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Globish: How the English Language Became the World's Language by Robert McCrum
Alistair Cooke, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, colonial rule, credit crunch, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, Etonian, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, invention of movable type, invention of writing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, jimmy wales, knowledge economy, Livingstone, I presume, Martin Wolf, Naomi Klein, Norman Mailer, Parag Khanna, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Republic of Letters, Ronald Reagan, sceptred isle, Scramble for Africa, Silicon Valley, Steven Pinker, the new new thing, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile
., p. 524. 223 his history might ‘play some small part’: Churchill, A History of the English-Speaking Peoples vol. 1, (London, 1956), p. xvii. 223 ‘at the height of the Cold War’: Tony Judt, Postwar: A History of Europe Since 1945 (London, 2007), p. 223. 224 the preferred choice of Austrian secondary students: ibid., p. 224. 225 By the late 1970s: ibid., p. 482. Chapter 13: ‘The World At Your Fingertips’ 226 ‘the process whereby American girls turn into American women’: Christopher Hampton, Savages (London, 1974), scene 16, p. 75. 226 In 1959 Alistair Cooke complained: Alistair Cooke, America Observed (New York, 1988), p. 120. 227 Many legislators were alarmed: Jean-Benoît Nadeau and Julie Barlow, The Story of French (Toronto, 2007), p. 409. 228 ‘Les angleglottes’, declared the petitioners: Tony Judt, Postwar: A History of Europe Since 1945 (London, 2007), p. 761. 228 ‘a miserable time in Brussels’: author interview with MEP Charles Tannock. 228 ‘British interpreters are now so rare in Brussels’: The Times, 15 February 2009. 229 a complex adolescent mixture: Judt, Postwar, p. 758. 230 farcical interludes, like the Parsley Crisis: Fareed Zakaria, The Post-American World (London, 2008), p. 215. 231 ‘Our souls and our blood are sacrifices’: ibid., p. 216. 232 The Berlin Wall began to crumble: Judt, Postwar, p. 614. 232 ‘If I celebrate the fall of the Wall’: quoted in Thomas L.
— BILL GATES, CHAIRMAN OF MICROSOFT, IN DECEMBER 2000 1 In Christopher Hampton’s play Savages, one of the characters, a guerrilla, wittily defines capitalism as ‘the process whereby American girls turn into American women’. By the last decades of the twentieth century capitalism seemed to be turning everything American, especially in the UK, from movies and fashion to rock ‘n’ roll and musicals. From the eighteenth century there had always been anxieties about America’s ‘corruption’ of Britain’s cultural life, usually focused on language, neologisms like ‘belittle’ and ‘hospitalize’. In 1959 Alistair Cooke complained that ‘the English vocabulary seems to have succumbed to Americanisms since the war at an unprecedented rate’. In the aftermath of the Vietnam War such anxiety was changing into panic and anger. It was not sufficient that mandarin intellectuals in ivory towers could purr soothingly about Britain being Greece to America’s Rome; across the board, the Americanisation of England, from Friends to McDonald’s, seemed to threaten a way of life.
Baugh and Thomas Cable, A History of the English Language (London, 1959), pp. 356-8. 106 ‘American population will produce’: ibid. 106 ‘it would be more convenient’: ibid. 107 The words are Noah Webster’s: see Baugh and Cable, History, pp. 350-51. 107 ‘The master gave the signal’: Robert McCrum, William Cran and Robert MacNeil, The Story of English (London, 1986), p. 257. 108 a ceaseless quest for originality: Ralph Waldo Emerson, ‘The American Scholar’, 31 August 1837, quoted in William Safire (ed.), Lend Me Your Ears: Great Speeches in American History (New York, 2004), pp. 591-4. 108 one Massachusetts father: quoted in Alistair Cooke, America (London, 1973), p. 156. 110 ‘We really have everything in common with America’: a paradox he later put into a story: The Canterville Ghost (London, 1887). Chapter 6: ‘Common Hopes and Common Dreams’ 112 ‘It is an absorbing thing to watch’: Harriet Martineau, Society in America (New York, 1837), vol. 1, p. 156. 112 ‘These people think so loftily’: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Our Old Home (Boston, 1907), pp. xi-xii. 112 an early word-of-mouth Anglo-American publishing sensation: see Fanny Trollope, Domestic Manners of the Americans Pamela Neville-Sington, ed.
Alistair Cooke's America by Alistair Cooke
Albert Einstein, Alistair Cooke, British Empire, double entry bookkeeping, full employment, Gunnar Myrdal, Hernando de Soto, imperial preference, interchangeable parts, joint-stock company, Maui Hawaii, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Spread Networks laid a new fibre optics cable between New York and Chicago, strikebreaker, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, urban sprawl, wage slave, Works Progress Administration
PENGUIN BOOKS ALISTAIR COOKE’S AMERICA Alistair Cooke enjoyed an extraordinary life in print, radio and television. Born in Manchester in 1908 and educated at the universities of Cambridge, Yale and Harvard, he was the Guardian’s Senior Correspondent in New York for twenty-five years and the host of groundbreaking cultural programmes on American television and of the BBC series America. He was best known both at home and abroad for his weekly BBC broadcast Letter from America, which reported on fifty-eight years of US life, was heard over five continents and totalled 2,869 broadcasts before his retirement in February 2004, far and away the longest-running radio series in broadcasting history. Alistair Cooke’s America PENGUIN BOOKS PENGUIN BOOKS Published by the Penguin Group Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England Penguin Group (USA) Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, USA Penguin Group (Canada), 90 Eglinton Avenue East, Suite 700, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4P 2Y3 (a division of Pearson Penguin Canada Inc.)
Penguin Ireland, 25 St Stephen’s Green, Dublin 2, Ireland (a division of Penguin Books Ltd) Penguin Group (Australia), 250 Camberwell Road, Camberwell, Victoria 3124, Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) Penguin Books India Pvt Ltd, 11 Community Centre, Panchsheel Park, New Delhi – 110017, India Penguin Group (NZ), 67 Apollo Drive, Rosedale, North Shore 0632, New Zealand (a division of Pearson New Zealand Ltd) Penguin Books (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd, 24 Sturdee Avenue, Rosebank, Johannesburg 2196, South Africa Penguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England www.penguin.com First published in the United Kingdom by Weidenfeld and Nicolson 2002 Published in Penguin Books 2008 1 Copyright © Alistair Cooke, 1973, 2002 All rights reserved The moral right of the author has been asserted Except in the United States of America, this book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser 978-0-14-190922-6 Contents List of Illustrations To the Reader (Old & New) Prologue: A Passage to America 1 The New-Found Land 2 A Home Away from Home 3 Making a Revolution 4 Inventing a Nation 5 Gone West 6 A Firebell in the Night 7 Domesticating a Wilderness 8 Money on the Land 9 The Huddled Masses 10 The Promise Fulfilled – The Promise Broken 11 The Arsenal Epilogue: The More Abundant Life Acknowledgments Index FOR: JANE STEPHEN HEARST MICHAEL GILL and in memory of HUW WHELDON List of Illustrations 1.
Christopher Columbus. (Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan) 3. Indians and a beached canoe. (National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa) 4. Sketch of Indian life. (British Museum) 5. Buffalo herd. (Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art, Tulsa, Oklahoma) 6. George Washington. (The Henry Francis DuPont Winterthur Museum, England) 7. Pottery figure of Franklin. (John Olson, Alistair Cooke collection) 8. Thomas Jefferson. (Courtesy of Charles F. Adams) 9. Andrew Jackson. (George Eastman House) 10. Gold panner. (Western History Collection, Denver Public Library) 11. Family of slaves. (New York Historical Society) 12. Boys in confederate uniform. (Library of Congress) 13. General U. S. Grant and staff. (Library of Congress) 14. Abraham Lincoln. (The Meserve Collection, Courtesy of Philip B.
The Fry Chronicles: An Autobiography by Stephen Fry
Alistair Cooke, back-to-the-land, Desert Island Discs, Etonian, Isaac Newton, Live Aid, loadsamoney, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Sloane Ranger, South China Sea, The Wisdom of Crowds, University of East Anglia, Winter of Discontent
We would have called you mad if you had suggested that one day Hugh would go on to win Golden Globes for playing an American in a television series and that Tilda would win an Oscar for playing an American in a feature film. Cooke The previous term Jo Wade, who was Secretary of the Mummers, had drawn my attention to the fact that the Lent term would see the fiftieth anniversary of the club, which had been founded in 1931 by a young Alistair Cooke. ‘We should have a party,’ said Jo. ‘And we should invite him.’ Alistair Cooke was known for his thirteen-part documentary and book, A Personal History of the United States, and his long-running and greatly loved radio series, Letter From America. We wrote to him care of the BBC, New York City, USA, wondering if he had any plans to be in Britain in the next few months and if so whether he might be amenable to being persuaded to be our guest of honour at a dinner for the semi-centennial celebrations of the drama club he may remember founding.
Cambridge had dozens and dozens of drama clubs. Each college had its own, and there were others that were university-wide. The major ones, like the Marlowe Society, the Footlights and the Amateur Dramatic Club, had long histories: the Marlowe was started by Justin Brooke and Dadie Rylands a hundred years ago; the ADC and Footlights were older still. Other were more recent – the Mummers had been founded by Alistair Cooke and Michael Redgrave in the early 1930s and clung to a more progressive and avant-garde identity. Many at Cambridge will tell you that the drama world there is filled with ambitious, pretentious, bitchy wannabes and that the atmosphere of backbiting, jealousy and greasy-pole rivalry is suffocating and unbearable. The people who tell you this are cut from the same cloth as those who grow up these days to become trollers on internet sites and who specialize in posting barbarous, mean, abusive, look-at-me, listen-to-me anonymous comments on YouTube and BBC ‘Have Your Say’ pages and other websites and blogs foolish enough to allow space for their poison.
When the man had finished speaking he strode up the aisle, and his elbow barged against my shoulder as I leant out to see him go, and he backed into me, turned away as he was to take the ovation of the crowd. He immediately grabbed my shoulder to stop me from falling, ‘Entschuldigen Sie, mein Herr!’ he said. ‘Excuse me, sir!’ For some years afterwards, whenever he came on in the cinema newsreels as his fame spread, I would say to the girl next to me. ‘Hitler once apologized to me and called me sir.’ When the evening was over Alistair Cooke shook my hand goodbye and held it firmly, saying, ‘This hand you are shaking once shook the hand of Bertrand Russell.’ ‘Wow!’ I said, duly impressed. ‘No, no,’ said Cooke. ‘It goes further than that. Bertrand Russell knew Robert Browning. Bertrand Russell’s aunt danced with Napoleon. That’s how close we all are to history. Just a few handshakes away. Never forget that.’ As he left he tucked an envelope in my pocket.
Crisis and Leviathan: Critical Episodes in the Growth of American Government by Robert Higgs, Arthur A. Ekirch, Jr.
Alistair Cooke, clean water, collective bargaining, creative destruction, credit crunch, declining real wages, endowment effect, fiat currency, fixed income, full employment, hiring and firing, income per capita, Joseph Schumpeter, laissez-faire capitalism, manufacturing employment, means of production, minimum wage unemployment, Plutocrats, plutocrats, post-industrial society, price discrimination, profit motive, rent control, rent-seeking, Richard Thaler, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Simon Kuznets, strikebreaker, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, total factor productivity, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, War on Poverty, Works Progress Administration
Also Kennedy, Over Here, pp. 84-86. In Holmes' opinions in the Espionage Act cases, wrote H. L. Mencken, "one finds a clear statement of the doctrine that, in war time, the rights guaranteed by the First Amendment cease to have any substance, and may be set aside summarily by any jury that has been sufficiently inflamed by a district attorney itching for higher office." See "Mr. Justice Holmes," in The Vintage Mencken, compo Alistair Cooke (New York: Knopf, 1955), p. 189. 80. Murphy, Constitution, p. 27. Also Ferrell, Wilson and World If'ar I, pp. 200218. 81. Northern Pacific Railway Company et ale V. State of North Dakota on the Relation of Langer, Attorney General, 250 U.S. 135 (1919) at 149. Also Murphy, Constitution, p. 21. Notes 307 82. Block, Trading Under the Name of Whites, v. Hirsh, 256 U.S. 135 (1921) at 136,168-169.
Rockoff, Drastic Measures, p. 67, agrees that "[t]he authorities sought to bring under control [the prices of] ... the commodities critical to the war effort and which therefore faced the strongest and most persistent demand.... After controls were imposed, uncontrolled prices continued to rise at about the same rate as before." CHAPTER EIGHT 1. Jonathan Hughes, American Economic History (Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresman, 1983), pp. 467-474; Gene Smiley, "Did Incomes for Most of the Population Fall from 1923 Through 1929?" Journal of Economic History 43 (March 1983): 209-216. 2. Alistair Cooke, comp., The Vintage Mencken (New York: Knopf, 1955), p. 233. Mencken also said: "Counting out Harding as a cypher only, Dr. Coolidge was preceded by one World Saver and followed by two more." 3. Excellent economic accounts include Lester V. Chandler, America's Greatest Depression, 1929-1941 (New York: Harper & Row, 1970) and Milton Friedman and Anna Jacobson Schwartz, A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963), pp. 229-419.
Rise of the Machines: A Cybernetic History by Thomas Rid
1960s counterculture, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, Alistair Cooke, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Brownian motion, Buckminster Fuller, business intelligence, Claude Shannon: information theory, conceptual framework, connected car, domain-specific language, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, dumpster diving, Extropian, full employment, game design, global village, Haight Ashbury, Howard Rheingold, Jaron Lanier, job automation, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, new economy, New Journalism, Norbert Wiener, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, pattern recognition, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, Simon Singh, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telepresence, V2 rocket, Vernor Vinge, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, Y2K, Yom Kippur War, Zimmermann PGP
By the late 1950s, automation had acquired a “mystic” aura, as one author opened a paper on the social and economic implications of this new phenomenon, read at a conference of the British Electrical Development Association.36 A joke that was making the rounds in the early 1960s captures this mystique: A technician fiddling with a giant computer, impressed by the contraption’s growing prowess, asks the machine, “Since you know so much, tell me—is there a God?” Back comes the answer: “There is now.” Alistair Cooke recounted the story on the BBC in an episode of his famous Letters from America on the new “big brains” in January 1962.37 Automation and large machines were depicted as autonomous agents. Computers were electronic brains. Robots were portrayed as humanoids in cartoons and films. Extreme and often dark prophecies dominated the popular-press coverage of new contraptions. Modern cybernetics was greeted with the same reprobation that had been attached to the sin of sorcery in former ages, at least according to Wiener, as he laid out in his final book on God and the machines, which he finished in the summer of 1963.
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1956), 61. 31.John Johnsrud, “Computer Marks Fifteenth Year,” New York Times, November 2, 1961, 51. 32.David R. Francis, “Self-Producing Machines,” Christian Science Monitor, June 2, 1961, 16. 33.Norbert Wiener, God and Golem, Inc. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1963), 4. 34.Ibid., 5. 35.Ibid., 10. 36.L. Landon Goodman, “Automation and Its Social and Economic Implications” (paper presented at the British Electrical Development Association annual conference, April 12, 1956), 1. 37.Alistair Cooke, “Big Brains,” Letter from America, BBC Radio 4, January 21, 1962, 21:00. 38.Norbert Wiener, “Some Moral and Technical Consequences of Automation,” Science 131, no. 3410 (May 6, 1960): 1358. 39.Astrahan and Jacobs, “History of the Design,” 349. 40.John Diebold, Automation (New York: Von Nostrand, 1952), 154. 41.John Diebold, Beyond Automation (New York: McGraw Hill, 1964), 105. 42.Ibid., 106. 43.Peter F.
Frommer's Memorable Walks in London by Richard Jones
., and Roger Finlay (eds.). London Fifteen Hundred to Seventeen Hundred: The Making of the Metropolis. Longman, 1986. Bennett, Arnold. London Life. Ayer, 1976. Betjeman, John. Victorian & Edwardian London. David & Charles, 1969. Brewster, Dorothy. Virginia Woolf ’s London. Greenwood, 1979. Brooke, Christopher. London, 800–1216: The Shaping of a City. University of California Press, 1975. Cameron, Robert, and Alistair Cooke. Above London. Cameron, 1980. Chancellor, Edwin B. The London of Charles Dickens. Gordon Press, 1976. Davies, Andrew. The Map of London: From 1746 to the Present Day. David & Charles, 1988. Defoe, Daniel. Tour Thro’ London About the Year 1725. Ayer, 1929. Ehrlich, Blake. London on the Thames. Little, Brown, 1966. Ford, Madox. The Soul of London. Haskell, 1972. Gibson-Jarvie, Robert. The City of London: A Financial & Commercial History.
Albert Einstein, Alistair Cooke, Anton Chekhov, British Empire, Columbine, Donald Trump, George Santayana, haute couture, Honoré de Balzac, John Nash: game theory, Network effects, placebo effect, Ralph Waldo Emerson, school vouchers, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs
outré (oo-TRAY), adjective Radically unconventional; outside the limits of expected conduct or behavior. “One of life’s intriguing paradoxes is that hierarchical social order makes cheap rents and OUTRÉ artists’ colonies possible.” – Florence King, American author overweening (OH-ver-WEE-ning), adjective Extremely presumptuous, arrogant, and overconfident. “Golf is an open exhibition of OVERWEENING ambition, courage deflated by stupidity, skill soured by a whiff of arrogance.” – Alistair Cooke, British-born American journalist and broadcaster oxidation (oks-ih-DAY-shin), noun A chemical reaction that increases the oxygen content of a compound or material. When Carlton viewed the wreck of the Titanic from the window of a submersible, he was shocked to see how OXIDATION had ravaged the ship. oxymoron (ok-see-MORE-on), noun A phrase made by combining two words that are contradictory or incongruous.
On Writing Well (30th Anniversary Edition) by William Zinsser
To locate a specific passage, please use your e-book reader’s search tools. PAGE 26–27 Preface by E. B. White to A Basic Chicken Guide, by Roy E. Jones. Copyright 1944 by Roy E. Jones. Reprinted by permission of William Morrow & Co. Also appears in The Second Tree From the Corner. Harper & Bros., 1954. 27–28 “The Hills of Zion,” by H. L. Mencken. From The Vintage Mencken, gathered by Alistair Cooke. Vintage Books (paperback), 1955. 29–30 How to Survive in Your Native Land, by James Herndon. Simon & Schuster, 1971. Reprinted by permission of Simon & Schuster, a division of Gulf & Western Corporation. 55–57 The Lunacy Boom, by William Zinsser. Harper & Row, 1970. 59–60 Slouching Toward Bethlehem, by Joan Didion. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1968. Copyright 1966 by Joan Didion.
Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television by Jerry Mander
Alistair Cooke, commoditize, conceptual framework, dematerialisation, full employment, invention of agriculture, Menlo Park, music of the spheres, placebo effect, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, Stewart Brand, the medium is the message, trickle-down economics
EFFECTS OF TELEVISION ON THE HUMAN BEING people. We all become more violent or more Fonzlike, or dis- playa TV-announcer authority. Once they are in your mind and stored, all images are equally valid. They are real whether they are toothpaste, Walter Cronkite, Kojak, President Carter, Mary Hartman, Captain Kangaroo, Marcus Welby, Pete Rose, a Ford Cougar, a cougar, the Fonz, the Bionic Man, Alistair Cooke, Rhoda, or your mother and father. Once inside your head, they all become images that you continue to carry in memory. They become equally real and equally not-real. Our thinking processes can't save us. To the degree that we are thinking as we watch television, a minute degree at most, the images pass right through anyway. They enter our brains. They remain permanently. We cannot tell, for sure, which images are ours and which came from distant places.
Corduroy Mansions: A Novel by Alexander McCall Smith
William accepted the mug of tea offered him. “It’s difficult. I find that—” Manfred, lowering himself into a chair opposite the sofa, cut him short. “Alphabetical arrangement is not the only option,” he said. “And I’m always slightly suspicious of people whose books are arranged alphabetically. OCD issues. One isn’t a bookshop, you know. Nor a library.” William shrugged. “It must be helpful, though. I find that when—” “The late Alistair Cooke had a wonderful scheme,” Manfred continued, “whereby he placed books on the United States in such a position on his wall of shelves as to reflect their geographical situation. Books on Montana were at the top and those on Florida were down in the bottom right-hand corner.” William smiled. “I once read about how the Victorians—” “Yes,” said Manfred, “shelved books by male authors separately from those by female authors, out of a sense of propriety.
Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America by Rick Perlstein
affirmative action, Alistair Cooke, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, cognitive dissonance, cuban missile crisis, delayed gratification, desegregation, East Village, European colonialism, full employment, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, immigration reform, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, indoor plumbing, Kitchen Debate, liberal capitalism, Mahatma Gandhi, Marshall McLuhan, Monroe Doctrine, moral panic, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, Own Your Own Home, Paul Samuelson, Plutocrats, plutocrats, price mechanism, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, the medium is the message, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, walking around money, War on Poverty, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog
The AP sent a Pulitzer Prize–winning photo over the wires: one of the AAS students strides purposefully out of the building, head and rifle held high, a massive bandolier of shell cartridges wrapped around his waist and shoulder. Two more flank him with rifles. Two white men in suits look down, a black campus police officer looks away, all as if ashamed. It ran on the front pages of newspapers around the world. London’s New Statesman declared, “The U.S. is on the brink of racial revolution.” Alistair Cooke on the BBC said it reminded him of the civil strife he’d seen in the Congo and street-fighting students in the Weimar era. Beijing announced that “the U.S. ruling clique…is scared out of its wits and is plotting still more frenzied suppression of the students.” The Era of Good Feelings between press and president had not rubbed off on the students who had come back to school the previous September buzzing about Chicago.
: Richard Reeves, President Nixon: Alone in the White House (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001), 75. On the roots of Kissinger’s rage and origins of phone taps: Ibid., 44–47. On Caulfield: Ibid., 13; Reeves, President Nixon, 67, 75–76. On Kraft bugging see Lukas, Nightmare, 64–65. Cornell uprising: Donald Alexander Downs, Cornell ’69: Liberalism and the Crisis of the University (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1969). New Statesman, Alistair Cooke, Beijing: Reeves, President Nixon, 73. See also “Yale Has Been Spared Campus Strife, but Some Administrators Are Nervous,” NYT, April 20, 1969, p. 74. Fortune magazine had built: Fortune, January, 1969. James J. Kilpatrick coined the phrase: Frederick G. Dutton, Changing Sources of Power: American Politics in the 1970s (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971), 80. Stanford protests: W. Glenn Campbell, The Competition of Ideas: How My Colleagues and I Built the Hoover Institution (Ottawa: Jameson Books, 2001), 139–46; “Student Protest Ends at Stanford,” NYT, May 2, 1969.
Alistair Cooke, Bretton Woods, British Empire, colonial rule, European colonialism, financial independence, full employment, imperial preference, indoor plumbing, jobless men, old-boy network, South China Sea, V2 rocket
Among them was a joint CBS-BBC effort, with broadcasts originating one week from America and the next from Britain, but aired simultaneously in both countries. Another was an eight-part series, called An American in England, produced by Murrow and the BBC, and broadcast by CBS. Murrow also created a new series for the BBC called Meet Uncle Sam, which one historian called “a cram course on the American experience for British listeners,” featuring, in addition to Murrow himself, such guests as Allan Nevins and Alistair Cooke, a U.S.-based BBC correspondent. The show, Murrow made clear, would contain no whitewashing of his country. “Later on in this series,” he said during its first broadcast, “you will hear all about the New Deal, our racial problems, and how we came to be a nation of which one third is ill-clothed, ill-housed and ill-fed. You will also hear something of our achievements.” Startled by his candid comments, a BBC announcer, at the end of the program, noted Murrow’s “vigorous criticisms of some things American, which would come ill from an Englishman.”
Austerity Britain: 1945-51 by David Kynaston
Alistair Cooke, anti-communist, British Empire, Chelsea Manning, collective bargaining, continuous integration, deindustrialization, deskilling, Etonian, full employment, garden city movement, hiring and firing, industrial cluster, invisible hand, job satisfaction, labour mobility, light touch regulation, mass immigration, moral panic, Neil Kinnock, occupational segregation, price mechanism, rent control, reserve currency, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, stakhanovite, strikebreaker, the market place, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, very high income, wage slave, washing machines reduced drudgery, wealth creators, women in the workforce, young professional
Another diarist, St John, made no reference to voting but that afternoon travelled by train from Bristol to London, reaching Paddington by 6.20. ‘I had to wait until after 6.35 for a train to Shepherds Bush, which came in packed. It stopped at White City, where many passengers alighted, presumably to attend a dog-racing meeting.’ The polling stations closed at 9.00 p.m., just as Northern Music-Hall was finishing on the Home Service and a quarter of an hour before Alistair Cooke’s American Commentary. For those interested in the outcome, that left three weeks to wait before counting began, while the votes came in from the Forces abroad. ‘If I may put down my forecast of the result,’ the Tory-supporting Glasgow pattern-maker Colin Ferguson surmised, ‘it is this: – For the Govt. 360; Labour 220; the rest 60.’ Three days later, the News of the World’s jumping-the-gun headline was similarly sanguine: ‘Mr Churchill Has Secured His Working Majority’.