Port of Oakland

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pages: 477 words: 135,607

The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger by Marc Levinson

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air freight, anti-communist, barriers to entry, Bay Area Rapid Transit, British Empire, call centre, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, deskilling, Edward Glaeser, Erik Brynjolfsson, full employment, global supply chain, intermodal, Isaac Newton, job automation, knowledge economy, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, manufacturing employment, Network effects, New Economic Geography, new economy, oil shock, Panamax, Port of Oakland, post-Panamax, Productivity paradox, refrigerator car, South China Sea, trade route, Works Progress Administration, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

., pp. 80–88. 9. Woodruff Minor, Pacific Gateway: An Illustrated History of the Port of Oakland (Oakland, 2000), p. 45; Port of Oakland, “Port of Oakland,” 1957; Ben E. Nutter, “The Port of Oakland: Modernization and Expansion of Shipping, Airport, and Real Estate Operations, 1957–1977,” interview by Ann Lage, 1991 (Berkeley, 1994), pp. 51, 84, 139; Rosenstein, “The Rise of Maritime Containerization,” p. 45. 10. George Home, “Intercoastal Trade,” NYT, January 29, 1961; Nutter, “The Port of Oakland,” pp. 78–79. American-Hawaiian never received the government subsidies it sought to finance its ships. 11. Rosenstein, “The Rise of Maritime Containerization,” pp. 47, 69; Nutter, “The Port of Oakland,” pp. 79–80; Port of Oakland, “60 Years: A Chronicle of Progress,” 1987, pp. 17–18. 12. Erie, Globalizing L.A., p. 89; Walter Hamshar, “Must U.S.

Erie, Globalizing L.A., p. 89; Walter Hamshar, “Must U.S. Approve All Pier Leases,” Herald Tribune, April 5, 1964. 13. Nutter, “The Port of Oakland,” p. 82; Rosenstein, “The Rise of Maritime Containerization,” pp. 98–104. 14. Ting-Li Cho, “A Conceptual Framework for the Physical Development of the Port of Seattle,” Port of Seattle Planning and Research Department, April 1966, p. 15; Arthur D. Little Inc., Community Renewal Programming: A San Francisco Case Study (New York, 1966), p. 34. 15. Rosenstein, “The Rise of Maritime Containerization,” pp. 65 and 85–86; Worden, Cargoes, 148; Nutter, “The Port of Oakland,” pp. 112, 120; Port of Oakland, “1957 Revenue Bonds, Series P, $20,000,000,” October 17, 1978, p. 15; Erie, Globalizing L.A., p. 90; Seattle Port Commission, “Container Terminals 1970–1975: A Development Strategy,” November 1969, pp. 1, 10. 16.

The United States Navy and the Vietnam Conflict. Vol. 2, From Military Assistance to Combat, 1959–1965. Washington, DC: Naval Historical Center, 1986. McDougall, Ian. Voices of Leith Dockers. Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 2001. McNickle, Chris. To Be Mayor of New York: Ethnic Politics in the City. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. Minor, Woodruff. Pacific Gateway: An Illustrated History of the Port of Oakland. Oakland: Port of Oakland, 2000. Mokyr, Joel. Tbe Gifts of Athena: Historical Origins of the Knowledge Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002. Mollenkopf, John, and Manuel Castells, eds. Dual City: Restructuring New York. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1992. Moses, Robert. Public Works: A Dangerous Trade. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1970. Nelson, Bruce. Divided We Stand: American Workers and the Struggle for Black Equality.


pages: 537 words: 99,778

Dreaming in Public: Building the Occupy Movement by Amy Lang, Daniel Lang/levitsky

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, bonus culture, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, crowdsourcing, David Graeber, deindustrialization, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, housing crisis, Kibera, late capitalism, mass incarceration, Naomi Klein, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, out of africa, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Port of Oakland, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Slavoj Žižek, structural adjustment programs, the medium is the message, too big to fail, trade liberalization, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, War on Poverty, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, We are the 99%, white flight, working poor

After the first attempt by the police to evict the camp on 25 October, thousands took to the streets marching in protest and the police responded with brutal repression, using ‘chemical weapons’ against the protesters. On 26 October, following a second march, at the General Assembly of Occupy Oakland, 3,000 people approved a call for a General Strike on 2 November. The Oakland General Strike on 2 November (the first in the city since 1946) was an overwhelming success, blockading the Port of Oakland, with more than 50,000 people participating. Since then, the Occupy Oakland movement continues to resist, alongside related movements throughout the world, and we are very concerned by the possibility of another eviction attempt and more repression in the coming days. For these reasons, we feel it is extremely important to send this message of solidarity to our comrades on the Other Side of the border, to show our support.

The UC Davis Bicycle Barricade collective go beyond growing calls for their removal, proposing that nothing short of structural change, within the university as outside, will do and arguing that internal repression cannot be separated from other forms of complicity with violence, like UC Davis’ involvement in agribusiness operations both in the US and in US-occupied Afghanistan. After the successful shut-down of the Port of Oakland during the Oakland General Strike, West Coast Occupy/Decolonize groups called for a Pacific Coast port blockade. The call was in part a response to specific requests to Occupy for solidarity with the labor struggles of port truck drivers in Los Angeles and longshore workers in Longview, Washington. The proposed coast-wide shut-down quickly sparked fierce debate both within the labor movement and Occupy over the relationship between workplace- and community-centered organizing and actions.

The event is called a general strike and a mass day of action so that organizations that would otherwise be penalized for officially endorsing a strike can lend their support. Protests will be held at Oscar Grant Plaza (14th and Broadway) at nine, noon, and at five. They have opted to schedule multiple mass convergences so that those who cannot leave the workplace can participate in the evening. The evening plan, as I understand it, is to march south from the plaza to the Port of Oakland and to arrive before the change of shifts that will take place at seven o’clock. They plan to shut down the port, which happens to be the fifth-busiest container port in the country. This is hardly an impossible task. In 2008, union workers and protesters who opposed the Iraq war successfully shut down much of Oakland’s port. More recently, 10 ports in the East Bay were shut down by workers demonstrating in solidarity with Wisconsin and Ohio.


pages: 173 words: 54,729

Occupying Wall Street: The Inside Story of an Action That Changed America by Writers For The 99%

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, citizen journalism, collective bargaining, desegregation, feminist movement, income inequality, McMansion, Mohammed Bouazizi, Occupy movement, Port of Oakland, We are the 99%, young professional

Until November 2, the “General Strike” as a tactic had been more-or-less out of use in the U.S. for more than six decades, and it was initially unclear just what would happen on that day. While the strike did not totally shut down the city, it did garner the widespread support of students, workers, labor unions, and even small business owners, some of whom closed down in solidarity with the Occupy movement. Thousands of demonstrators, with tacit solidarity from ILWU dockworkers and independent contractor port truck drivers, shut down the Port of Oakland for the evening. The success of this “General Strike” in Oakland invigorated activists across the country and the world, leading to solidarity actions by the New York occupation and others, and giving many a new sense of the possible and the power of the 99 percent. More generally, the Oakland occupation and its success helped spark debate in the camps and around the country about expanding the movement’s tactics— from the occupation of new spaces, such as foreclosed homes, to the costs and benefits of “property destruction,” such as graffiti and breaking windows. *** A Dispatch From the Midwest By Dan La Botz, an organizer for Occupy Cincinnati In a bid to achieve critical mass of their own, activists in Cinncinnati staged an occupation of their own.

The judge said she had already decided to grant the restraining order because the curfew was a “clear prior restraint on free speech rights.” Military veterans join the protesters at Zuccotti Park. November 2—Demonstrations continued in Oakland, California, with a citywide general strike taking place in response to the serious injury sustained by a protester on October 25. Protesters shut down the Port of Oakland, the nation’s fifth busiest port. November 3—Riot police clashed with Occupy Oakland, firing tear gas and flash bang grenades. Over a hundred protesters were arrested, including another Iraq veteran who was seriously injured by police. Occupy Seattle protesters and police briefly clashed in protests sparked by Chase CEO Jamie Dimon’s visit to town. Five protesters were arrested for breaking into the bank, and two police officers sustained minor injuries.


pages: 326 words: 29,543

The Docks by Bill Sharpsteen

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affirmative action, anti-communist, big-box store, collective bargaining, Google Earth, intermodal, inventory management, jitney, Just-in-time delivery, new economy, Panamax, place-making, Port of Oakland, post-Panamax, RAND corporation, refrigerator car, strikebreaker, women in the workforce

Strangely, deaths are one statistic missing from the PMA’s annual report. For that, you have to be a regular reader of the union’s monthly newspaper, the Dispatcher. For late 2007 through 2008, it listed three fatalities on the job: ╯ ╯ Edward Hall, Local 10, struck and crushed by a yard hustler Carlos Rivera, Local 13, hit by a forklift carrying rolls of sheet metal Delmont Blakeney, Local 91, struck by a container and thrown into the bay at the Port of Oakland, where—with no emergency lad╯ 46â•… /â•… Moving Cans der available to reach him—he spent more than thirty minutes in the cold water and eventually lost consciousness; he was proÂ� nounced dead once he was pulled out and taken to a hospital ╯ So I ask MacDonald why such an important statistic as deaths doesn’t go in the PMA’s record. “That’s a fair question,” he says. “When I do my speech at the annual awards dinner, I definitely mention the deaths.

“Facts and Figures.” www.portoflosangeles.org/Â�newsroom/ press_kit/facts.asp (accessed May 29, 2009). ———. Port of Los Angeles Handbook 2009. www.portoflosangeles.org/pdf/Â�Shipping _Handbook_2009.pdf (accessed July 1, 2010). ———. “Port of Los Angeles Tariffs.” June 30, 2006. Price, Tom. “Local 13’s Carlos Rivera Dies in Dockside Tragedy.” ILWU Dispatcher, May 2008. Showalter, John. “The Deadly Side of Longshore Work.” ILWU Dispatcher, May 2008. ———. “Two Deaths at Port of Oakland Prompt Safety Actions by Union.” ILWU Dispatcher, January 2008. Tabor, Damon. “Swept Away by Currents.” Wired, April 2009. Taggart, Stewart. “The 20-Ton Packet.” Wired, October 1999. ╯ Referencesâ•… /â•… 283 Wahner, Christoph M. “Daily Vessel Casualty, Piracy, and News Report.” Law Offices of Countryman and McDaniel, Los Angeles. www.cargolaw.com/ presentations_casualties.php (accessed July 24, 2010).


pages: 565 words: 164,405

A Splendid Exchange: How Trade Shaped the World by William J. Bernstein

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Admiral Zheng, asset allocation, bank run, Benoit Mandelbrot, British Empire, call centre, clean water, Columbian Exchange, Corn Laws, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, Doha Development Round, domestication of the camel, double entry bookkeeping, Eratosthenes, financial innovation, Gini coefficient, God and Mammon, ice-free Arctic, imperial preference, income inequality, intermodal, James Hargreaves, John Harrison: Longitude, Khyber Pass, low skilled workers, non-tariff barriers, Paul Samuelson, placebo effect, Port of Oakland, refrigerator car, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, South Sea Bubble, spice trade, spinning jenny, Steven Pinker, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, trade liberalization, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile, working poor, zero-sum game

Mancur Olson, The Logic of Collective Action (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1965). 47. Bairoch, Economics and World History, 26. 48. Harley, "Ocean Freight Rates and Productivity, 1740-1913: The Primacy of Mechanical Invention Reaffirmed," 861. 49. Marc Levinson, The Box (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006), 7-53; Mark Rosenstein. "The Rise of Containerization in the Port of Oakland," New York Univerity master's thesis, 2000, 23-31, http://www.apparent-wind.com/mbr/ maritime-writings/thesis.pdf, accessed on March 13, 2007. Both sources are entertaining and well written: Rosenstein's thesis is the more balanced, readable, and inexpensive of the two. 50. Rogowski, 100-101; quote, 121. The protectionist Patrick Buchanan and William Clinton, a supporter of NAFTA, are exceptions. 51.

Rodrigue, Jean-Paul, "Straits, Passages, and Chokepoints: A Maritime Geostrategy of Petroleum Distribution," Les Cahiers de Geographie du Quebec 48, no. 135 (December 2004): 357-374. Rodrik, Dani, Has Globalization Gone Too Far? (Washington DC: Institute for International Economics, 1997). Rogowski, Ronald. Commerce and Coalitions (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989). Rosenstein, Mark, "The Rise of Containerization in the Port of Oakland," New York University master's thesis (2000),23-3 1, http://www.apparent-wind.com/mbr/ maritime-writings/thesis.pdf, accessed March 13, 2007. Rostow, W.W., The World Economy (Austin: University of Texas, 1978). Roy, Tirthankar, "Economic History and Modern India: Redefining the Link," The Journal of Economic Perspectives 16, no. 3 (Summer 2002): 109-130. Josiah C. Russell, "That Earlier Plague," Demography 5, no. 1 (1968): 174-184.


pages: 306 words: 94,204

Farm City: The Education of an Urban Farmer by Novella Carpenter

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back-to-the-land, crack epidemic, David Attenborough, dumpster diving, Golden Gate Park, haute cuisine, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Mason jar, McMansion, New Urbanism, Port of Oakland, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Silicon Valley, urban decay, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog

Since my mom and dad had both lived in the Bay Area in the 1960s—she as a political-science student at UC Berkeley, my dad as a classical guitar player in Oakland—I would have thought that they would have lots of stories to tell. They even lived together in West Oakland at one point: after they met in Mexico (my mom still insists that it’s not a good idea to meet your life partner while on vacation), they shacked up near the Port of Oakland, about twenty blocks from where I live today. But neither of them could remember much about Oakland back then. My mom had a vague memory of buying tamales from the lady living next door to them, but that was all. My dad said they lived near some Black Panthers and wannabe rock musicians, but when pressed, he couldn’t recall much else. Luckily, I had Melvin Dickson. When I dropped off some lettuce at the Commemoration Committee for the Black Panther Party office one day, I mentioned to Melvin that I was interested in hearing more about Oakland’s history.


pages: 291 words: 90,200

Networks of Outrage and Hope: Social Movements in the Internet Age by Manuel Castells

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access to a mobile phone, banking crisis, call centre, centre right, citizen journalism, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, crowdsourcing, currency manipulation / currency intervention, disintermediation, en.wikipedia.org, housing crisis, income inequality, microcredit, Mohammed Bouazizi, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, Port of Oakland, social software, statistical model, We are the 99%, web application, WikiLeaks, World Values Survey, young professional, zero-sum game

On the other hand, the City of Oakland unleashed its ferocious attack police, well known in the city and around the country for numerous incidents of unjustified killings, detentions, and violent charges on demonstrators. Oakland witnessed several major, violent confrontations in repeated attempts to dislodge the occupied square, with dozens of injured, hundreds of arrests, and two veterans seriously injured and hospitalized. This police action radicalized the movement in Oakland, to the point that on November 3 demonstrators succeeded in shutting down the Port of Oakland, the second largest on the US Pacific Coast, at the price of pitched street battles with the police. New York oscillated between its initial tolerance of the occupation and several instances of harsh repression. Many university campuses, including some of the elite universities such as Yale, Berkeley, and Harvard, were occupied. At one point, campus security only allowed those with Harvard identification cards to enter the occupied Harvard Yard.


pages: 326 words: 48,727

Hot: Living Through the Next Fifty Years on Earth by Mark Hertsgaard

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Berlin Wall, business continuity plan, carbon footprint, clean water, Climategate, Climatic Research Unit, corporate governance, cuban missile crisis, decarbonisation, defense in depth, en.wikipedia.org, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fixed income, food miles, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), megacity, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, peak oil, Port of Oakland, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, smart grid, South China Sea, the built environment, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, transit-oriented development, University of East Anglia, urban planning

George Monbiot's initial criticism appeared in the Guardian on March 24, 2009; his (grudging) admission of partial error appeared only on his blog at http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/georgemonbiot/2009/mar/27/biochar-monbiot-global-warming. The flourishing of urban gardens in Detroit was described in "Detroit Arcadia: Expiring the Post-American Landscape" by Rebecca Solnit, Harper's, July 2007. The history and achievements of Victory Gardens were described by Fred Kirschenmann in an author's interview. Chapter 9: While the Rich Avert Their Eyes The vulnerability of the ports of Oakland and Long Beach (and much else in California) is documented in the Pacific Institute study The Impacts of Sea-Level Rise on the California Coast (see http://www.pacinst.org/reports/sea_level_rise/report.pdf) and in the state government's 2009 California Climate Adaptation Strategy report, available at http://www.energy.ca.gov/2009publications/CNRA-1000-2009-027/CNRA-1000-2009-027-F.PDF. The relative cheapness of ground-floor rents in Dhaka was mentioned to me by numerous focal people.


pages: 828 words: 232,188

Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy by Francis Fukuyama

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Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Andrei Shleifer, Asian financial crisis, Atahualpa, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, blood diamonds, British Empire, centre right, clean water, collapse of Lehman Brothers, colonial rule, conceptual framework, crony capitalism, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, double entry bookkeeping, Edward Snowden, Erik Brynjolfsson, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, first-past-the-post, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Francisco Pizarro, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, Gini coefficient, Hernando de Soto, Home mortgage interest deduction, income inequality, information asymmetry, invention of the printing press, iterative process, knowledge worker, land reform, land tenure, life extension, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, means of production, Menlo Park, Mohammed Bouazizi, Monroe Doctrine, moral hazard, new economy, open economy, out of africa, Peace of Westphalia, Port of Oakland, post-industrial society, Post-materialism, post-materialism, price discrimination, quantitative easing, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Scientific racism, Scramble for Africa, Second Machine Age, Silicon Valley, special economic zone, stem cell, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, trade route, transaction costs, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Vilfredo Pareto, women in the workforce, World Values Survey, zero-sum game

The explosion of opportunities for litigation gave access and therefore power to many formerly excluded groups, beginning with African Americans. For this reason, litigation and the right to sue has been jealously guarded by many on the progressive left. But it also entailed large costs in terms of the quality of public policy. Kagan illustrates this with the case of the dredging of Oakland Harbor. During the 1970s, the Port of Oakland initiated plans to dredge the harbor in anticipation of the new, larger classes of container ships that were then coming into service. The plan had to be approved by a host of governmental agencies including the Army Corps of Engineers, the Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Marine Fisheries Service, the EPA, and their counterparts in the state of California. A series of alternative plans for disposing of toxic materials dredged from the harbor were challenged in the courts, and each successive plan entailed prolonged delays and higher costs.