sexual politics

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pages: 411 words: 95,852

Britain Etc by Mark Easton


agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, British Empire, credit crunch, financial independence, garden city movement, global village, Howard Rheingold, income inequality, intangible asset, James Watt: steam engine, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, low skilled workers, mass immigration, moral panic, Ronald Reagan, science of happiness, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, Slavoj Žižek, social software

The hope had been that the ‘companionate family’ model would sustain the institution of marriage through a tricky patch. The reality was that it often raised unattainable expectations and was later accused of being a major contributor to marital disillusionment and the rise in the divorce rate. By the end of the 1960s it was clear that government would have to think again if the traditional family was to survive the fallout from revolutionary sexual politics. It was no longer possible to try and shame married couples into staying together. Plan B was to encourage those who did divorce to re-marry. It was an admission that not every couple could or should stay together ‘til death us do part. Instead, the idea was that even when individual marriages failed, the institution would survive. The Divorce Reform Act of 1969 made it much quicker and easier for couples to split and re-tie the knot, and initially it seemed the tactic might work.

Conversely, apricot pedestal carpets, fluffy toilet-roll covers and potpourri fragrance are reflections of the continuing influence, perhaps, of the Ladies’ National Association for the Diffusion of Sanitary Knowledge. The ‘smallest room’ may offer abundant clues as to how the owner sees themselves, their aspirations and self-confidence. My wife’s grandmother, for example, used to have two supplies of lavatory paper in her highly scented bathroom: soft for the ladies and scratchy Izal for gentlemen callers (as well as her husband). From class values to sexual politics, one learned more about her character and background from a trip to the lavatory than anywhere else. While Britain developed its own unique loo politics based on centuries of subtle toilet-training, elsewhere in Europe and around the world, different historical, religious and cultural forces have been at work. The French toilet remained a ‘hole in the ground’ long after the sit-down WC had won universal acceptance in the UK, and while many Brits might consider such basic provision as archaic and uncivilised, the international world of sanitary hygiene remains divided over the ‘sit or squat’ debate.

Endeavour; young people political arithmetic, ref1 Pool of London, ref1 poor: and diet, ref1, ref2 and soup kitchens, ref1, ref2 Poor Laws, ref1 Pope, Alexander, ref1 Popinjay (pub), ref1 Portugal, ref1 potatoes: British love affair with, ref1 and Irish famine, ref1 leprosy thought to be caused by, ref1 ‘positive messages’ about, ref1 pottage, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4 poverty, ref1 academic papers on, ref1 and begging, attitudes to, ref1 and belief in a just world, ref1 Columbia University experiment concerning, ref1 child, ref1, ref2 definition of, ref1 doubts of existence of, in UK, ref1 EEC survey on, ref1 fault line in understanding of, ref1 health problems associated with, ref1 and immigration, ref1 Ipsos MORI focus groups on, ref1, ref2 LWT survey on, ref1 and marriage breakdown, ref1 as measure of social exclusion, ref1 perceived as families’ own fault, ref1 politics of, changes in, ref1 and Poor Laws, ref1 Reformation marks shift in attitudes to, ref1 and Protestant work ethic (PWE), ref1 seen as ‘sin’, ref1 and underclass, birth of, ref1 Powell, Enoch, ref1 power napping, ref1 The Power of Soap and Water (LNADSK), ref1 Pravda, ref1 Prescott, John, ref1, ref2, ref3 Prévost, Abbé, ref1 privacy, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4 Problem Families Project, ref1 profanity: as African-American vernacular speech, ref1 in name of God, banned, ref1 see also bad language Protestant work ethic (PWE), ref1, ref2 and sleep, ref1, ref2 Provigil, ref1 public conveniences, ref1, ref2 and privacy, ref1 Shy Bladder Syndrome experienced in, ref1 as tourist attraction, ref1 see also toilet(s) public health, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4, ref5, ref6, ref7, ref8, ref9 Public Health Act (1848), ref1 public open space, ref1 Birkenhead Park, ref1 Central Park, New York, ref1 Derby Arboretum, ref1 and Enclosure Acts, ref1 Green Belt, ref1 Henry VIII appropriates, ref1 Hyde Park, ref1 London parks, ref1 One Tree Hill, ref1 Peel Park, ref1 Philips Park, ref1 Plough Green, ref1 Plumstead Common, ref1 postwar local authorities attempt to restore, ref1 Queen’s Park, ref1 Regent’s Park, ref1, ref2 royal parks, ref1, ref2 St James’s Park, ref1, ref2 shopping mall appropriates, ref1 state of grass in, ref1 Tew Great Park, ref1 public relations, staged nature of, ref1 Public Relations Consultants Association, ref1 public relations industry, ref1 apologies constructed by, ref1 public space: changing character of, ref1 as social ‘glue’, ref1 punk movement, ref1, ref2, ref3 Puritan Commonwealth, ref1 Puritanism, ref1 arrival of, ref1 and profanity, ref1 Putnam, Robert, ref1, ref2 Pygmalion (Shaw), ref1 Qinetiq, ref1 Queen’s Park, ref1 Queensberry Rules, ref1 rabies, ref1 racism, ref1, ref2 and rioting, ref1 see also immigration RAF, ref1 railways, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4 development of, ref1 early opposition to, ref1 rain-dancing, ref1 Rantzen, Esther, ref1 rap movement, ref1 rationing, ref1, ref2 and class divides, ref1 Rawmarsh School, Battle of, ref1 Rayner, Sir Derek, ref1, ref2 RCDA, ref1 RCP, ref1 Reagan, Ronald, ref1, ref2, ref3 real ale, ref1 Redcliffe-Maud, Lord, ref1 Reformation, ref1, ref2 Regent’s Park, ref1, ref2 Regional Economic Planning Boards, ref1 regions, English, ref1 and the Great North Vote, ref1 ‘regional renaissance’ of, ref1 and TAFKAR, ref1 Reith lectures, ref1 Remembrance, Festival of, ref1 Renaissance, ref1 Report on the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Population (Chadwick), ref1 Republic of Ireland, ref1, ref2 republicanism, ref1 restorative justice, ref1 Restrain Abuses of Players Act (1606), ref1 Retiring Rooms, ref1 reverse-SAD, ref1 Reynolds, Stanley, ref1 Rheingold, Howard, ref1 Rhodesia, Unilateral Declaration of Independence, ref1 ribaldry, see bad language Richard I, ref1 Richard the Raker, ref1 Richards, Keith, ref1 Richmond Palace, ref1 riots: 1870, ref1 1958, ref1 race, ref1 2011, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4 Roberts, Sir Stephen, ref1 Rolleston, Sir Humphrey, ref1 Rolling Stones, ref1 Rose, Denis, ref1 Rosebery, Earl of, ref1 Rosenthal, Norman, ref1 Rotherham, Charles, ref1 Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, ref1 Rowan, Sir Charles, ref1 Rowntree, Seebohm, ref1 Royal Air Force (RAF), ref1 Royal College of Physicians (RCP), ref1 Royal Commission on Aliens, ref1 Royal Family, ref1 as brand, ref1 and the Lord Lieutenant, ref1 media intrusion of, ref1 Royal Parks of, ref1 ‘soap opera’, ref1 Toilet Duck equated to, ref1 value-for-money debate of, ref1 see also Elizabeth II Royal Institution (RI), ref1 Royal Maundy, ref1 royal parks, ref1, ref2 royal ritual: Princess Diana’s death and, ref1 Queen’s coronation and, ref1 Royal Society, ref1, ref2 Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), ref1, ref2 Royal Statistical Society (formerly Statistical Society of London), ref1, ref2 see also statistics royalty, ref1 critique of, ref1 and Puritanism, ref1 and republicanism, ref1, ref2 see also individuals by name; Royal Family Rubin, Zick, ref1 Ruddles Brewery, ref1 Rural District Councils Association (RCDA), ref1 Russia, ref1, ref2, ref3 Rutland, ref1 Ryno’s Hay Fever and Catarrh Remedy, ref1 SAD, ref1 see also mental health Saddam Hussein, ref1, ref2 St James’s Park, ref1, ref2 Sangster, William, ref1 sanitation, ref1 Sarkozy, Nicolas, ref1, ref2 Savannah Syndrome, ref1 Savoy Hotel, London, ref1 Schkade, David, ref1 Scholar, Sir Michael, ref1, ref2 school: and family break-up, ref1 meals, ref1 meals, free, ref1 ‘reform’, ref1 standards of behaviour in, ref1 see also learning Schwartz, Norbert, ref1 Scotland, ref1 age of criminal responsibility within, ref1, ref2 character of, ref1 devolution in, ref1 historically, ref1 and Scottishness, ref1 tartans of, see Scottish tartan Scotland Yard, ref1, ref2 Scott, Ronnie, ref1 Scottish tartan: clan, ref1 Englishman designs, ref1 kilts, ref1 SCUM, ref1 Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), ref1 see also mental health Second World War, see World War Two secularisation, ref1 Select Committee on Public Walks, ref1 September 11 attacks, ref1, ref2 7-Eleven, ref1 sewage, ref1 Sex Pistols, ref1, ref2, ref3 sexism, ref1, ref2, ref3 sexual assaults, ref1 sexual obscenities, ref1 see also bad language sexual politics, ref1, ref2 sexuality, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4 Shakespeare, William, ref1 Shapps, Grant, ref1 Sharia law, ref1 Sharman, Julian, ref1 Shaw, George Bernard, ref1 Shetland Islands, ref1, ref2 Shils, Ed, ref1 Shipman, Dr Harold, ref1 shopping malls, ref1 shopping patterns, ref1, ref2 Shy Bladder Syndrome (paruresis), ref1 siesta, ref1 see also sleep Silicon Valley, ref1 silly hats, ref1 Sims, Chris, ref1 Sims, George, ref1 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, ref1 ‘sit or squat’ debate, ref1 sleep, ref1 attitudes towards, ref1 and bed sizes, ref1 and consumer revolution, ref1 deprivation, ref1, ref2, ref3; see also insomnia and drugs, ref1, ref2 and electric lighting, ref1 experts on, ref1 going without, record for, ref1 and laudanum, ref1 myths, ref1, ref2 philosophy of, ref1 pills, ref1, ref2 and power napping, ref1 research, ref1, ref2 and sloth, ref1, ref2 and stimulants, ref1, ref2 time spent, ref1, ref2 ‘trendy’ research on, ref1 Victorian attitudes towards, ref1 web-based survey of, ref1 sleep deprivation, ref1 ‘The Sleep of School Children’ (Terman & Hocking), ref1 Sleepio, ref1 Slovakia, ref1 Smalley, Sir Herbert, ref1 Smith, Percy, ref1 social capital, ref1 social class, see class social interaction, and Internet activity, ref1 Social Issues Research Centre (SIRC), ref1, ref2 Society for Cutting Up Men (SCUM), ref1 Society for Investigating the Causes of the Alarming Increase of Juvenile Delinquency, ref1 Soham murders, ref1, ref2 sonic weapon, ref1 soup kitchens, ref1, ref2 South Asian community, ref1 see also immigration South East Asia: drugs from, ref1 tsunami in, ref1 Soviet Union, collapse of, ref1 Spain, ref1, ref2, ref3 Spear, Bing, ref1 Spencer, David, ref1 spin doctors, ref1 Squidgygate, ref1, ref2 SS Empire Windrush, ref1 SS Great Eastern, ref1 standardisation, ref1 Stanford University, ref1, ref2 State Opening of Parliament, ref1 Statistical Society of London (later Royal Statistical Society), ref1 see also statistics statistics, ref1 crime, ref1 and knife crime, ref1, ref2 ‘lies, damned lies and’, ref1 public view of government manipulation of, ref1 societal well-being measure by, ref1 and technology, ref1 see also Central Statistical Office; Royal Statistical Society; Statistical Society of London; Statistics Commission; Statistics and Regulation Service Act; United Kingdom Statistics Authority Statistics Commission, ref1 see also statistics Statistics: A Matter of Trust, ref1 Statistics and Registration Service Act (2007), ref1 see also statistics Statute of Winchester, ref1 Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, ref1 Stiglitz, Joseph, ref1 Strabo, ref1 Stratton family, ref1 Straw, Jack, ref1 street cred, ref1 street lighting, introduction of, ref1 ‘The Struggle for Cultured Speech’ (Trotsky), ref1 Strutt, Joseph, ref1 suicide: political, ref1 rates, ref1 and weather, ref1 Sun, ref1, ref2 Sunday Times, ref1, ref2 superfoods, ref1, ref2 see also food ‘superwoman’, ref1 see also women’s rights Swan, ref1 swearing/swear words, see bad language Sweden, ref1 taboo words, see bad language Tacitus, ref1, ref2 Tackling Knives Action Programme (TKAP), ref1, ref2, ref3 TAFKAR, ref1 Tapscott, Don, ref1 Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Handbook 1: Cognitive Domain (Bloom), ref1 Taylor, Damilola, ref1 Teddy Boys, ref1, ref2 teenager(s): and age of criminal responsibility, ref1 becoming a parent while, ref1, ref2 and crime, see crime demonisation of, ref1 and drugs, ref1, ref2 emergence of, ref1 hypermedia world of, ref1 NEETs, ref1 rebellious, ref1, ref2 and sleep, ref1 and underage sex, ref1, ref2 violent crime towards, ref1, ref2, ref3 see also young people; youth culture television: chefs, ref1 consumer programmes, ref1 ownership, ref1, ref2, ref3 Queen’s Coronation shown on, ref1, ref2 resistance to, ref1 at Westminster, ref1 see also broadcasters by name; programmes by name Terman, Lewis, ref1 Test Match cricket, ref1, ref2 Tew Great Park, ref1 Thackeray, William, ref1 Thames River Police, ref1 Thatcher, Margaret, ref1, ref2, ref3 and drugs, ref1 and food–health links, ignored by, ref1 ‘North–South Divide’ dismissed by, ref1 and power-napping, ref1 Tillett, Ben, ref1 Timbs, John, ref1 time travel, ref1 time-lapse photography, ref1 The Times, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4, ref5 Tipperary (pub), ref1 toilet(s), ref1 Ajax, ref1 AquaClean, ref1 ‘beacon of relief’, ref1 communal, ref1 first flushing, ref1, ref2 first public, ref1 foreign, ref1, ref2, ref3 Freud on, ref1 high-tech, ref1 in Hollywood films, ref1 and laxatives, ref1 other names for, ref1, ref2 paper, types of, ref1 ‘pods’, ref1 and prudery, ref1, ref2, ref3 and Sharia law, ref1 and ‘sit or squat’ debate, ref1 -training, ref1, ref2 types of, ref1, ref2, ref3, ref4, ref5 and vitreous china, development of, ref1 Toilet Duck, ref1 Tolstoy, Count Nikolai, ref1 tomatoes, thought to be poisonous, ref1 Tomlinson, George, ref1 Tomorrow’s World, ref1 Townsend, Prof.

pages: 266 words: 76,299

Ever Since Darwin: Reflections in Natural History by Stephen Jay Gould

Alfred Russel Wallace, British Empire, correlation coefficient, Drosophila, European colonialism, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Monroe Doctrine, Paul Samuelson, Scientific racism, sexual politics, the scientific method

The bone tool of our apelike ancestor first smashes a tapir’s skull and then twirls about to transform into a space station of our next evolutionary stage—as the superman theme of Richard Strauss’ Zarathustra yields to Johann’s Blue Danube. Kubrick’s next film, Clockwork Orange, continues the theme and explores the dilemma inspired by claims of innate human violence. (Shall we accept totalitarian controls for mass deprogramming or remain nasty and vicious within a democracy?) But the most immediate impact will be felt as male privilege girds its loins to battle a growing women’s movement. As Kate Millett remarks in Sexual Politics: “Patriarchy has a tenacious or powerful hold through its successful habit of passing itself off as nature.” 31 | Racist Arguments and IQ LOUIS AGASSIZ, the greatest biologist of mid-nineteenth-century America, argued that God had created blacks and whites as separate species. The defenders of slavery took much comfort from this assertion, for biblical prescriptions of charity and equality did not have to extend across a species boundary.

., 268 Ross, Sir James Clark, 28–29 Rossini, Gioacchino, 21 Sacred Theory of the Earth (Burnet), 141–46, 154 Sagan, Carl, 196 Samuelson, Paul, 259 Sayers, Dorothy, 21 Schopf, J. W., 115 Schopf, T. J. M., 131, 138 Schuchert, Charles, 164–65, 166 Schultz, A. H., 74–75 Science, 199–265 and human nature, 229–65 and society, 199–228 Science, 54, 114, 236, 258, 265 Scopes, John, 141–42, 146 Sedgwick, A., 149 Selander, R. K., 236 Sepkoski, J. J., 128, 131 Serres, Etienne, 218 Sex, 116 Sexual Politics (Millett), 242 Shockley, William, 238 Sibling species, 53 Siever, Raymond, 193 Simberloff, D. S., 131, 138 Simpson, George Gaylord, 43, 44, 208 Size and shape, 169–98 geometry of space, 171 human intelligence, 179–85 of medieval churches, 176–78 planetary, 192–98 vertebrate brain, 186–91 Smith, Adam, 12, 100 Smith, G. E., 208 Social Darwinism, 37 Sociobiology, 16, 250–67, 269 Sociobiology (Wilson), 251–52, 262 Spanish–American War, 218 Speck, Richard, 228 Spencer, Herbert, 36–37, 40, 217 Spindle diagrams, 131–33 Stanley, Steven M., 123, 125, 130 Starck, D., 51 Strauss, Johann, 242 Strauss, Richard, 242 Stravinsky, Igor, 135 Stromatolites, 124–25 Strong, Rev.

pages: 1,013 words: 302,015

A Classless Society: Britain in the 1990s by Alwyn W. Turner

Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, British Empire, call centre, centre right, deindustrialization, demand response, Desert Island Discs, endogenous growth, Etonian, eurozone crisis, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, falling living standards, first-past-the-post, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, global village, greed is good, inflation targeting, means of production, millennium bug, minimum wage unemployment, moral panic, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, period drama, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, South Sea Bubble, Stephen Hawking, upwardly mobile, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce

It was capable of occasional, sporadic eruption into the mainstream of music, as with groups like the Jesus and Mary Chain and the Smiths in the mid-1980s or the Madchester bands at the end of the decade; it could even produce a major commercial success like Viz comic; and it channelled a great deal of energy into creating a new incarnation of stand-up comedy. But mostly this end of youth culture was characterised by its defiant refusal to seek a mass market. It was also known for its right-on attitudes, and in particular its embrace of sexual politics. This was, remarked the comedy writer John O’Farrell, ‘the world of the new puritans’, where the campaign to drive sexism out of society seemed sometimes to shade into a suspicion of heterosexuality and of sex itself. David Baddiel’s account of the discussion about Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer was in part a riposte to this dour current, and was certainly seen as such in some quarters.

Loaded’s core market, however, was younger: ‘Most of our readers are in their early twenties,’ admitted Brown in 1994 and, though he insisted that this wasn’t relevant, arguing that the magazine was ‘about a devil-may-care attitude, not demographics’, the disparity in age and outlook became ever more apparent as the decade wore on. In the hands of a new generation, untouched by the gender wars and sexual politics of the 1980s, the subtle nuances of irony melted away. With that fig-leaf gone, there seemed to be less newness and more laddishness on display, so that the new FHM was separated from the old Penthouse only by an attitude of irreverence and a thong. That thong, however, was a hugely important dividing line, on the other side of which lay pornography. The fact that the lads’ mags didn’t stray across it was a significant reversal of what had once appeared to be an inexorable trend towards ever more explicit material in high-street newsagents.

It lent a new middle-class legitimacy to a lifestyle that would once have been considered slovenly and irresponsible, while adding a degree of tolerance; even if there lurked a suspicion that this was all a bit patronising, that the adoption of the term ‘lad’ implied that working-class men weren’t really adults, but merely adolescent minds trapped in grown-up bodies. Within a few years the word ‘chav’ would gain currency, to describe those who behaved like lads without the income or education to justify their conduct. Meanwhile, there was less talk by the middle of the decade of sexual politics, though the changes wrought by feminism became ever more entrenched. In 1997 the number of women in the national workforce exceeded that of men for the first time in the country’s history, a revolutionary moment that largely passed without notice. This was a relatively recent trend and one that had a profound impact on the male half of the population; in the 1960s there were 15 million men in employment in Britain, thirty years later there were just 11 million.

pages: 350 words: 96,803

Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution by Francis Fukuyama


Albert Einstein, Asilomar, assortative mating, Berlin Wall, bioinformatics, Columbine, demographic transition, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Flynn Effect, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, impulse control, life extension, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, out of africa, Peter Singer: altruism, phenotype, presumed consent, Ray Kurzweil, Scientific racism, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), sexual politics, stem cell, Steven Pinker, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, Turing test

Nowadays it is much better understood that sexual differentiation begins well before birth, and that the brains of human males (as well as other animals) undergo a process of “masculinization” in utero when they receive a bath of prenatal testosterone. What is noteworthy about this story, however, is that Money could assert for almost fifteen years in scientific papers that he had succeeded in changing Brenda’s sexual identity to that of a girl, when exactly the opposite was the case. Money was widely celebrated for his research. His fraudulent results were hailed by feminist Kate Millet in her book Sexual Politics, by Time magazine, and by The New York Times and were incorporated into numerous textbooks, including one in which they were cited as proving that “children can easily be raised as a member of the opposite sex” and that what few inborn sex differences might exist in humans “are not clear-cut and can be overridden by cultural learning.”19 David Reimer’s case stands as a useful warning about the uses to which biotechnology may be put in the future.

See men/women differences Manhattan Project manic depression MAO genes Maoist China marijuana market economy failure in Marx, Karl Masters, Roger materialism mathematical ability mating, assortative McShea, Robert Mead, Margaret, Coming of Age in Samoa mean median median age Medicaid medical experimentation medicalization of behavior medical profession dedicated to prolonging life purpose of medical technology devil’s bargains offered by Medicines Control Agency (UK) memory, gene for men and women. See men/women differences young. See young males mental illness, Freudian theory of men/women differences attitude toward military force brain development Mertz, Janet messenger RNA methamphetamine (speed) Middle East military technology Millet, Kate, Sexual Politics minds, male vs. female Minnesota twin study (1990) minority communities, prescribing of psychotropic drugs for miscarriages Money John Monsanto Moore, G. E. moral behavior Kant’s view of moral choice as source of human dignity moral rules freedom to accept vs. freedom to create rational Moravec, Hans Morozov, Pavel Morton, Samuel George MSN murder Murray, Charles, and Richard Herrnstein, The Bell Curve music Muslim communities Mycogen Seeds nanotechnology National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) National Bioethics Advisory Commission National Center for Biotechnology Information National Center for Human Genome Research National Commission for the Protection of Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research National Educational Association (NEA) National Front National Institute of Mental Health, Violence Initiative National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Longitudinal Survey of Youth National Research Act nations, demand for recognition by Native Americans blood types among naturalistic fallacy natural rights human nature and and the U.S. constitution See also rights natural science, view of human nature natural selection nature-nurture controversy Nazi doctors Nazi regime negative externalities neuron firings neuropharmacology future advances in regulation of neurosciences, advances in neurotransmitters Newtonian mechanics New York City, crime rates nicotine Nietzsche, Friedrich nonlinear systems norepinephrine systems North America North Korea North-South regional conflict Norway noumena, things-in-themselves Novartis (formerly Ciba-Geigy) Novartis Seeds nuclear technology control of regulation of nuclear weapons control of Nuremberg Code nursing home “scenario” old age, two periods of (Category I and II) old people.

pages: 1,152 words: 266,246

Why the West Rules--For Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal About the Future by Ian Morris


Admiral Zheng, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Arthur Eddington, Atahualpa, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Columbian Exchange, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, defense in depth, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, discovery of the americas, Doomsday Clock,, falling living standards, Flynn Effect, Francisco Pizarro, global village, God and Mammon, hiring and firing, indoor plumbing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of agriculture, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Kitchen Debate, knowledge economy, market bubble, mass immigration, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, New Journalism, out of africa, Peter Thiel, phenotype, pink-collar, place-making, purchasing power parity, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Ronald Reagan, Scientific racism, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, Sinatra Doctrine, South China Sea, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, strong AI, The inhabitant of London could order by telephone, sipping his morning tea in bed, the various products of the whole earth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, trade route, upwardly mobile, wage slave, washing machines reduced drudgery

The changes freed women for work outside the home in an economy rapidly shifting from manufacturing toward services, shedding blue-collar labor but crying out for pink-collar workers. In the richest countries the proportion of women in paid jobs and higher education rose steadily after 1960, and, like every era before it, this age got the thought it needed. Books such as The Feminine Mystique and Sexual Politics urged middle-class American women to seek fulfillment outside their traditional roles. In 1968 a hundred protestors broke up the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City. By the 1990s men were actually sharing housework and parenting (even if their wives and girlfriends generally still did more). As early as 1951 an American sociologist named David Riesman saw where things were heading. In a story called “The Nylon Wars,” simultaneously celebrating and mocking American consumerism, he imagined strategists advising the president that “if allowed to sample the riches of America, the Russian people would not long tolerate masters who gave them tanks and spies instead of vacuum cleaners.”

Cold War: Behrman 2008, Eichengreen 2007, Gaddis 2005, Judt 2005, Reynolds 2000, Sheehan 2008, Westad 2005. Mutual Assured Destruction: Krepon 2008. Decolonization: Abernethy 2000, Brendon 2008, P. Clarke 2008, Darwin 2009. European Union: Gillingham 1991, 2003. Material abundance: de Grazia 2005, Fogel 2004, Grigg 1992, Sandbrook 2005. Rising life expectancy: Riley 2001. Feminine Mystique: Friedan 1963. Sexual Politics: Millett 1970. American suburbs: Hayden 2002. 1980s economic revival: Yergin and Stanislaw 2002. The Oxford History of the United States series (D. Kennedy 1999, Patterson 1997, 2005) is a fine survey of twentieth-century American history. America’s geographical advantages: Cumings 2009. Computers and the Western core in the 1970s–80s: Castells 1996–98, Saxenian 1994, and the entertaining account of Wozniak and Smith 2007.

Merton, Robert. “Priorities in Scientific Discovery: A Chapter in the Sociology of Science.” American Sociological Review 22 (1957), pp. 635–59. Meskill, John, ed. Ch’oe Pu’s Diary: A Record of Drifting Across the Sea. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1965. Michalowski, Piotr. The Lamentation Over the Destruction of Sumer and Ur. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1989. Millett, Kate. Sexual Politics. New York: Abacus, 1970. Mills, J. V. G., ed. Ma Huan, “Overall Survey of the Ocean’s Shores” [1433]. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1970. Mills, J. V. G., and Roderich Ptak, eds. Hsing-Ch’a Sheng-Lan, The Overall Survey of the Star Raft by Fei Hsin. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 1996. Mintz, Sidney. Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History. New York: Viking, 1985.

pages: 250 words: 9,029

Everything Bad Is Good for You: How Popular Culture Is Making Us Smarter by Steven Johnson


Columbine, complexity theory, corporate governance, delayed gratification, edge city, Flynn Effect, game design, Marshall McLuhan, pattern recognition, profit motive, race to the bottom, sexual politics, Steve Jobs, the market place

That's why it's important to point out that even the worst of today's television-a show like The Apprentice, say­ doesn't look so bad when measu red against the dregs of television past. If you assume there will always be a market for pulp, at least the pulp on The Apprentice has some con­ nection to people's real lives: their interoffice rivalries, their battles with the shifting ethics and sexual politics of the corporate world. It's not the most profound subj ect matter in the history of entertainment, but compared with the pab­ ulum of past megahi ts--compared with Mork & Mindy or Who 's the Boss?-it's pure gold. But in making this comparative argument, some might say I have set the bar too low. Perhaps the general public's E V E R Y T H I N G B A D I S G O O D F O R Yo u 133 appetite fo r pulp entertainment is n o t a sociological constant.

pages: 293 words: 76,294

Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human by Richard Wrangham


Alfred Russel Wallace, experimental subject, means of production, out of africa, sexual politics

“Effect of Size and Density on Canine Gastric Emptying of Nondigestible Solids.” Gastroenterology 89:805-813. Meyer, J. H., J. Elashoff, V. Porter-Fink, J. Dressman, and G. L. Amidon. 1988. “Human Postprandial Gastric Emptying of 1-3-millimeter Spheres.” Gastroenterology 94:1315-1325. Mill, J. S. 1966 (1869). “The Subjection of Women.” In Three Essays by J. S. Mill. London: Oxford University Press. Millett, K. 1970. Sexual Politics. New York: Doubleday. Milton, K. 1987. “Primate Diets and Gut Morphology: Implications for Hominid Evolution.” In Food and Evolution: Towards a Theory of Human Food Habits, M. Harris and E. B. Ross, eds., 93-115. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. ______. 1993. “Diet and Primate Evolution.” Scientific American 269:86-93. ______ . 1999. “A Hypothesis to Explain the Role of Meat-Eating in Human Evolution.”

pages: 200 words: 72,182

Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting by in America by Barbara Ehrenreich


business process, full employment, housing crisis, income inequality, McMansion, place-making, sexual politics, telemarketer, union organizing, wage slave, women in the workforce, working poor, zero day

ALSO BY BARBARA EHRENREICH Blood Rites: Origins and History of the Passions of War The Snarling Citizen Kipper's Game The Worst Years of Our Lives: Irreverent Notes from a Decade of Greed Fear of Falling: The Inner Life of the Middle Class The Hearts of Men: American Dreams and the Flight from Commitment Re-making Love: The Feminization of Sex (with Elizabeth Hess and Gloria Jacobs) For Her Own Good: 150 Years of the Experts' Advice to Women (with Deirdre English) Witches, Midwives, and Nurses: A History of Women Healers (with Deirdre English) Complaints and Disorders: The Sexual Politics of Sickness (with Deirdre English) The Mean Season: The Attack on the Welfare State (with Fred Block, Richard A. Cloward, and Frances Fox Piven) [1] Eighty-one percent of large employers now require preemployment drug testing, up from 21 percent in 1987. Among all employers, the rate of testing is highest in the South. The drug most likely to be detected—marijuana, which can be detected weeks after use—is also the most innocuous, while heroin and cocaine are generally undetectable three days after use.

Not That Kind of Girl: A Young Woman Tells You What She's "Learned" by Lena Dunham


book scanning, Mason jar, Saturday Night Live, sexual politics, zero-sum game

She didn’t have Twitter, a blog, or any other form of personal Internet expression. A scant web presence is so rare these days, alluring in and of itself. She was telling her story through the ancient medium of theater. Months into my Google gumshoe work on Nellie, she appeared at a talk I was doing at the New Yorker festival. It was a hard crowd to make giggle, and they were full of self-serious questions about race and sexual politics that I answered unsteadily, tired and underprepared. Afterward I met Nellie in the green room and shook her frail hand and was surprised by how deep her voice was, like an old British man’s. Her eyes were half closed, her collar buttoned up as high as it could go. She looked like Keats or Edie Sedgwick or some other important dead artist. “I’m such a big fan of yours,” I told her, having only ever Google-image-searched her.

pages: 262 words: 66,800

Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future by Johan Norberg


agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, availability heuristic, Bartolomé de las Casas, Berlin Wall, British Empire, business climate, clean water, continuation of politics by other means, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, demographic transition, desegregation, Donald Trump, Flynn Effect, germ theory of disease, Gini coefficient, Gunnar Myrdal, Haber-Bosch Process, Hans Island, Hans Rosling, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, John Snow's cholera map, Kibera, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, more computing power than Apollo, moveable type in China, Naomi Klein, open economy, place-making, Rosa Parks, sexual politics, special economic zone, Steven Pinker, telerobotics, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transatlantic slave trade, very high income, working poor, Xiaogang Anhui farmers, zero-sum game

New York: UNICEF, 2014. 23 Pew Research Center 2013. 24 Jean M. Twenge, ‘Attitudes toward women, 1970–1995: a meta-analysis’, Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, 1 (1997), 35–51. 25 Pinker 2011, p. 408f. 26 Lillian Faderman, The Gay Revolution: The Story of the Struggle. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2015, p. 137. 27 Aaron Day: ‘The PinkNews guide to the history of England and Wales equal marriage’, PinkNews, 15 July 2013. 28 John D’Emilio, Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities, 2nd edn. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012, p. 156. 29 Faderman 2015. 30 ‘The gay divide’, The Economist, 11 October 2014. 10 The next generation 1 Julian L. Simon (ed.), The State of Humanity. Oxford and Cambridge: Blackwell, 1995, p. 27. 2 Eli F. Heckscher, Industrialismen: Den ekonomiska utvecklingen sedan 1750, 4th edition. Stockholm: Kooperativa Förbundets Bokförlag, 1948, p. 115. 3 ILO, Economically Active Populations: Estimates and Projections, 1950–2010.

pages: 218 words: 65,422

Better Living Through Criticism: How to Think About Art, Pleasure, Beauty, and Truth by A. O. Scott


barriers to entry, citizen journalism, conceptual framework, death of newspapers, hive mind, Marshall McLuhan, Ralph Waldo Emerson, sexual politics, sharing economy, social web, the scientific method

On the contrary, it’s pretty embarrassing. Looking back, I don’t know why I never worked up the nerve or saved up the money to take a bus to the city and see for myself. But my point is that the performance that really interested me was Carr’s: the spectacle of her judgment; the drama of her arguments; the way she interwove her descriptions of various performers and pieces with reflections on sexual politics, AIDS, urban life, and everything that seemed to be going on at once right around me and far beyond my reach. What won me over finally was not the force of her ideas but the charisma of her voice. Q: Do you think she would be happy to hear that? Don’t you think that she was trying to persuade her readers, to engage them on the level of opinions and ideas, rather than to charm and dazzle them with her prose?

pages: 387 words: 105,250

The Caryatids by Bruce Sterling


carbon footprint, clean water, failed state, impulse control, negative equity, new economy, nuclear winter, semantic web, sexual politics, social software, stem cell, supervolcano, urban renewal, Whole Earth Review

“The Badaulet is very loyal to the state. He believes that the Chinese state is divinely sanctioned by the Mandate of Heaven. You should take him seriously, he’s an important political development.” “He’s a tribal lunatic! There’s no reason for you to involve yourself with him! What do you expect to gain from him? There’s nothing left but sand and land mines between here and Kazakhstan!” Why was Mishin so bitterly jealous? His sexual politics were his worst flaw. Yes, true, she had a penchant for taking lovers, but this was China. For every hundred women in China there were a hundred and thirty men. What else should the world expect? And Jiuquan, a deeply technical city, had an even more destabilizing male-female imbalance. Mishin was from Russia, where the men died young and the women were lonely. He was being a fool. Lucky kicked through the airlock, snarling and slapping at his earpiece.

pages: 376 words: 110,321

Consider the Fork: A History of How We Cook and Eat by Bee Wilson


Albert Einstein, British Empire, Fellow of the Royal Society, haute cuisine, Kitchen Debate, Louis Pasteur, refrigerator car, sexual politics, the scientific method, Upton Sinclair, Wall-E

“Ground-Stone Tools and Hunter-Gatherer Subsistence in Southwest Asia: Implications for the Transition to Farming.” American Antiquity, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 238–263. Yarwood, Doreen (1981). British Kitchen: Housewifely Since Roman Times. London, Batsford. Young, Carolin (2002). Apples of Gold in Settings of Silver: Stories of Dinner as a Work of Art. London, Simon and Schuster. ————(2006). “The Sexual Politics of Cutlery,” in Feeding Desire: Design and the Tools of the Table, edited by Sarah D. Coffin et al. New York, Assouline, in collaboration with Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, Young, H. M. (1897). Domestic Cooking with Special Reference to Cooking by Gas, 21st edition. Chester, H. M. Young. INDEX Abbott’s Kitchen Adrià, Ferran AeroPress Aetna Ironworks Afghanistan Africa Agriculture All-Clad Aluminum Amazonian tribes America knives in measurement in American Cooking (Simmons) Anderson, E.

Bedsit Disco Queen: How I Grew Up and Tried to Be a Pop Star by Tracey Thorn


Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, East Village, greed is good, Live Aid, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Neil Kinnock, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, University of East Anglia, young professional

An early Paolo Hewitt article was one of the exceptions. He came along to interview us in 1984 with the intention of trying to find out what we were like as people, and get a sense of our relationship. We completely stonewalled him and were humourless and earnest. The article makes me cringe now. He was trying fairly harmlessly to get us to admit we fancied each other, but we were too wrapped up in our right-on sexual politics to talk about such a thing, so he came to the conclusion that we were more friends than lovers. Nothing could have been further from the truth. Like any self-respecting new couple, we had spent the entire previous year in bed, but it didn’t seem cool to tell that directly to the NME. We gave off the opposite impression – of being coy and sexless, and having a slightly suspect brother–sister type relationship, like the White Stripes.

pages: 359 words: 98,396

Family Trade by Stross, Charles


British Empire, glass ceiling, haute couture, indoor plumbing, land reform, new economy, sexual politics, trade route

I have no idea what that means in the context of this extended Clan-family structure thing, except he treats me like I’m made of eggshells and soap bubbles. Great class, behaves like a real gentleman, then again, he’s probably a gold-plated bastard under the smooth exterior. That, or Uncle Angbard is trying to throw us together for some reason. And he is a tough cookie. Right out of The Godfather. Trust him as far as you can throw him.” She leaned back farther. “Next Memo: sexual politics. These people are basically medievals in suits. Olga is the giveaway, but the rest of it is pretty hard to miss. Better not talk about Ben or the divorce, or the kid, they might get weird. Maybe I can qualify as an aged spinster aunt who’s too important to mess with, and they’ll leave me alone. But if they expect me to lie back and act like a, a countess, someone’s going to be in trouble.” And it could be me, she admitted.

pages: 241 words: 90,538

Unequal Britain: Equalities in Britain Since 1945 by Pat Thane


Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, call centre, collective bargaining, equal pay for equal work, full employment, gender pay gap, mass immigration, moral panic, Neil Kinnock, old-boy network, pensions crisis, sexual politics, Stephen Hawking, unpaid internship, women in the workforce

By the end of the decade, the Beaumont Society had about 700 members, although another 2,000 had passed through. It developed a more formal organization, with a constitution, an elected executive and regional officers. The Beaumont Society was criticized by sections of the gay and women’s movements and other trans 148 U N E Q UA L B R I TA I N groups for its low-profile approach, operating as a ‘closed closet’, failing to engage with contemporary sexual politics and criticism of marriage and family structures, and for the exclusion of transsexuals, homosexuals and fetishists from its membership.123 However, one of the society’s founders, Alice L100, explained that the society dissociated itself from the gay movement to overcome the assumption that cross-dressing men were necessarily gay (many of its members were married, and support for wives was a central part of the society’s activities) or touting for sex.124 The Beaumont Society now allows homosexual transvestites to join, but an offshoot, the Seahorse Society, retains the original focus on heterosexual transvestites.

pages: 309 words: 87,414

Paris Revealed by Stephen Clarke


clean water, haute couture, Honoré de Balzac, rent control, sexual politics, trade route

I wonder what my partner thought of it all—as a feminist, she might say it totally dehumanizes women, and accuse me of taking her to see the public enslavement of her gender. Relations might be frosty for the next few days. We cross the street towards the Chamber of Agriculture and, nervously, I ask her opinion. She reflects for a moment, and then says that the show was much classier than she’d expected. ‘And I’d really like to know how that girl took off her stockings without taking off her shoes.’ It’s a conclusion that says as much about Parisian sexual politics as it does about the city’s erotic cabaret. Où est le sexe? Where, then, does this leave Parisian sex? The city cherishes its reputation for being completely uninhibited and free-speaking. Deep down, it still thinks its theme tune is Serge Gainsbourg’s song ‘Je T’Aime, Moi Non Plus’*****, which contains a chorus that can be hilariously translated, rather like one of the old French sex films, as ‘I come and I go, between your kidneys, and I restrain myself.’

pages: 378 words: 94,468

Drugs 2.0: The Web Revolution That's Changing How the World Gets High by Mike Power


air freight, Alexander Shulgin, banking crisis, bitcoin, blockchain, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, cloud computing, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, death of newspapers, Donald Davies, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, fiat currency, Firefox, Fractional reserve banking, frictionless, Haight Ashbury, John Bercow, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Leonard Kleinrock, means of production, Menlo Park, moral panic, Mother of all demos, Network effects, nuclear paranoia, packet switching, pattern recognition, PIHKAL and TIHKAL, pre–internet, QR code, RAND corporation, Satoshi Nakamoto, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), sexual politics, Skype, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, trade route, Whole Earth Catalog, Zimmermann PGP

, in the curious lyric: ‘Now I find I’ve changed my mind and opened up the doors’. Most of the UK had no idea what the drug was, or that it even existed, or that the Beatles had taken it. Neither did the Beatles, initially, since their drinks were spiked with it by their dentist after dinner one evening.9 But the drug soon entered the culture and it popularized, if not normalized, recreational drug use in that era and beyond, and revolutionized youth culture, sexual politics, music and art on both sides of the Atlantic. Times were changing; in Western Europe and the US drugs saturated everyday life. LSD was banned in the UK in 1966. During the debate on legislating against the drug, even Britain’s staid law lords revealed themselves to be strangely fascinated by it, with one, Lord Saltoun, asking, ‘May I ask the noble Lord whether LSD-25 is the drug that enables you to remember what happened when you were born?

pages: 290 words: 94,968

Writing on the Wall: Social Media - the First 2,000 Years by Tom Standage


Bill Duvall, British Empire, Edmond Halley, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, invention of the printing press, invention of writing, Isaac Newton, knowledge worker, Leonard Kleinrock, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Mohammed Bouazizi, New Journalism, packet switching, place-making, Republic of Letters, sexual politics, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, theory of mind, yellow journalism

“The Science of Gossip: Why We Can’t Stop Ourselves.” Scientific American Mind, October 2008. McElligott, J. Royalism, Print and Censorship in Revolutionary England. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2007. McIntyre, S. “‘I Heare It So Variously Reported’: News-Letters, Newspapers, and the Ministerial Network in New England, 1670–1730.” New England Quarterly 71, no. 4 (December 1998): 593–614. Merrick, J. “Sexual Politics and Public Order in Late Eighteenth-Century France: The Mémoires Secrets and the Correspondance Secrète.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 1, no. 1 (July 1990): 68–84. Mierow, C. C. “Julius Caesar as a Man of Letters.” Classical Journal 41, no. 8 (May 1946): 353–357. Mithen, S. The Prehistory of the Mind: A Search for the Origins of Art, Religion and Science. London: Thames & Hudson, 1996.

Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television by Jerry Mander


Alistair Cooke, commoditize, conceptual framework, dematerialisation, full employment, invention of agriculture, Menlo Park, music of the spheres, placebo effect, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, Stewart Brand, the medium is the message, trickle-down economics

EFFECTS OF TELEVISION ON THE HUMAN BEING the National Institute of Mental Health for the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, reports that a majority of adults, nearly as high a percentage as children, use television to learn how to handle specific life problems: family routines; relationships with fellow workers; hierarchical values; how to deal with rebellious children; how to understand deviations from the social norm, sexually, politically, socially and inter- personally. The overall fare of television situation-comedies and dramatic programs is taken as valid, useful, informative, and, in the words of the report, "true to life." Most viewers of television programming give the program- ming concrete validity, as though it were not fictional. When solving subsequent, similar problems in their own families, people report recalling how the problem was solved in a tele- vision version of that situation.

Undoing the Demos: Neoliberalism's Stealth Revolution by Wendy Brown


Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, bitcoin, Branko Milanovic, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, collective bargaining, corporate governance, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, Food sovereignty, haute couture, immigration reform, income inequality, invisible hand, labor-force participation, late capitalism, means of production, new economy, obamacare, occupational segregation, Philip Mirowski, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, shareholder value, sharing economy, The Chicago School, the market place, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, Washington Consensus, Wolfgang Streeck, young professional, zero-sum game

Animated by desire, armed with rights, this figure ceded concern with shared political rule to its representatives and chased after its own satisfactions. This is the subject split between “citizen” and “bourgeois” that dogged liberal democratic theory for two centuries, that Marx makes the basis of his critique of the liberal state, and that the neoliberal form of homo oeconomicus will finally leave behind. 60. See Melissa Cooper’s Family Values: Neoliberalism, New Social Conser­ vatism, and the Sexual Politics of Capital (forthcoming from Zone). 61. See Jean Elshtain, Public Man / Private Woman: Women in Social and Political Thought (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993); Wendy Brown, Manhood and Politics: A Feminist Reading in Political Theory (Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1988); Kathy Ferguson, The Man Question: Visions of Subjectivity in Feminist Theory (Berkeley: University of California Press: 1993); Linda Zerilli, Signifying Woman: Culture and Chaos in Rousseau, Burke, and Mill (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994).

pages: 287 words: 99,131

Composing a Further Life: The Age of Active Wisdom by Mary Catherine Bateson


affirmative action, Berlin Wall, Celebration, Florida, desegregation, double helix, estate planning, feminist movement, invention of writing, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, urban renewal, War on Poverty, women in the workforce

Like others who have grown up during struggles for “liberation” or against discrimination, they have had the experience of learning to look differently at themselves and at their peers and have had to resist internalized oppression as their own aspirations rubbed up against those of others newly claiming a place in the sun. By 1975, Dan’s career in music education had run into a series of obstacles, complicated by various kinds of sexual politics. He had married after college and had two children, a daughter and a son. The pattern of the time had him making the decisions about where the family would live to fit the availability of jobs, and about returning to school, but at the same time, Dan said, “It was a very strange thing because our agreement was we won’t have any kids until we get out of school, but she had suddenly gone and stopped using her birth control pill.… I like women, but I find that there is a major nesting instinct that hits hard and wide.”

pages: 404 words: 108,253

9Tail Fox by John Courtenay Grimwood

large denomination, sexual politics, South of Market, San Francisco, transcontinental railway

Bea’s suspenders had gone the way of everything else, an omelette had been made and eaten, and they were back in bed. Raising her head from the pillow, Bea said, ‘Why … You jealous?’ Her bed wasn’t really big enough for Bea, never mind for both of them and the way it was positioned against a wall meant Bobby lay half on/half off, his back to the open door. ‘No. Not really.’ ‘That’s usually the reason men ask …’ Bea was matter of fact, as if this was unqualifiably true, so maybe it was. Her PhD was in sexual politics, one of the things that made her relationship with Sanchez so interesting; another was a ring of bruises around her upper wrists. So far, both of them had been too polite to mention those. ‘I just wondered,’ said Bobby. Actually, he knew it was at least a year because he’d seen a photograph in the Chronicle. Some charity affair where Bea stood next to her mother, with Pete Sanchez to one side.

pages: 357 words: 94,852

No Is Not Enough: Resisting Trump’s Shock Politics and Winning the World We Need by Naomi Klein

Airbnb, basic income, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Brewster Kahle, Celebration, Florida, clean water, collective bargaining, Corrections Corporation of America, desegregation, Donald Trump, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, energy transition, financial deregulation, greed is good, high net worth, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, income inequality, Internet Archive, late capitalism, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, market fundamentalism, mass incarceration, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral panic, Naomi Klein, Nate Silver, new economy, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, open borders, Peter Thiel, Plutocrats, plutocrats, private military company, profit motive, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, sexual politics, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, too big to fail, trade liberalization, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, trickle-down economics, Upton Sinclair, urban decay, women in the workforce, working poor

From the evidence so far, it’s clear that Trump and his top advisers are hoping for the sort of response Bortnowska described, that they are trying to pull off a domestic shock doctrine. The goal is all-out war on the public sphere and the public interest, whether in the form of antipollution regulations or programs for the hungry. In their place will be unfettered power and freedom for corporations. It’s a program so defiantly unjust and so manifestly corrupt that it can only be pulled off with the assistance of divide-and-conquer racial and sexual politics, as well as a nonstop spectacle of media distractions. And of course it is being backed up with a massive increase in war spending, a dramatic escalation of military conflicts on multiple fronts, from Syria to North Korea, alongside presidential musings about how “torture works.” Trump’s cabinet of billionaires and multimillionaires tells us a great deal about the administration’s underlying goals.

pages: 1,364 words: 272,257

Jerusalem: The Biography by Simon Sebag-Montefiore


anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, California gold rush, Etonian, facts on the ground, haute couture, Khartoum Gordon, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, sexual politics, spice trade, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, Yom Kippur War

After forty-seven years 'by the rivers of Babylon', the decision of one man, in its way as seminal as that of David, restored Zion.21 THE PERSIANS 539-336 BC CYRUS THE GREAT Astyges, King of Media in western Persia, dreamed that his daughter was urinating a golden stream which squirted out the whole of his kingdom. His magi, the Persian priests, interpreted this to mean that his grandsons would threaten his rule. Astyges married his daughter to a weak, unthreatening neighbour to the east, the King of Anshan. This marriage spawned an heir, Kourosh, who became Cyrus the Great. Astyges dreamed again that a vine was growing from between his daughter's fecund thighs until it overshadowed him - a sexual-political version of Jack and the Beanstalk. Astyges ordered his commander Harpagus to murder little Cyrus, but the boy was hidden with a shepherd. When Astyges discovered that Cyrus was not dead, he butchered and cooked Harpagus' son and served him to his father as a stew. It was not a meal that Harpagus would easily forget or forgive. On the death of his father in about 559 BC, Cyrus returned and seized his kingdom.

Now he found Egypt divided in a vicious struggle between King Ptolemy XIII and his sister-wife Cleopatra VII to secure for Rome the richest prize of the East: Egypt. But he could not have foreseen how this young queen, deposed from the throne and in desperate straits, would shape his will to her own ends. Cleopatra demanded a secret audience with the master of the Roman empire. This accomplished impresario of sexual-political pantomime had herself carried into Caesar's palace wrapped in a laundry bag (not a carpet) - perhaps divining that he was susceptible to such theatrical excitement. Gaius Julius Caesar, battleworn and grizzled, was fifty-two and self-conscious about his balding pate. But this astounding if somewhat chilling life-force, possessed of all the talents of war, letters and politics, and the remorseless energy of a younger man, was also a sexual adventurer who had slept with the wives of both Crassus and Pompey.

pages: 932 words: 307,785

State of Emergency: The Way We Were by Dominic Sandbrook

anti-communist, back-to-the-land, banking crisis, Bretton Woods, British Empire, centre right, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, David Attenborough, Doomsday Book, edge city, estate planning, Etonian, falling living standards, fear of failure, Fellow of the Royal Society, feminist movement, financial thriller, first-past-the-post, fixed income, full employment, German hyperinflation, mass immigration, moral panic, Neil Kinnock, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, North Sea oil, oil shock, Own Your Own Home, sexual politics, traveling salesman, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban planning, Winter of Discontent, young professional

Ranging across popular culture, literature and social mores, he re-creates that lost world with a flair all the more impressive when you realise he was born in 1974 … No one who reads State of Emergency will think of the decade in quite the same way again’ John Gray, New Statesman ‘Magisterial … for me a Proustian experience’ Andrew O’Hagan, London Review of Books ‘As he proved in his earlier works, Sandbrook is a masterly magpie. Nothing escapes his gaze, from the silk lavender dressing-gowns sported by Peter Wyngarde’s Jason King, through the sexual politics of Doctor Who, to John “never one to miss a bandwagon” Lennon sending a cheque to support the striking Clyde shipworkers. Throw in deft précis of the rise in football hooliganism and birth of the mugger, the introduction of the Pill and boom in pornography, and the depressing side-effects of brutalist council blocks, and you have as eclectic a historical grab-bag as you could wish for’ Christopher Bray, Independent on Sunday ‘Meticulously fair … The paradoxes of the Seventies are brilliantly dissected and analysed’ Simon Griffith, Mail on Sunday ‘Detailed and authoritative … sophisticated and nuanced … Sandbrook is both knowledgeable and entertaining … this is a fine addition to what is becoming a monumental series on the history of modern Britain’ Adrian Bingham, BBC History Magazine ABOUT THE AUTHOR Dominic Sandbrook was born in Shropshire in 1974, an indirect result of the Heath government’s three-day week giving couples more leisure time.

It was all very prim and stiff and mainly concerned with keeping you away from boys.’5 All this changed in a very short space of time, roughly between 1968 and 1970. One key influence was the bohemian underground of the late 1960s, which was fertile soil for ideas of liberation and self-realization, and which included prominent future feminists such as Rosie Boycott, Germaine Greer and Rowbotham herself. In fact, although the well-educated young men and women who made up the counterculture thought of themselves as radicals and revolutionaries, their sexual politics were unattractive, to say the least. The gospel of free love was supposed to be a way of challenging bourgeois ideology; it was also, of course, a way for young men to blackmail women into sleeping with them. ‘Chicks’, as the underground journalist Richard Neville called them, were told that they were conservative or boring if they refused male attention. ‘It was paradise for men in their late twenties: all these willing girls,’ one woman later recalled.

The Rough Guide to Prague by Humphreys, Rob


active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, centre right, clean water, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, land reform, Live Aid, Mikhail Gorbachev, Peace of Westphalia, sexual politics, sustainable-tourism, trade route, upwardly mobile

This collection includes all the classic texts, as well as the story of the founding of the city by the prophetess Libuše. Franz Kafka A German-Jewish Praguer, Kafka has drawn the darker side of central Europe – its claustrophobia, paranoia and unfathomable bureaucracy – better than anyone else, both in a rural setting, as in The Castle, and in an urban one, in one of the great novels of the twentieth century, The Trial. Ivan Klíma A survivor of Terezín, Klíma is another writer in the Kundera mould as far as sexual politics goes, but his stories are a lot lighter. Judge on Trial, written in the 1970s, is one of his best, concerning the moral dilemmas of a Communist judge. Waiting for the Dark, Waiting for the Light is a pessimistic novel set before, during and after the Velvet Revolution of 1989. The Spirit of Prague is a very readable collection of biographical and more general essays on subjects ranging from Klíma’s childhood experiences in Terezín to the current situation in Prague.

pages: 418 words: 128,965

The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires by Tim Wu


accounting loophole / creative accounting, Alfred Russel Wallace, Apple II, barriers to entry, British Empire, Burning Man, Cass Sunstein, Clayton Christensen, commoditize, corporate raider, creative destruction, don't be evil, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Howard Rheingold, Hush-A-Phone, informal economy, intermodal, Internet Archive, invention of movable type, invention of the telephone, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, John Markoff, Joseph Schumpeter, Menlo Park, open economy, packet switching, PageRank, profit motive, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Coase, sexual politics, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Telecommunications Act of 1996, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the market place, The Wisdom of Crowds, too big to fail, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, zero-sum game

Charles Haddad, “Ad Executives Love Turner Tales About Old Times and New,” Atlanta Constitution, March 5, 1999, H2. 7. Apparently taken from an interview with Bob Hope in the mid-1970s, this ironic quote by the founder of one of the nation’s most watched news networks is from Patrick Parsons, Blue Skies: A History of Cable Television (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2008), 453. 8. This point is drawn from Becker’s book on modern cultural identities and sexual politics as examined through the lens of media coverage and representation of gay America: Ron Becker, Gay TV and Straight America (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006), 86. 9. Cass R. Sunstein, 2.0 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007), xi. 10. Ken Auletta, Three Blind Mice: How the TV Networks Lost Their Way (New York: Random House, 1991), 5. CHAPTER 17: MASS PRODUCTION OF THE SPIRIT 1.

pages: 525 words: 153,356

The People: The Rise and Fall of the Working Class, 1910-2010 by Selina Todd


call centre, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, credit crunch, deindustrialization, deskilling, Downton Abbey, financial independence, full employment, income inequality, manufacturing employment, Neil Kinnock, New Urbanism, Red Clydeside, rent control, Right to Buy, rising living standards, sexual politics, strikebreaker, The Spirit Level, unemployed young men, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce, young professional

Hoggart, Uses of Literacy, pp. 35, 68. 5. Ibid., pp. 35–6. CHAPTER 5: POLITICS AT THE PALAIS 1. C. Madge and T. Harrisson, Britain by Mass Observation (Harmondsworth, 1939), p. 139. 2. ‘Harry, Toffee Apple Prince, Shows ’em How’, Daily Express (21 October 1938), p. 5. 3. Priestley, English Journey, pp. 130–31, 133, 148–9. 4. P. Bailey, ‘Fats Waller meets Harry Champion: Americanization, National Identity and Sexual Politics in Inter-war Music Hall’, Cultural and Social History, vol. 4, no. 4 (2007), pp. 495–510; R. Fagge, ‘J.B. Priestley, the “Modern” and America’, Cultural and Social History, vol. 4, no. 4 (2007), pp. 481–94. 5. L. MacNeice, The Strings Are False: An Unfinished Autobiography (London, 1965), p. 132. 6. W. Holtby, The Land of Green Ginger (London, 1927), p. 36. 7. ‘Girls We All Know: The Adding Machine’, Manchester Evening News (1 April 1930), p. 3. 8.

The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community by David C. Korten


Albert Einstein, banks create money, big-box store, Bretton Woods, British Empire, clean water, colonial rule, Community Supported Agriculture, death of newspapers, declining real wages, European colonialism, Francisco Pizarro, full employment, George Gilder, global supply chain, global village, God and Mammon, Hernando de Soto, Howard Zinn, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, joint-stock company, land reform, market bubble, market fundamentalism, Monroe Doctrine, Naomi Klein, neoliberal agenda, new economy, peak oil, planetary scale, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Project for a New American Century, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, sexual politics, source of truth, South Sea Bubble, stem cell, structural adjustment programs, The Chicago School, trade route, Washington Consensus, wealth creators, World Values Survey

Burns, Western Civilizations, 152. 5. Those persons of foreign birth who were granted citizenship under the administration of Cleisthenes were an exception. Aristotle, arguably the greatest of all the Greek philosophers, was ineligible to become a citizen of Athens and was for this reason denied appointment as the head of the Academy of Plato in Athens following Plato’s death. 6. Eva Keuls, The Reign of the Phallus: Sexual Politics in Ancient Athens (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1993). See also Riane Eisler, Sacred Pleasure: Sex, Myth, and the Politics of the Body (New York: HarperCollins, 1995), 104–7. 7. Durant, Heroes of History, 80. 8. Jean L. Cohen and Andrew Arato, Civil Society and Political Theory (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992), 85. 9. Aristotle: The Politics and the Constitution of Athens, ed.

pages: 1,327 words: 360,897

Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism by Peter Marshall


agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, clean water, collective bargaining, colonial rule, David Graeber, feminist movement, garden city movement, hive mind, Howard Zinn, invisible hand, laissez-faire capitalism, land reform, land tenure, Lao Tzu, liberation theology, Machinery of Freedom by David Friedman, Mahatma Gandhi, means of production, Naomi Klein, open borders, Plutocrats, plutocrats, post scarcity, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, the market place, union organizing, wage slave, washing machines reduced drudgery

Since ‘man is much more of a sex creature than a moral creature’, sex education should be given to recognize the central and beautiful part it plays in life.39 But while Goldman insisted on the ‘free growth’ of the innate tendencies of a child, she did not foresee a time like Godwin and Ferrer when education would become an entirely spontaneous affair. She continued to believe in the creative power of the good teacher: ‘The child is to the teacher what clay is to the sculptor.’40 Sexual Politics Goldman’s arguments on government, revolution and education were invariably clear and perceptive, but her most important contribution to anarchist theory was in giving it a feminist dimension. She was particularly incensed about the status and conditions of women in her day and her outspoken views caused much of her notoriety. She detested the double standard which prevailed in the relations between the sexes.

M. see Volin Einstein, Albert 620 Eisner, Kurt 414 elections see parliamentary politics, voting Elizabeth of Austria, Empress 449 Ellul, Jacques 75, 619 Elton, Charles 613 Emerson, Ralph Waldo 111, 181, 182–3, 184–5, 497 Engels, Friedrich: authority 26, 45, 302, 350, 616, 655; Bakunin 272, 276, 301, 631; Bookchin on 615; Fourier 152; freedom 37, 609; Goodwin’s influence 211; industrial organization 26, 45; Münzer 93–4; Paris Commune 301; Proudhon 241; revolution 637; State 24–5; Stimer 221–2, 225, 233; utopian socialism 661 England see Britain Enlightenment 4, 74, 80, 115, 147, 585–6, 622, 677, 679, 692; British 129–39 Epicureans 68 Epping Forest commune 494 equality 48–50, 63, 150–1; Bakunin’s view 277, 292–3, 296; Proudhon’s view 255–7; Tucker’s view 391 equilibrium 257, 340 Especifismo 701 Essenes 75 ethics see morality Europe: development of State 18; United States of 33 European Social Forum 698 Evangelical Rationalists 93 evolution: Bookchin’s approach 610, 620; Kropotkin’s work 310, 318–20, 331, 338; Reclus’ view 344 existentialism 579–84 Fabbri, Luigi 352, 449, 451 Fabian Society 380, 490, 641 factory system see industry Fairfax, Thomas 97 Falun Gong 671, 701 family: Huxley’s views 572; Proudhon’s views 253, 260 Fanelli, Giuseppe 276, 280, 446, 453–4 Fanon, Frantz 542 fascism 354, 400–1, 418, 465, 539 Faure, Sébastien: attitude to anarcho-syndicalism 444; authority 43; influence 405; libertarian 641; liberty 36, 37; publications 437, 491; state of nature 14 Fawkes, Guy 200 Federación Anarquista lberia (FAI) 400, 457–60 Federación Ibérica de Juventudes Libertarias (FIJL) 466–7 Federación Obrera Regional Argentina (FORA) 505, 506 Federatión Regional Española 454 federalism: Bakunin’s view 33; Jura watchmakers 311; mutualist plan 7; Proudhon’s views 252–3, 255, 259, 432, 434; Rocker 420; Ruge 479 Federalist Party (Spain) 453 Fédération des Bourses du Travail 236, 442–3 Federation of Anarchists of Korea 528 Fedya (Modest Stein) 397, 407 feminist movement xiv, 5, 134, 256, 406, 557, 671; see also women Fénelon, François de Salignac de La Mothe 114–15, 431 Ferlinghetti, Lawrence 542 Ferrer, Francisco 405, 454, 455, 502 Ferrer school, New York 394 feudalism 4 Feuerhach, Ludwig Andreas 224–5, 233, 263, 267–8, 289 Feyerabend, Paul 503 Fichte, Johann Gottlieb 267, 603, 605 Fifth Estate 503, 684, 690, 692 Le Figaro 530 First International: anarcho-syndicalism 9, 454; Bakunin’s terminology 20; collectivism 435; demise 8, 24, 27, 302, 313; French sections 435; Jura members 311; Marx-Bakunin dispute 241, 264, 201–2, 403; Marx’s anti-anarchism 27; Mill’s view 163; mutualism 7, 431, 435; Proudhon’s influence 235, 259, 431; Spanish 454, 455; workers’ emancipation 9, 307; see also IWMA First World War: Berkman’s activities 394; Bourne on 635; British views 490, 491; Japanese anarchists 524; Kropotkin’s attitude 332, 352–3, 392, 490, 491; Landauer 414; Malatesta 332, 352–3; Nieuwenhuis 485; Read 593; Russell 569; Tucker 391 Flaubert, Gustave 234 Florence congress (1876) 347, 448 Flores Magón, Enrique 507, 510 Flores Magón, Jesús 507, 510 Flores Magón, Ricardo 507, 510–14 Flower Power 545, 601 Foigny, Gabriel de 112–14, 115, 120, 431 Food not Bombs 698 food production 327, 618–20, 627 Ford, Ford Madox 491 Foreman, David 611 Foucault, Michel 445, 537, 584–6, 649, 677, 678, 679 Fourier, Charles 140–52; free society 143, 164; influence 149, 237–8, 242, 479, 604; libertarian 143; Morelly 118; phalansteries 109, 150–1, 238, 328, 435; printing of works 237; ‘Universal Harmony’ 238 Fox, George 103, 104, 107 Frant-Tireur 583 France 431–45; May Revolution (1968) 546–9, 659; Proudhon’s patriotism 255; student movement 546–8; see also Enlightenment, French Revolution, Paris Francis of Assist, St 79–80, 83 Franco, Francisco: anarchists against 395, 401, 421, 465; death 467; rebellion 23, 460; republican stand against 400–1; victory xi, 539 Franco-Prussian War 285, 304, 332 Frankfurt School 307 Franklin, Benjamin 497 Fraye Arbeter Shtime 501 The Free Ones 221–3 free society 625–9; Bakunin 298–9; Bookchin 609; Fourier 143, 164; Godwin 213–18, 231; Goodman 598; Kropotkin 326–31; Landauer 598; Reclus 342 Free Spirit, Brethren of the 87–9; millenarian movement 78, 95, 661; successors 93, 96, 102, 107, 440, 487; women’s position 104 ’Free University’ collective 494 freedom: absolute 36–7, 39, 292; anarcho-capitalist definition 564; Bakunin’s view 292–5, 299; civil 37, 40; of expression 208; Fourier, 150; Godwin’s View 213–4; Hegel 227; Humboldt 154; liberty and 36–7, 591–2; Marshall 703; Mill 164–5; Nietzsche 159–60; of personality 83–4; Proudhon 243, 261–2; Read 590–2; Rousseau’s treatment 127; Sartre’s view 580; Spencer 167–8; of thought 208; Stirner 227; Tolstoy 376; Winstanley’s definition 101; Zen Buddhist concept 63 Freedom 168, 332, 350, 353, 490, 492, 567, 676 Freedom Press 315, 348, 492, 588, 594 Freeganism 689 Freeman 183 Frei Arbeiter Union (FAU) 481, 483 Freie Vereinigung Deutscher Gewerkschaften 481 Freiheil 393, 397, 416, 480–1, 489, 499, 500 Freire, Paulo 518 French Anarchist Federation 548 French Revolution (1789) 431–3; anarchism in 4; De Sade 144, 146–7; effects in Britain 77, 134, 136, 191, 195; Equality and Liberty 255; Morelly’s influence 118; Terror 146, 148, 218 French Revolution (1848) 152, 243, 258, 270–1, 434, 626, 658 Freud, Sgimund 225, 541, 572 Freudian view of anarchism xiv, 591 Frick, Henry Clay 394, 397–8, 499 Friedman, David 560–1, 642 Friends of Durruti 466 Fromm, Erich 41 G8 summits 698 Gagging Acts (1794) 191, 196 ’Gaia’ hypothesis 606 Galatians, Epistle to 74 Galleani, Luigi 501 Gallo, Charles 438 Gambuzzi, Carlo 274, 446 Gandhi, Indira 534 Gandhi, Mohandas 422–7; anarchism 634; Carpenter’s influence 169; civil disobedience xi, 82; individual 429; influence 83, 478, 529, 530, 571, 572, 584, 637, 682; Kropotkin’s influence 335; moral force 650; pacifism 6, 634, 658; property 531; Sarvodaya movement 382, 422, 531–5, 700; Thoreau’s influence 185, 188; Tolstoy’s influence 381, 382 Garibaldi, Giuseppe: influence 345, 346, 446–7, 632, 637; League for Peace and Freedom 279; Proudhon’s view 255 Gasan 64 Gaulle, Charles de 445, 546, 548 Geddes, Patrick 577 Gemeinschaft 411 General Association of Hunan Workers 522 General Will 18, 119, 127 Genesis, Book of 74, 94 Geneva, Calvinist 112 Geneva Congress (1867) 279 Geneva Congress (1866) 27 George, Henry 376, 378, 521 George’s Hill colony 97–100, 103, 386 Germany 470–83; Landauer’s work; libertarians 153–62; Peasants’ Revolt (1525) 89, 93; Proudhon’s influence 236; regime 331–2; student movement 545–6; war preparations 332; see also Nazism Germinal 417 Gesellschaft 411 Gill, Eric 588 Ginsberg, Allen 542 Girondins 4, 431–2 Giuliani, Carlo 698 Global Justice Movement 697–8 Glorious Revolution (1688) 129 God, views on: anarchists 80–2, 85; Bakunin 288–9; Free Spirit beliefs 87; Huxley 572; Left-Hegelians 223–4, 289; Nietzsche 81, 157, 220; Proudhon 249; Tolstoy 369–70; Winstanley 98; see also religion Godwin, Mary 195, 197, 198–9 Godwin, William 191–219; anarchist position ix, xiii, 5, 7, 79–80, 163, 487–8, 694; authority 43, 44, 647; Burke’s arguments 134; censure 46, 217; civil liberty 40; conformity 177; contracts 23; co-operation 40, 625; democracy 22; Diggers 101–2; economics 210–12, 625; education 17, 197, 212–13, 258, 366, 405, 642; equality 49, 279; ethics 203–6, 321; Fénelon’s influence 114; free society 213–18, 231; freedom and licence 37; government 18, 19, 189, 206–8; Greek influence 71; human nature 201–3, 317, 323, 595, 643; influence 375, 524, 572; justice 195–6; law and punishment 29–31, 207–8; marriage 196–7, 205–6, 215; means of reform 218–19; morality 39, 205; motivation 156; nature 16, 39; necessity 200–1, 641; patriotism condemned 32–3; philosophy 200–1; politics 206–10, 657; private judgement 205, 281, 294; property 76, 210–11, 531; public opinion 31, 217, 329, 338, 372, 638, 650, 651; revolution 218, 630, 633; Rousseau 124, 127–8, 193; society 12, 17, 213–18, 625, 628; State 372, 638; Swift’s influence 130, 132, 193; truth 39, 164, 202, 205, 252, 592; violence 658 golden age 15, 77 Goldman, Emma 396–409, 502, 673, 691, 705; Berkman relationship 394–5, 397–8, 407, 634; Bolshevism 334, 473, 477; feminist anarchism 5, 587; human nature 642, 643; imprisonment 398; influence 409, 522, 556; Mother Earth 393, 394, 398–9, 500; Nietzsche 155, 157, 162; philosophy 401–6; Russell relationship 567–8; sexual politics 406–9, 481; sexuality 323; Spanish anarchists 465; Spencer 165; Stirner 221, 233; syndicalism 444; Tucker 391; values 39, 622; violence 634 Golos Trutla 470–1 Goltz, Baroness von der 223 Gonzalez, Eduardo 515 Goodman, Paul 597–601, 659, 676, 695; communities 502, 541; elections 657; Kropotkin’s influence 335; on power 46 Goodman, Percival 597 Gorbachev, Mikhail 478 Gori, Pietro 449, 505 Gospels 75, 369, 383 government 17–22; Comfort’s view 596; Godwin’s view 18, 19, 189, 206–8, 658; Goodman’s account 599; Kropotkin 325; Locke 129; Mill 165; Paine 137–8; Proudhon 247, 254; representative 325; revolutionary 297; Rousseau 124; self- 38; Spencer 166–7; Tolstoy 373–7, 658; Tucker 390; Wilde 177; Winstanley 100–1; see also State Gramsci, Antonio 451 Grand National Consolidated Trades Unions 488, 491 Grasmurzelrevolution 483 Grave, Jean: anarcho-syndicalism 444; attitude to Bohemians 440; First World War 353; influence 510; Kropotkin correspondence 332; law 20; periodicals 437, 439; violence 438 Gray, Alexander 661 Greece: anarchists 700; classical 4, 18, 66–73; influence on Bookchin 604, 605, 608, 612 Green Anarchist 493 Green Anarchy 680 Green Movement: anarchist position xii, 6, 671, 672, 688–9, 691; Bookchin 555, 602, 621–2; Cohn-Bendit 483, 549, 555; Van Duyn 486 Greene, William B. 236, 387, 498 Greer, Germaine 494 Gregg, Richard 427 Gregory, Walter 462 Grey, Charles, 2nd Earl 200 Groen Links 486 De Groenen 486 Grootveld, Robert Jaspar 485, 553 Gropius, Madame 221, 223 Grün, Karl 479–80 Guattari, Felix 679, 696 Guérin, Daniel xii, 12, 445, 547, 641, 674 Guevara, Che: Cuban Revolution 516–18; influence 518, 527, 580; ‘new Bakunin’ 308, 517, 542 guild socialism 236 guilds 323 Guillaume, James: Bakunin association 280, 283, 311, 436; Basel Congress 282; distribution 437; International Alliance 280–1, 302; Jura Federation 435; Kropotkin friendship 311 Guillotine Society 524 Gulf War 579, 699 Gutkind, E.

pages: 725 words: 221,514

Debt: The First 5,000 Years by David Graeber


Admiral Zheng, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, banks create money, Bretton Woods, British Empire, carried interest, cashless society, central bank independence, colonial rule, commoditize, corporate governance, David Graeber, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, double entry bookkeeping, financial innovation, fixed income, full employment, George Gilder, informal economy, invention of writing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, joint-stock company, means of production, microcredit, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, moral hazard, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, payday loans, place-making, Ponzi scheme, price stability, profit motive, reserve currency, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, seigniorage, sexual politics, short selling, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, transaction costs, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, tulip mania, upwardly mobile, urban decay, working poor, zero-sum game

“Eleanor of Aquitaine and Her Courts of Love.” Speculum 12 (1): 3-19 Kelly, Fergus. 1988. A Guide to Early Irish Law. Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. Kessler, David & Peter Temin. 2008. “Money and Prices in the Early Roman Empire.” In The monetary systems of the Greeks and Romans (W. V. Harris, editor), pp. 137-160. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Keuls, Eva. 1985. The Reign of the Phallus: Sexual Politics in Ancient Athens. Cambridge: Harper & Row. Keynes, John Maynard. 1930. A Treatise on Money. London: MacMillan. _____. 1936. The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. Keyt, David. 1997. Aristotle: Politics Books VII and VIII. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Khan, Mir Siadat Ali. 1929. “The Mohammedan Laws against Usury and How They Are Evaded.” Journal of Comparative Legislation and International Law, Third Series 11 (4): 233-24 Kieschnick, John. 1997.

pages: 614 words: 176,458

Meat: A Benign Extravagance by Simon Fairlie


agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, call centre, carbon footprint, Community Supported Agriculture, deindustrialization,, food miles, Food sovereignty, Haber-Bosch Process, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Just-in-time delivery, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Wolf, megacity, Northern Rock, Panamax, peak oil, refrigerator car, scientific mainstream, sexual politics, stem cell, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade liberalization, University of East Anglia, upwardly mobile, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

Yet beyond factory-farmed chicken lie species of lab-cultured meat that the writers of Leviticus never even dreamed of, and that is where the interests of agribusiness and of vegans may one day converge. 1 Ponting, Clive (1991), Green History of the World, Sinclair-Stevenson; Harris, Marvin (1977), Cannibals and Kings, Random House, p 34. 2 Watson, Lyall (2004), The Whole Hog, Profile Books, p 125. 3 Spencer, Colin (1993), The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism, Fourth Estate. No support is given for this assertion. 4 Harris, Marvin (1986), Good To Eat, Allen and Unwin, pp 47-66. 5 Watson, op cit. 2, p 186. 6 Rifkin, Jeremy (1992), Beyond Beef, Dutton, p 41. 7 Watson, op cit. 2, p 140. 8 Ibid, p 143. 9 Cited in Adams, C (2000), The Sexual Politics of Meat, Continuum Publishing, p 169. 10 Watson, op cit. 2, p 166. 11 Ibid., p 166. 12 Ross, E (1980), ‘Patterns of Diet and Forces of Production: An Economic and Ecological History of the Ascendancy of Beef in the US Diet’, in E Ross (ed), Beyond the Myths of Culture: Essays in Cultural Materialism, Academic Press. 13 Harris, Marvin (1987), The Sacred Cow and the Abominable Pig, Touchstone, p 126. 14 Steinfeld, H et al (2006), Livestock’s Long Shadow, FAO.

pages: 647 words: 201,252

The Mad Man: Or, the Mysteries of Manhattan by Samuel R. Delany


affirmative action, Berlin Wall, East Village, index card, place-making, publish or perish, sexual politics

Which is to say the article spoke of my own sexual attractions to this world, told of Joey’s inadvertent murder on that night, and quoted from a couple of the more explicit index cards of The Mad Man. It seemed reasonable to let Hasler, since he was the subject of the essay, speak for us both. As to Mike’s more recent history, yes, I was reticent. But much of it was there for (as they say) those who could read. Five days after I sent it off, it was accepted by a Canadian magazine of radical sexual politics out of Toronto called Umbilicus. Later, I wrote it up in a brief and rather stripped letter, with pret— ty much nothing personal in it at all as to incident, urges, or emotions—almost as I’d explained it to Irving that morning. Only I put it in an envelope and sent it to Almira Adler at Breakers’ Point. Two weeks after that, an envelope stuffed with my contributor’s copies of Umbilicus arrived.

pages: 1,212 words: 312,349

Dhalgren by Samuel R. Delany


sexual politics

Tarzan, however, so often the only blue-eyed blond among the apes (now the official name for the sub-group of five out of the fifteen/sixteen blacks in the nest [Raven, Jack the Ripper, Thruppence, Angel, Spider]) polarizes them in a very different way. His fawning fascination, his near-belligerence, and general lack of use for anyone white makes it impossible to see him/them without a whole aura of sexual/political resonances, which they carry like their lights. (Two thoughts-First:) Even so, everyone seems more or less able to absorb the situation with tolerance and hardly a comment. (Second:) With all these wacked-out spades, there doesn't seem to be one among them, man or woman, in a similar position with a white group (Glass, triumvirate with Spitt and Copperhead, seems a very different thing. Why?)

pages: 879 words: 309,222

Nobody's Perfect: Writings From the New Yorker by Anthony Lane

a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, colonial rule, dark matter, Frank Gehry, haute cuisine, Index librorum prohibitorum, Mahatma Gandhi, Maui Hawaii, moral hazard, Norman Mailer, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, The Great Good Place, trade route, University of East Anglia, Upton Sinclair, urban decay, urban planning

Enter Meredith Johnson, the new vice president of DigiCom, hard drive incarnate: “We are talking about platform-independent RISC processors supported by 32-bit color active-matrix displays and portable hard copy at 1200 DPI and wireless networking in both LAN and WAN configurations.” By the end of her first day, she has invited her old flame Tom Sanders up to her office. (“You still partial to dry chardonnay?”) Before he knows what hit him, she has his pants open and is preparing to do it in both LAN and WAN configurations. Tom runs scared, her wrath still ringing in his ears. Game on. Disclosure is Jacqueline Susann dressed up as modern sexual politics. No doubt Crichton decided that by reversing the roles (a dicey move in itself, implying that harassment by women is not just morally but statistically equivalent to harassment by men) he would be freshening the debate. In the event, it merely makes you wonder what turns him on: whether he just enjoys writing about women like Meredith Johnson—T. rex in sling-backs. The book, full of its own bravado, muscles into some crowded ethical areas, but there’s something timid and square about the whole enterprise.

pages: 913 words: 265,787

How the Mind Works by Steven Pinker

affirmative action, agricultural Revolution, Alfred Russel Wallace, Buckminster Fuller, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, combinatorial explosion, complexity theory, computer age, computer vision, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, delayed gratification, double helix, experimental subject, feminist movement, four colour theorem, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, Henri Poincaré, income per capita, information retrieval, invention of agriculture, invention of the wheel, John von Neumann, lake wobegon effect, Machine translation of "The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak." to Russian and back, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murray Gell-Mann, mutually assured destruction, Necker cube, out of africa, pattern recognition, phenotype, Plutocrats, plutocrats, random walk, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Saturday Night Live, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, sexual politics, Steven Pinker, theory of mind, Thorstein Veblen, Turing machine, urban decay, Yogi Berra

And there are other markets for a hunter’s surplus. Having concentrated food to offer one’s offspring changes the relative payoffs for males between investing in their young and competing with other males for access to females. The robin bringing a worm to the nestlings reminds us that most animals that provision their young do so with prey, the only food that repays the effort to obtain it and transport it. Meat also figures into sexual politics. In all foraging societies, presumably including our ancestors’, hunting is overwhelmingly a male activity. Women are encumbered with children, which makes hunting inconvenient, and men are bigger and more adept at killing because of their evolutionary history of killing each other. As a result, males can invest surplus meat in their children by provisioning the children’s pregnant or nursing mothers.

pages: 1,351 words: 404,177

Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America by Rick Perlstein


affirmative action, Alistair Cooke, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, cognitive dissonance, cuban missile crisis, delayed gratification, desegregation, East Village, European colonialism, full employment, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, immigration reform, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, indoor plumbing, Kitchen Debate, liberal capitalism, Mahatma Gandhi, Marshall McLuhan, Monroe Doctrine, moral panic, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, Own Your Own Home, Paul Samuelson, Plutocrats, plutocrats, price mechanism, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, the medium is the message, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, walking around money, War on Poverty, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog

“I have been advised”: Lurie, Running of Richard Nixon, 95; Russell Baker, “Chotiner Advises G.O.P. How to Win,” NYT, May 13, 1956. “are everywhere—in factories, offices, butcher shops”: Lurie, Running of Richard Nixon, 95. 1950 Helen Gahagan Douglas campaign: Brodie, Richard Nixon, 232–45; Lurie, Running of Richard Nixon, 91–98; Greg Mitchell, Tricky Dick and the Pink Lady: Richard Nixon vs. Helen Gahagan Douglas—Sexual Politics and the Red Scare, 1950 (New York: Random House, 1950). “I will not break bread with that man!”: Brodie, Richard Nixon, 244. Vice-presidential run and Checkers Speech: Greenberg, Nixon’s Shadow, 31–35; David Broder and Stephen Hess, The Republican Establishment: The Present and Future of the GOP (New York: Harper & Row, 1967), 152; Stanley Kutler, The Wars of Watergate: The Last Crisis of Richard Nixon (New York: W.

pages: 1,744 words: 458,385

The Defence of the Realm by Christopher Andrew


active measures, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Clive Stafford Smith, collective bargaining, credit crunch, cuban missile crisis, Desert Island Discs, Etonian, Fall of the Berlin Wall, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, job satisfaction, large denomination, liquidationism / Banker’s doctrine / the Treasury view, Mahatma Gandhi, Mikhail Gorbachev, Neil Kinnock, North Sea oil, Red Clydeside, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, strikebreaker, Torches of Freedom, traveling salesman, union organizing, uranium enrichment, V2 rocket, Vladimir Vetrov: Farewell Dossier, Winter of Discontent

After being awarded the PhD, he had, remarkably, combined secret work for Comintern and the OGPU with open collaboration with the German Communist psychologist and sexologist Wilhelm Reich, who was then engaged in an attempt to synthesize the work of Marx and Freud and later earned a probably undeserved reputation as ‘the prophet of the better orgasm’. Deutsch publicly assisted Reich in the ‘sex-pol’ (sexual politics) movement, which ran clinics designed to bring birth control and sexual enlightenment to Viennese workers, and founded a small publishing house, Münster Verlag (Dr Arnold Deutsch), to publish Reich’s work and sex-pol literature. At the time when he moved to London in April 1934, Deutsch was under surveillance by the ‘anti-pornography’ section of the Vienna police.41 Even if, during Deutsch’s period in England, the Security Service had known of his earlier involvement with Reich and the sex-pol movement, it would probably have regarded his unusual career as improbable cover for a Soviet spy.

pages: 1,773 words: 486,685

Global Crisis: War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century by Geoffrey Parker


agricultural Revolution, British Empire, Climatic Research Unit, colonial rule, creative destruction, currency manipulation / currency intervention, Defenestration of Prague, Edmond Halley,, European colonialism, failed state, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial independence, friendly fire, Google Earth, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Isaac Newton, Joseph Schumpeter, Khyber Pass, mass immigration, Mercator projection, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Thiel, Republic of Letters, sexual politics, South China Sea, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, unemployed young men, University of East Anglia, World Values Survey, zero-sum game

., The paradise myth in eighteenth-century Russia: Utopian patterns in early secular Russian literature and culture (Stanford, 1991) Baehrel, R., Une croissance: la Basse-Provence rurale (fin XVIe siècle – 1789). Essai d'économie historique statistique (Paris, 1961) Baer, M. D., ‘The Great Fire of 1660 and the Islamization of Christian and Jewish space in Istanbul’, IJMES, XXXVI (2004), 159–81 Baer, M. D., ‘Death in the hippodrome: sexual politics and legal culture in the reign of Mehmet IV’, P&P, CCX (2011), 61–91 Baer, W. C., ‘Stuart London's standard of living: re-examining the Settlement of Tithes of 1638 for rents, income, and poverty’, EcHR, LXIII (2010), 612–37 Bailey, C. D. A., ‘Reading between the lines: the representation and containment of disorder in Late Ming and Early Qing legal texts’, Ming Studies, LIX (2009), 56–86 Baillie, M.