Bay Area Rapid Transit

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pages: 255 words: 90,456

Frommer's Irreverent Guide to San Francisco by Matthew Richard Poole

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, old-boy network, pez dispenser, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, upwardly mobile

Precita Eyes Mural Center, a community resource center, hosts a tour of this area that will show you at least 60 Mission District murals in one eight-block stretch. DIVERSIONS Are we there yet?... The top family attractions besides Fisherman’s Wharf and PIER 39 (sorry) are the Exploratorium, Alcatraz (see the Getting Outside chapter), and the San Francisco Zoo & Children’s Zoo. You simply Bay Area BART Tour cannot escape these places if One of the world’s most comyour kids are even slightly perplex commuter systems, Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) suasive. The current hot spot for links San Francisco with other kids is a place called Zeum. Its cities and communities official tag is “art and technolthroughout the East and ogy center for ages 8 to 18,” but South bays. The air-condithat title doesn’t do it justice. tioned train cars run along more than 100 miles of The events calendar features mostly elevated rail, including everything from live hip-hop one of the longest underwater concerts (free with admission) transit tubes in the world to interactive art studios where (don’t let those earthquakes teen-artists-in-residence get make you nervous).

Fares to either airport are usually identical, so if a flight to SFO is sold out, there may still be available seats on flights to the lesser-known OAK, which is only a few minutes from the Coliseum BART stop (four stops from San Francisco’s Financial District). Keep in mind, however, that public transportation from SFO is less expensive and far more accessible. Airpor t transpor tation to the city... Public transport is available from the San Francisco airport to downtown via BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) (Tel 510/464-6000; www.bart.gov), which runs daily from SFO to downtown San Francisco. This route avoids traffic on the way and costs substantially less—about $6 one-way—than shuttles or taxis. Just jump on a free airport shuttle bus to the International terminal, enter the BART station in the International terminal, and you’re on your way. A taxi ride to the 222 city center costs about $30 to $35 plus tip and usually takes about 20 to 30 minutes, depending on traffic.

First ask the concierge if your hotel offers child-care service. Otherwise, try an agency that is a member of the San Francisco Convention and Visitors Bureau, such as American Childcare Service (Tel 415/285-2300; www.americanchildcare.com), which offers private inroom service at your hotel, excursions arranged for children 12 and older, and is fully licensed, bonded, and insured. BART... Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) is essentially a com- muter railway that links neighboring communities with San Francisco. There are eight stations in the city itself, but they’re not terribly useful for getting around the city (take 223 the bus—it’s faster). Fares depend on the distance of the ride, but for a special excursion fare, you can ride the entire system as far as you want, in any direction you want, as long as you exit the system at the same station you entered.


pages: 188 words: 57,229

Frommer's Memorable Walks in San Francisco by Erika Lenkert

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Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, car-free, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, South of Market, San Francisco

Service is offered Monday through Friday from 5am to 12:30am, Saturday from 6am to 12:20am, and Sunday from 8am to 12:20am. The L and N lines operate 24 hours, 7 days a week. Especially enjoyable to ride are the beautiful vintage multicolored F-Market streetcars, which run from downtown Market Street to the Castro and back. They offer a quick and charming way to get uptown and downtown without any hassle. BY BART BART, an acronym for Bay Area Rapid Transit (% 415/989-2278), is a futuristic-looking, high-speed rail network that connects San Francisco with the East Bay— Oakland, Richmond, Concord, and Fremont. Four stations are located along Market Street (see “By Metro Streetcar,” above). Fares range from $1.10 to $4.70, depending on how far you go, though children 4 and under ride free. Tickets are dispensed from machines in the stations and are magnetically encoded with a dollar amount; computerized exits automatically deduct the correct fare.

., no. 710, 133 Ashbury Tobacco Center, 131 Atherton, Gertrude, 58–59, 101, 102 Atkinson, Kate, 84 Bakeries AA Bakery & Café, 30 Danilo Bakery, 49 Dianda’s, 122 Dominguez Bakery, 121 Bakery & Restaurant, 27–28 Balclutha (squarerigger), 148 Balmy Alley, 121 Banducci, Enrico, 45–46 Banking and the Law (mural), 63 174 Bank of America, 26 Bank of Canton, 27 Barbary Lane (Maupin), 90 Bars and pubs Buena Vista restaurant and bar, 150 O’Reilly’s Irish Pub, 51 The Saloon, 57 Specs’ Twelve Adler Museum Café, 48 BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit), 162–163 BART (mural), 118 Basilica of San Francisco, 126 Beach Blanket Babylon, 50–51 Beat movement, 47 Beat poets, 48, 103 Beats, 44 Belli Anne, 41–42 Ben & Jerry’s, 132 Bertrand, Ray, 63 Index • 175 Betelnut, 104 Big Four Restaurant, 75 Biordi Art Imports, 49 The Blue & Gold Fleet, 165, 172 The Booksmith, 131 Botanical Gardens, Strybing Arboretum and, 144 Boynton, Ray, 60–61 Bransten, Florine Haas, 100 Bransten House, 100 Brautigan, Richard, 58 Broadway no. 1032, 84, 86 no. 1051, 86 no. 1067, 87 no. 1078-1080 (Demarest Compound), 87–88 Brown, Arthur, Jr., 59 Brown, Willie, 130 Browser Books, 102 Buena Vista Park, 132 Buena Vista restaurant and bar, 150 Burgess, Gelett, 84, 86 Burritt Alley, 16 Buses, 161–162 Business hours, 166 Cable Car Museum and Powerhouse, 80–81 Cable cars, 70, 80–81, 161 Cabs, 163 Caen, Herb, 12–13 Café de la Presse, 17 Café NiebaumCoppola, 43 Caffe Centro, 113 Caffè Museo, 110 Caffe Trieste, 49 Caldwell, Erskine, 76 California (mural), 63 California Academy of Sciences, 143 California Agricultural Industry (mural), 63–64 California Industrial Scenes (mural), 61 California St. no. 1990, 101 no. 2026, 101 no. 2101, 102 California Street line, 161 California Welcome Center, 159 Cameron House, 30 The Cannery, 148 Canton Bazaar, 26 Carnaval (mural), 118 Carsley, Robert B., 87 Cartoon Art Museum, 108 Car travel, 163 Casa Lucas Market, 119 Cassady, Neal, 91 The Castro, 170 C.


pages: 518 words: 170,126

City for Sale: The Transformation of San Francisco by Chester W. Hartman, Sarah Carnochan

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affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, business climate, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, housing crisis, illegal immigration, John Markoff, Loma Prieta earthquake, manufacturing employment, new economy, New Urbanism, profit motive, Ralph Nader, rent control, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, strikebreaker, union organizing, urban planning, urban renewal, very high income, young professional

., 369 Asian Americans, 2, 17, 59, 63, 219, 221, 241, 260n, 366, 374 Asian Law Caucus, 365, 374 Asian Neighborhood Design, 365 assassinations, city hall, 234 – 37, 241 Assessment Appeals Board, 183, 184 Atlanta, 380 Audubon Society, 387 Augustino, Jim, 161 Averbush, Bernard, 377 Babbitt, Bruce, 315n Baer, Larry, 178 Bagot, Gilbert “Buck,” 278 Bakar, Gerson, 311n Baker, Dusty, 41 Baldwin, Irving, 114 Baltimore, Roslyn, 285 Bank of America, 4, 5, 6, 230, 241, 245, 293, 295, 302, 405n35 Baptist Ministers Union, 29 Bar Association of San Francisco, 101 Barbagelata, John, 134, 135, 137, 230, 231, 232, 233, 248 Bardis, John, 239, 240, 418n27, 418n28 Barnes, W.E., 39 BART. See Bay Area Rapid Transit System Bartenders Union, 34 Battery Park City, 162 Bayanihan House, 221, 223 Bay Area Citizens Action League, 418n27 Bay Area Council, 6, 11, 18, 19, 32, 390, 391, 392, 400, 405n35 Bay Area Drum Factory, 181 Bay Area Rapid Transit System (BART), 7, 30, 33, 108, 175, 181, 290, 291, 311, 330, 405n26 Bay Bridge, 293, 389 Bay View Federal Savings & Loan building, 332 Bayview–Hunters Point, 25, 63, 172, 179, 184, 233, 276, 344, 375, 462n204 BCTC. See Building and Construction Trades Council Bean, Atholl, 405n35 Beard, John, 371 Becerril, Alicia, 274 Bechtel, 5, 6, 241, 245, 273, 405n26 Bechtel, Stephen, 405n35 Beise, S.

Thus, the East Bay is the locus for heavier industry, chemicals, and petroleum and also serves as the re- The Larger Forces / 7 gional transportation hub. The Peninsula and South Bay are areas for light manufacturing, electronics, and the aerospace industry. Alameda, Contra Costa, and San Mateo Counties support recent secondary office development. San Francisco is the center for administration, finance, consulting, and entertainment. An elaborate network of freeways and the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system link all sectors of this regional economic unit to its administrative heart, the city (pace Oakland). BAC was the primary planner and lobbyist for this rail system: “BART was a BAC product,” Brown University sociologist J. Allen Whitt wrote in the pithy conclusion of his 1982 book.26 The function of the BART system is to carry suburban workers from Contra Costa, Alameda, and San Mateo Counties into the downtown center.

Labor’s support was rewarded immediately by appointments to influential City posts and in the long run by construction and other types of jobs for its members.31 An ILWU Local 10 official was appointed to Alioto’s cabinet. ILWU International president Harry Bridges was appointed to the San Francisco Port Commission. Hector Rueda of the Elevator Construction Workers Union was appointed to the Planning Commission. Bill Chester of ILWU was made president of the Bay Area Rapid Transit system (BART). In late 1969, the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency awarded the ILWU a choice lot in the Western Addition A-2 redevelopment area to build its world headquarters. Local 261 also received its rewards: The head of the Centro Social Obrero was appointed to the mayor’s cabinet; the local’s president went on the Housing Authority board; and a leader of MAPA was appointed by the mayor to fill a vacancy on the Board of Supervisors, another to the Board of Education.


pages: 257 words: 64,285

The End of Traffic and the Future of Transport: Second Edition by David Levinson, Kevin Krizek

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, 3D printing, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, Chris Urmson, collaborative consumption, commoditize, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, dematerialisation, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Google Hangouts, Induced demand, intermodal, invention of the printing press, jitney, John Markoff, labor-force participation, lifelogging, Lyft, means of production, megacity, Menlo Park, Network effects, Occam's razor, oil shock, place-making, Ray Kurzweil, rent-seeking, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, technological singularity, Tesla Model S, the built environment, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, urban renewal, women in the workforce, working-age population, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game, Zipcar

And why shouldn't they help govern that organization? And why shouldn't there be more than one so that they can both compete and coordinate to better serve travelers? 238 Two mishaps stand out (1) Bay Area Rapid Transit: Fremont Flyer crash (October 2, 1972) – a train under testing with automatic control overshot the end of the track; (2) the Dockland Light Railway (March 10, 1987) test case failed to stop at the terminus.Iin one case (San Francisco's BART), drivers were re-inserted into the system, in the other (London's Dockland Light Rail), driverless trains remained standard (and safe). 239 See http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/BART_Bay_Area_Rapid_Transit and http://www.londonreconnections.com/2013/blast-from-the-past-a-precariously-positioned-dlr-train/ for discussion of the relevant incidents 240 Firms like Megabus and Bolt serve the intercity market in a way with lower prices and WiFi that appeals to passengers more than Greyhound or Amtrak.


pages: 537 words: 99,778

Dreaming in Public: Building the Occupy Movement by Amy Lang, Daniel Lang/levitsky

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, bonus culture, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, crowdsourcing, David Graeber, deindustrialization, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, housing crisis, Kibera, late capitalism, mass incarceration, Naomi Klein, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, out of africa, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Port of Oakland, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Slavoj Žižek, structural adjustment programs, the medium is the message, too big to fail, trade liberalization, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, War on Poverty, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, We are the 99%, white flight, working poor

* * * At this point, then, we have to talk about Oakland itself, about what ‘Oscar Grant’ means to the people who made that name the center of their protest (or what it would mean if Occupy Oakland renamed itself ‘Decolonize and Liberate Oakland.’6) The broad and racialized social restructuring that Oakland has undergone in the last half century – an ‘urban renewal’, after the end of segregation, that has melded seamlessly into suburbanization and gentrification – is a process that has analogs in cities across the United States. But the Bay Area is also unique, and the fact that Oscar Grant was a young African American man traveling on the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system – and was shot and killed by a police officer charged with policing BART – is a perfect symbol of the forms of differential inclusion through which Oakland has been formed and reformed (as this blogger describes too precisely for me to need to replicate7). After all, is Oakland really a city? It might once have been clearly distinct from San Francisco, Berkeley, San Leandro, Castro Valley, Emeryville, Piedmont and Alameda (to name only the Bay Area municipalities on its borders), but it clearly is no longer.

♦ Fondly, Michelle Ty The version printed here restores several paragraphs that were cut from the text that circulated publicly. My apologies for being unable to furnish proper citations under the pressure of time. References will gladly be provided upon request. Written with the support of 21 UC Berkeley colleagues. zunguzungu.wordpress.com/2011/11/01/the-day-before-the-day-of-action/ 1 Bay Area Rapid Transit. No Cops, No Bosses UC Davis Bicycle Barricade 20 November 2011 By now much of the world has seen video and photos of Lt John Pike of the UC Davis police department as he discharged a canister of burning chemicals into the faces of students seated in the center of the university quad. Most viewers are outraged, and justifiably so. Much of the outrage has been directed at John Pike.


pages: 457 words: 126,996

Hacker, Hoaxer, Whistleblower, Spy: The Story of Anonymous by Gabriella Coleman

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1960s counterculture, 4chan, Amazon Web Services, Bay Area Rapid Transit, bitcoin, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, cloud computing, collective bargaining, corporate governance, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, David Graeber, Debian, East Village, Edward Snowden, feminist movement, George Santayana, hive mind, impulse control, Jacob Appelbaum, jimmy wales, Julian Assange, mandatory minimum, Mohammed Bouazizi, Network effects, Occupy movement, pirate software, Richard Stallman, SETI@home, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steven Levy, WikiLeaks, zero day

Take “doxing”: the leaking of private information—such as Social Security numbers, home addresses or personal photos—resides in a legal gray zone because some of the information released can be found on publicly accessible websites. A single Anonymous operation might integrate all three modes—legal, illegal, and legally gray tactics—and if there is an opportunity to infuse an operation with the lulz as well, someone will. A prime example is Operation BART from August 2011. Anonymous was spurred into action when San Francisco BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) officials sought to disable mobile phone reception on station platforms to thwart a planned anti–police brutality march. Local activists had called for the demonstration to protest the fatal shooting of Charles Hill, an unarmed passenger. Incensed by transportation authorities’ meddling in democratic expression, Anonymous helped organize a series of street demonstrations soon after. A couple of individuals hacked into BART’s computers and released customer data in order to garner media attention.

After a string of days and nights at the hacker festival and an early morning flight from Germany, I arrived back in the US more exhausted than before I had left. The Anonymous spirit, by contrast, seemed to have been refreshed: making my way through baggage claim, I glimpsed a familiar image on a faraway TV screen—the Guy Fawkes mask. Jolted, I trotted over to the monitor. CNN was showing a tweet calling for “OpBART” (“BART” stands for Bay Area Rapid Transit). From the visual clues provided by CNN, I realized that this operation was not only big. It also seemed to fit the mold of the old-school, tumultuous, large-scale-uprising style of the pre-AntiSec Anonymous of yore. The 80 percent of users the GCHQ had supposedly blasted away with its DDoS were back, along with hundreds of newcomers. OpBART’s point of origin can be pinpointed to July 3, 2011, when BART police fatally shot Charlie Hill in the San Francisco Civic Center BART station.


pages: 464 words: 127,283

Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia by Anthony M. Townsend

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1960s counterculture, 4chan, A Pattern Language, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, anti-communist, Apple II, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, business process, call centre, carbon footprint, charter city, chief data officer, clean water, cleantech, cloud computing, computer age, congestion charging, connected car, crack epidemic, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, data acquisition, Deng Xiaoping, digital map, Donald Davies, East Village, Edward Glaeser, game design, garden city movement, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, George Gilder, ghettoisation, global supply chain, Grace Hopper, Haight Ashbury, Hedy Lamarr / George Antheil, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, interchangeable parts, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jacquard loom, Jacquard loom, Jane Jacobs, jitney, John Snow's cholera map, Khan Academy, Kibera, knowledge worker, load shedding, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, mobile money, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Norbert Wiener, Occupy movement, off grid, openstreetmap, packet switching, Parag Khanna, patent troll, Pearl River Delta, place-making, planetary scale, popular electronics, RFC: Request For Comment, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, social software, social web, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stuxnet, supply-chain management, technoutopianism, Ted Kaczynski, telepresence, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, too big to fail, trade route, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, Vannevar Bush, working poor, working-age population, X Prize, Y2K, zero day, Zipcar

In 2007 a Washington Metro rail car caught fire after a power surge went unnoticed by buggy software designed to detect it.6 Temporarily downgrading back to the older, more reliable code took just twenty minutes per car while engineers methodically began testing and debugging. But some bugs in city-scale systems will ripple across networks with potentially catastrophic consequences. A year before the DC Metro fire, a bug in the control software of San Francisco’s Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system forced a systemwide shutdown not just once, but three times over a seventy-two-hour period. More disconcerting is the fact that initial attempts to fix the faulty code actually made things worse. As an official investigation later found, “BART staff began immediately working to configure a backup system that would enable a faster recovery from any future software failure.” But two days after the first failure, “work on that backup system inadvertently contributed to the failure of a piece of hardware that, in turn, created the longest delay.”7 Thankfully, no one was injured by these subway shutdowns, but their economic impact was likely enormous—the economic toll of the two-and-a-half-day shutdown of New York’s subways during a 2005 strike was estimated at $1 billion.8 The troubles of automation in transit systems are a precursor to the kinds of problems we’re likely to see as we buy into smart cities.

Johnston, 1890), 84. 4http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/images/h96000/h96566k.jpg. 5Kathleen Broome Williams, Grace Hopper: Admiral of the Cyber Sea (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2004), 54. 6“Surge Caused Fire in Rail Car,” Washington Times, last modified April 12, 2007, http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2007/apr/12/20070412-104206-9871r/. 7“About recent service interruptions, what we’re doing to prevent similar problems in the future,” Bay Area Rapid Transit District, last modified April 5, 2006, http://www.bart.gov/news/articles/2006/news20060405.aspx. 8“The Economic Impact of Interrupted Service,” 2010 U.S. Transportation Construction Industry Profile (Washington, DC: American Road & Transportation Builders Association, 2010), http://www.artba.org/Economics/Econ-Breakouts/04_EconomicImpactInterruptedService.pdf. 9Quentin Hardy, “Internet Experts Warn of Risks in Ultrafast Networks,” New York Times, November 13, 2011, B3. 10Ellen Ullman, “Op-Ed: Errant Code?


pages: 523 words: 159,884

The Great Railroad Revolution by Christian Wolmar

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1919 Motor Transport Corps convoy, accounting loophole / creative accounting, banking crisis, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, collective bargaining, cross-subsidies, intermodal, James Watt: steam engine, Ponzi scheme, quantitative easing, railway mania, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, Silicon Valley, strikebreaker, too big to fail, trade route, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, union organizing, urban sprawl

This type of initiative was replicated across the country, and as George Douglas, writing in 1992, suggested, “with this infusion of public aid, suburban train service in the major cities where it once flourished— New York, Boston, Chicago and Philadelphia—is probably a good deal better than it was thirty years ago.”11 Investment has continued in suburban rail, and several unlikely cities such as Dallas and Albuquerque have modest rail systems; many more are under construction in a host of major cities, often reusing long-abandoned lines. The opening of the BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) system in the San Francisco area in 1972 marked a renewal of interest in metro lines in the United States. Although it has been riven with funding problems and technical difficulties, it has built up into a system with more than one hundred route miles and nearly four hundred thousand daily users. Other cities such as Washington, Los Angeles, and Miami have followed suit with new heavy-rail rapid-transit systems.

., 103 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad (Santa Fe), 135, 141, 176, 235, 270 and aviation, 302–303 branch line closures, 316 diesel services, 316 gas-engine trials, 310 and Harvey restaurants, 209 and immigrants, 172, 173 prestige services, 301, 313, 328 and Western expansion, 173–174, 175–176, 179 Atlantic & Great Western Railroad, 168 Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad, 40 Auburn & Syracuse Railroad, 67 Australia, 60, 176 Austria, 21 Averell, Mary, 248 Aviation, 302–303, 318, 321, 328–329, 337, 350, 352 Ayres, Henry “Poppy,” 79–80 Baedeker guides, 184, 223 Baldwin, Matthias, 42–43 Ballast, 46 Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, 12, 58, 60, 68–69, 70–71, 168, 230, 250, 303–304, 308 branch line closures, 316 and Civil War, 95, 97–98, 104, 111, 113, 118 electrification, 286–287, 297 and first US railways, 1, 18–23, 32, 33, 125 labor relations, 233, 238 prestige services, 264–265, 327–328 Baltimore Riot, 97–98 Barnard, George C., 242 Baseball, 226–227 Bass, Sam, 202 Bay Area Rapid Transit, 353–354 Beauregard, P. G. T., 101 Bell, Nimrod, 161–162 Belt Railway, 71 Benton, Thomas Hart, 7 Best Friend of Charleston, 20 Bevan, David, 337 “Big John” case, 346–347 Black Diamond, 334 Blenkinsop, John, 15 Blücher, 15 Boiler explosions, 192 Bolshevik Revolution, 294 Boston commuter services, 211 rail connections, 52–53 South Station, 261, 344 Boston & Albany Railroad, 203 Boston & Lowell Railroad, 34, 47, 52, 73, 77, 193 Boston & Maine Railroad, 223, 287, 297, 338 Boston & Providence Railroad, 84 Boston & Worcester Railroad, 35 Boulton & Watt, 5–6 Boy Scouts, 311 Bragg, Braxton, 112 Braking, 49, 196–199 Branch lines, 210, 307, 316, 327, 333–334 Brassey, Thomas, 39 Bridges accidents, 161, 193–194, 256 and beavers, 210 Dale Creek bridge, 147 destruction of, 106, 109, 110, 112 Missouri bridge, 155, 207 Rock Island bridge, 86, 147 Bridgewater Canal, 8 Brighton Beach & Brooklyn Railroad, 223 British Railways, 334, 348 Broadway Limited, 266–267, 309 Brown, Dee, 42, 127, 135–136, 139–140, 146, 149, 152, 172, 206, 208 Brown, George, 18 Brown, John, 94–95 Brown, Joseph E., 103 Brunel, Isambard Kingdom, 59 Bryant, Keith L., Jr., 158, 178, 251 Buchan, John, 109 Budd, Ralph, 310–312, 328 Buffalo, Bradford & Pittsburgh Railroad, 242 Buffalo & Rochester Railroad, 67 Buffalo & State Line Railroad, 60–61 Buffett, Warren, 357 Bull Run, Battle of, 101–102, 112 Burkhardt, Ed, xxviii, 354–355 Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad, 257, 258 Burlington Railroad.


pages: 173 words: 54,729

Occupying Wall Street: The Inside Story of an Action That Changed America by Writers For The 99%

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, citizen journalism, collective bargaining, desegregation, feminist movement, income inequality, McMansion, Mohammed Bouazizi, Occupy movement, Port of Oakland, We are the 99%, young professional

Louis demonstrators hewed to a tried-and-true method of making their voices heard, forging alliances with trade unions to stage at least two strike actions and a walkout. With its long history of radical organizing and social protest, Oakland quickly emerged as the Occupy movement’s West Coast epicenter. Naming its original encampment Oscar Grant Plaza— after a young Oakland man who had been fatally shot in the back by Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) police officer Johannes Mehserle on New Years Day 2009—Occupy Oakland cast the local movement in direct opposition to the city’s long history of police violence and repression. Local officials responded in ways that unwittingly reinforced the Occupiers’ claims of endemic police brutality in the city. The Oakland camp was one of the first to be raided by police, on the evening of October 25.


pages: 307 words: 17,123

Behind the cloud: the untold story of how Salesforce.com went from idea to billion-dollar company--and revolutionized an industry by Marc Benioff, Carlye Adler

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Albert Einstein, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, barriers to entry, Bay Area Rapid Transit, business continuity plan, call centre, carbon footprint, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, iterative process, Maui Hawaii, Nicholas Carr, platform as a service, Silicon Valley, software as a service, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs

I’ll show you how to build a business that’s not just profitable but inspiring: good for your employees, good for your customers, and good for your community. Perhaps like you, I have always wanted to be an entrepreneur. I grew up watching my father run a chain of women’s clothing stores, and my grandfather, an innovative and unusual attorney, run his own practice and create BART, the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit system. My obsession with software began when I wandered into a computer lab in high school. I would beg my grandmother to drive me to the local RadioShack so I could use the TRS 80 model 1. Later, I used the income I made at my after-school job (cleaning cases at a jewelry store) to buy my own computer. I wrote my first piece of software (How to Juggle) and sold it for $75. What I really loved was the ways we could use computers to share information.


pages: 275 words: 77,017

The End of Money: Counterfeiters, Preachers, Techies, Dreamers--And the Coming Cashless Society by David Wolman

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, bitcoin, Bretton Woods, carbon footprint, cashless society, central bank independence, collateralized debt obligation, corporate social responsibility, credit crunch, cross-subsidies, Diane Coyle, fiat currency, financial innovation, floating exchange rates, German hyperinflation, greed is good, Isaac Newton, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, mental accounting, mobile money, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, offshore financial centre, Peter Thiel, place-making, placebo effect, Ponzi scheme, Ronald Reagan, seigniorage, Silicon Valley, special drawing rights, Steven Levy, the payments system, transaction costs

“The purpose of cash is no longer to support commerce,” he concludes.22 Birch wasn’t always so obsessed with money’s forms, friction, and future—not until he had to digitize it. His background is in computers, where he got his start helping to link up networks in the days before the Internet. His specialty was making networks secure, which led to a corporate job traveling the world to help with secure systems at NATO, satellite communications in Southeast Asia, and reliable data communications for California’s Bay Area Rapid Transit. He was one of the founders of a consultancy in the 1980s. Secure computer networks and financial transactions have many points in common, and Birch began to build a reputation as an expert in payment technologies and electronic money systems, with clients including the likes of VISA, American Express, MasterCard, Barclay’s, and the European Commission. It was in this role that he started to obsess over the costs, hassles, and hazards of different forms of money, and with the machinations of how value zips around the world.


pages: 390 words: 96,624

Consent of the Networked: The Worldwide Struggle for Internet Freedom by Rebecca MacKinnon

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A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, business intelligence, Cass Sunstein, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, corporate social responsibility, Deng Xiaoping, digital Maoism, don't be evil, Filter Bubble, Firefox, future of journalism, illegal immigration, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Mark Zuckerberg, Mikhail Gorbachev, national security letter, online collectivism, Parag Khanna, pre–internet, race to the bottom, Richard Stallman, Ronald Reagan, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Steve Crocker, Steven Levy, WikiLeaks

In mid-August 2011, as I completed the final edits on this book, riots broke out in Great Britain. Debates raged in the United Kingdom over Prime Minister David Cameron’s controversial remarks about the need for expanded government power to monitor and restrict the British public’s access to mobile services as well as to social networks. In the United States, San Franciscans were up in arms after the local subway system, Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), shut down wireless service at several stations to prevent a planned protest against a shooting by BART police of an allegedly knife-wielding man. China’s state-run Xinhua News Agency could not resist the opportunity to gloat: “We may wonder why Western leaders, on the one hand, tend to indiscriminately accuse other nations of monitoring, but on the other take for granted their steps to monitor and control the Internet,” said the unsigned commentary.


pages: 361 words: 81,068

The Internet Is Not the Answer by Andrew Keen

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3D printing, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Airbnb, AltaVista, Andrew Keen, augmented reality, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, Black Swan, Bob Geldof, Burning Man, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, collective bargaining, Colonization of Mars, computer age, connected car, creative destruction, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, disintermediation, Donald Davies, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frank Gehry, Frederick Winslow Taylor, frictionless, full employment, future of work, gig economy, global village, Google bus, Google Glasses, Hacker Ethic, happiness index / gross national happiness, income inequality, index card, informal economy, information trail, Innovator's Dilemma, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, libertarian paternalism, lifelogging, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, Metcalfe’s law, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, nonsequential writing, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, Occupy movement, packet switching, PageRank, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer rental, Peter Thiel, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Potemkin village, precariat, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Metcalfe, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, smart cities, Snapchat, social web, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, TaskRabbit, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, The Future of Employment, the medium is the message, the new new thing, Thomas L Friedman, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber for X, urban planning, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, winner-take-all economy, working poor, Y Combinator

Hennessy calls “tasteless nutrition sludge.”59 No matter. In a month, Tunney had raised $1 million on Kickstarter for a repellent social experiment that brings to mind Soylent Green, the 1974 dystopian movie about a world in which the dominant food product was made of human remains. This libertarian elite doesn’t have much affection for labor unions and the industrial working class, either. When, in 2013, the city’s metro system union, the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) workers, went on strike over the threats of automation to their jobs and their relatively low pay in one of America’s most expensive cities, the technology community erupted in a storm of moral outrage. “My solution would be to pay whatever the hell they want, get them back to work, and then go figure out how to automate their jobs,” the CEO of one tech startup wrote on Facebook.60 Indeed, much of the “work” being done by Google-acquired robotic companies like Nest, Boston Dynamics, and DeepMind is focused on figuring out how to automate the jobs of traditional workers such as BART drivers.


pages: 278 words: 83,504

Boeing Versus Airbus: The Inside Story of the Greatest International Competition in Business by John Newhouse

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Airbus A320, airline deregulation, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Build a better mousetrap, corporate governance, demand response, low cost carrier, upwardly mobile

The runways at San Francisco are 750 feet apart, not enough to allow two A380’s to take off side by side but enough for one to leave alongside some other airplane. Besides the new terminal, which was opened in December 2000, the airport created two new parking garages, new freeway ramps, and two new employee parking garages. The other up-to-date feature is a light rail system that connects the terminals, garages, rental car offices, and a Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) station that is located at the entrance of the international terminal. Bus and auto traffic on surface roads has been reduced. John Martin, the airport’s director, sees it as capable of competing with LAX. “Through passengers prefer landing here,” he says. “We have a much higher level of amenities, and are much more efficient. The customs service is a much better facility. We have better facilities in general, including better restaurants.”37 Officials at LAX are cautiously optimistic that in the end A380 operators—most of them Asian—will conclude, or have already concluded, that access to the Los Angeles market must outweigh the clear advantages of flying into San Francisco’s airport.


pages: 477 words: 135,607

The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger by Marc Levinson

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air freight, anti-communist, barriers to entry, Bay Area Rapid Transit, British Empire, call centre, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, deskilling, Edward Glaeser, Erik Brynjolfsson, full employment, global supply chain, intermodal, Isaac Newton, job automation, knowledge economy, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, manufacturing employment, Network effects, New Economic Geography, new economy, oil shock, Panamax, Port of Oakland, post-Panamax, Productivity paradox, refrigerator car, South China Sea, trade route, Works Progress Administration, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

The ports were suddenly full of activity. The flow of nonmilitary cargo, flat for a decade, rose by one-third between 1962 and 1965.12 Then Oakland raised the bar. The port’s ambitions centered on an area known as the Outer Harbor, bisected by an embankment that had once carried passenger trains to their terminus at a ferry landing. The Port Commission was out of money after expanding the Oakland airport, but the Bay Area Rapid Transit District, which began designing its regional rail system in 1963, came to its rescue. In return for permission to tunnel beneath port property, the rail agency agreed to clear abandoned buildings along the embankment, construct a 9,100-foot dike, and fill the enclosed area with dirt excavated in tunnel construction. Oakland designed an enormous terminal for the 140-acre site, with 12 berths, wharves 78 feet wide—wide enough to erect cranes that would straddle the dockside railroad tracks—and the ability to accommodate ships of almost any length.


pages: 795 words: 212,447

Dead or Alive by Tom Clancy, Grant (CON) Blackwood

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active measures, affirmative action, air freight, airport security, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Benoit Mandelbrot, defense in depth, failed state, friendly fire, Google Earth, Panamax, post-Panamax, Skype, uranium enrichment, urban sprawl

Where’re the best places to catch taxis or hop a cable car? Learn to feel like you live here.” “Oh, is that all?” Chavez answered that one. “No. How do the people move, how do they interact? Do they wait for Walk lights, or do they jaywalk? Do they meet one another’s eyes on the sidewalks or exchange pleasantries? How many cop cars do you see? Check for parking. Is it metered or free? Nail down the BART entrances.” “Bay Area Rapid Transit,” Clark added before Jack could ask. “Their subway.” “That’s a lot of shit to absorb.” “That’s the job,” Clark replied. “Wanna go home?” “Not on your life.” “It’s a mind-set, Jack. Change the way you see the landscape. Soldiers look for cover and ambush spots; spooks look for dead drops and surveillance boxes. Two questions you should always be asking: How would I follow somebody here, and how would I lose somebody here?”


pages: 1,351 words: 404,177

Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America by Rick Perlstein

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affirmative action, Alistair Cooke, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, cognitive dissonance, cuban missile crisis, delayed gratification, desegregation, East Village, European colonialism, full employment, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, immigration reform, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, indoor plumbing, Kitchen Debate, liberal capitalism, Mahatma Gandhi, Marshall McLuhan, Monroe Doctrine, moral panic, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, Own Your Own Home, Paul Samuelson, Plutocrats, plutocrats, price mechanism, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, the medium is the message, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, walking around money, War on Poverty, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog

They enjoyed them more than the traveling press, who watched on closed-circuit monitors in a room two hundred feet away, eating dry turkey sandwiches. The next day was San Francisco. The press was lectured on their plane by John Ehrlichman that McGovern should “repudiate” upcoming demonstrations that police intelligence told them were “political rather than of an antiwar nature.” The president got a tour of the spiffy control center for the new Bay Area Rapid Transit system. It was walled in by glass. The reporters watched from the other side, like gawkers at an aquarium. Then it was off to Los Angeles. Bob Hope warmed up the $1,000-a-plate crowd (“McGovern’s running out of money. Yesterday he mugged an Avon lady!”). The president told of the time he had invited a group of young musicians from Los Angeles to the White House. One of the kids told him, “You know, it’s a long way from Watts to the White House.”


USA Travel Guide by Lonely, Planet

1960s counterculture, active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Asilomar, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, big-box store, bike sharing scheme, Bretton Woods, British Empire, Burning Man, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, edge city, El Camino Real, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, Golden Gate Park, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, Hernando de Soto, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, immigration reform, information trail, interchangeable parts, intermodal, jitney, license plate recognition, Mars Rover, Mason jar, mass immigration, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, Menlo Park, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, off grid, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, supervolcano, the built environment, The Chicago School, the High Line, the payments system, trade route, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

Twitter (www.twitter.com) SF-based social media alerts on SF pop-up shops, food trucks, free shows and weekend recommendations from Lonely Planet authors. Yelp (www.yelp.com) Locals trade verbal fisticuffs on this San Francisco–based review site that covers shopping, bars, services and restaurants. Getting There & Away Air San Francisco International Airport (SFO; www.flysfo.com) is 14 miles south of downtown off Hwy 101 and accessible by Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART). Bus Until the new terminal is complete in 2017, San Francisco’s intercity hub remains the Temporary Transbay Terminal (Howard & Main Sts) , where you can catch buses on AC Transit (www.actransit.org) to the East Bay, Golden Gate Transit (http://goldengatetransit.org) north to Marin and Sonoma Counties, and SamTrans (www.samtrans.com) south to Palo Alto and the Pacific coast.