the Times reported, “will set the size of the terminal building, its prominent architectural features and other aesthetic elements that will make it look like the drawings that have been widely circulated.”8 The next month, however, when the Port Authority announced it had selected famed Spanish architect-engineer Santiago Calatrava to design the PATH terminal, the artistic prominence of the selection diminished the likelihood that Libeskind would have a role in this place-making element of the site plan. Six months later when the design was unveiled to widespread acclaim, Calatrava paid homage to Libeskind’s “Wedge of Light” concept in the way he positioned the terminal obliquely on the block. Libeskind said he was “very moved” when Calatrava showed him the direction for the station, “which not only is reinforcing the Wedge of Light but creating something wonderful as a civic building.”

When the “bird in flight” opened its wings every September 11, Calatrava said, the “Wedge of Light” would shine through and preserve Libeskind’s intended architectural expression. Over time, though, the plaza would morph into a mere landscaped sidewalk as out-of-control, financially driven changes pushed the Port Authority to eliminate the wings’ opening movement. Little more than a year after Libeskind’s plan had been heralded, many of its signature place-making elements had been “altered, reduced or eliminated,” Robin Pogrebin wrote from the Times cultural desk in “The Incredible Shrinking Daniel Libeskind.” Despite repeated modification to his master plan, Libeskind’s equanimity held, surprisingly. “I would be throwing myself off an elevation,” said Nina Libeskind. “But Daniel had the capacity to look at something and find the good in it, to find the way it respected this or that element of his concept.”


pages: 532 words: 155,470

One Less Car: Bicycling and the Politics of Automobility by Zack Furness, Zachary Mooradian Furness

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active transport: walking or cycling, affirmative action, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, back-to-the-land, Build a better mousetrap, Burning Man, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, conceptual framework, dumpster diving, Enrique Peñalosa, European colonialism, feminist movement, ghettoisation, Golden Gate Park, interchangeable parts, intermodal, Internet Archive, Jane Jacobs, market fundamentalism, means of production, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, peak oil, place-making, post scarcity, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, sustainable-tourism, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Thomas L Friedman, Thorstein Veblen, urban planning, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, working poor, Yom Kippur War

For example, punks also celebrate bikes in ways that highlight the unique and sometimes contradictory perspective that bicycling lends to the experience of the city: As I ride, I can feel the street Like a river, it flows rapidly Through the city, it propels Me towards a tragic, bloody crash, oh well An inch from death seems to be The only place to find some peace The only place to ride a bike and Feel alive and find a sense of pride And dignity.18 Bicycling, as Joshua Switzky argues, is an exercise in geography whereby cyclists “become intimately familiar with our networks of public spaces, and with a city’s terrain and its inhabitants.”19 it is a form of mobility that renders cities imageable in ways that differ from and are at the same time connected to other ways of moving and dwelling: it is “one path to an alternative understanding of the urban,” as Jen petersen puts it.20 The narratives produced about bicycling—whether in punk lyrics, zines, blogs, cartoons, or documentary films—contribute heavily to this process by (re)presenting and making meaningful both the totality of “the urban” and the nuances of living in a city. indeed, the process of rethinking the city through the bicycle is as much discursive as it is physical: the various emotional and material (e.g., specific corners, potholes, and alleys) details in the everyday world of bike riders function as signposts and markers that construct “shadow maps” of cities that exist both within and outside of the purview of automobility.21 in this sense, bicycles are actively enlisted in a distinctive process of “place making,” as Erik ruin, a printmaker and author of the Trouble in Mind zine, explains: “There’s a way of knowing a city that’s very particular to biking through it. The slowness allows you to really see things, even to stop and look. The speed gives you some safety and a distance that’s really conducive to fluid thought.”22 For everyday riders, one’s world becomes rearticulated around and through their bicycle as pragmatic cycling routes and favorite rides synthesize psychogeographical maps of spaces that are instinctively measured and charted in terms of their bikeability: anywhere you want to go in Gainesville, you can probably get there from the intersection of university and main on bike in 20 minutes.

., 19 anti-roads program, 78 appadurai, arjun, 188 appropriate technology (aT) movement, 65–66, 191, 192–193; and counterculture, 68; critiques of, 68–69 armstrong, lance, 4–5, 119, 222n25 arnison, Matthew, 81 aronson, Sydney, 15 Arrested Development (television program), 112 articulations, 9 asheville recyclery, 149, 173 asia, railroad system in, 190 athineos, Steve “The Greek,” 125 atton, Chris, 144, 147 austin, Texas, 58 australia, 13, 172; bicycling in, 4 autobahn, 51 auto capitalism, 7 auto industry: automobile factories, forced labor in, 241n22; mass media’s shaping of, 49 automobile-industrial complex, 6 automobiles: and american dream, 7; critiques of, as cultural elitism, 7; drivers of, as victims, 129; and fatalities, 80, 135; as framing device, 88; “governors” devices in, 240n7; isolation of, 87; lack of future of, in cities, 208; love affair with, 5–6; and mobility, 45; and pedestrian fatalities, 124, 132; as automobiles (continued) replacement of citizens, 86; rise of, 48; and sales figures, 221n22; as status symbol, 6; and SUv hybrids, 288n10 automobility, 16–17, 23, 52, 54, 109–110, 204–205, 210; alienation of, 88; bad driving as aberration of, 131; and breaking of traffic laws, 132; and car accidents, 132; city as contested space of, 83; critiques of, 59; as dangerous, 131–132; and environmentalism, 60, 65; and gender, 180–181; as gendered phenomenon, 113; and Global South, 190; and gridlock, 208; as inevitable, 117; and masculinity, 114; and mobility, 213; and mutant bikes, 154–155; news media’s support of, 137; perpetuation of cultural supremacy of, 138; as political, 6, 96; protests of, 60, 62, 63–65; and public space, 83, 87, 104, 212–213; and roads, 83; system of, 6; as term, 6; and traffic deaths, 68 autopia, 60 autopolis, 52 awakening (band), 147 Ayamye (film), 283n49 Back-to-the-land movement, 68 Baker, Jimmy, 147 Bakhtin, Mikhail, 90 Balsley, Gene, 156 Bardwell, Sarah 219n7 Barnett, Gabrielle, 44–45 Barrett, Betty, 120 Baudry de Saunier, louis, 25 Baxter, Sylvester, 32, 39, 233n87 Bean-larson, Dennis, 163 Bel Geddes, norman, 50, 208 Belgian Congo, 196 Benepe, Barry, 67 Benjamin, Walter, 44 Benstock, Marcy, 63, 245n80 Berger, arthur asa, 66–67 Berkman, rivvy, 63, 67 Besse, nadine, 18, 25 Bey, Hakim (aka peter lamborn Wilson), 90–91 La Bicicleta y los Triciclos: Alternativas de Trans- porte para America Latina (navarro), 192 Bicimáquinas, 188 Bicycle action project Earn a Bike (EaB) pro gram, 171 Bicycle advisory Committees, 74 Bicycle Coalition of Greater philadelphia, 63, 68 Bicycle Commuters of new york, 268n113 Bicycle counterculture, 8 Bicycle craze, 14, 16, 196 Bicycle donation programs, 201 Bicycle Ecology, 60 Bicycle Ecology Day, 60 Bicycle education programs, 13, 71–72 Bicycle Habitat, 179 Bicycle production, 213–214, 217, 246n95; and labor practices, 216 Bicycle racing, 25 Bicycles, 217; and accidents, 132–133, 264n66, 267–268n111; advertising of, 18–19, 25; as anti-spectacular device, 89; aura of, 18; bamboo bicycles, 293n63; and bike hacking, 157; boyhood association with, 50; and centaur as metaphor, 23; and class discrimination, 32–33; classic bicycles, 260n29; collective shift to, 213; and colonialism, 196–198; compared to horses, 23–24, 232n65; and consumerism, 19, 160–161; and cyborgs, 24–25; design of, 115; as embodiment of environmentalism, 59, 246n99; as first luxury item, 17; fixed-gear bikes, 162–167; as “freedom machine,” 17; granny bikes, revival of, 167; idea of, 18; interest in custom builders of, 167–168; as metaphor for independence, 45; obsession with style and, 163; and oil embargo, 65; and “ordinaries,” 19; and pedestrian accidents, 264n66; and pedestrian fatalities, 268n117; and place making, 146; posters of, 18; in public protests, 104–105; and recycling, 154, 280n10; revival of as utilitarian, 167; and road taxes, 269n121; and rural women and girls, 190; sales of, 18, 49, 65; secondhand bikes, revival of, 167; signifying power of, 196, 198; and single-speed conversion, 153, 162, 167, 274n56; and social construction of technology (SCOT) paradigm, 226–227n2; as social revolutionizer, 32; support of as transportation, 8; as symbol of resistance, 47, 58; and telegraph messenger boys, 50; ten-speed bicycle, popularity of, 67; twenty-first-century usage of, 205–206, 218; as utility vehicles, 50; as utopian mode of transportation, 59; victory bicycles, 120, 262n47.


pages: 422 words: 131,666

Life Inc.: How the World Became a Corporation and How to Take It Back by Douglas Rushkoff

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affirmative action, Amazon Mechanical Turk, banks create money, big-box store, Bretton Woods, car-free, colonial exploitation, Community Supported Agriculture, complexity theory, computer age, corporate governance, credit crunch, currency manipulation / currency intervention, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, death of newspapers, don't be evil, Donald Trump, double entry bookkeeping, easy for humans, difficult for computers, financial innovation, Firefox, full employment, global village, Google Earth, greed is good, Howard Rheingold, income per capita, invention of the printing press, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, John Nash: game theory, joint-stock company, Kevin Kelly, laissez-faire capitalism, loss aversion, market bubble, market design, Marshall McLuhan, Milgram experiment, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, negative equity, new economy, New Urbanism, Norbert Wiener, peak oil, peer-to-peer, place-making, placebo effect, Ponzi scheme, price mechanism, price stability, principal–agent problem, private military company, profit maximization, profit motive, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, RFID, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, short selling, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, social software, Steve Jobs, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telemarketer, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, trade route, trickle-down economics, union organizing, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, Vannevar Bush, Victor Gruen, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration, Y2K, young professional, zero-sum game

The problem with this, as originally pointed out by the German philosopher Walter Benjamin in his seminal essay “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,” is that by removing something from its original context or setting, we kill the sense of awe that we might attach to its uniqueness. Great works of art were once intrinsically a part of their settings. The stained-glass windows at Chartres are inseparable from the cathedral in which they are set, as is the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel from the basilica, or even Stonehenge from its countryside. According to Benjamin, the pilgrimage to the work of art and the specific location where the encounter takes place makes for a sacred event. Once The Last Supper is brought to a generic museum or, worse, replicated thousands of times in a book, it has been removed from its context—from the material processes of its creation. It loses both its religious possibilities and its connection to the labor that created it. To be sure, the reproduced work of art is much more accessible. Thanks to photographic technology, any schoolchild can see a pretty accurate picture of The Last Supper in a book or on the Internet.

Pushing toxic waste out of one neighborhood forces the dumping corporations to find a new place for it; prices on processing garbage go up, and corporations are encouraged to make less trash in order to preserve their bottom line. While rooftop agriculture may not feed our entire metropolitan population, plenty of other opportunities exist for those seeking a more direct connection with the people and places making their food. Community-supported-agriculture groups, or CSAs, let typical food consumers become members of their local agricultural community. Instead of buying Big Agra produce shipped long distances to the supermarket, people make a commitment to buy a season’s worth of crops from a local farm and then either pay up front or by subscription over the course of a year. Some farms require their members to work a few hours during the growing season, others let members work in lieu of payment.


pages: 511 words: 111,423

Learning SPARQL by Bob Ducharme

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Donald Knuth, en.wikipedia.org, G4S, hypertext link, linked data, place-making, semantic web, SPARQL, web application

Still, the bigger the number, the further the function will look, and the more results you’ll get.) Tip When querying geosparql.org with the gs:nearby property function, asking for the owl:sameAs value of each resource place returned gives you its DBpedia URI—for example, http://dbpedia.org/resource/Trowbridge for the town of Trowbridge. This lets you look up lots of additional information about each place, making it a nice example of Linked Data in action. Model-Driven Development Model-driven development has been a growing trend in application development in recent years, especially among developers who understand the advantages of RDF and the related standards. Before discussing it, let’s take a look at what it improves on. For about as long as computers have been around, software has been developed by first modeling a system’s components and their relationships (in the early days, by drawing flowcharts on graph paper using pencils and plastic templates; later, using software tools built around standards like UML) and then using those plans as guidelines for the actual coding.

Even the straight copying of remote triples for local storage can offer some nice advantages for your applications: If you’re not absolutely sure that the remote source will be available whenever you want it, storing local copies ensures that you’ll always have that data when you need it. Locally stored triples will be faster to process than remote ones. If you’ve pulled data from multiple sources, having it together in one place makes it easier to identify potential connections within the data than it would be if the data were spread across multiple remote servers. See Also How Do I Query a Remote Endpoint? Creating and Updating Data This section covers typical patterns of updating data, especially making common changes to multiple triples. Note These queries all assume that you have write access to the data that you want to change.


pages: 203 words: 14,242

Ship It!: A Practical Guide to Successful Software Projects by Jared R. Richardson, William A. Gwaltney

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continuous integration, David Heinemeier Hansson, Donald Knuth, index card, MVC pattern, place-making, Ruby on Rails, web application

If no one in the group is learning anything, the reports might be too terse. If more details are needed in a particular area, push those topics into a side meeting with a smaller group. However, the two-minute rule is a guideline, not a law. You may find thirty seconds is just fine, or you may need three minutes. • Are meetings consistently held the same time and place every day, or do they fluctuate? Having daily meetings at the same time and place makes it easy to remember. Meetings can move occasionally, but avoid mixing things up frequently. • If you stopped holding the meetings, would people complain? They should! The team should come to depend on the daily meeting to stay “in the loop.” If the meetings can be dismissed, then they weren’t providing value. The team should rely on the daily meeting as an invaluable resource. Warning Signs Daily meetings are a great tool.


pages: 233 words: 62,563

Zero: The Biography of a Dangerous Idea by Charles Seife

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Albert Einstein, Albert Michelson, Arthur Eddington, Cepheid variable, cosmological constant, dark matter, Edmond Halley, Georg Cantor, Isaac Newton, John Conway, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, probability theory / Blaise Pascal / Pierre de Fermat, retrograde motion, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Solar eclipse in 1919, Stephen Hawking

The universe was contained in a nutshell, ensconced comfortably within the sphere of fixed stars; the cosmos was finite in extent, and entirely filled with matter. There was no infinite; there was no void. There was no infinity; there was no zero. This line of reasoning had another consequence—and this is why Aristotle’s philosophy endured for so many years. His system proved the existence of God. The heavenly spheres are slowly spinning in their places, making a music that suffuses the cosmos. But something must be causing that motion. The stationary earth cannot be the source of that motive power, so the innermost sphere must be moved by the next sphere out. That sphere, in turn, is moved by its larger neighbor, and on and on. However, there is no infinity; there are a finite number of spheres, and a finite number of things that are moving each other.


pages: 274 words: 58,675

Puppet 3 Cookbook by John Arundel

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Amazon Web Services, cloud computing, continuous integration, Debian, defense in depth, don't repeat yourself, GnuPG, Larry Wall, place-making, Ruby on Rails, web application

All we need to do to add a firewall config snippet for any particular app or service is to tag it firewall-snippet, and Puppet will do the rest. Although we could add a notify => Service["firewall"] to each snippet resource, if our definition of the firewall service were ever to change we would have to hunt down and update all the snippets accordingly. The tag lets us encapsulate the logic in one place, making future maintenance and refactoring much easier. What's the <| tag == 'firewall-snippet' |> syntax? It's called a resource collector, and it's a way of specifying a group of resources by searching for some piece of data about them: in this case, the value of a tag. You can find out more about resource collectors and the <| |> operator (sometimes known as the spaceship operator) on the Puppet Labs website: http://docs.puppetlabs.com/puppet/3/reference/ lang_collectors.html Using run stages A common requirement is to apply a certain group of resources before other groups (for example, installing a package repository or a custom Ruby version), or after others (for example, deploying an application once its dependencies are installed).


pages: 169 words: 56,250

Startup Communities: Building an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem in Your City by Brad Feld

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barriers to entry, cleantech, cloud computing, corporate social responsibility, Grace Hopper, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, labour mobility, Lean Startup, minimum viable product, Network effects, Peter Thiel, place-making, pre–internet, Richard Florida, Ruby on Rails, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, smart cities, software as a service, Steve Jobs, text mining, Y Combinator, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Government runs in short time cycles, usually less than four years. It often feels like we are in an endless campaign cycle and, in some cases, at least half of the activity of government leaders feels like it is around the process of getting reelected. After an election, there is often a three-month lame-duck period where nothing happens, followed by a six-month period as the new administration gears up, puts new leaders in place, makes its plans, does its studies, writes its reports, and then launches its new initiatives. That’s nine months of a four-year cycle wasted. Startup communities can’t wait—they are growing and changing every day. It is well known that government can inhibit business activity. The easy things to pin on government are overwhelming regulatory activity, misguided tax policy that stalls investment in entrepreneurial companies, shortsighted tax policy that drives entrepreneurial companies to neighboring cities or states, and constrictive zoning rules, especially in downtown cores, that drive rents up and lower inventory of office and living space.


Learning Flask Framework by Matt Copperwaite, Charles Leifer

create, read, update, delete, database schema, Debian, DevOps, don't repeat yourself, full text search, place-making, Skype, web application

It allows you to define your website in small blocks that are pieced together to form complete pages. On our blog, for instance, we will have blocks for the header, the sidebar, the footer, as well as templates, for rendering blog posts. This approach is DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself), which means that the markup contained in each block should not be copied or pasted elsewhere. Since the HTML for each part of the site exists in only one place, making changes and fixing bugs is much easier. Jinja2 also allows you to embed display logic in the template. For instance, we may wish to display a log out button to users who are logged in, but display a log in form to users browsing anonymously. As you will see, it is very easy to accomplish these types of things with a bit of template logic. From the beginning, Flask was built with Jinja2 in mind, so working with templates in your Flask app is extremely easy.


pages: 301 words: 74,571

Idoru by William Gibson

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experimental subject, Kowloon Walled City, means of production, pattern recognition, place-making, telepresence

Factories, restaurants. A city. No laws." "Is it still there?" "No," Zona said, "they tore it down before it all became China C 221 again. They made a park with concrete. But these people, the ones they say made a hole in the net, they found the data. The history of it. Maps. Pictures. They built it again." "Why?" "Don't ask me. Ask them. They are all crazy." Zona was scanning the Piazza. "This place makes me cold…"Chia considered bringing the sun up, but then Zona pointed. "Who is that?" Chia watched her Music Master, or something that looked like him, stroll toward them from the shadows of the stone arches where the cafes were, a dark greatcoat flapping to reveal a lining the color of polished lead. "I've got a software agent that looks like that," Chia said, "but he isn't supposed to be there unless I cross a bridge.


pages: 257 words: 68,383

Bottled and Sold: The Story Behind Our Obsession with Bottled Water by Peter H. Gleick

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carbon footprint, clean water, commoditize, cuban missile crisis, John Snow's cholera map, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley

…Scientists were stunned to discover that atmospheric oxygen content in ancient times measured twice as high as that of today: It was 38 percent 10,000 years ago, compared to the 21 percent of today, getting lower and lower due to pollution and industrialization.”18 Scientists would indeed be stunned to discover this, since while the composition of the atmosphere has varied dramatically over the eons, atmospheric chemists believe that the level of oxygen in the atmosphere has remained steady for millions of years and is close to what it has been since the emergence of modern homo sapiens a hundred thousand years ago. More important, the very small natural variations from place to place make no difference to our health.19 Another website writes: “We are able to increase the oxygen content of our Premium Bottled Water by 700%—the maximum amount of oxygen possible! That’s seven times more oxygen!”20 Actually, a 700 percent increase would be eight times more oxygen, not seven, but my real quibble here is with the company’s scientific and physiological illiteracy, not their innumeracy.


pages: 263 words: 61,784

Patricia Unterman's San Francisco Food Lover's Pocket Guide by Patricia Unterman, Ed Anderson

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Golden Gate Park, New Urbanism, place-making, South of Market, San Francisco

Try a cup of Tuttimelon’s “original tart” frozen yogurt with fresh raspberries and blueberries. I’m becoming addicted. See this page for the Sunset location. YOGURT BAR AT UNION 2760 Octavia (between Union and Octavia); 415-441-2585; www.yogurtbarsf.com; Open Tuesday through Thursday and Sunday 11 A.M. to 10 P.M., Friday and Saturday 11 A.M. to 11 P.M.; Credit cards: MC, V This almost-hidden little place makes frozen yogurt with the tang and natural flavor of real yogurt—and only 120 calories for five ounces. Light, bright, and organic, the yogurt is lovely with summery fresh raspberries, strawberries, or blueberries. Yogurt Bar’s yogurt is a little creamier and sweeter than either Tuttimelon or Los Angeles’s Pinkberry, the Korean-style frozen yogurt shop that started the craze. MARKETS MARINA SUPER 2323 Chestnut Street (between Scott and Divisadero); 415-346-7470; Open Monday through Saturday 7 A.M. to 9 P.M., Sunday 8 A.M. to 9 P.M.; Credit cards: AE, D, MC, V This neighborhood market, with butcher and deli counters, supplies the Italian community of the Marina with all the ingredients needed to cook dishes like the ones in any classic Italian cookbook.


pages: 208 words: 74,328

The Road to Wigan Pier by George Orwell

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anti-work, British Empire, Etonian, place-making, Upton Sinclair

The first time I was watching the ‘fillers’ at work I put my hand upon some dreadful slimy thing among the coal dust. It was a chewed quid of tobacco. Nearly all the miners chew tobacco, which is said to be good against thirst. Probably you have to go down several coal-mines before you can get much grasp of the processes that are going on round you. This is chiefly because the mere effort of getting from place to place makes it difficult to notice anything else. In some ways it is even disappointing, or at least is unlike what you have expected. You get into the cage, which is a steel box about as wide as a telephone box and two or three times as long. It holds ten men, but they pack it like pilchards in a tin, and a tall man cannot stand upright in it. The steel door shuts upon you, and somebody working the winding gear above drops you into the void.


pages: 275 words: 77,017

The End of Money: Counterfeiters, Preachers, Techies, Dreamers--And the Coming Cashless Society by David Wolman

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, bitcoin, Bretton Woods, carbon footprint, cashless society, central bank independence, collateralized debt obligation, corporate social responsibility, credit crunch, cross-subsidies, Diane Coyle, fiat currency, financial innovation, floating exchange rates, German hyperinflation, greed is good, Isaac Newton, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, mental accounting, mobile money, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, offshore financial centre, Peter Thiel, place-making, placebo effect, Ponzi scheme, Ronald Reagan, seigniorage, Silicon Valley, special drawing rights, Steven Levy, the payments system, transaction costs

“Banks don’t like cash and don’t want to invest in it,” says Michael T. Dan, chairman, president, and CEO of Texas-based Brinks. Might the bankers’ judgment on this be a hint to the rest of us?29 Birch steps back into the foyer for a moment to make a call. He looks a little distressed. He’s been to this museum a number of times before—know thine enemy, I suppose—but I get the sense that this place makes him physically uncomfortable. Far from signifying stately grandeur and a rock-solid economy, the stone walls and stodgy traditions symbolize the kind of fuddy-duddy refusal to move forward that is anathema to someone who accepts the premise that technological innovation drives positive change. Maybe he’s overreacting, though. Now that ATMs are pretty much everywhere, cash isn’t exactly hard to come by.


pages: 200 words: 72,182

Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting by in America by Barbara Ehrenreich

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business process, full employment, housing crisis, income inequality, McMansion, place-making, sexual politics, telemarketer, union organizing, wage slave, women in the workforce, working poor, zero day

Her boyfriend's sister, she tells me on the drive to our first house, watches her eighteen-month-old for $50 a week, which is a stretch on The Maids' pay, plus she doesn't entirely trust the sister, but a real day care center could be as much as $90 a week. After polishing off the first house, no problem, we grab “lunch”—Doritos for Rosalie and a bag of Pepperidge Farm Goldfish for Maddy—and head out into the exurbs for what our instruction sheet warns is a five-bathroom spread and a first-timer to boot. Still, the size of the place makes us pause for a moment, buckets in hand, before searching out an appropriately humble entrance.[16] It sits there like a beached ocean liner, the prow cutting through swells of green turf, windows without number. “Well, well,” Maddy says, reading the owner's name from our instruction sheet, “Mrs. W and her big-ass house. I hope she's going to give us lunch.” Mrs. W is not in fact happy to see us, grimacing with exasperation when the black nanny ushers us into the family room or sunroom or den or whatever kind of specialized space she is sitting in.


pages: 260 words: 76,223

Ctrl Alt Delete: Reboot Your Business. Reboot Your Life. Your Future Depends on It. by Mitch Joel

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3D printing, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, call centre, clockwatching, cloud computing, Firefox, future of work, ghettoisation, Google Chrome, Google Glasses, Google Hangouts, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Network effects, new economy, Occupy movement, place-making, prediction markets, pre–internet, QR code, recommendation engine, Richard Florida, risk tolerance, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, social graph, social web, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Thomas L Friedman, Tim Cook: Apple, Tony Hsieh, white picket fence, WikiLeaks, zero-sum game

But even with all the impressive numbers, we’re still looking at a penetration rate among the general population of anywhere between 25 and 55 percent (depending on which research group you want to believe and the country that you reside in) for smartphones and tablets. Beyond this low penetration rate, it’s also important to note that this small percentage shrinks even more when it comes to people who are paying for apps, downloading apps, and actually using apps (we’ve all seen the depressing stats surrounding this in innumerable different places). Making things even more complex are the telecommunications companies, which are still charging confusing fee structures for mobile data. Text messaging is not the same as mobile Web, and different devices use different amounts of data (and we’re not even talking about the complete confusion or price gouging that happens when you roam beyond your country of origin). Beyond that (as if that’s not enough!)


pages: 168 words: 9,044

You're Not Fooling Anyone When You Take Your Laptop to a Coffee Shop: Scalzi on Writing by John Scalzi

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non-fiction novel, Occam's razor, place-making, rent control, Ronald Reagan, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, zero-sum game

Somewhat related: Use capitals when you should (beginning of sentences, proper nouns), don't use them when you shouldn't (pretty much every other time). Lots of people think not using capitals makes them look arty and cool, but generally it just makes the rest of us wonder if you've not yet figured out the magical invention known as the shift key. Alternately, the random appearance of capitals in inappropriate places makes us wonder if you don't secretly wish the Germans won World War II (and even the Germans are cracking down on wanton capitalization these days, so there you are). 2. With sentences, shorter is better than longer: If a sentence you're writing is longer than it would be comfortable to speak, it's probably too long. Cut it up. This is one I'm guilty of ignoring; I tend to use semi-colons when I should be using periods.


pages: 261 words: 71,349

The Introvert Entrepreneur: Amplify Your Strengths and Create Success on Your Own Terms by Beth Buelow

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fear of failure, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, risk tolerance, Skype, Tony Hsieh

Author Sophia Dembling offers this personal insight: “Once I started thinking consciously about my introversion and working with it with intention, things that used to be very difficult became easier. For instance, once I decided I’m not obligated to answer the phone, it became easier to answer the phone because I do it as a choice instead of because I feel the world requires it. Once I know that I can leave a party when I’m ready to go, it makes it much easier to go to the party in the first place.” Make friends with the unknown. Introverts generally like to be prepared and know what to expect. Responding quickly, being put on the spot, dealing with unclear expectations—these are not high on our list of favorite things. Yet, as we know, life is full of situations and people for which we can never be prepared. In those moments, shift from fear to curiosity. Instead of thinking, “I don’t know what’s going to happen!”


pages: 262 words: 66,800

Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future by Johan Norberg

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agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, availability heuristic, Bartolomé de las Casas, Berlin Wall, British Empire, business climate, clean water, continuation of politics by other means, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, demographic transition, desegregation, Donald Trump, Flynn Effect, germ theory of disease, Gini coefficient, Gunnar Myrdal, Haber-Bosch Process, Hans Island, Hans Rosling, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, John Snow's cholera map, Kibera, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, more computing power than Apollo, moveable type in China, Naomi Klein, open economy, place-making, Rosa Parks, sexual politics, special economic zone, Steven Pinker, telerobotics, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transatlantic slave trade, very high income, working poor, Xiaogang Anhui farmers, zero-sum game

Eighty-four per cent feared that criminals would harm their families, but as many as ninety-two per cent said they felt safe in their own neighbourhood. So the environment they had first-hand knowledge of felt safe, but the places they heard about on the news seemed very risky.6 Many journalists and editors acknowledge this tendency. The American public radio journalist Eric Weiner says: ‘The truth is that unhappy people, living in profoundly unhappy places, make for good stories.’7 When the Swedish TV journalist Freddie Ekman was asked about the biggest news stories during almost half a century in the trade, he responded by listing the murder of Prime Minister Olof Palme in 1986, the sinking of the cruise ferry Estonia in 1994, and the terror attacks of 9/11. When asked about any positive stories during this period, he answered, ‘One doesn’t remember them, because they never get big.’8 Ulrik Hagerup from Danish radio admits that journalists mostly report on ‘the holes in the cheese’ – problems and conflicts – but rarely about the cheese in itself – society and its progress.


pages: 257 words: 64,285

The End of Traffic and the Future of Transport: Second Edition by David Levinson, Kevin Krizek

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, 3D printing, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, Chris Urmson, collaborative consumption, commoditize, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, dematerialisation, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Google Hangouts, Induced demand, intermodal, invention of the printing press, jitney, John Markoff, labor-force participation, lifelogging, Lyft, means of production, megacity, Menlo Park, Network effects, Occam's razor, oil shock, place-making, Ray Kurzweil, rent-seeking, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, technological singularity, Tesla Model S, the built environment, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, urban renewal, women in the workforce, working-age population, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Several states, Nevada, Florida, California, Michigan, Virginia, and the District of Columbia, have passed special enabling legislation enabling testing of fully autonomous vehicles on public roads. Environments The Cadillac SuperCruise entry into the "semi-autonomous" vehicle market implies the first market for autonomous vehicles would be the relatively controlled environment of the freeway.168 However, entry into the relatively controlled environment of low-speed places makes sense as well. These are two different types of vehicles (high speed freeway vs. low speed neighborhood), and though they may converge, there is no guarantee they will, and perhaps today's converged multi-purpose vehicle will instead diverge. There has long been discussion of Neighborhood Electric Vehicles, ranging from golf carts to something larger, which are in use in some communities, particularly southwestern US retirement complexes.


pages: 218 words: 83,794

Frommer's Portable California Wine Country by Erika Lenkert

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Louis Pasteur, Maui Hawaii, place-making, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, white picket fence

The five luxury cottages include king-size beds, a single bed (perfect for the tot in tow), sitting areas, fireplaces, private patios, and two-person Jacuzzi tubs. One of the inn’s best features is the heated outdoor pool, which is attractively landscaped into the hillside. Another favorite feature is the selection of suites, which come with stereos, plenty of space, and lots of privacy. The family that runs this place makes guests feel extra welcome and serves wine and plenty of appetizers nightly, along with a hotel-staff hospitality in the inviting living room. A full buffet breakfast is served there, too. Note: TV junkies book elsewhere. You won’t be able to tune in in rooms here. Wine Country Inn 1152 Lodi Lane, St. Helena, CA 94574. & 888/465-4608 or 707/963-7077. Fax 707/963-9018. www.winecountryinn.com. 29 units, 12 with shower only. $195–$525 double, $495–$555 for cottages.


pages: 326 words: 29,543

The Docks by Bill Sharpsteen

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affirmative action, anti-communist, big-box store, collective bargaining, Google Earth, intermodal, inventory management, jitney, Just-in-time delivery, new economy, Panamax, place-making, Port of Oakland, post-Panamax, RAND corporation, refrigerator car, strikebreaker, women in the workforce

It is a relatively cheap and painless way of confirming the absence of a dangerous substance or device, and the absence of persons illegally attempting to gain access. This, of course, makes the inspection of “empty” containers all the more compelling and an absolute necessity in any port security program. Mitre then demonstrated the kind of fertile imagination so many people have when it comes to possible terrorist acts: Once the cargo within the container has been unloaded at its eventual destination, there is no system, protocol, or requirement in place making the last shipper responsible for closing and sealing the doors. As a result, this empty container will travel over the roads of the U.S. unlocked and open. It may serve as a platform or vehicle for anything or anyone who may desire to do harm to our country. It may lie unattended on city streets or even within the port for days or even weeks until it is returned to the terminal for shipment [usually back to Asia.]


pages: 321 words: 85,267

Suburban Nation by Andres Duany, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Jeff Speck

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A Pattern Language, big-box store, car-free, Celebration, Florida, City Beautiful movement, desegregation, edge city, Frank Gehry, housing crisis, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, intermodal, Jane Jacobs, jitney, McMansion, New Urbanism, place-making, price mechanism, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Seaside, Florida, Silicon Valley, skinny streets, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Great Good Place, transit-oriented development, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration

It holistically integrates a full range of components missing from many other ambitious developments, including significant amounts of workplace and affordable housing. Like some of its better-known American counterparts, Poundbury stands irrefutable, promising the ultimate sustainability: the permanence that accrues only to places that are loved. Given the advances of the past decade, perhaps it is not hubristic to declare that we can see a future of wiser, healthier, more efficient and more beautiful place-making. Social scientists identify three phases in cultural change: first, social marketing; then the removal of existing barriers to change; and finally the enactment of new regulations. Suburban Nation has helped to socially market a change in the way we build. Americans are now well into the subsequent phases of removing barriers and regulating … and not a moment too soon. Growing awareness of the need to adapt to climate change, energy limits, and economic volatility has created an environment of ferment and opportunity.


pages: 367 words: 99,765

Maphead: Charting the Wide, Weird World of Geography Wonks by Ken Jennings

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Asperger Syndrome, augmented reality, Bartolomé de las Casas, Berlin Wall, British Empire, clean water, David Brooks, digital map, don't be evil, dumpster diving, Eratosthenes, game design, Google Earth, helicopter parent, hive mind, index card, John Harrison: Longitude, John Snow's cholera map, Mercator projection, Mercator projection distort size, especially Greenland and Africa, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Journalism, openstreetmap, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Skype, Stewart Brand, Tacoma Narrows Bridge, traveling salesman, urban planning

When people talk about their experiences with the defining news stories of their generation (the Kennedy assassination, the moon landing, the Berlin Wall, 9/11), they always frame them as where-we-were-when-we-heard. I was in the kitchen, I was in gym class, I was driving to work. It’s not relevant to the Challenger explosion in any way that I was in my elementary school cafeteria when I heard about it, but that’s still how I remember the event and tell it to others. Naming the place makes us feel connected, situated in the story. And maps are just too convenient and too tempting a way to understand place. There’s a tension in them. Almost every map, whether of a shopping mall, a city, or a continent, will show us two kinds of places: places where we’ve been and places we’ve never been. The nearby and the faraway exist together in the same frame, our world undeniably connected to the new and unexpected.


pages: 142 words: 18,753

Bobos in Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There by David Brooks

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1960s counterculture, affirmative action, Community Supported Agriculture, David Brooks, Donald Trump, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Gilder, haute couture, haute cuisine, income inequality, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Bork, Silicon Valley, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Thorstein Veblen, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban planning, War on Poverty, Yogi Berra

He has to do just as much artificial schmoozing as the partners at Skadden, Arps or the sellers at Goldman Sachs. It’s just that they are working in big money industries and the SID sufferer is working in a small money industry. Today’s intellectual is at the butt end of the upper class. She is rich enough to send her kids to the private schools and to Stanford, but many of the other parents at these places make as much in a month as her family does in a year. Eventually the kids of the SID sufferer begin to notice the income difference between their family and their classmates’ families. It happens around birthday time. The other kids have birthdays at Wrigley Field (they’ve bought out a section) or at FAO Schwarz (they’ve rented out the whole store for a Sunday morning). The SID kid has his party in his living room.


pages: 722 words: 90,903

Practical Vim: Edit Text at the Speed of Thought by Drew Neil

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Bram Moolenaar, don't repeat yourself, en.wikipedia.org, fault tolerance, finite state, place-making, QWERTY keyboard, web application

Record One Unit of Work To begin, we record all changes made to the first line: Keystrokes Buffer Contents qa ​​1. one​​ ​​2. two​​ 0f. ​​1. one​​ ​​2. two​​ r) ​​1) one​​ ​​2. two​​ w~ ​​1) One​​ ​​2. two​​ j ​​1) One​​ ​​2. two​​ q ​​1) One​​ ​​2. two​​ Note the use of motions in this macro. We begin with the 0 command, which normalizes our cursor position by placing it at the start of the line. This means that our next motion always starts from the same place, making it more repeatable. Some might look at the next motion, f., and consider it wasteful. It moves the cursor only one step to the right, same as the l command. Why use two keystrokes when one would do? Once again, it’s a matter of repeatability. In our sample set, we have lines numbered only one to four, but suppose the numbers ran into double digits? ​​1. one​​ ​​2. two​​ ​​...​​ ​​10. ten​​ ​​11. eleven​​ On the first nine lines, 0l takes us to the second character of the line, which happens to be a period.


pages: 292 words: 81,699

More Joel on Software by Joel Spolsky

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a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, barriers to entry, Black Swan, Build a better mousetrap, business process, call centre, Danny Hillis, David Heinemeier Hansson, failed state, Firefox, fixed income, George Gilder, Larry Wall, low cost carrier, Mars Rover, Network effects, Paul Graham, performance metric, place-making, price discrimination, prisoner's dilemma, Ray Oldenburg, Ruby on Rails, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, slashdot, social software, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Superbowl ad, The Great Good Place, type inference, unpaid internship, wage slave, web application, Y Combinator

More reading I f you’re still all gung-ho about exceptions, read Raymond Chen’s essay “Cleaner, More Elegant, and Harder to Recognize” (blogs. msdn.com/oldnewthing/archive/2005/01/14/352949.aspx): “It is extraordinarily difficult to see the difference between bad exception-based code and not-bad exception-based code . . . exceptions are too hard and I’m not smart enough to handle them.” Raymond’s rant about Death by Macros, “A Rant Against Flow Control Macros” (blogs.msdn.com/oldnewthing/archive/2005/01/ 06/347666.aspx), is about another case where failing to get information all in the same place makes code unmaintainable. “When you see code that uses [macros], you have to go dig through header files to figure out what they do.” For background on the history of Hungarian notation, start with Simonyi’s original paper, “Hungarian Notation” (msdn.microsoft.com/ en-us/library/aa260976(VS.60).aspx). Doug Klunder introduced this to the Excel team in a somewhat clearer paper, “Hungarian Naming Conventions” (www.byteshift.de/msg/hungarian-notation-dougklunder).


pages: 346 words: 102,625

Early Retirement Extreme by Jacob Lund Fisker

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8-hour work day, active transport: walking or cycling, barriers to entry, clean water, Community Supported Agriculture, delayed gratification, discounted cash flows, diversification, don't be evil, dumpster diving, financial independence, game design, index fund, invention of the steam engine, inventory management, loose coupling, market bubble, McMansion, passive income, peak oil, place-making, Ponzi scheme, psychological pricing, the scientific method, time value of money, transaction costs, wage slave, working poor

For example, 10 average shirts that get washed after wearing them for a day give 1,000 washes total. They would last a little under 3 years given equal amount of wear. If shirt fashion changes faster than this, 10 shirts is too many. As clothes can take up a lot of space, you may want to reduce the size of your wardrobe to keep other things in your closet, or to simply require less closet space in the first place. Making your own clothing Clothing is now so inexpensive, at least in terms of getting dressed, that making your own isn't worthwhile other than for the satisfaction it brings. Mending and darning are still valuable skills, as is resizing. Laundry You may want to put in an external constraint that all dirty clothes should comprise a full laundry load to minimize laundry machine use (wear, money, water, electricity).


pages: 317 words: 101,475

Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class by Owen Jones

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Asperger Syndrome, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, collapse of Lehman Brothers, credit crunch, deindustrialization, Etonian, facts on the ground, falling living standards, first-past-the-post, ghettoisation, Gini coefficient, hiring and firing, housing crisis, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, low skilled workers, low-wage service sector, mass immigration, Neil Kinnock, Occupy movement, pension reform, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, race to the bottom, Right to Buy, rising living standards, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Spirit Level, too big to fail, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, We are the 99%, wealth creators, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce, working-age population

The document repeatedly affirmed that women under eighteen were 'three times more likely to be pregnant in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived areas. In the most deprived areas 54 per cent are likely to fall pregnant before the age of 18, compared to just 19 per cent in the least deprived areas.' It was a real wake-up call: over half of all teenage girls in some areas were falling pregnant! It turned out the Tories had put the decimal points in the wrong place, making figures wrong by a multiple of ten. The real figure for the ten most deprived areas was actually just 5.4 per cent. The document also failed to mention a decline in under-eighteen conceptions of over 10 per cent in these areas--reversing a trend that had been going up under previous Tory governmenta/ By 2007,11.4 per cent of conceptions were to women under the age of twenty-aboutthe same level as that conservative golden age of family values, the 1950s.


pages: 308 words: 84,713

The Glass Cage: Automation and Us by Nicholas Carr

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Airbnb, Airbus A320, Andy Kessler, Atul Gawande, autonomous vehicles, Bernard Ziegler, business process, call centre, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, Checklist Manifesto, cloud computing, computerized trading, David Brooks, deliberate practice, deskilling, digital map, Douglas Engelbart, drone strike, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Flash crash, Frank Gehry, Frank Levy and Richard Murnane: The New Division of Labor, Frederick Winslow Taylor, future of work, global supply chain, Google Glasses, Google Hangouts, High speed trading, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, Internet of things, Jacquard loom, Jacquard loom, James Watt: steam engine, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Kevin Kelly, knowledge worker, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, natural language processing, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, Oculus Rift, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, randomized controlled trial, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, robot derives from the Czech word robota Czech, meaning slave, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, software is eating the world, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, technoutopianism, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, turn-by-turn navigation, US Airways Flight 1549, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, William Langewiesche

But the more you think about it, the more you realize that to never confront the possibility of getting lost is to live in a state of perpetual dislocation. If you never have to worry about not knowing where you are, then you never have to know where you are. It is also to live in a state of dependency, a ward of your phone and its apps. Problems produce friction in our lives, but friction can act as a catalyst, pushing us to a fuller awareness and deeper understanding of our situation. “When we circumvent, by whatever means, the demand a place makes of us to find our way through it,” the writer Ari Schulman observed in his 2011 New Atlantis essay “GPS and the End of the Road,” we end up foreclosing “the best entry we have into inhabiting that place—and, by extension, to really being anywhere at all.”14 We may foreclose other things as well. Neuroscientists have made a series of breakthroughs in understanding how the brain perceives and remembers space and location, and the discoveries underscore the elemental role that navigation plays in the workings of mind and memory.


pages: 319 words: 105,949

Skyfaring: A Journey With a Pilot by Mark Vanhoenacker

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Airbus A320, British Empire, Cape to Cairo, computer age, dark matter, digital map, Edmond Halley, John Harrison: Longitude, Louis Blériot, Maui Hawaii, out of africa, phenotype, place-making, planetary scale, Ralph Waldo Emerson, random walk, the built environment, transcontinental railway

We forget, unless we cross it as often as long-haul pilots do, that the Sahara isn’t much smaller than the United States; then there are the vast, barely inhabited portions of Australia, a continent comparable in breadth to the contiguous United States (as Australian postcards that overlay maps of the two make so clear); and then there is the Kalahari, and Arabia. I don’t mean to suggest that the portions of the earth that look empty have not been disturbed—nearly all of them have been, not least by climate change, to which the planes that carry us over such places make a growing contribution—or that we can make useful assessments of our impact on the environment from casual aerial observations. Only a specialist can look down on a brown autumn landscape of Canada or Finland, for example, and say where the snow would likely have fallen by this date a hundred years ago. But if you have ever hiked or driven through a very rural area or a nature reserve, and looked closely at the many lesser peaks that surround one well-known mountain, and speculated on whether anyone has ever stood on them, or even whether some have ever been given a name, then that is exactly the feeling I often have while looking out from the window seat of a long-haul airliner.


pages: 317 words: 100,414

Superforecasting: The Art and Science of Prediction by Philip Tetlock, Dan Gardner

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Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, availability heuristic, Black Swan, butterfly effect, cloud computing, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, desegregation, drone strike, Edward Lorenz: Chaos theory, forward guidance, Freestyle chess, fundamental attribution error, germ theory of disease, hindsight bias, index fund, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, Kenneth Arrow, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mohammed Bouazizi, Nash equilibrium, Nate Silver, obamacare, pattern recognition, performance metric, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, placebo effect, prediction markets, quantitative easing, random walk, randomized controlled trial, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Richard Thaler, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, statistical model, stem cell, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, the scientific method, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Bayes, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!

Not really. Many smart people made the same mistake, so it’s not embarrassing to own up to it. The quotation wasn’t central to my work and being right about it wasn’t part of my identity. But if I had staked my career on that quotation, my reaction might have been less casual. Social psychologists have long known that getting people to publicly commit to a belief is a great way to freeze it in place, making it resistant to change. The stronger the commitment, the greater the resistance.8 Jean-Pierre Beugoms is a superforecaster who prides himself on his willingness “to change my opinions a lot faster than my other teammates,” but he also noted “it is a challenge, I’ll admit that, especially if it’s a question that I have a certain investment in.” For Beugoms, that means military questions. He is a graduate of West Point who is writing his PhD dissertation on American military history.


pages: 317 words: 107,653

A Place of My Own: The Architecture of Daydreams by Michael Pollan

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A Pattern Language, back-to-the-land, Benoit Mandelbrot, dematerialisation, Frank Gehry, interchangeable parts, Marshall McLuhan, Mercator projection, Peter Eisenman, place-making, Stewart Brand, telemarketer, The Great Good Place, urban renewal, zero-sum game

Even with my eyes shut tight I know I could have sensed that constriction of space followed by its sudden release, my brainstem performing some ancient animal calculus on the sense data streaming in, measuring the slight but perceptible changes in the properties of the air, subtle swings in its temperature and acoustics, even in the shifting scents of the different woods all around me. Our vocabulary for describing the work of the senses may be impoverished (one reason, perhaps, they don’t get much play in the architectural treatises), but that doesn’t mean the senses aren’t always at it, giving shape to our sense of place, making the experience of space just that: a fully fledged experience, something greater than the sum of what you can read about or glean from the photographs in a magazine. Joe was outside, gathering up his tools and getting ready to go, when I called him in to check out the new room. Plainly it worked on him too, because he gave a tremendous smile of satisfaction as he stepped down into the room and drank in the view.


pages: 313 words: 95,077

Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations by Clay Shirky

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Andrew Keen, Berlin Wall, bioinformatics, Brewster Kahle, c2.com, crowdsourcing, en.wikipedia.org, hiring and firing, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, Internet Archive, invention of agriculture, invention of movable type, invention of the printing press, invention of the telegraph, jimmy wales, Kuiper Belt, liberation theology, lump of labour, Mahatma Gandhi, means of production, Merlin Mann, Metcalfe’s law, Nash equilibrium, Network effects, Nicholas Carr, Picturephone, place-making, Pluto: dwarf planet, prediction markets, price mechanism, prisoner's dilemma, profit motive, Richard Stallman, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Coase, Silicon Valley, slashdot, social software, Stewart Brand, supply-chain management, The Nature of the Firm, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, transaction costs, ultimatum game, Vilfredo Pareto, Yogi Berra

Because of transaction costs a long list of possible goods and services never became actual goods and services; things like aggregating amateur documentation of the London transit bombings were simply outside the realm of possibility. That collection now exists because people have always desired to share, and the obstacles that prevented sharing on a global scale are now gone. Think of these activities as lying under a Coasean floor; they are valuable to someone but too expensive to be taken on in any institutional way, because the basic and unsheddable costs of being an institution in the first place make those activities not worth pursuing. Our basic human desires and talents for group effort are stymied by the complexities of group action at every turn. Coordination, organization, even communication in groups is hard and gets harder as the group grows. That difficulty means that whatever methods help coordinate group action will spread, no matter how inefficient they are, so long as they are better than nothing.


pages: 290 words: 94,968

Writing on the Wall: Social Media - the First 2,000 Years by Tom Standage

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Bill Duvall, British Empire, Edmond Halley, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, invention of the printing press, invention of writing, Isaac Newton, knowledge worker, Leonard Kleinrock, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Mohammed Bouazizi, New Journalism, packet switching, place-making, Republic of Letters, sexual politics, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, theory of mind, yellow journalism

But everything should have a relationship to our day. Everything should include the theme of our great reconstructive work, or at least not stand in its way. Above all it is necessary to clearly centralize all radio activities … We want a radio that reaches the people, a radio that works for the people, a radio that is an intermediary between the government and the nation. Radios were placed in offices, factories, and public places, making the endless coverage of speeches and rallies almost inescapable. Writing in Foreign Affairs in 1938, the American journalist César Saerchinger described the Nazis hieroglyphicthIQ’ use of radio. “In their hands it has become the most powerful political weapon the world has ever seen. Used with superlative showmanship, with complete intolerance of opposition, with ruthless disregard for truth, and inspired by a fervent belief that every act and thought must be made subservient to the national purpose, it suffuses all forms of political, social, cultural and educational activity in the land.”


pages: 416 words: 106,582

This Will Make You Smarter: 150 New Scientific Concepts to Improve Your Thinking by John Brockman

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23andMe, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, banking crisis, Barry Marshall: ulcers, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, biofilm, Black Swan, butterfly effect, Cass Sunstein, cloud computing, congestion charging, correlation does not imply causation, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dark matter, data acquisition, David Brooks, delayed gratification, Emanuel Derman, epigenetics, Exxon Valdez, Flash crash, Flynn Effect, hive mind, impulse control, information retrieval, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, lifelogging, mandelbrot fractal, market design, Mars Rover, Marshall McLuhan, microbiome, Murray Gell-Mann, Nicholas Carr, open economy, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, placebo effect, pre–internet, QWERTY keyboard, random walk, randomized controlled trial, rent control, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Richard Thaler, Satyajit Das, Schrödinger's Cat, security theater, selection bias, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, the scientific method, Thorstein Veblen, Turing complete, Turing machine, Vilfredo Pareto, Walter Mischel, Whole Earth Catalog, zero-sum game

The reason human beings dominate the planet is not because they have big brains: Neanderthals had big brains but were just another kind of predatory ape. Evolving a 1,200-cubic-centimeter brain and a lot of fancy software like language was necessary but not sufficient for civilization. The reason some economies work better than others is certainly not because they have cleverer people in charge, and the reason some places make great discoveries is not because the people there are smarter. Human achievement is entirely a networking phenomenon. It is by putting brains together through the division of labor—through trade and specialization—that human society stumbled upon a way to raise the living standards, carrying capacity, technological virtuosity, and knowledge base of the species. We can see this in all sorts of phenomena: the correlation between technology and connected population size in Pacific islands; the collapse of technology in people who became isolated, like native Tasmanians; the success of trading city-states in Greece, Italy, Holland, and Southeast Asia; the creative consequences of trade.

Refactoring: Improving the Design of Existing Code by Martin Fowler, Kent Beck, John Brant, William Opdyke, Don Roberts

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conceptual framework, database schema, index card, MVC pattern, place-making, sorting algorithm

The problem with building a flexible solution is that flexibility costs. Flexible solutions are more complex than simple ones. The resulting software is more difficult to maintain in general, although it is easier to flex in the direction I had in mind. Even there, however, you have to understand how to flex the design. For one or two aspects this is no big deal, but changes occur throughout the system. Building flexibility in all these places makes the overall system a lot more complex and expensive to maintain. The big frustration, of course, is that all this flexibility is not needed. Some of it is, but it's impossible to predict which pieces those are. To gain flexibility, you are forced to put in a lot more flexibility than you actually need. With refactoring you approach the risks of change differently. You still think about potential changes, you still consider flexible solutions.


pages: 385 words: 103,561

Pinpoint: How GPS Is Changing Our World by Greg Milner

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Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, creative destruction, data acquisition, Dava Sobel, digital map, Edmond Halley, Eratosthenes, experimental subject, Flash crash, friendly fire, Hedy Lamarr / George Antheil, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, John Harrison: Longitude, Kevin Kelly, land tenure, lone genius, Mars Rover, Mercator projection, place-making, polynesian navigation, precision agriculture, race to the bottom, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, smart grid, the map is not the territory

The gunship concept extends back to the early days of aviation. Pilots delivering mail and supplies to remote regions such as the Amazon or the Australian outback learned that if they tied their package to a rope dangling from the side of the plane and flew the plane in a pylon turn—a continuous orbit on an imaginary axis extending from the plane to a single point on the ground—the package would hang in one place, making it easy for someone on the ground to retrieve. A fixed-wing gunship has armaments that fire from the side of the aircraft as it makes a pylon turn. Done right, a gunship allows for precise targeting from a fairly high altitude. The reality of engaging the Viet Cong’s guerrilla tactics was that aircraft were spotting targets on a first pass and then losing them on the second. Fast-moving jet aircraft tasked with supporting ground troops were missing targets, and sometimes even dropping napalm on their own soldiers—and they had no all-weather or night capabilities.


pages: 343 words: 93,544

vN: The First Machine Dynasty (The Machine Dynasty Book 1) by Madeline Ashby

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big-box store, iterative process, natural language processing, place-making, traveling salesman, urban planning

She thought of the city slowly crumbling into it, brick by brick. She thought about her dad. Leaving the country would mean leaving him behind. But after what had happened to her mother, perhaps that was best. "I'd have to spend a few years there?" "It's much safer there than anywhere else. And the doctors there really know what they're doing." He hunched over in his chair. "Don't look so glum! It's great over there! You could have your own place, make new friends, do anything you want." "Except leave," Javier said. "With respect, Javier, it's not your decision," Dr Sarton said. "Besides, Amy, do you want to be on the run forever? Wouldn't you rather try to help yourself get better, and get your life back?" Amy looked at her hands. Get her life back? Her life as she knew it had ended the moment she decided to run up to that stage and attack Portia.


The Last Best Cure: My Quest to Awaken the Healing Parts of My Brain and Get Back My Body, My Joy, a Nd My Life by Donna Jackson Nakazawa

back-to-the-land, epigenetics, index card, medical residency, meta analysis, meta-analysis, mouse model, place-making, placebo effect, randomized controlled trial, stem cell

My sympathetic nervous system is churning up the PIN response before I’m even fully conscious. I can’t get back to sleep. But if I run my fingers over the now crumpled index card beneath my pillow on which I’ve written my three blessings, the lovely moments of the previous day come flooding back. I savor them again. It changes my heart rate. Literally. I can feel my pulse slow down. Realizing why pleasant things happen in the first place makes me recognize and internalize what I need to do to make more feel-good moments happen tomorrow and the next day. And it does something else. Noticing what’s working, what’s going right, helps us to figure out what we love. The next day, and the day after, we gravitate to doing more of what yields that feeling of pleasure, because we are more keenly aware of what that is. We’re on the lookout for the good moments that saturate us with joy and well-being—instead of being on alert for the next bad thing.


pages: 346 words: 90,371

Rethinking the Economics of Land and Housing by Josh Ryan-Collins, Toby Lloyd, Laurie Macfarlane, John Muellbauer

agricultural Revolution, asset-backed security, balance sheet recession, bank run, banking crisis, barriers to entry, basic income, Bretton Woods, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, credit crunch, debt deflation, deindustrialization, falling living standards, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Financial Instability Hypothesis, financial intermediation, full employment, garden city movement, George Akerlof, ghettoisation, Gini coefficient, Hernando de Soto, housing crisis, Hyman Minsky, income inequality, information asymmetry, knowledge worker, labour market flexibility, labour mobility, land reform, land tenure, land value tax, Landlord’s Game, low skilled workers, market bubble, market clearing, Martin Wolf, means of production, money market fund, mortgage debt, negative equity, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, Pareto efficiency, place-making, price stability, profit maximization, quantitative easing, rent control, rent-seeking, Richard Florida, Right to Buy, rising living standards, risk tolerance, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, shareholder value, the built environment, The Great Moderation, The Market for Lemons, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, transaction costs, universal basic income, urban planning, urban sprawl, working poor, working-age population

‘An Introduction to Two-Rate Taxation of Land and Buildings’. Review 87 (3): 359–74. Collins, Michael. 2012. Money and Banking in the UK: A History. Vol. 6. Abingdon: Routledge. Community Land Trust Network. 2015. ‘Housing: It’s in Our Hands’. http://www.communitylandtrusts.org.uk/_filecache/99b/546/193-final-post-election-clt-manifesto-housing-its-in-our-hands.pdf. Conaty, Pat, and Martin Large. 2013. Commons Sense: Co-Operative Place Making and the Capturing of Land Value for 21st Century Garden Cities. Manchester: Co-Operatives UK. https://www.uk.coop/sites/default/files/uploads/attachments/commons_sense.pdf Cribb, Jonathan, Andrew Hood, and Robert Joyce. 2016. ‘The Economic Circumstances of Different Generations: The Latest Picture’. IFS Briefing Note BN187. https://www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/publications/bns/bn187.pdf. Crook, A.


pages: 296 words: 86,188

Inferior: How Science Got Women Wrong-And the New Research That's Rewriting the Story by Angela Saini

Albert Einstein, demographic transition, Drosophila, feminist movement, gender pay gap, meta analysis, meta-analysis, mouse model, out of africa, place-making, scientific mainstream, Steven Pinker, the scientific method, women in the workforce

And they do that by staying loyal to their female friends.” CHAPTER 8 The Old Women Who Wouldn’t Die Women may be the one group that grows more radical with age. —Gloria Steinem, Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions, 1983 I am at the end of my research, and I’ve reached Bedlam. I’m only visiting—I want to better understand the experiences through history of women going through menopause—but this place makes me uneasy nonetheless. Bethlem Royal Hospital is one of the oldest psychiatric institutions in the country. It has shifted sites around London three times since it was established in 1247. Along the way it acquired such a shocking reputation that its very name, shortened to Bedlam, became synonymous with chaos and uproar. Things got so bad in the nineteenth century that the government carried out inquiries into patient abuse, which forced reforms of the hospital.


Starstruck: The Business of Celebrity by Currid

barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, Donald Trump, income inequality, index card, industrial cluster, labour mobility, Mark Zuckerberg, Metcalfe’s law, natural language processing, place-making, Ponzi scheme, post-industrial society, prediction markets, Renaissance Technologies, Richard Florida, Robert Metcalfe, rolodex, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, slashdot, transaction costs, upwardly mobile, urban decay, Vilfredo Pareto, winner-take-all economy

In the fall of 2009, more than twenty hours of content were uploaded every minute on YouTube, a 60 percent increase in just a year and a half. Considering that most uploads are an average of one minute each, you get a sense of how hard it is to stay on top. As one YouTube executive put it, “You are up against a sea of competition.” And this is another aspect of how democratic celebrity plays out: The sheer number of contestants all vying for the same place makes democratic stardom much harder to sustain than conventional Hollywood or sports celebrity. Uploading a video to YouTube might take five minutes and no one needs an agent to do it, but the only YouTube celebrities who make it in the long term are those who have viewers who “subscribe” to see their videos regularly, or those whose video is featured on the YouTube home page. He continued, “Hollywood is push celebrity, while YouTube is pull.


pages: 523 words: 149,772

Legacy by Greg Bear

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illegal immigration, life extension, place-making

“I am afraid the palace chambers will be clueless, as sterile as the rest of this island. I do not enjoy being here, even among these orphans.” He gestured at the arborids. “She still has her place,” he continued, waving his hand around to the house, where Nimzhian sat alone, dozing on the porch. “She will happily die here. But…” His voice trailed off. He splashed his feet in the water for a moment. “This place makes me feel my mortality like a knife in my ribs. And you?” I shook my head. “It affects us all differently,” I said. The island did not disturb me as much as it did others. Salap had never before confided in me — or to my knowledge, anyone else. I was intrigued. The head researcher never did anything — even engage in casual conversation — without having some goal in mind. “If this can die, then other ecoi can die as well — and perhaps they do.


pages: 755 words: 121,290

Statistics hacks by Bruce Frey

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Bayesian statistics, Berlin Wall, correlation coefficient, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, distributed generation, en.wikipedia.org, feminist movement, game design, Hacker Ethic, index card, Milgram experiment, p-value, place-making, RFID, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, SETI@home, Silicon Valley, statistical model, Thomas Bayes

Operating the Computer To play a game of Tic-Tac-Toe against your pebble-powered PC, follow these instructions: The computer goes first. Find the coconut that is labeled with the current position. (For the first move, it is a blank layout.) Close your eyes and randomly draw out a pebble. Mark an X on your board (drawn in the sand, I'm assuming) in the space indicated by the color of the pebble. Set the pebble aside in a safe place. Make your move, marking an O in your chosen space. There is a new position on the board now. Go to the corresponding coconut and randomly draw out a pebble from it. Return to step 2. Repeat steps 2 through 4 until there is a winner or a draw. What happens next is the most important part because it results in the computer learning to play better. Behavioral psychologists call this final stage reinforcement.


pages: 666 words: 131,148

Frommer's Seattle 2010 by Karl Samson

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airport security, British Empire, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, place-making, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl, white picket fence

Washington State wines, coffee from the original Starbucks, and fish that fly—these are just a few of the culinary treats that await you here. 1 The Shopping Scene Although Seattle is a city of neighborhoods, many of which have great little shops, the nexus of the Seattle shopping scene is the corner of Pine Street and Fifth Avenue. Within 2 blocks of this intersection are two major department stores (Nordstrom and Macy’s) and two upscale urban shopping malls (Westlake Center and Pacific Place). A sky bridge between Nordstrom and Pacific Place makes shopping that much easier. Fanning out east and south from this intersection are blocks of upscale stores that have started to look more and more familiar as small, local shops have been replaced by national and international boutiques and megastores. Here in this neighborhood, you can now find Ann Taylor, Banana Republic, Barneys New York, Coach, Gap, and Niketown. Among these, a few local independents remain.


pages: 462 words: 172,671

Clean Code: A Handbook of Agile Software Craftsmanship by Robert C. Martin

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continuous integration, database schema, domain-specific language, don't repeat yourself, Donald Knuth, en.wikipedia.org, Eratosthenes, finite state, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, iterative process, place-making, Rubik’s Cube, web application, WebSocket

As we maintain automobiles and other machines under TPM, breakdown maintenance—waiting for bugs to surface—is the exception. Instead, we go up a level: inspect the machines every day and fix wearing parts before they break, or do the equivalent of the proverbial 10,000-mile oil change to forestall wear and tear. In code, refactor mercilessly. You can improve yet one level further, as the TPM movement innovated over 50 years ago: build machines that are more maintainable in the first place. Making your code readable is as important as making it executable. The ultimate practice, introduced in TPM circles around 1960, is to focus on introducing entire new machines or replacing old ones. As Fred Brooks admonishes us, we should probably re-do major software chunks from scratch every seven years or so to sweep away creeping cruft. Perhaps we should update Brooks’ time constant to an order of weeks, days or hours instead of years.


pages: 623 words: 155,587

Anvil of Stars by Greg Bear

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gravity well, place-making, zero-sum game

The ferry skirted a thick mass of green covering a few hundred square meters, undulating on the seas, large bubbles rising and breaking through like explosions in fibrous mud. “One of our types finds these waters comfortable,” Salamander said. “An individual would enjoy seeing you. Is this okay with you?” “Acceptable,” Eye on Sky said. Seconds later, a bright red nightmare of jointed arms pushed through the water and heaved part of itself onto the ferry. Paola gave a little squeak and backed close to Martin. The Brothers seemed frozen in place, making no comments, weathering this surfeit of experience. The nightmare’s arms parted with a motion combining the curl of a squid’s tentacles and the up-and-down pistoning of a spider’s legs. A remarkable “face” appeared, four glittering egg-shaped eyes in a mass of glossy black flesh, surrounded by alternating fleshy rings of yellow and gray. “This type serves a capacity like a farmer in these seas, but makes many decisions in our political framework,” Salamander explained.


pages: 487 words: 147,891

McMafia: A Journey Through the Global Criminal Underworld by Misha Glenny

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anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, Berlin Wall, blood diamonds, BRICs, colonial rule, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Firefox, forensic accounting, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, joint-stock company, market bubble, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, Pearl River Delta, place-making, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Skype, special economic zone, Stephen Hawking, trade liberalization, trade route, Transnistria, unemployed young men, upwardly mobile

The Golden Triangle was rocking. In 1976 when I was on the Drug Squad and we took down a pound or a key, it’d have a big effect on the street. They weren’t even cutting the stuff then. You had to go hunt the addicts to find ’em. By ninety-six, they were all over the city—everywhere, outside the back door, in the parking lot, in the parks, on the streets. One day we just woke up in Vancouver and said Holy Jesus, this place makes Needle Park look like a children’s playground. We gotta do something!” After his encounter with Tuck, John Walters was heading off to see an even more sordid den of iniquity—Insite, the clinic set up in Vancouver where heroin was administered to addicts under medical supervision. For a while cannabis was the recreational drug of choice for most of British Columbia’s users; heroin (which was strictly illegal) had gained a stranglehold over parts of inner-city Vancouver and other urban areas in British Columbia.


pages: 385 words: 117,391

The Complete Thyroid Book by Kenneth Ain, M. Sara Rosenthal

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active measures, follow your passion, medical residency, meta analysis, meta-analysis, place-making, placebo effect, Post-materialism, post-materialism, randomized controlled trial, upwardly mobile

The low-iodine diet needs to be started by the fourth week of the preparation and continued for as many weeks as it takes to reach a TSH greater than 30. The advantage to this method is that there are diminished hypothyroid symptoms. It is still advisable to avoid driving an automobile during this time. Other difficulties you may encounter with this method include difficulty predicting when the scan would take place (making significant scheduling problems for the patient and the physician), the likelihood of a prolonged time on the low-iodine diet, and the possibility that you may not be able to raise your TSH sufficiently within a reasonably short time and may still suffer prolonged, though diminished, hypothyroid symptoms. Thyrogen: Artificial TSH Injections Without Hypothyroidism. Over the past decade, physicians have been trying new methods to prepare for the WBS without making people stop their levothyroxine medication and becoming hypothyroid.


pages: 366 words: 117,875

Arrival City by Doug Saunders

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agricultural Revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Branko Milanovic, call centre, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, ghettoisation, Gini coefficient, guest worker program, Hernando de Soto, Honoré de Balzac, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, Kibera, land reform, land tenure, low skilled workers, mass immigration, megacity, microcredit, new economy, Pearl River Delta, pensions crisis, place-making, price mechanism, rent control, Silicon Valley, special economic zone, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban sprawl, white flight, working poor, working-age population

By the end of the 1990s, the proportion of tenants in the former gecekondu neighborhoods had reached 80 percent.20 Kemal followed the hopscotch pattern of the second-generation migrant: First he got a job in a furniture shop, and he rented an old gecekondu house. It belonged to his uncle, who had been one of the revolutionaries who built this place in the ’70s. Actually, it was only half a house: his uncle had built at the bottom of the valley, and when the highway came along, he’d happily taken the money to have his house bisected. Kemal spent some money renovating the place, making it habitable, installing a satellite dish. He brought his mother and his little sister over to live with him. The noisy half-house became impossible, so he rented a flat on the third floor of one of those innumerable five-story buildings. He worked in the furniture store for two years, then in an insurance company’s branch office. Then he took a job managing a school cafeteria. His wife worked as a secretary, then as an accountant.


pages: 439 words: 124,548

The Clockwork Rocket by Greg Egan

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place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats

“Maybe they were all part of a single, primal world, eons ago. But I suspect that, whatever its origin, there are only three things that can happen to a world: it remains dark, like Gemma and Gemmo; it catches fire, like the sun and the stars; or life comes along to perform the same kind of chemistry in a more controlled way.” Yalda gazed into the hole left behind by the Great Ignition. “This place makes me think that those possibilities need not be mutually exclusive.” “True enough,” Tullia replied. “In fact, for all we know that might be a universal truth. Maybe the stars didn’t just burst into light; maybe they started out covered in plants, which grew too productive for their own good. All the liberators we’ve discovered so far are plant extracts, after all. And maybe it’s just a matter of time before the same thing happens here—either the plants do it, or the honor goes to someone in the chemistry department.”


pages: 453 words: 132,400

Flow by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

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Albert Einstein, Bonfire of the Vanities, centralized clearinghouse, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, double helix, fear of failure, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, Mahatma Gandhi, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Necker cube, pattern recognition, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, the scientific method, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Vilfredo Pareto

At this point, the relationship is in danger of becoming a boring routine that might be kept alive by mutual convenience, but is unlikely to provide further enjoyment, or spark a new growth in complexity. The only way to restore flow to the relationship is by finding new challenges in it. These might involve steps as simple as varying the routines of eating, sleeping, or shopping. They might involve making an effort to talk together about new topics of conversation, visiting new places, making new friends. More than anything else they involve paying attention to the partner’s own complexity, getting to know her at deeper levels than were necessary in the earlier days of the relationship, supporting him with sympathy and compassion during the inevitable changes that the years bring. A complex relationship sooner or later faces the big question: whether the two partners are ready to make a lifelong commitment.


pages: 481 words: 120,693

Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else by Chrystia Freeland

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activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, assortative mating, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Basel III, battle of ideas, Bernie Madoff, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Black Swan, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, BRICs, business climate, call centre, carried interest, Cass Sunstein, Clayton Christensen, collapse of Lehman Brothers, commoditize, conceptual framework, corporate governance, creative destruction, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, don't be evil, double helix, energy security, estate planning, experimental subject, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Flash crash, Frank Gehry, Gini coefficient, global village, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Gordon Gekko, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, high net worth, income inequality, invention of the steam engine, job automation, John Markoff, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, liberation theology, light touch regulation, linear programming, London Whale, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, Mikhail Gorbachev, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, NetJets, new economy, Occupy movement, open economy, Peter Thiel, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, postindustrial economy, Potemkin village, profit motive, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, rent-seeking, Rod Stewart played at Stephen Schwarzman birthday party, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, short selling, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Simon Kuznets, Solar eclipse in 1919, sovereign wealth fund, stem cell, Steve Jobs, the new new thing, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, trade route, trickle-down economics, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, wage slave, Washington Consensus, winner-take-all economy, zero-sum game

That’s why, over the past three decades, China’s average per capita income has risen from $200 to $5,400, and 50 percent of its people now live in cities, where the average income is over three times higher than in the countryside. The rent-seeking beneficiaries of these big shifts in the United States in the nineteenth century and in China over the past three decades were part of a change that had broadly shared benefits. Third, and most important, rent-seeking in China isn’t just the result of a fast and turbulent economic transformation—though that is, of course, taking place. Making money through government connections isn’t a temporary, one-off thing in the People’s Republic, or a “corrupt” instance of rule breaking. In a state-capitalist system like China’s, making money by being close to the state isn’t an exception to the rules or a violation of them—it is how the system really works. “What moves this structure is not a market economy and its laws of supply and demand, but a carefully balanced social mechanism built around the particular interests of the revolutionary families who constitute the political elite,” explain Carl Walter and Fraser Howie in their award-winning book on the Chinese economy, Red Capitalism.


pages: 1,064 words: 114,771

Tcl/Tk in a Nutshell by Paul Raines, Jeff Tranter

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AltaVista, iterative process, off grid, place-making, Silicon Valley

Slave interpreter names are commands that also accept these options: slave aliases slave alias srcCmd slave alias srcCmd {} slave alias srcCmd targetCmd [arg...] slave eval arg... slave expose hiddenName slave hide exposedCmdName slave hidden slave invokehidden [-global hiddenName] [arg...] slave issafe slave marktrusted Name join join list [joinString] Concatenate the elements of list list and return the resulting string. Optionally separate the elements using joinString, which defaults to a single space. Name lappend lappend varName [value...] Append the value arguments to the list contained in variable varName, interpreting each value as a list element. Works in place, making it relatively efficient. If varName does not exist, it is created. Name lindex lindex list index Return item number index from list list. Index starts at zero, and can be the string "end" to return the last item. Name linsert linsert list index element... Insert elements into list starting at the specified index. An index of 0 inserts at the beginning, and the string "end" inserts at the end.


pages: 298 words: 43,745

Understanding Sponsored Search: Core Elements of Keyword Advertising by Jim Jansen

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AltaVista, barriers to entry, Black Swan, bounce rate, business intelligence, butterfly effect, call centre, Claude Shannon: information theory, complexity theory, correlation does not imply causation, en.wikipedia.org, first-price auction, information asymmetry, information retrieval, intangible asset, inventory management, life extension, linear programming, megacity, Nash equilibrium, Network effects, PageRank, place-making, price mechanism, psychological pricing, random walk, Schrödinger's Cat, sealed-bid auction, search engine result page, second-price auction, second-price sealed-bid, sentiment analysis, social web, software as a service, stochastic process, telemarketer, the market place, The Present Situation in Quantum Mechanics, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, Vickrey auction, Vilfredo Pareto, yield management

The ingredients in Borden’s marketing mix included product planning, pricing, branding, distribution, personal selling, advertising, promotions, packaging, display, servicing, physical handling, fact finding, and analysis. In the late 1950s, McCarthy [78] condensed the number of variables in the marketing mix into four principal categories that today are known as the four P’s of marketing: • • • • Product: select the tangible and intangible benefits of the product. Price: determine an appropriate product pricing structure. Promotion: create awareness of the product among the target audience. Place: make the product available to the customer. The overlay of the four P’s, within a given context, provides a business with their target audience, as shown in Figure 6.3, with the targeted market and potential markets. Where all four P’s overlap is the target market, as these are the consumers who are interested in your product, have the means to purchase the product, are in the right location, and who respond to the promotion.


pages: 538 words: 121,670

Republic, Lost: How Money Corrupts Congress--And a Plan to Stop It by Lawrence Lessig

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asset-backed security, banking crisis, carried interest, circulation of elites, cognitive dissonance, corporate personhood, correlation does not imply causation, crony capitalism, David Brooks, Edward Glaeser, Filter Bubble, financial deregulation, financial innovation, financial intermediation, invisible hand, jimmy wales, Martin Wolf, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral hazard, Pareto efficiency, place-making, profit maximization, Ralph Nader, regulatory arbitrage, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, upwardly mobile, WikiLeaks, Zipcar

Again, some will conclude that cell phones are dangerous. Some will continue to believe that they are safe. But the majority will process these facts by concluding that they are now no longer sure about whether cell phones are safe. The mere fact of money in the wrong place changes their confidence about this question of science. 3. These two stories rely upon an obvious intuition—that money in the wrong places makes us trust less. My colleagues and I at Harvard wanted to test that intuition more systematically. Can we really show that money wrongly placed weakens the confidence or trust that people have in any particular institution? And if it does, does it have the same effect regardless of the institution? Or are some institutions more vulnerable—more untrustworthy—than others? Our experiment presented participants with a series of vignettes in three different institutional contexts: politics, medicine, and consumer products.


pages: 555 words: 119,733

Autotools by John Calcote

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Albert Einstein, card file, Debian, delayed gratification, don't repeat yourself, en.wikipedia.org, Everything should be made as simple as possible, place-making, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Valgrind

For most purposes, setting distdir in the top-level Makefile.am file should be sufficient. However, if you need distdir to be formatted correctly in another Makefile.am file in your project, just set it in that file as well. The technique presented in this item does not automatically reconfigure the project to generate a new SVNREV file when you commit new changes (and so change the Subversion revision used in your build). I could have added this functionality with a few well-placed make rules, but that would have forced the build to check for commits with each new build.[142] * * * [142] My work habits are such that I tend to regenerate a build tree from scratch before releasing a new distribution package, so this issue doesn't really affect me that much. Item 4: Ensuring Your Distribution Packages Are Clean Have you ever downloaded and unpacked an open source package, and tried to run configure && make only to have it fail half way through one of these steps?


pages: 663 words: 119,916

The Big Book of Words You Should Know: Over 3,000 Words Every Person Should Be Able to Use (And a Few That You Probably Shouldn't) by David Olsen, Michelle Bevilacqua, Justin Cord Hayes

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deliberate practice, haute couture, haute cuisine, jitney, Lao Tzu, place-making, placebo effect, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Rosa Parks, Upton Sinclair

One would never know that beneath those FROWZY, oversized dresses and grungy cowboy hats was a model who had recently appeared on the cover of Vogue. fumigate (FYOO-mih-gate), verb To release fumes in order to get rid of insects or other pests. We had the place FUMIGATED, used sound-waves, and set dozens of traps, but our house continued to be plagued by cockroaches. fusty (FUHSS-tee), adjective Old-fashioned and out of date, or clinging to old-fashioned, conservative values. My father-in-law’s FUSTY opinions of “a woman’s place” make me want to sock him every time I have to see him! garish (GAIR-ish), adjective Showy in an excessive and over-the-top manner. I’ d always thought of Martha as refined, so I was surprised by the GARISH way she decorated her home. genocide (JENN-uh-side), noun The deliberate, systematic destruction of a culture, people, nation, etc. Attempts at tribal GENOCIDE have drawn attention to the African province of Darfur.


pages: 485 words: 143,790

The Race Underground: Boston, New York, and the Incredible Rivalry That Built America's First Subway by Doug Most

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Menlo Park, place-making, RAND corporation, transcontinental railway

Cheatham told Russell he could get back to work, and with the strike averted, Pilkington relaxed as he watched scoops of dirt once again fly out of the ground and into the carts. * * * THE CUT-AND-COVER WORK MOVED QUICKLY below Tenth Street for one reason: The ground in lower New York was a soft, granular soil, almost like sand. Those pipes that were pounded into the ground downtown went sixty, seventy, and more than a hundred feet deep in some places, making excavation a breeze. But the soft soil was also more challenging because of the danger of the hole collapsing. Even as the guts of the city’s streets were being torn up, the street railway tracks rerouted around the trenches, the sidewalks rendered almost impassable, and businesses along the route suffered exactly the sort of losses that they feared, the work progressed smoothly. New Yorkers proved to be a hardy bunch.


pages: 435 words: 127,403

Panderer to Power by Frederick Sheehan

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Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, central bank independence, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crony capitalism, deindustrialization, diversification, financial deregulation, financial innovation, full employment, inflation targeting, interest rate swap, inventory management, Isaac Newton, John Meriwether, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, market bubble, McMansion, Menlo Park, money market fund, mortgage debt, Myron Scholes, new economy, Norman Mailer, Northern Rock, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, place-making, Ponzi scheme, price stability, reserve currency, rising living standards, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, savings glut, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South Sea Bubble, supply-chain management, supply-chain management software, The Great Moderation, too big to fail, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, VA Linux, Y2K, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

Over the past two decades, the Fed funds rate was cut from 9 percent to 3 percent, raised from 3 percent to 6.5 percent, cut from 6.5 percent to 1 percent, raised from 1 percent to 5.25 percent, and (most recently) cut from 5.25 percent to zero. This was Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke’s “Great Moderation.” A History of Interest Rates, which catalogs interest rates since Mesopotamian times, shows no such precedent except in times of hyperinflation, total war, and social disintegration.53 46 Patricia Gober, Metropolitan Phoenix: Place Making and Community Building in the Desert (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), pp. 50–51. 47 Dan Roberts, “Phoenix Gives Its Newcomers the American Dream They Can Afford,” Financial Times, September 28, 2005. 48 James Quinn, “Green Ashes and Black Swans—The Alan Greenspan Legacy, Part II,” The Cutting Edge, September 29, 2008. 49 U.S. Census Bureau, C-25 and Characteristics of New Housing. 50 Self Storage Association Fact Sheet; www.selfstorage.org. 51 Joshua T.


pages: 526 words: 155,174

Sixty Days and Counting by Kim Stanley Robinson

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dumpster diving, energy security, full employment, Golden Gate Park, hiring and firing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), McMansion, megacity, mutually assured destruction, off grid, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RFID, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Saturday Night Live, urban decay, Works Progress Administration

It was so beautiful. And I thought of Mary’s grandfather building everything, and it seemed like he was there. Not a voice, just part of the house somehow. It was comforting.” “Good for him,” Frank said. He liked the sound of such a moment, also the fact that she had noticed it. It occurred to him again how little he knew her. She was watching the ice ahead of the boat, holding the boom line and the tiller in place, making small adjustments, splayed in the cockpit as if holding a kind of dance position with the wind. And there they were barreling across the frozen surface of the lake, the ice blazing in a low tarnished sun that was smeared out in long bars of translucid cloud—the wind frigid, and flying through him as if the gusts were stabs of feeling for her—for the way she was capable, the way she liked it out here.


pages: 478 words: 146,480

Pirate Cinema by Cory Doctorow

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airport security, citation needed, Internet Archive, place-making, QR code, smart cities, Thomas Bayes

They were also going to scout out the North Bank for sites that might be able to get a clear shot of the east wall, which would be tricky, but a lot more dramatic. Aziz and his elves were working on gluing heavy fixings to the lamp-posts so that they could be attached to whatever was handy and then fast-cemented into place once they were correctly lined up. If we got it all right, each crew would show up in hi-viz vests with cones and that, get the reflector into place, make sure it was working, fix it with fiendish adhesive, and scarper. The projector crew would hit each reflector until the law showed up and took it down -- they could just drape someone's jacket over the reflector, of course, but it might take them a while to hit on that strategy, and once the pic went dark, we'd wait a random interval and then switch to another one. The law would never know if they'd got all the sites -- and we'd save the last, a direct shot, for just before dawn, hours after the first hit, when the first of the morning commuters were coming across the bridges.


pages: 404 words: 124,705

The Village Effect: How Face-To-Face Contact Can Make Us Healthier, Happier, and Smarter by Susan Pinker

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assortative mating, Atul Gawande, Bernie Madoff, call centre, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, delayed gratification, Edward Glaeser, epigenetics, Erik Brynjolfsson, estate planning, facts on the ground, game design, happiness index / gross national happiness, indoor plumbing, invisible hand, Mark Zuckerberg, medical residency, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, neurotypical, Occupy movement, old-boy network, place-making, Ponzi scheme, Ralph Waldo Emerson, randomized controlled trial, Ray Oldenburg, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steven Pinker, The Great Good Place, The Wisdom of Crowds, theory of mind, Tony Hsieh, urban planning, Yogi Berra

Surprisingly, face-to-face social capital in a neighborhood can predict who lives and who dies even more powerfully than whether the area is rich or poor. In 2003, when several Harvard epidemiologists put nearly 350 Chicago neighborhoods under the microscope, they discovered that social capital—as measured by reciprocity, trust, and civic participation—was linked to a community’s death rates. The higher the levels of social capital, the lower its mortality rates, and not just from violent crime but from heart disease too.25 Clearly the place makes a difference to your health: some locales foster more trusting relationships. But places can also foster hostility toward outsiders. In tightly knit villages such as Villagrande, the powerful sense of cohesion is counterbalanced by an equally powerful distrust of outsiders—including hostility toward residents of neighboring towns, say, two valleys over. Having spent the equivalent of two years in the 1990s researching daily life in Villagrande, McGill University anthropologist Philip Carl Salzman concluded that the Sardinians living in adjacent towns were always seen as “rivals and potential enemies.”


pages: 443 words: 153,085

The Intern Blues: The Timeless Classic About the Making of a Doctor by Robert Marion

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Albert Einstein, medical malpractice, medical residency, place-making

I’m on tomorrow night, the last night of the month, and then I start on 8 West [one of the general pediatric wards at Jonas Bronck]. Going to 8 West’ll be like coming home. I did my subinternship and my third-year rotation there. I’m looking forward to it. But I know I’ll never beat the hours I’ve been able to keep at University Hospital. Mark AUGUST 1985 Sunday, August 4, 1985 I started on Infants’ [a ward at Mount Scopus Hospital] last Monday and so far this place makes Children’s look like an amusement park! I was on yesterday; I worked my ass off all day long, running from one thing another; and at no time did I have any idea what the hell I was supposed to be doing. Usually, when you’re on call on the weekend, you start with work rounds where you and the resident decide what needs to be done on each patient. It doesn’t work quite that way on Infants’. First of all, when I got to work at eight o’clock, the resident who gave us sign-out was a cross-coverer [a resident who works in another part of the hospital during the day and covers the particular ward at night only], and she didn’t have much of an idea of what was going on with the patients.


pages: 510 words: 120,048

Who Owns the Future? by Jaron Lanier

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3D printing, 4chan, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, augmented reality, automated trading system, barriers to entry, bitcoin, book scanning, Burning Man, call centre, carbon footprint, cloud computing, commoditize, computer age, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, David Graeber, delayed gratification, digital Maoism, Douglas Engelbart, en.wikipedia.org, Everything should be made as simple as possible, facts on the ground, Filter Bubble, financial deregulation, Fractional reserve banking, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Akerlof, global supply chain, global village, Haight Ashbury, hive mind, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, informal economy, information asymmetry, invisible hand, Jacquard loom, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, life extension, Long Term Capital Management, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Metcalfe’s law, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Network effects, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, packet switching, Peter Thiel, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, post-oil, pre–internet, race to the bottom, Ray Kurzweil, rent-seeking, reversible computing, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart meter, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, The Market for Lemons, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, Turing test, Vannevar Bush, WikiLeaks, zero-sum game

Sites like Pinterest invariably demand that users click through an agreement that places all responsibility for copyright violations or anything else squarely on the user. If people are paying money to use your server, don’t accept any of it directly if you can possibly avoid that. You should be a broker between buyers and sellers to the degree that’s possible. You can then earn commissions, placement fees, visibility fees, or any number of other fees yet to be conceived, but without taking any responsibility for the actual events that took place. Make both buyers and sellers click through agreements that make them, not you, take on all liabilities. These click-through agreements are the grandiosely verbose descendants of the Zen koan about a tree falling in a forest that no one hears. No one will read them, so they are very unlikely to be tested in a legal proceeding. No one wants to read them, not even lawyers. Some lawyer at the Electronic Frontier Foundation or some such place might occasionally be able to make it through one of them, but that is rare.


pages: 464 words: 127,283

Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia by Anthony M. Townsend

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1960s counterculture, 4chan, A Pattern Language, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, anti-communist, Apple II, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, business process, call centre, carbon footprint, charter city, chief data officer, clean water, cleantech, cloud computing, computer age, congestion charging, connected car, crack epidemic, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, data acquisition, Deng Xiaoping, digital map, Donald Davies, East Village, Edward Glaeser, game design, garden city movement, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, George Gilder, ghettoisation, global supply chain, Grace Hopper, Haight Ashbury, Hedy Lamarr / George Antheil, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, interchangeable parts, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jacquard loom, Jacquard loom, Jane Jacobs, jitney, John Snow's cholera map, Khan Academy, Kibera, knowledge worker, load shedding, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, mobile money, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Norbert Wiener, Occupy movement, off grid, openstreetmap, packet switching, Parag Khanna, patent troll, Pearl River Delta, place-making, planetary scale, popular electronics, RFC: Request For Comment, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, social software, social web, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stuxnet, supply-chain management, technoutopianism, Ted Kaczynski, telepresence, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, too big to fail, trade route, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, Vannevar Bush, working poor, working-age population, X Prize, Y2K, zero day, Zipcar

Clinton, lecture, World Business Forum 2011, New York, October 5, 2011. 33Author’s calculation based on published open-data sets and current US Census Bureau population estimates. 34“City Protocol Framework”, n.d., http://cityprotocol.org/framework.html. 35Urban Systems Symposium: Defining Urban Systems, New York City, May 12, 2011. 36Bertrand Russell, radio address, January 9, 1949, BBC Home Service, transcript at http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rmhttp/radio4/transcripts/1948_reith3.pdf. 37Eran Ben-Joseph, The Code of the City: Standards and the Hidden Language of Place Making (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005), 1. Chapter 9. Buggy, Brittle, and Bugged 1J. Casale, “The Origin of the Word ‘Bug,’” The OTB (Antique Wireless Association), February 2004, reprinted at http://www.telegraph-history.org/bug/index.html. 2Thomas P. Hughes, American Genesis: A History of the American Genius for Invention (New York: Penguin Books, 1989), 75. 3William Maver Jr. and Minor M. Davis, The Quadruplex (New York: W.


pages: 309 words: 122,748

Out of Africa by Karen Blixen

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out of africa, place-making

"The Masai," he wrote, "have reported to the District Commissioner at Ngong, that many times, at sunrise and sunset, they have seen lions on Finch-Hatton's grave in the Hills. A lion and a lioness have come there, and stood, or lain, on the grave for a long time. Some of the Indians who have passed the place in their lorries on the way to Kajado have also seen them. After you went away, the ground round the grave was levelled out, into a sort of big terrace, I suppose that the level place makes a good site for the lions, from there they can have a view over the plain, and the cattle and game on it." It was fit and decorous that the lions should come to Denys's grave and make him an African monument. "And renowned be thy grave." Lord Nelson himself, I have reflected, in Trafalgar Square, has his lions made only out of stone. Chapter 4 FARAH AND I SELL OUT Now I was alone on the farm.


pages: 483 words: 134,377

The Tyranny of Experts: Economists, Dictators, and the Forgotten Rights of the Poor by William Easterly

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air freight, Andrei Shleifer, battle of ideas, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business process, business process outsourcing, Carmen Reinhart, clean water, colonial rule, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, discovery of the americas, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, European colonialism, Francisco Pizarro, fundamental attribution error, germ theory of disease, greed is good, Gunnar Myrdal, income per capita, invisible hand, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, John Snow's cholera map, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, Kenneth Rogoff, M-Pesa, microcredit, Monroe Doctrine, oil shock, place-making, Ponzi scheme, risk/return, road to serfdom, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, urban planning, urban renewal, Washington Consensus, World Values Survey, young professional

Quoted in Kenneth Christie and Denny Roy, The Politics of Human Rights in East Asia (London: Pluto Press, 2001), 9. 31. Avner Greif and Guido Tabellini, “Cultural and Institutional Bifurcation: China and Europe Compared,” American Economic Review 100, no. 2 (May 2010): 135–40. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1532906 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1532906, accessed August 24 2013. 32. Ibid., 137–38. 33. John Friedmann, “Reflections on Place and Place-Making in the Cities of China,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 31, no. 2 (2007): 274; quoted in Greif and Tabellini, “Cultural and Institutional Bifurcation.” 34. Gordon S. Redding, The Spirit of Chinese Capitalism, second edition (Berlin: Gruyter, 1993), 66; quoted in Greif and Tabellini, “Cultural and Institutional Bifurcation.” 35. http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/, accessed September 23, 2013. 36.

The Old Patagonian Express by Paul Theroux

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anti-communist, Atahualpa, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, Francisco Pizarro, Khyber Pass, Mahatma Gandhi, Maui Hawaii, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcontinental railway

This was not only greener and steeper than what I had seen just over the border in the Motagua Valley, but had a cared-for look, a rustic neatness and a charm that made it quite attractive. I did not know then that El Salvador imported most of its vegetables from Guatemala, and yet El Salvador was clearly the busier-looking of the two, the better integrated. Its real burden was its size: what claim could such a small place make? I had heard that it was run by fourteen families, a melancholy statistic suggesting ludicrous snobberies and social jostling as well as an infuriated opposition to them, Marxist students sweating with indignation. Mario and Alfredo confirmed that this was true. 'I do not like to talk about politics,' said Alfredo. 'But in this country the police are cruel and the government is military. What do you think, Mario?'

Multicultural Cities: Toronto, New York, and Los Angeles by Mohammed Abdul Qadeer

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affirmative action, call centre, David Brooks, deindustrialization, desegregation, edge city, en.wikipedia.org, Frank Gehry, game design, ghettoisation, global village, immigration reform, industrial cluster, Jane Jacobs, knowledge economy, market bubble, McMansion, new economy, New Urbanism, place-making, Richard Florida, risk tolerance, Silicon Valley, Skype, telemarketer, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the scientific method, urban planning, urban renewal, working-age population, young professional

The strategic goal of urban planning, regarding enclaves, Urban Planning for Cultural Diversity 231 is to enhance the enclaves’ economic and social vitality, reduce their segregation, and tie them closely to other parts of cities. The goal is to advance their social sustainability by increasing equitable access to the collective goods of a city and by integrating them into the web of city life. This is an ongoing exercise in neighbourhood planning, place making, and local economic and cultural development. But urban planning has developed neither comprehensive goals nor overall strategies for carrying out these various tasks. It has largely dealt with the challenges of ethnic enclaves in neutral but incremental ways. The history of Chinese malls in Toronto is an example of accommodation and mutual learning. The first mall (1983), Dragon Centre in Scarborough, did not conform to the city’s planning standards for commercial malls.


pages: 624 words: 127,987

The Personal MBA: A World-Class Business Education in a Single Volume by Josh Kaufman

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Albert Einstein, Atul Gawande, Black Swan, business process, buy low sell high, capital asset pricing model, Checklist Manifesto, cognitive bias, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Heinemeier Hansson, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, Dean Kamen, delayed gratification, discounted cash flows, Donald Knuth, double entry bookkeeping, Douglas Hofstadter, en.wikipedia.org, Frederick Winslow Taylor, George Santayana, Gödel, Escher, Bach, high net worth, hindsight bias, index card, inventory management, iterative process, job satisfaction, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kevin Kelly, Lao Tzu, loose coupling, loss aversion, Marc Andreessen, market bubble, Network effects, Parkinson's law, Paul Buchheit, Paul Graham, place-making, premature optimization, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, side project, statistical model, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, subscription business, telemarketer, the scientific method, time value of money, Toyota Production System, tulip mania, Upton Sinclair, Vilfredo Pareto, Walter Mischel, Y Combinator, Yogi Berra

SHARE THIS CONCEPT: http://book.personalmba.com/point-of-market-entry/ Addressability Sometimes the road less traveled is less traveled for a reason. —JERRY SEINFELD, COMEDIAN Agood salesman, as the old (and politically incorrect) saying goes, can sell a refrigerator to an Eskimo. It’s a cliché, but there’s some truth to it: Inuit who live above the Arctic Circle use insulated refrigerators to keep their food from freezing in subzero temperatures. The real barrier isn’t need, it’s finding these customers in the first place: making the sale involves traveling thousands of miles through brutally wild terrain just to get their attention, let alone land a sale and deliver the product. Addressability is a measure of how easy it is to get in touch with people who might want what you’re offering. A highly Addressable audience can be reached quickly and easily. A non-Addressable audience can only be reached with extreme hardship, or isn’t Receptive and doesn’t want to be reached at all.


pages: 298 words: 151,238

Excession by Iain M Banks - Culture 05

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continuous integration, gravity well, hive mind, place-making

The battle had by this time moved on; the few defenders who'd survived and repelled the initial rush had been ordered to pull back just as the next wave of opposing troops had appeared out of the cannon smoke and fallen upon them; they had been slaughtered almost to a man and the victors had swept on to the next redoubt across the shallow valley beyond. Shattered palisades, lines of stakes and bunkers had been chewed up by the initial bombardment and later by the hooves of the cavalry. Bodies lay scattered like twisted, shredded leaves amongst the torn-up grassland and the rich brown-red soil. The blood of men and animals saturated the grass in places, making it thick and glossy, and collected in little hollows like pools of dark ink. The sun was high in the cloudless sky; the only cover was the wispy remnants of cannon smoke. Already a few carrion birds - no longer too concerned by the noise of the battle near by - had landed and started to investigate the corpses and the shattered bodies of the wounded. The soldiers wore brightly coloured, cheery-looking uniforms with lots of metal buckle-work and very tall hats.


pages: 225 words: 121,045

Inversions by Iain M Banks - Culture 06

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back-to-the-land, clean water, place-making

But people grumble about this tax or that, or that the Protector keeps such a large harem when many an honest working fellow can hardly find a wife, or they grumble about the luxurious life led by some of the Grand Aedile's generals,' ZeSpiole said, accepting a piece of fruit from Terim with a broad smile. RuLeuin smiled too. YetAmidous drank greedily. 'We are to be reassured, then, that we are in no immediate danger from the general populace,' he said. 'But what of our other frontiers? They are reduced to the minimum or less. Where are the reinforcements if some other place makes war on us?' 'The problem in Ladenscion will not last for ever,' RuLeuin said, though he looked troubled. 'The troops will come home. With the new men and machines now in Niarje, Simalg and Ralboute should be able to bring it to a swift conclusion.' 'We were told that at the start,' YetAmidous reminded the other man. 'We should all have gone then, all of us. We should have crushed the barons with every force at our command.'


pages: 537 words: 135,099

The Rough Guide to Amsterdam by Martin Dunford, Phil Lee, Karoline Thomas

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banking crisis, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, spice trade, sustainable-tourism, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, young professional

First published in 1995, this infinitely readable trawl through the city’s past is a simply wonderful book – amusing and perceptive, alternately tart and indulgent. It’s more a social history than anything else, so – for example – it’s here you’ll find out quite why Rembrandt lived in the Jewish Quarter and why the city’s merchant elite ossified in the eighteenth century. It’s light and accessible enough to read from cover to cover, but its index of places makes it easy to dip into. Highly recommended. Geoffrey Parker The Dutch Revolt. Compelling account of the struggle between the Netherlands and Spain. Quite the best thing you can read on the period. Also The Army of Flanders and the Spanish Road 1567–1659. The title may sound academic, but this book gives a fascinating insight into the Habsburg army that occupied the Low Countries for well over a hundred years – how it functioned, was fed and moved from Spain to the Low Countries along the so-called Spanish Road.


pages: 482 words: 147,281

A Crack in the Edge of the World: America and the Great California Earthquake of 1906 by Simon Winchester

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Albert Einstein, Asilomar, butterfly effect, California gold rush, Golden Gate Park, index card, indoor plumbing, Loma Prieta earthquake, Menlo Park, place-making, risk tolerance, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, supervolcano, The Chicago School, transcontinental railway, wage slave, Works Progress Administration

Much earlier research showed that the Kenora series of rocks displayed evidence of a major episode of ancient mountain-building, a so-called orogeny, which had taken place all over Canada, as well as in Wyoming, the Dakotas and the Outer Hebrides of Scotland (geology knowing no national boundaries, of course, and the distances between these ‘places’ of yesterday having no relation whatsoever to the distances that we know of today: Wyoming and Scotland lapped up so close to one another then as to be one place, making the very concept of ‘place’ more than a little surreal). In recognition of the importance of the Kenoran rocks and the Kenoran Orogeny, Canadians have proudly christened the huge body that they suppose to have existed Kenorland,* and they think of it as having a presence quite as valid and provable as that of Ur and of Arctica. Non-Canadians are not so sure, however, and wonder whether it is much more than a piece of an enormous and very ancient jigsaw puzzle.


pages: 496 words: 137,645

Theft by Finding: Diaries (1977-2002) by David Sedaris

clean water, East Village, index card, place-making, Ronald Reagan

That was fine until three other people showed up and claimed them. Roommates! And a shower is extra. Next door is a bumper-car pavilion. The thuds are fairly constant. I went out tonight after dinner and had a beer at a gas station with a table in front of it. The owner had a live duck in her hands. When I went to pay, I saw her in the back room, wringing its neck and singing along to the radio. This place makes me feel stoned. August 30, 1982 Athens Back in Athens after Rome. The bus ride from Patras was dismal. I’d run out of books, so all I could do was stare out the window. After we arrived at the station, I met Rosa Rubio from Madrid. She speaks only Spanish, and after talking for a few hours, I brought her to my hotel. The room has three beds in it, so I offered her one and she was beside herself—hadn’t seen a real mattress in weeks, she told me.


pages: 576 words: 174,529

Consider Phlebas by Iain M. Banks

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gravity well, means of production, place-making

Horza shook his head. “I want her clean of anything, anything at all that could be used as a weapon or that could turn into one. The Culture’s latest gadgetry for the Special Circumstancers includes things called memoryforms; they might look like a badge, or a medallion…” He smiled at Balveda, who nodded back wryly, “… or anything else. But do a certain something to them—touch them in the right place, make them wet, speak a certain word—and they become a communicator, a gun or a bomb. I don’t want to risk there being anything more dangerous than Ms. Balveda herself on board.” “What about when we get to Schar’s World?” Balveda said. “We’ll give you some warm clothes. If you wrap up well, you’ll be all right. No suit, no weapons.” “And the rest of us?” asked Aviger. “What are we supposed to do when you get to this place?


pages: 420 words: 219,075

Frommer's New Mexico by Lesley S. King

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Albert Einstein, clean water, El Camino Real, place-making, Ronald Reagan, sustainable-tourism, trade route, X Prize

Breakfast, served all day, offers creative twists on standards, such as French-style pancakes with fruit and crème fraîche, but the real winner here is the croque madame—Black Forest ham, tomato, and Gruyère cheese on rustic farm loaf, topped with a sunny-side-up egg. Lunch offers an array of salads and sandwiches. My favorites are the pressed ones such as the BLT, with applewood smoked bacon and guacamole on whole wheat. With cupcakes “in” these days, this place makes six flavors. My favorite is the strawberry cheesecake with mascarpone frosting. Wash it all down with latte or chai tea. This is also an excellent place to stock a picnic basket and purchase specialty teas and local truffles in the market portion of the restaurant. 600 Central Ave. SE (just west of I-25). & 505/248-9800. www.thegrovecafemarket.com. All main courses under $11. AE, MC, V. Tues–Sat 7am–4pm; Sun 8am–3pm.


pages: 725 words: 221,514

Debt: The First 5,000 Years by David Graeber

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Admiral Zheng, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, banks create money, Bretton Woods, British Empire, carried interest, cashless society, central bank independence, colonial rule, commoditize, corporate governance, David Graeber, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, double entry bookkeeping, financial innovation, fixed income, full employment, George Gilder, informal economy, invention of writing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, joint-stock company, means of production, microcredit, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, moral hazard, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, payday loans, place-making, Ponzi scheme, price stability, profit motive, reserve currency, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, seigniorage, sexual politics, short selling, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, transaction costs, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, tulip mania, upwardly mobile, urban decay, working poor, zero-sum game

Venetian galleys doubled as both merchant vessels and warships, replete with cannon and marines, and the differences between trade, crusade, and piracy often depended on the balance of forces at any given moment.131 The same was true on land: where Asian empires tended to separate the sphere of warriors and merchants, in Europe they often overlapped: All up and down Central Europe, from Tuscany to Flanders, from Brabant to Livonia, merchants not only supplied warriors—as they did all over Europe—they sat in governments that made war and, sometimes, buckled on armor and went into battle themselves. Such places make a long list: not only Florence, Milan, Venice, and Genoa, but also Augsburg, Nuremberg, Strasbourg, and Zurich; not only Lübeck, Hamburg, Bremen, and Danzig, but also Bruges, Ghent, Leiden, and Cologne. Some of them—Florence, Nuremberg, Siena, Bern, and Ulm come to mind—built considerable territorial states.132 The Venetians were only the most famous in this regard. They created a veritable mercantile empire over the course of the eleventh century, seizing islands like Crete and Cyprus and establishing sugar plantations that eventually—anticipating a pattern eventually to become all too familiar in the New World—came to be staffed largely by African slaves.133 Genoa soon followed suit; one of their most lucrative businesses was raiding and trading along the Black Sea to acquire slaves to sell to the Mamluks in Egypt or to work mines leased from the Turks.134 The Genoese republic was also the inventor of a unique mode of military financing, which might be known as war by subscription, whereby those planning expeditions sold shares to investors in exchange for the rights to an equivalent percentage of the spoils.


pages: 626 words: 181,434

I Am a Strange Loop by Douglas R. Hofstadter

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Albert Einstein, Andrew Wiles, Benoit Mandelbrot, Brownian motion, double helix, Douglas Hofstadter, Georg Cantor, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, John Conway, John von Neumann, mandelbrot fractal, pattern recognition, Paul Erdős, place-making, probability theory / Blaise Pascal / Pierre de Fermat, publish or perish, random walk, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, telepresence, Turing machine

Note that in the previous sentence I used the proper noun “Parfit” and the pronoun “his”, which presumably is an unambiguous reference to Parfit. However, the whole question here is whether or not such usages are legitimate. If switch after switch were thrown, converting Parfit more and more into Napoleon, at what stage would he — or rather, at what stage would this slowly morphing person — simply be Napoleon? As I have already made clear, asking exactly where along the line the switchover would take place makes no sense from Parfit’s point of view, for what matters is psychological continuity (i.e., proximity in that quasimathematical space of personalities or brains that I suggested a little while ago), and that is a feature that comes in all shades of gray. It is not a 0/1 matter, not all-or-nothing. A person can be partly Derek Parfit and partly Napoleon Bonaparte, and drifting from the one to the other as the switches are thrown.

HBase: The Definitive Guide by Lars George

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Amazon Web Services, bioinformatics, create, read, update, delete, Debian, distributed revision control, domain-specific language, en.wikipedia.org, fault tolerance, Firefox, Google Earth, place-making, revision control, smart grid, web application

The upper bound parameter is called xcievers (yes, this is misspelled). Again, before doing any loading, make sure you have configured Hadoop’s conf/hdfs-site.xml file, setting the xcievers value to at least the following: <property> <name>dfs.datanode.max.xcievers</name> <value>4096</value> </property> Note Be sure to restart your HDFS after making the preceding configuration changes. Not having this configuration in place makes for strange-looking failures. Eventually, you will see a complaint in the datanode logs about the xcievers limit being exceeded, but on the run up to this one manifestation is a complaint about missing blocks. For example: 10/12/08 20:10:31 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Could not obtain block blk_XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX_YYYYYYYY from any node: java.io.IOException: No live nodes contain current block. Will get new block locations from namenode and retry...

Patriot Games by Tom Clancy

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British Empire, invisible hand, pattern recognition, place-making, price mechanism

He couldn't remember, and would not ask his wife, who'd been to London many times. The Palace was larger than he'd expected, but it seemed a dour building, three hundred yards away, hidden behind a marble monument of some sort. Traffic was a little thicker here, but moved briskly. "What do we do for dinner?" "Catch a cab back to the hotel?" She looked at her watch. "Or we can walk." "They're supposed to have a good dining room. Still early, though. These civilized places make you wait until eight or nine." He saw another Rolls go by in the direction of the Palace. He was looking forward to dinner, though not really to having Sally there. Four-year-olds and four-star restaurants didn't go well together. Brakes squealed off to his left. He wondered if the hotel had a baby-sitting BOOM! Ryan jumped at the sound of an explosion not thirty yards away. Grenade, something in his mind reported.


pages: 671 words: 228,348

Pro AngularJS by Adam Freeman

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business process, create, read, update, delete, en.wikipedia.org, Google Chrome, information retrieval, inventory management, MVC pattern, place-making, premature optimization, revision control, Ruby on Rails, single page application, web application

If there has been an error, then details of the error are displayed, along with a link that takes the user back to the shipping details view so they can try again. If the request is successful, then the user is shown a thank-you message that contains the id of the new order object. You can see the successful outcome in Figure 8-6. Figure 8-6.  Displaying feedback to the user when an order is placed Making Improvements In building the user side of the SportsStore application, I took a couple of shortcuts that could be improved upon with techniques that I describe in later chapters but that depend on some concepts that I didn’t want to introduce here. First, when you load the app.html file into the browser, you may notice a small delay between the view being displayed and the elements for the products and categories being generated.


pages: 577 words: 171,126

Light This Candle: The Life & Times of Alan Shepard--America's First Spaceman by Neal Thompson

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Columbine, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, Norman Mailer, place-making, Silicon Valley, V2 rocket, William Langewiesche

Shepard loved stopping to refuel in El Paso, crossing the border into Mexico to get cut-rate bottles of tequila. In the rear seat, Shepard would often insist on taking the controls and flying the lion’s share of each flight. Still, Shepard operated on the fringes of the astronaut lifestyle he had so recently defined. As the boss of all astronauts, he was their teacher, not their classmate. His job was to corral them, get them places, make sure they didn’t take advantage of their easy-access, government-funded jets. Like a camp counselor, he had to make sure no one wandered off into the woods. He was the taskmaster. And he was good at it. Among Shepard’s unique management techniques was the silent treatment. He’d call an astronaut into his office, and the other man would stand in front of his desk while he looked up at them “with those bulging eyes” and “stare right through you,” recalled Lovell.


pages: 647 words: 201,252

The Mad Man: Or, the Mysteries of Manhattan by Samuel R. Delany

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affirmative action, Berlin Wall, East Village, index card, place-making, publish or perish, sexual politics

But the Pit, see, is a hard-core hustling bar. That’s all it’s here for. That’s all the people here are here for. Oh, like anyplace else, it’s got a few guys who just hang out and watch the action. But this isn’t Cats. And it sure isn’t the Fiesta!” I looked around. “It doesn’t look too busy right now.” “Yeah? You hang around for another hour, hour and a half. Even on Tuesday night, once you get past nine o’clock, nine-thirty, this place makes the New York Stock Exchange look like a Sunday-school picnic. You talk about philosophy—really it’s a matter of the philosophy of a place like this. If philosophy’s what you’d call it.” “I’m kind of lost.” “You see,” he said, “this place is a lot of older men who think the only way they can get anything worth having sexually is to pay for it. And the kids who come here are all kids who want to get paid—need to get paid.


pages: 823 words: 220,581

Debunking Economics - Revised, Expanded and Integrated Edition: The Naked Emperor Dethroned? by Steve Keen

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accounting loophole / creative accounting, banking crisis, banks create money, barriers to entry, Benoit Mandelbrot, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Black Swan, Bonfire of the Vanities, butterfly effect, capital asset pricing model, cellular automata, central bank independence, citizen journalism, clockwork universe, collective bargaining, complexity theory, correlation coefficient, creative destruction, credit crunch, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, debt deflation, diversification, double entry bookkeeping, en.wikipedia.org, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, experimental subject, Financial Instability Hypothesis, fixed income, Fractional reserve banking, full employment, Henri Poincaré, housing crisis, Hyman Minsky, income inequality, information asymmetry, invisible hand, iterative process, John von Neumann, laissez-faire capitalism, liquidity trap, Long Term Capital Management, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, market bubble, market clearing, market microstructure, means of production, minimum wage unemployment, money market fund, open economy, Pareto efficiency, Paul Samuelson, place-making, Ponzi scheme, profit maximization, quantitative easing, RAND corporation, random walk, risk tolerance, risk/return, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Schrödinger's Cat, scientific mainstream, seigniorage, six sigma, South Sea Bubble, stochastic process, The Great Moderation, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, time value of money, total factor productivity, tulip mania, wage slave, zero-sum game

However, the corporate largesse interpretation of why neoclassical economics has prospered does come into play in explaining why neoclassical economics became so dominant. Many of the leading lights of US academic economics have lived in the revolving door between academia, government and big business, and in particular big finance. The fact that their theories, while effectively orthogonal to the real world, nonetheless provided a smokescreen behind which an unprecedented concentration of wealth and economic power took place, make these theories useful to wealthy financiers, even though they are useless – and in fact outright harmful – to capitalism itself. The fact that both government and corporate funding has helped the development of these theories, while non-orthodox economists like me have had to labor without research grants to assist them, is one reason why the nonsense that is neoclassical economics is so well developed, while its potential rivals are so grossly underdeveloped.


Martin Kleppmann-Designing Data-Intensive Applications. The Big Ideas Behind Reliable, Scalable and Maintainable Systems-O’Reilly (2017) by Unknown

active measures, Amazon Web Services, bitcoin, blockchain, business intelligence, business process, c2.com, cloud computing, collaborative editing, commoditize, conceptual framework, cryptocurrency, database schema, DevOps, distributed ledger, Donald Knuth, Edward Snowden, ethereum blockchain, fault tolerance, finite state, Flash crash, full text search, general-purpose programming language, informal economy, information retrieval, Internet of things, iterative process, John von Neumann, loose coupling, Marc Andreessen, natural language processing, Network effects, packet switching, peer-to-peer, performance metric, place-making, premature optimization, recommendation engine, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, self-driving car, semantic web, Shoshana Zuboff, social graph, social web, software as a service, software is eating the world, sorting algorithm, source of truth, SPARQL, speech recognition, statistical model, web application, WebSocket, wikimedia commons

Further changes to storage engine design will probably be needed if non-volatile memory (NVM) technologies become more widely adopted [46]. At present, this is a new area of research, but it is worth keeping an eye on in the future. Transaction Processing or Analytics? In the early days of business data processing, a write to the database typically corre‐ sponded to a commercial transaction taking place: making a sale, placing an order with a supplier, paying an employee’s salary, etc. As databases expanded into areas that didn’t involve money changing hands, the term transaction nevertheless stuck, referring to a group of reads and writes that form a logical unit. A transaction needn’t necessarily have ACID (atomicity, consis‐ tency, isolation, and durability) properties. Transaction processing just means allowing clients to make low-latency reads and writes— as opposed to batch processing jobs, which only run periodically (for example, once per day).


pages: 757 words: 193,541

The Practice of Cloud System Administration: DevOps and SRE Practices for Web Services, Volume 2 by Thomas A. Limoncelli, Strata R. Chalup, Christina J. Hogan

active measures, Amazon Web Services, anti-pattern, barriers to entry, business process, cloud computing, commoditize, continuous integration, correlation coefficient, database schema, Debian, defense in depth, delayed gratification, DevOps, domain-specific language, en.wikipedia.org, fault tolerance, finite state, Firefox, Google Glasses, information asymmetry, Infrastructure as a Service, intermodal, Internet of things, job automation, job satisfaction, load shedding, loose coupling, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, Marc Andreessen, place-making, platform as a service, premature optimization, recommendation engine, revision control, risk tolerance, side project, Silicon Valley, software as a service, sorting algorithm, statistical model, Steven Levy, supply-chain management, Toyota Production System, web application, Yogi Berra

This involves many handoffs. The statistics one needs to be able to generate include how much time is spent in each step of the process. The workflow for an IT helpdesk is more about the back-and-forth communication with a person. 12.7.2 Version Control Systems A version control system (VCS) is a central repository for storing, accessing, and updating source code. Having all source code in one place makes it easier to collaborate and easier to centralize functions such as backups, build processes, and so on. A VCS stores the history of each file, including all the changes ever made. As a consequence, it is possible to see what the software looked like at a particular date, revert changes, and so on. Although version control systems were originally used for source code control, a VCS can store any file, not just source code.


pages: 897 words: 242,580

The Temporal Void by Peter F. Hamilton

corporate governance, dark matter, forensic accounting, linked data, megacity, place-making, trade route

‘To prove you can survive out here by yourself,’ she said, recalling this very same conversation from so long ago. ‘Once you return to your clan you can become a fully fledged warrior and fight the Starflyer.’ ‘You know of the Starflyer?’ ‘Kazimir, I know this must be hard to believe, but the Commonwealth defeated the Starflyer a very long time ago. You’re not who you think you are.’ He grinned delightedly. ‘Then who am I?’ ‘You are a dream I had. This place makes you real.’ His face produced a thrilled expression while his mind registered a brisk amusement. ‘What are you saying, that I have died and this place is the Dreaming Heavens?’ ‘Oh my God!’ Justine stared at him in complete astonishment. ‘I’d forgotten that part of the Guardians’ ideology.’ Well, consciously, anyway. ‘So are you my spirit guide? You are what I imagine an angel would look like.’

Great Britain by David Else, Fionn Davenport

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active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, Beeching cuts, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, credit crunch, David Attenborough, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, land reform, Livingstone, I presume, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, mega-rich, negative equity, new economy, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, period drama, place-making, Skype, Sloane Ranger, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

Still, the location is lovely – the best rooms have views over the park – and the staff are really friendly and helpful. The Bijou ( 01423-567974; www.thebijou.co.uk; 17 Ripon Rd; s/d from £75/85; ) Bijou by name and bijou by nature, this Victorian villa sits firmly at the boutique end of the B&B spectrum – you can tell that a lot of thought and care has gone into the design of the place. The husband-and-wife team who own the place make fantastic hosts, warm and helpful but unobtrusive. Harrogate Brasserie & Hotel ( 01423-505041; www.harrogatebrasserie.co.uk; 28-30 Cheltenham Pde; s/d from £60/90) Stripped pine, leather armchairs and subtle colour combinations make this one of Harrogate’s most appealing places to stay. The cheerful cosy accommodation is complemented by an excellent restaurant and bar, with live jazz Wednesday to Sunday evenings.

Return to beginning of chapter AROUND AYR Alloway This pretty village – now a southern suburb of Ayr – is where Robert Burns was born on 25 January 1759. Several sights are clustered around the poet’s birthplace under the umbrella title of Burns National Heritage Park ( 01292-443700; www.burnsheritagepark.com; ticket covering all sites adult/child £5/3; 10am-5.30pm Apr-Sep, 10am-5pm Oct-Mar). If you only have time to visit one place, make it Burns Cottage & Museum, where the poet lived the first seven years of his life. The cramped, thatched cottage contains musty byre, a warm storytelling hearth, and the actual box bed where Burns was born. The neighbouring museum of Burnsiana exhibits some fabulous artwork as well as many of his original manuscripts and letters. Close by is the beautiful ruin of Alloway Auld Kirk, the eerie setting for the witches’ dance in Tam o’Shanter.


pages: 1,364 words: 272,257

Jerusalem: The Biography by Simon Sebag-Montefiore

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anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, California gold rush, Etonian, facts on the ground, haute couture, Khartoum Gordon, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, sexual politics, spice trade, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, Yom Kippur War

Churchill therefore called a conference in Cairo to hand over a certain amount of power to Arab rulers under British influence. Lawrence proposed granting a new kingdom of Iraq to Faisal. On 12 March 1920, Churchill convened his Arab experts in the Semiramis Hotel while a pair of Somalian lion cubs played around their feet. Churchill enjoyed the luxury, having no wish to experience 'thankless deserts', but Lawrence hated it. 'We lived in a marble bronze hotel,' he wrote. 'Very expensive, and luxurious - horrible place. Makes me Bolshevik. Everybody in the Middle East is here. Day after tomorrow, we go to Jerusalem. We're a very happy family: agreed upon everything important' - in other words, Churchill had accepted the 'Sherifian solution': Lawrence finally saw some honour restored in the wake of the broken British promises to the sherif and his sons. The old sherif, King Hussein of Hejaz, was no match for the Wahabi warriors led by the Saudi chieftain Ibn Saud.* When his son Abdullah tried to repel the Saudis with 1,350 fighters, they were routed: Abdullah had to flee through the back of his tent in his underwear, surviving 'by a miracle'.


pages: 1,758 words: 342,766

Code Complete (Developer Best Practices) by Steve McConnell

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Ada Lovelace, Albert Einstein, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, choice architecture, continuous integration, data acquisition, database schema, don't repeat yourself, Donald Knuth, fault tolerance, Grace Hopper, haute cuisine, if you see hoof prints, think horses—not zebras, index card, inventory management, iterative process, Larry Wall, late fees, loose coupling, Menlo Park, Perl 6, place-making, premature optimization, revision control, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, slashdot, sorting algorithm, statistical model, Tacoma Narrows Bridge, the scientific method, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Turing machine, web application

Simplifying a boolean test is an example of reducing complexity, which was discussed earlier. Improve performance You can optimize the code in one place instead of in several places. Having code in one place will make it easier to profile to find inefficiencies. Centralizing code into a routine means that a single optimization benefits all the code that uses that routine, whether it uses it directly or indirectly. Having code in one place makes it practical to recode the routine with a more efficient algorithm or in a faster, more efficient language. To ensure all routines are small? No. With so many good reasons for putting code into a routine, this one is unnecessary. In fact, some jobs are performed better in a single large routine. (The best length for a routine is discussed in Section 7.4, "How Long Can a Routine Be?") Cross-Reference For details on information hiding, see "Hide Secrets (Information Hiding)" in Section 5.3.


pages: 1,079 words: 321,718

Surfaces and Essences by Douglas Hofstadter, Emmanuel Sander

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affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Arthur Eddington, Benoit Mandelbrot, Brownian motion, Chance favours the prepared mind, cognitive dissonance, computer age, computer vision, dematerialisation, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, Ernest Rutherford, experimental subject, Flynn Effect, Georg Cantor, Gerolamo Cardano, Golden Gate Park, haute couture, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, Isaac Newton, l'esprit de l'escalier, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, mandelbrot fractal, Menlo Park, Norbert Wiener, place-making, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, Silicon Valley, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, theory of mind, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, yellow journalism, zero-sum game

A student was relating the story of the tragically early death (at age 20) of the great French mathematician Évariste Galois, and he said, “And so, the night before the fateful debate, Galois stayed up all night and in a frenzy wrote down all his ideas…” The student knew very well that Galois had died as a result of a duel, not a debate, but the concepts debate and duel were semantically close to begin with in his mind (as they are in ours as well). Also, the presidential campaign was in full swing at the time (not “in high swing”, as we originally wrote here!), and televised debates had just taken place, making it much more likely for these particular wires to be crossed. The debate/duel analogy is just one of myriads of potential analogies that are hidden in each human mind but whose existence one wouldn’t suspect a priori. The student’s error, however, reveals that this analogy was indeed lurking in his mind and simply needed the right opportunity to show its face. The intensely political atmosphere of the period primed the concept of debate, which had the consequence of reducing its distance from the concept of duel.


pages: 1,152 words: 266,246

Why the West Rules--For Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal About the Future by Ian Morris

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Admiral Zheng, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Arthur Eddington, Atahualpa, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Columbian Exchange, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, defense in depth, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, discovery of the americas, Doomsday Clock, en.wikipedia.org, falling living standards, Flynn Effect, Francisco Pizarro, global village, God and Mammon, hiring and firing, indoor plumbing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of agriculture, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Kitchen Debate, knowledge economy, market bubble, mass immigration, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, New Journalism, out of africa, Peter Thiel, phenotype, pink-collar, place-making, purchasing power parity, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Ronald Reagan, Scientific racism, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, Sinatra Doctrine, South China Sea, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, strong AI, The inhabitant of London could order by telephone, sipping his morning tea in bed, the various products of the whole earth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, trade route, upwardly mobile, wage slave, washing machines reduced drudgery

Like modern hunter-gatherers in marginal environments, they must have come together from time to time to exchange marriage partners, trade goods, tell stories, and perhaps speak to their gods, spirits, and ancestors. These gatherings would have been the most exciting social events on the calendar. We are guessing, of course, but many archaeologists think these festival days lie behind western Europe’s spectacular cave paintings: everyone put on their best skins and beads, painted their faces, and did what they could to decorate their holy meeting places, making them truly special. The obvious question, though, is why—if these hard facts of life applied all across Africa, Asia, and Europe—we find such spectacular cave paintings only in western Europe. The traditional answer, that Europeans were more culturally creative than anyone else, seems to make a lot of sense, but we might do better to turn the question around. The history of European art is not a continuous catalogue of masterpieces running from Chauvet to Chagall; the cave paintings died out after 11,500 BCE and many millennia passed before we know of anything to equal them.

Frommer's Israel by Robert Ullian

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airport security, British Empire, car-free, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable, East Village, haute cuisine, Khartoum Gordon, mass immigration, Maui Hawaii, place-making, Silicon Valley, Skype, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl, Yom Kippur War

Heftier choices include the rich smoked salmon with aioli, avocado and egg on Russian bread, and the lamb kabobs on Lebanese focaccia. Erez’s cakes are famous throughout Israel, and the brownies should be eaten very slowly. Both sidewalk and indoor seating are available. Lehem Erez branches are popping up all over Israel, and takeout is great to pack for the road (see Ibn Givrol St. location, p. 261). Tons of places make sandwiches to order, but Erez is beyond compare. 120 Ben-Yehuda St. & 03/529-1793. Sandwiches NIS 30–NIS 45 ($7.50–$11/£3.75–£5.60). AE, DC, MC, V. Sat–Thurs 8am–8pm; Fri 8am–8pm. 11_289693-ch07.qxp 254 10/28/08 12:28 PM Page 254 C H A P T E R 7 . T E L AV I V Loop Noodles Bar Value ASIAN Everything in this small, stylish place is delicious and very fairly priced, from the many noodle, rice, and soup dishes to the Asian chicken salad with cucumber and sesame seeds and the soba noodles with chicken and sweet and hot peppers.


pages: 2,020 words: 267,411

Lonely Planet Morocco (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Paul Clammer, Paula Hardy

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air freight, Airbnb, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, illegal immigration, Norman Mailer, place-making, Skype, spice trade, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional

Avoid these characters; there’s no monetary benefit to be had from such transactions and scams are common. Cash You’ll need to carry some cash with you. Some riads accept payment in euros, but often at less preferential rates than you can get at the bank. » Keep a handful of small denomination notes in your wallet, or just in a pocket (but never a back pocket), for day-to-day transactions. » Put the rest in a money belt or another safe place. » If you’re travelling in out-of-the-way places, make sure you have enough cash to last until you get to a decent-sized town. » Keep an emergency stash of euros in small denominations. » The endless supply of small coins may be annoying, but they’re handy for taxis, tips, guides and beggars. Credit Cards » Major credit cards are widely accepted in the main tourist centres. » They often attract a surcharge of around 5% from Moroccan businesses. » The main credit cards are MasterCard and Visa; if you plan to rely on plastic cards, the best bet is to take one of each. » Most large bank branches will give you cash advances on Visa and MasterCard.


pages: 1,199 words: 384,780

The system of the world by Neal Stephenson

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bank run, British Empire, cellular automata, Edmond Halley, Fellow of the Royal Society, high net worth, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, joint-stock company, large denomination, place-making, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade

“I do beg your pardon, guv’nor,” he said, in a much more moderate tone, after Saturn’s ruffians had filed past him. “Is there any way I can be of service?” “Prevent sight-seers from coming up here, thank you,” Daniel returned, then wheeled round and began to scan the walls. This upper storey was not as prized by the Governors of Bedlam as it had been by Hooke; rather than situating their best offices here, they had sprinkled tables and trunks about the place, making it into a dovecote for clerks, and a dump for little-used documents. “When we were here for my party it looked much as it does now,” Daniel said to Isaac, “which is to say that these inward-sloping walls—which are, of course, the inner surface of the roof’s structure—had been plastered over.” “Yes.” “But I often visited Hooke here much earlier—back in the seventies. This part of Bedlam went up first—as you’ll recall, the wings took years to complete.”


pages: 889 words: 433,897

The Best of 2600: A Hacker Odyssey by Emmanuel Goldstein

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affirmative action, Apple II, call centre, don't be evil, Firefox, game design, Hacker Ethic, hiring and firing, information retrieval, John Markoff, late fees, license plate recognition, optical character recognition, packet switching, pirate software, place-making, profit motive, QWERTY keyboard, RFID, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Skype, spectrum auction, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telemarketer, Y2K

But it is difficult to establish meaningful communication with minds that ban TV remote controls because “transmitting devices” are forbidden in California prisons, and electronic typewriters are considered a “threat to institution security.” We used to have a large collection of California phone books in our library. They were all locked away when a guard supposedly found his own home address listed in one. This place makes me think of the sign I once saw: “Help, the paranoids are after me.” Growth of a Low-Tech Hacker (Winter, 1992–1993) By The Roving Eye About a year ago I wrote an article about the birth of a hacker in a low technology atmosphere. A lot has happened since then. For one thing, I have been able to meet with hackers from the area. For the other, I have been able to gain some hacking experience.


pages: 1,169 words: 342,959

New York by Edward Rutherfurd

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Bonfire of the Vanities, British Empire, illegal immigration, margin call, millennium bug, out of africa, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, rent control, short selling, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, the market place, urban renewal, white picket fence, Y2K, young professional

Charles Schwab, having the boldness and intelligence to realize that the city’s greatest asset was the magnificent view over the Hudson River, and ignoring timid fashion entirely, had, like a true prince, built his mansion where he liked. They might not know it, but he had left them—Astors, Vanderbilts, everyone, save maybe Pierpont Morgan—far behind. His former boss and partner, Andrew Carnegie, said it all. “Have you seen Charlie’s place? Makes mine look like a shack.” They stopped the Rolls for several minutes in front of the gateway to admire the place. Rose had to confess that, West Side or not, it was something to talk about. “Now,” Hetty announced, “we’ll go up to Columbia University.” She smiled. “We’re going to pay a call on young Mr. Keller.” “Mr. Keller?” Rose’s face fell. “Why yes, dear. My friend Theodore Keller’s son.

England by David Else

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active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, David Attenborough, David Brooks, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, new economy, New Urbanism, out of africa, period drama, place-making, sceptred isle, Skype, Sloane Ranger, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, unbiased observer, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

Still, the location is lovely – the best rooms have views over the park – and the staff are really friendly and helpful. The Bijou ( 01423-567974; www.thebijou.co.uk; 17 Ripon Rd; s/d from £75/85; ) Bijou by name and bijou by nature, this Victorian villa sits firmly at the boutique end of the B&B spectrum – you can tell that a lot of thought and care has gone into the design of the place. The husband and wife team who own the place make fantastic hosts, warm and helpful but unobtrusive. Harrogate Brasserie & Hotel ( 01423-505041; www.harrogatebrasserie.co.uk; 28-30 Cheltenham Pde; s/d from £60/90) Stripped pine, leather armchairs and subtle colour combinations make this one of Harrogate’s most appealing places to stay. The cheerful cosy accommodation is complemented by an excellent restaurant and bar, with live jazz Wednesday to Sunday evenings.


Caribbean Islands by Lonely Planet

Bartolomé de las Casas, big-box store, British Empire, buttonwood tree, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, discovery of the americas, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, income inequality, intermodal, jitney, microcredit, offshore financial centre, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, sustainable-tourism, urban planning, urban sprawl, white picket fence

If you like the feel of a self-contained oasis with a pool, sundeck, restaurant and bar, Heritage Inn could be for you. Minimum stay three nights. Rhymer’s Beach Hotel HOTEL $$ ( 495-4639; www.canegardenbaybeachhotel.com; Cane Garden Bay; r US$100; ) Smack on the beach and right in the center of the action, Rhymer’s was one of the area’s first inns. The big pink concrete building with its restaurant and laundry shows serious signs of hard use, but the price and energy of the place make up for it. Rooms are mostly studios with kitchenettes and patios. Ole Works Inn HOTEL $$ ( 495-4837; www.quitorymer.com; Cane Garden Bay; d with hill/beach view from US$110/145; ) Reggae master Quito Rymer built this bright-yellow, 18-room inn within the walls of a centuries-old rum factory. Rooms are fairly small and dated, though that may change as Quito has recently turned the property over to new managers.


pages: 3,292 words: 537,795

Lonely Planet China (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Shawn Low

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Albert Einstein, anti-communist, bike sharing scheme, call centre, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, haute couture, haute cuisine, income inequality, indoor plumbing, land reform, mass immigration, Pearl River Delta, place-making, Rubik’s Cube, Skype, South China Sea, special economic zone, sustainable-tourism, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, women in the workforce, Xiaogang Anhui farmers, young professional

One of the deepest gorges in the world, it measures 16km long and is a giddy 3900m from the waters of the Jinsha River (Jinsha Jiang) to the snowcapped mountains of Haba Shan (Haba Mountain) to the west and Yulong Xueshan to the east, and, despite the odd danger, it’s gorgeous almost every single step of the way. The gorge hike is not to be taken lightly. Even for those in good physical shape, it’s a workout and can certainly wreck the knees. The path constricts and crumbles and is alarmingly narrow in places, making it sometimes dangerous. When it’s raining (especially in July and August), landslides and swollen waterfalls can block the paths, in particular on the low road. (The best time to come is May and the start of June, when the hills are afire with plant and flower life.) A few people – including a handful of foreign travellers – have died in the gorge. During the past decade, there have also been cases of travellers being assaulted on the trail.