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Rome by Lonely Planet
bike sharing scheme, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, double helix, G4S, Index librorum prohibitorum, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, low cost airline, Murano, Venice glass, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Skype, urban planning
Originally it was involved in the publication of sacred music, although it later developed a teaching function, and in 1839 it completely reinvented itself as an academy with wider cultural and academic goals. Today it is one of the world’s most highly respected conservatories, with its own orchestra and chorus. Pier Paolo Pasolini, Master of Controversy Poet, novelist and filmmaker, Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922−75) was one of Italy’s most important and controversial 20th century intellectuals. His works, which are complex, unsentimental and provocative, provide a scathing portrait of Italy’s post-war social transformation. Although he spent much of his adult life in Rome, he had a peripatetic childhood.
Pommidoro Trattoria €€ Offline map Google map ( 06 445 26 92; Piazza dei Sanniti 44; meals €50; Mon-Sat, closed Aug; Via Tiburtina, Via dei Reti) Throughout San Lorenzo’s metamorphosis from down-at-heel working-class district to down-at-heel bohemian enclave, Pommidoro has remained the same. A much-loved local institution, it’s a century-old trattoria, with high star-vaulted ceilings, a huge fireplace and outdoor conservatory seating. It was a favourite of controversial film director Pier Paolo Pasolini, and contemporary celebs stop by – from Nicole Kidman to Fabio Cappello – but it’s an unpretentious place with superb-quality traditional food, specialising in magnificent grilled meats. Said Modern Italian €€ Offline map Google map ( 06 446 92 04; Via Tiburtina 135; meals €50; Via Tiburtina, Via dei Reti) Said is one of San Lorenzo’s chicest haunts, housed in a 1920s chocolate factory.
One of Hollywood’s most prolific composers, Morricone (b 1928) has worked on more than 500 films, but his masterpiece remains his haunting score for Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo (The Good, the Bad and the Ugly). A unique orchestration of trumpets, whistles, gunshots, church bells, harmonicas and electric guitars, it was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2009. The films of Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922−75) are similarly demanding. A communist Catholic homosexual, he made films that not only reflect his ideological and sexual tendencies but also offer a unique portrayal of Rome’s urban wasteland. A contemporary of both Pasolini and Fellini, Sergio Leone (1929−89) struck out in a very different direction – see the boxed text, Click here .
Empire of Things: How We Became a World of Consumers, From the Fifteenth Century to the Twenty-First by Frank Trentmann
Airbnb, Anton Chekhov, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, British Empire, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, car-free, carbon footprint, Cass Sunstein, choice architecture, clean water, collaborative consumption, collective bargaining, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, Community Supported Agriculture, critique of consumerism, cross-subsidies, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, equity premium, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial exclusion, fixed income, food miles, full employment, germ theory of disease, global village, haute cuisine, Herbert Marcuse, high net worth, income inequality, index card, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, James Watt: steam engine, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, Joseph Schumpeter, Kitchen Debate, knowledge economy, labour mobility, libertarian paternalism, Livingstone, I presume, longitudinal study, mass immigration, McMansion, mega-rich, moral panic, mortgage debt, Murano, Venice glass, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, Pier Paolo Pasolini, post-industrial society, Post-Keynesian economics, post-materialism, postnationalism / post nation state, profit motive, prosperity theology / prosperity gospel / gospel of success, purchasing power parity, Ralph Nader, rent control, Richard Thaler, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, school vouchers, Scientific racism, Scramble for Africa, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, stakhanovite, the built environment, the market place, The Spirit Level, The Theory of the Leisure Class by Thorstein Veblen, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, trade liberalization, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban sprawl, Washington Consensus, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional, zero-sum game
To say that consumption is totalitarian, for example, can obviously be challenged by pointing to the very real differences between power in one of Stalin’s labour camps and that exerted by luxury brands, however seductive. More interesting is to explore how such thinking travels in the furrows ploughed by earlier thinkers. The critique of consumerism as a new fascism goes back to the 1960s, to Pier Paolo Pasolini, the Italian film director and writer, and the Marxist émigré Herbert Marcuse. Marcuse warned of the coming of a One-dimensional Man, a book that became a best-selling consumer article in its own right. While Marcuse’s pessimistic diagnosis of social control and repression may have gone out of fashion, a good deal of today’s public debate continues to take its lead from the critique of consumerism that flourished during the post-war boom.
In New York, some young families joined together as communes but kept their personal cleaners and private showers: the air-conditioning was always on.158 In Germany, in 1974, a researcher was surprised to find a greater number of TVs, stereos and washers and driers in communal ‘alternative’ flats than in conventional households; some flats had three cars.159 Shared use, then, did not automatically entail simple living. Perversely, it could have the opposite effect, justifying the purchase of more appliances to avoid conflict over who controlled the TV or stereo. By 1973, when the oil crisis hit, consumer culture was thus firmly entrenched. Critical voices did not disappear. Pier Paolo Pasolini, the Italian poet and filmmaker, lamented that television and cars had flattened customs and classes into the same materialist monoculture; the ‘craving to consume’ had led to a ‘new fascism’, degrading the Italian popolo far more than in Mussolini’s day – rather downplaying the way in which leisure had been manipulated under Il Duce.160 In France, Jean Baudrillard offered a new critique of consumer society as a total system of signs, in which people lived under a kind of magical spell, no longer choosing goods for their practical utility but for the images and messages they conveyed.
Marcuse, Onedimensional Man. 157. Rainer Langhans & Fritz Teufel, Klau mich (Frankfurt am Main, 1968). 158. Personal information. 159. Gudrun Cyprian, Sozialisation in Wohngemeinschaften: Eine empirische Untersuchung ihrer strukturellen Bedingungen (Stuttgart, 1978), 81–5; the research was conducted in 1974. 160. Pier Paolo Pasolini, Scritti corsari (Milan, 1975/2008), see esp. 9 Dec. 1973, 22–5; and 10 June 1974, 39–44, my translation. 161. Jean Baudrillard, Société de consommation (1970) (English: The Consumer Society: Myths and Structures (London, 1970/98), 27, emphasis in original, my translation. 162. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Letter to Soviet Leaders (London, 1974), 21–4. 163.
Everything for Everyone: The Radical Tradition That Is Shaping the Next Economy by Nathan Schneider
1960s counterculture, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, altcoin, Amazon Mechanical Turk, back-to-the-land, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blockchain, Brewster Kahle, Burning Man, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, Clayton Christensen, collaborative economy, collective bargaining, Community Supported Agriculture, corporate governance, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Debian, disruptive innovation, do-ocracy, Donald Knuth, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, Food sovereignty, four colour theorem, future of work, gig economy, Google bus, hydraulic fracturing, Internet Archive, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Lyft, M-Pesa, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, means of production, Money creation, multi-sided market, new economy, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Pier Paolo Pasolini, post-work, precariat, premature optimization, pre–internet, profit motive, race to the bottom, Richard Florida, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Sam Altman, Satoshi Nakamoto, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Slavoj Žižek, smart contracts, Steve Bannon, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, surveillance capitalism, transaction costs, Turing test, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, underbanked, undersea cable, universal basic income, Upton Sinclair, Vanguard fund, white flight, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, working poor, Y Combinator, Y2K, Zipcar
The cave dwellings in Matera, Italy—the Sassi—are said to have been inhabited for nine thousand years. Staggered terraces of masonry facades line ragged cliffs that fall into canyons. After World War II, the Sassi became the country’s most notorious slum, and the government emptied residents into modern apartments on the plateau above. For decades the ancient caves lay empty. Pier Paolo Pasolini and Mel Gibson both filmed movies about Jesus there. In the 1990s, a band of cultured squatters began to move in and renovate, leading the way for a tourist industry in the otherwise sleepy city. UNESCO declared the caves a World Heritage Site; the sides of Matera’s police cars now boast “Cittá dei Sassi.”
I You We Them by Dan Gretton
agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, conceptual framework, corporate social responsibility, Desert Island Discs, drone strike, European colonialism, financial independence, friendly fire, ghettoisation, Honoré de Balzac, IBM and the Holocaust, illegal immigration, invisible hand, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, laissez-faire capitalism, liberation theology, Mikhail Gorbachev, Milgram experiment, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, Pier Paolo Pasolini, place-making, pre–internet, Stanford prison experiment, University of East Anglia, wikimedia commons
I was forced to imagine my mother alone in the house and willing herself to eat a bite of something, anything, a bite of peas, and finding herself unable to. With her usual frugality and optimism, she’d put both the can and the dish in the refrigerator, in case her appetite returned. And this is the film director and poet Pier Paolo Pasolini writing to his mother: Only you in all the world know what my / heart always held, before any other love.6 / So I must tell you something terrible to know: / from within your kindness my anguish grew. / You’re irreplaceable. And because you are, / the life you gave me is condemned to loneliness. / And I don’t want to be alone.
5 ‘For the week or so before she was hospitalized, my mother couldn’t keep any food down …’ is from ‘Meet Me In St Louis’ by Jonathan Franzen ,New Yorker, 24 December 2001. 6 ‘Only you in all the world know what my heart always held, before any other love …’ is from ‘Prayer to my Mother’ by Pier Paolo Pasolini. Chapter Nineteen: The Wood Pigeons and the Train 1 ‘They’ve taken out insurance against pity …’ from Resurrection by Leo Tolstoy. 2 The historic material on Schmitt and Allianz’s close links to Nazism from various sources, including findings from the main study on this subject, Gerald Feldman’s Die Allianz und die deutsche Versicherungswirtschaft 1933–1945 (Allianz and the German Insurance Business, 1933–1945), published in 2001. 3 The praise for Anne Frank’s diary (‘this apparently inconsequential diary by a child … embodies all the hideousness of fascism, more so than all the evidence of Nuremberg put together’) comes from the Dutch historian Jan Romein, who had read the first manuscript of the diary, before it was published.
Florence & Tuscany by Lonely Planet
Bonfire of the Vanities, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, European colonialism, haute couture, Kickstarter, period drama, Pier Paolo Pasolini, post-work, sensible shoes, Skype, trade route, urban planning
Top of section Tuscany on Page & Screen TUSCANY IN PRINT In the late Middle Ages, a cheeky chap named Dante Alighieri decided that he would shake up the literary establishment by writing in Italian rather than Latin. In so doing, he laid the foundations for the development of a rich literary culture that continues to nurture both local and foreign writers to this day. Local Voices Decameron on Screen » Decameron Nights (Hugo Fregonese; 1953) » Decameron (Pier Paolo Pasolini; 1971) » Virgin Territory (David Leland; 2007) Prior to the 13th century, all Italian literature was written in Latin. But all that changed with the arrival of Florentine-born Dante Alighieri (c 1265–1321) on the literary scene. One of the founders of the Dolce Stil Novo (Sweet New Style) literary movement, whose members wrote lyric poetry in the Tuscan vernacular, Dante went on to use the local language when writing the epic poem that was to become the first, and greatest, literary work published in the Italian language: La grande commedia (The Great Comedy), published around 1317 and later renamed La divina commedia (The Divine Comedy) by his fellow poet Boccaccio.
Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire by Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri
affirmative action, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, conceptual framework, continuation of politics by other means, David Graeber, Defenestration of Prague, deskilling, disinformation, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, global village, Howard Rheingold, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, Joseph Schumpeter, land reform, land tenure, late capitalism, liberation theology, means of production, Naomi Klein, new economy, Paul Samuelson, Pier Paolo Pasolini, post-work, private military company, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, reserve currency, Richard Stallman, Slavoj Žižek, The Chicago School, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, Tobin tax, transaction costs, union organizing, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus
The difference of India is much more than that. In fact, this extreme difficulty of expressing it proves to him that the difference of India is ineffable. My fellow Italians, he concludes, I cannot describe India to you. You must go there and experience its enigma yourself. All I can say is, India is India. The other writer, Pier Paolo Pasolini, titles his book The Scent of India (L’odore dell’India) and tries to explain how similar India is. He walks the crowded streets at night in Bombay, and the air is filled with odors that remind him of home: the rotting vegetables left over from the day’s market, the hot oil of a vendor cooking food on sidewalk, and the faint smell of sewage.
Italy by Damien Simonis
active transport: walking or cycling, airport security, bike sharing scheme, Bonfire of the Vanities, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, clean water, congestion charging, discovery of the americas, Frank Gehry, haute couture, illegal immigration, Kickstarter, large denomination, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Murano, Venice glass, pension reform, period drama, Peter Eisenman, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Skype, spice trade, starchitect, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl, women in the workforce
Click here for reviews. Il Postino (1994) Director: Michael Radford La Dolce Vita (1960) Director: Federico Fellini Ladri di Biciclette (1948) Director: Vittorio de Sica La Vita è Bella (1997) Director: Roberto Benigni Roma Città Aperta (1945) Director: Roberto Rossellini Mamma Roma (1962) Director: Pier Paolo Pasolini Nuovo Cinema Paradiso (1988) Director: Giuseppe Tornatore Pane e Tulipani (2000) Director: Silvio Sordini Caro Diario (1994) Director: Nanni Moretti Il Divo (2008) Director: Paolo Sorrentino TOP READS Before the advent of cinema, writers conveyed the sights, feelings and sensibilities of Italians and their world in print.
If sonnets seem flowery to you, try 1975 Nobel laureate Eugenio Montale, who wrings poetry out of the creeping damp of everyday life, or Ungaretti, whose WWI poems hit home with a few searing syllables. His two-word poem seems an apt epitaph: M’illumino d’immenso (I illuminate myself with immensity). Poems by Pier Paolo Pasolini feature the same antiheroes as his films (Click here) — hustlers and prostitutes in postwar Italy, icons of a nation scraping by on its wits and looks. For the bawdiest poetry of all, head to an Italian osteria, where by night’s end cheap wine may inspire raunchy rhymes sung in dialect. Music Italy is known for achievements in opera and classical music, but it’s also adapted international pop, punk and hip hop to local tastes.
* * * ITALIAN CINEMA Nitty-Gritty Neorealism Unflinching tales of postwar woe shot in gorgeous yet gritty black and white make Citizen Kane seem like a rough cut, and Francois Truffaut like a latecomer. Ladri di biciclette (The Bicycle Thief), Vittorio de Sica, 1948. A special Oscar was awarded to this film about one father’s doomed attempts to provide for his son without resorting to crime in war-ravaged Rome. Mamma Roma, Pier Paolo Pasolini, 1962. Anna Magnani becomes an allegory for postwar Italy as an aging prostitute trying to make an honest living for herself and her delinquent son. Roma, città aperta (Rome, Open City), Roberto Rossellini, 1945. A story of love, betrayal, survival and resistance in Nazi-occupied Rome, shot and released while the memory of occupation was still raw.
The Eternal City: A History of Rome by Ferdinand Addis
Bonfire of the Vanities, clean water, Defenestration of Prague, friendly fire, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, land reform, moral panic, New Urbanism, Peace of Westphalia, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Plutocrats, plutocrats, the market place, trade route, wikimedia commons
Much more than La Strada, it deals with the hard reality of Italian life. The film reveals a Rome blighted by poverty, a city whose famous urban centre was ringed by a desolate periphery of modern slums, whose proud monuments were the night-time haunts of thieves, pimps and prostitutes. Fellini’s guide to this Roman underworld was a writer named Pier Paolo Pasolini, later one of the great figures of Italian cinema in his own right. Pasolini was a man of somewhat scandalous reputation – he had been expelled from the Communist Party following a scandal involving three teenage boys – but he was an acute and passionate observer of Roman street life. He saw, with a poet’s eyes, the beauty and desperation of the Roman poor: a young chestnut seller from Trastevere, dark skinned, hunched over his stove; boys swimming in the Tiber; a hustler selling rotten dogfish from a market stall by Monte Testaccio.
Bourgeois Dignity: Why Economics Can't Explain the Modern World by Deirdre N. McCloskey
Airbnb, Akira Okazaki, big-box store, Black Swan, book scanning, British Empire, business cycle, buy low sell high, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, clean water, Columbian Exchange, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, Costa Concordia, creative destruction, critique of consumerism, crony capitalism, dark matter, Dava Sobel, David Graeber, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, double entry bookkeeping, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, Erik Brynjolfsson, experimental economics, Ferguson, Missouri, fundamental attribution error, Garrett Hardin, Georg Cantor, George Akerlof, George Gilder, germ theory of disease, Gini coefficient, God and Mammon, greed is good, Gunnar Myrdal, Hans Rosling, Henry Ford's grandson gave labor union leader Walter Reuther a tour of the company’s new, automated factory…, Hernando de Soto, immigration reform, income inequality, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, invention of writing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Islamic Golden Age, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, John Harrison: Longitude, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, knowledge economy, labor-force participation, lake wobegon effect, land reform, liberation theology, lone genius, Lyft, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, means of production, Naomi Klein, new economy, North Sea oil, Occupy movement, open economy, out of africa, Pareto efficiency, Paul Samuelson, Pax Mongolica, Peace of Westphalia, peak oil, Peter Singer: altruism, Philip Mirowski, Pier Paolo Pasolini, pink-collar, Plutocrats, plutocrats, positional goods, profit maximization, profit motive, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, refrigerator car, rent control, rent-seeking, Republic of Letters, road to serfdom, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Scientific racism, Scramble for Africa, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, Simon Kuznets, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, spinning jenny, stakhanovite, Steve Jobs, The Chicago School, The Market for Lemons, the rule of 72, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, total factor productivity, Toyota Production System, Tragedy of the Commons, transaction costs, transatlantic slave trade, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, uber lyft, union organizing, very high income, wage slave, Washington Consensus, working poor, Yogi Berra
Surely the Dutch of the Golden Age didn’t actually carry out their painted and poemed project of the virtues? Surely the bourgeois then as now were mere hypocrites, the comically middle-class fools or villains in a Molière play; or, worse, in a Balzac novel; or, worse still, in a late-Dickens novel; or, worst of all, in a Pier Paolo Pasolini or Paolo Virzi film, n’est-ce pas? No, it appears not. Ce n’est pas vrai. Not in Holland, nor in some other places. As a referee of the present volume put it, “being wickedly good at commerce needn’t render people wicked.” Trading did not corrupt, for example, the charity of trade-saturated Holland.