starchitect

34 results back to index


pages: 342 words: 86,256

Walkable City: How Downtown Can Save America, One Step at a Time by Jeff Speck

A Pattern Language, active transport: walking or cycling, car-free, carbon footprint, congestion charging, David Brooks, edge city, Edward Glaeser, Enrique Peñalosa, food miles, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, if you build it, they will come, Induced demand, intermodal, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, meta analysis, meta-analysis, New Urbanism, peak oil, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Florida, skinny streets, smart cities, starchitect, Stewart Brand, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, transit-oriented development, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, white picket fence, young professional, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Most architects also agree with this assessment publicly, even as they hope against hope for their chance to design the figural object building that will land them on the cover of a hero architect magazine. And then there are the starchitects, most of whom don’t care about figural space at all. A fairly typical battle in this war was fought at the Mayors’ Institute on City Design, when Mayor Frank Cownie presented a plan for a piece of Des Moines that was based on the Vancouver model. A collection of quirky, expressionistic towers were shown in red, sitting atop a series of block-filling bases, shown in blue, that shaped the streets beautifully. “That’s a really interesting plan,” said the one starchitect at the table. “Just get rid of the blue bits and you’ll have something special.” Wow. First of all, when a designer says something is “interesting,” it’s time to get your guard up.

Almost every city that has witnessed construction since 1950 has its share of cold, uninviting buildings fronting the sidewalk with rough concrete, tinted glass, or other such nastiness. Most architects have moved on from this style of building, but that is not to say that they are any more motivated to engage the pedestrian. Evidence would suggest that, among the leading starchitects, creating street life still ranks low on the list of priorities, somewhere down there with staying on budget and keeping the rain out. In most cities, however, the culprit is less likely to be a starchitect than a Rite Aid, as pharmacies and other national chains refuse to put windows where shelves can go. These standards can be overcome, but only by cities that throw off the beggar mentality and outlaw the practice. Finally, in their quest to become more sustainable, cities need to remember that, for the typical pedestrian, the most mundane storefront is still more interesting than the most luxuriant landscape.

We looked into the building code, and found that, unbelievably, any awning larger than a certain tiny size had to be sprinkled for fire suppression. We got rid of that rule first. ATTACK OF THE STARCHITECTS We’ve come a long way since the seventies, when every city endeavored to build its own version of Boston’s fortress-like City Hall, a structure that only architects love (yes, I love it). This style of architecture was called brutalism, supposedly after Le Corbusier’s béton brut—rough concrete—but the name stuck for other reasons. It was characterized by walls so abrasive they could rip your arm open. Happily, this technique is no longer in vogue, but many architects, especially the starchitects, still build blank walls where they least belong. The Spaniard Rafael Moneo, my old professor, is probably the leading blank wall composer, a veritable Copland of Concrete.


Pocket New York City Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

Airbnb, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, East Village, Frank Gehry, G4S, ghettoisation, Saturday Night Live, starchitect, the High Line, urban renewal, walking around money

In 1930, the Chrysler Building, the 77-story art deco masterpiece designed by William Van Alen, became the world’s tallest structure. The following year, the record was broken by the Empire State Building, a clean-lined art deco monolith crafted from Indiana limestone. Its spire was meant to be used as a mooring mast for dirigibles – an idea that made for good publicity, but proved to be impractical and unfeasible. A Starchitect’s Canvas New York City’s heterogenous landscape lends itself well to the dabbling sketching pencils of some of the world’s leading architectural personalities, or ‘starchitects’ as they’ve come to be known. You’ll find Frank O Gehry’s rippling structures, SANAA’s white-box exteriors and Renzo Piano’s signature facade flip-flopping tucked between the city’s glass towers and low-rise bricked behemoths. Best Skyscrapers Empire State Building Like a martini, a good steak and jazz, this Depression-era skyscraper never ever gets old.


pages: 387 words: 105,250

The Caryatids by Bruce Sterling

carbon footprint, clean water, failed state, impulse control, negative equity, new economy, nuclear winter, semantic web, sexual politics, social software, starchitect, stem cell, supervolcano, urban renewal, Whole Earth Review

Freddy was glad for the change of subject. “Let’s have a word with the gentleman.” The starchitect’s avatar appeared in a corner of the Family’s situation map. “So, Frank,” said Freddy, “you’re in a simulation at the moment?” “Gotta be in a simulation,” grumbled the architect. “All the big construction business happens inside simulations.” “You didn’t notice the most recent big earthquake?” “Was there a tremor?” Osbourne said. “I’m logging in from Vancouver.” “No? Then let us be the first to tell you that your new showroom museum came through a major seismic event with flying colors! Congratulations.” “No kidding?” said Osbourne. “Swell!” “Except for a power outage,” Guillermo put in sourly. “I told you to let me handle the power!” the starchitect shouted. “I told you I needed full command over the grid! I told you that!

Toddy Montgomery had placed the gymnasium in the basement of the mansion, for a lady did not show her public that she had to sweat. Obviously, in the modern Los Angeles star system, where stars were physically dominant, swaggering street presences, the gym had to become the lady’s power base. So: Radmila moved the gymnasium into the former Situation Room. Radmila hired—not Frank Osbourne, he was too much the seasoned establishment starchitect—but one of Osbourne’s best disciples, a younger woman freshly gone into her own practice. This young architect was ambitious, modish, and contemporary, and she badly needed a leg-up. Grateful for her big break, the new decorator didn’t dawdle. Radmila’s new gym was transformed. It was no longer a dusty place of clanking iron and steroidal machismo. No, it was the “Transformation Spa,” a gleaming balletic wonderland of Zen river pebbles embedded in clear Perspex, reactive areogel yoga mats, sunlight-friendly, semitranslucent, ultra-high-strength oxide ceramic roof panels, with a one-way treatment that repelled passing spyplanes… Furthermore—lest the Family-Firm feel neglected—the newly emptied basement was swiftly transmuted into the new Situation Room, or rather, the Montgomery-Montalban Situation Bunker.


pages: 246 words: 76,561

Radical Cities: Across Latin America in Search of a New Architecture by Justin McGuirk

A Pattern Language, agricultural Revolution, dark matter, Donald Trump, Enrique Peñalosa, extreme commuting, facts on the ground, Guggenheim Bilbao, Hernando de Soto, housing crisis, illegal immigration, income per capita, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, Kickstarter, lateral thinking, mass immigration, microcredit, Milgram experiment, neoliberal agenda, New Urbanism, place-making, Silicon Valley, starchitect, technoutopianism, unorthodox policies, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Washington Consensus

The avant-garde – namely those too young or too academic to have surfed the PoMo office and hotel boom – withdrew into experimenting with architecture as an autonomous art form, informed by deconstructivist philosophy and complex geometry. Continue zooming through time and you’ll see the development of computer-aided drawing software and a resurgent global economy on converging tracks until – voilà! – the ‘starchitect’ is born. What happened in the first decade of the 2000s is easy to parody, and will continue to be, until a more forgiving future inevitably resuscitates the starchitects as heroes. The era of the ‘icon’, whether we mean blobs and other parametric forms or indeed icy minimalism, was the result of pure architectural form-making finally finding a globalised market. Both the corporate elite and a booming culture industry were hungry for it. And architects were brazen about the new world of opportunities available to them when it came to making the buildings of their dreams come true.

Indeed, the very process of branding-based cultural regeneration was complicit in the neoliberal attitude to the city, where the ultimate motive is always rising land values and profit. If architecture is just speculation, then could there be a more fitting legacy of that period than Spain’s 3.5 million empty homes? This is the capitalist drama that Tafuri had warned us about, the drama of architecture for its own sake: no ideology, no utopia. It’s so easy now, isn’t it, to blame architects for servicing an economy of the spectacle? In our mid-recession world, the starchitects are soft targets and ‘spectacle’ has become an easy epithet. But this book will take you to places that are also, in their own way, spectacular – even social housing. Affonso Reidy’s Pedregulho housing in Rio, built in the 1950s, has a curvaceous facade that was designed to make a spectacle of itself. This was a tropical utopianism at work. Equally, the sight of Tlatelolco stretching into the distance, a man-made event approaching the fearsome scale of the sublime, is also a spectacle.


pages: 432 words: 124,635

Happy City: Transforming Our Lives Through Urban Design by Charles Montgomery

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, agricultural Revolution, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Bernie Madoff, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, City Beautiful movement, clean water, congestion charging, correlation does not imply causation, East Village, edge city, energy security, Enrique Peñalosa, experimental subject, Frank Gehry, Google Earth, happiness index / gross national happiness, hedonic treadmill, Home mortgage interest deduction, housing crisis, income inequality, income per capita, Induced demand, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, license plate recognition, McMansion, means of production, megacity, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, mortgage tax deduction, New Urbanism, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, peak oil, Ponzi scheme, rent control, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, science of happiness, Seaside, Florida, Silicon Valley, starchitect, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transit-oriented development, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban sprawl, wage slave, white flight, World Values Survey, zero-sum game, Zipcar

This is the system that some have come to call sprawl. I will call it the dispersed city, for the characteristic that defines almost every aspect of it. While the world’s architectural critics and so-called thought leaders tend to focus their attention on iconic structures and rare designs, the journey to the happy city must begin out here, in the landscape of the infinitely repeated form, on the plains of dispersal. For every new urban plaza, starchitect-designed tower, or sleek new light-rail network, there are a hundred thousand cul-de-sacs out in the dispersed city. This is the environment that, more than any other, defines how Americans and millions of people in wealthy cities across the globe move, live, work, play, and perceive the world, and how millions more will live if cities return to the trajectory they were on before the crash. If you are going to talk about the modern city, you have to begin out here, at the edge of the urban blast radius.

Of course, today’s scorned neighborhoods and designs could be tomorrow’s status symbols if the culture was to send us a different set of messages about their worth. This is already happening. For years, television largely depicted American family and social life as suburban, but in the past two decades the hip protagonists of programs such as Friends and Sex and the City were shown in downtown apartments. Formerly low-status neighborhoods such as Manhattan’s East Village have been invaded by the upwardly mobile, and condominium towers designed by starchitects are sprouting between the tenements. New generations are growing up with a different mental library of stories that shape their domestic tastes. Errors from Above Unfortunately, when choosing how to live or move, most of us are not as free as we think. Our options are strikingly limited, and they are defined by the planners, engineers, politicians, architects, marketers, and land speculators who imprint their own values on the urban landscape.

Ample, easy parking is the hallmark of the dispersed city. It is also a killer of street life. A cruise through Los Angeles illustrates the dynamic. The city’s downtown has been said to contain more parking spaces per acre than any other place on earth, and its streets are some of the most desolate. Back in the late 1990s, civic boosters hoped that the Disney Concert Hall, a stainless steel–clad icon by starchitect Frank Gehry, would pump some life into L.A.’s Bunker Hill district. The city raised $110 million in bonds to build space for more than two thousand cars—six levels of parking right beneath the hall. Aside from creating a huge burden for the building’s tenant, the Los Angeles Philharmonic (which is contractually bound to put on an astounding 128 concerts each winter season in order to pay the debt service on the garage), the structure has utterly failed to revive area streets.


pages: 288 words: 83,690

How to Kill a City: The Real Story of Gentrification by Peter Moskowitz

affirmative action, Airbnb, Bay Area Rapid Transit, British Empire, clean water, collective bargaining, David Brooks, deindustrialization, Detroit bankruptcy, drive until you qualify, East Village, Edward Glaeser, Golden Gate Park, housing crisis, income inequality, Jane Jacobs, Kickstarter, Kitchen Debate, late capitalism, mortgage tax deduction, Naomi Klein, new economy, New Urbanism, private military company, profit motive, RAND corporation, rent control, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, school choice, Silicon Valley, starchitect, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, trickle-down economics, urban planning, urban renewal, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional

The queer scene on Christopher Street, just a few blocks from my parents’ house and once one of the most famous gay streets in America, had been priced out and policed into blandness. The middle-income housing on the surrounding blocks had been converted into market-rate condos. Bleecker Street, once filled with antique stores, had been overtaken by chains such as Marc Jacobs, Michael Kors, and Coach. Now, in place of buildings that reminded me of my childhood, stood beacons of wealth unprecedented in the neighborhood. Three glass buildings designed by “starchitect” Richard Meier, taller than anything around them, had sprung up a block from my parents’ house. And right across the street from my old house, a former artist’s loft and garage had been topped with pink stucco condos and rechristened “Palazzo Chupi.” When the building opened for sales in 2008, apartments sold for upward of $25 million. My parents’ building was different too. Every month, another apartment seemed to start renovation.

Whom can this place inspire? From my parents’ building I look east, toward the rest of the Village and Manhattan. One block north of me is Westbeth, the first federally subsidized artists’ colony in the country. The building is old, tall, and gray and filled with aging artists reluctant to leave the only place they can still afford in this city. A block south are three glass condo buildings designed by “starchitect” Richard Meier. When they opened in 2004, they were a sign that things were about to change rapidly in the neighborhood: the first and second and third waves of gentrification were over, and a fourth one, filled with people who can afford $15 million apartments, was here. The Meier buildings were also some of the first glass-fronted buildings in the city. Now Manhattan and Brooklyn are filled with blue and green glass knockoffs.


pages: 293 words: 90,714

Copenhagenize: The Definitive Guide to Global Bicycle Urbanism by Mikael Colville-Andersen

active transport: walking or cycling, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, autonomous vehicles, business cycle, car-free, congestion charging, corporate social responsibility, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Enrique Peñalosa, functional fixedness, if you build it, they will come, Induced demand, intermodal, Jane Jacobs, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kickstarter, Mahatma Gandhi, meta analysis, meta-analysis, neurotypical, out of africa, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, self-driving car, sharing economy, smart cities, starchitect, transcontinental railway, urban planning, urban sprawl, Yogi Berra

Placemaking has an enormous focus on pedestrianism, which is important and fantastic, but I sometimes feel that the bicycle is seen as competition to this specific focus on walking. But hey. Placemaking is a self-described movement that claims its goal is to change the world. What could possibly have more impact across all aspects of urbanism than the bicycle? One thing is moody academics pondering paving tile designs and bench aesthetics in creatively cluttered NoHo offices, another is “starchitects” who suddenly stick their noses into urban planning. Yes, you, Norman Foster. A couple of years ago, a fanciful idea came out of the British architect’s office. It was originally a student’s idea, and Norman dusted it off and thrust it rudely onto the Internet. He suggested that London build cycle tracks atop the city’s many elevated railways—he called it SkyCycle. Now of course this isn’t a good idea.

Now more than ever before, when urban planning is heading back to the future—back to when cities were life-sized places with rational and practical solutions for moving people around—ideas like SkyCycle stand out like a sore thumb. As Canadian author Chris Turner, whose book The Geography of Hope is a must-read, responded on Twitter when I criticized the idea: “You say that as if Foster and the starchitect league have ever attempted to understand how streets work in general.” Indeed. We’ll get into that later. Foster grew up in Manchester, back in an age when that city had around 30 percent modal share for bicycles. Instead of realizing that modern urban planning is seeking to return our cities to their pre-car state, he insists on dishing up city-killing Blade Runner fantasies. You would hope that Foster would harken back to his roots and embrace the kind of city he grew up in.


pages: 337 words: 40,257

Pocket Milan & the Lakes by Lonely Planet, Paula Hardy

G4S, haute cuisine, Murano, Venice glass, plutocrats, Plutocrats, starchitect

Built around a futuristic spiral ramp (an ode to the Guggenheim), the lower floors are cramped, but the heady collection, which includes the likes of Boccioni, Campigli, De Chirico and Marinetti, more than distracts. Interior, Museo del Novecento VITTORIO ZUNINO CELOTTO/GETTY IMAGES © Don’t Miss Palazzo dell’Arengario The austere Arengario Palace consists of two symmetrical buildings each with a three-tier arcaded facade. It was built in the 1950s by starchitects Piero Portaluppi, Giovanni Muzio, Pier Giulio Magristretti and Enrico Griffini, and is decorated with bas reliefs by Milanese sculptor Arturo Martini, whose work now features in the museum’s collection. The name arengario comes from the building’s original function as the government seat during the Fascist period, when officials would arringa (harangue) the local populous from the building’s balcony.


pages: 481 words: 120,693

Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else by Chrystia Freeland

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, assortative mating, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Basel III, battle of ideas, Bernie Madoff, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Black Swan, Boris Johnson, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, BRICs, business climate, call centre, carried interest, Cass Sunstein, Clayton Christensen, collapse of Lehman Brothers, commoditize, conceptual framework, corporate governance, creative destruction, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, disruptive innovation, don't be evil, double helix, energy security, estate planning, experimental subject, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Flash crash, Frank Gehry, Gini coefficient, global village, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Gordon Gekko, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, high net worth, income inequality, invention of the steam engine, job automation, John Markoff, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, liberation theology, light touch regulation, linear programming, London Whale, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, Mikhail Gorbachev, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, NetJets, new economy, Occupy movement, open economy, Peter Thiel, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, postindustrial economy, Potemkin village, profit motive, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, rent-seeking, Rod Stewart played at Stephen Schwarzman birthday party, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, short selling, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Simon Kuznets, Solar eclipse in 1919, sovereign wealth fund, starchitect, stem cell, Steve Jobs, the new new thing, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, trade route, trickle-down economics, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, wage slave, Washington Consensus, winner-take-all economy, zero-sum game

Since 1989, half of his work has been outside the United States, including landmark buildings like the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao. Gehry is more than an architect—he is a starchitect, a neologism coined to describe the small band of elite international architects whose personal brands transcend their buildings. He has appeared in Apple’s iconic black-and-white “Think Different” ad campaign, parodied himself on the Simpsons, and helped Arthur and his friends build a tree house on the children’s cartoon. He has even designed a hat for Lady Gaga. The difference between Bunshaft, an award-winning North American architect, and Gehry, a multimillionaire global starchitect, is the difference between living in the postwar era of the Great Compression, when the gap between the 1 percent and everyone else shrank, and living during the twin gilded ages, when globalization and the technology revolution are creating an international plutocracy and therefore a fantastically wealthy global clientele for superstars like Gehry.


City: A Guidebook for the Urban Age by P. D. Smith

active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, Andrew Keen, augmented reality, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Broken windows theory, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, business cycle, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, congestion charging, cosmological principle, crack epidemic, double entry bookkeeping, edge city, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, en.wikipedia.org, Enrique Peñalosa, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, garden city movement, global village, haute cuisine, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of gunpowder, Jane Jacobs, John Snow's cholera map, Kevin Kelly, Kibera, Kickstarter, Kowloon Walled City, Masdar, megacity, megastructure, multicultural london english, mutually assured destruction, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, peak oil, RFID, smart cities, starchitect, telepresence, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, Thomas Malthus, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Victor Gruen, walkable city, white flight, white picket fence, young professional

The favoured option is a $2 billion project to rehouse the slum dwellers on the outskirts of the city and to redevelop what is now a piece of prime real estate in the city centre, initially creating five million square feet of new office and residential space and a total of forty million square feet within seven years. Just as the authorities in Boston razed the city’s West End district in the 1950s, or as Beijing has destroyed its historic hutongs, so Mumbai intends to sweep away Dharavi’s hutments and replace them with new office and residential towers designed by ‘starchitects’. But as Europe and America discovered in the 1960s and 1970s, slum clearance can create as many problems as it solves. Slums are a human and not just an architectural problem. Bulldozing tenements and shacks that offend the sensibilities of the middle classes destroys communities as well as eliminating poor housing. Families and friends are uprooted and displaced. In Dharavi, long-term residents will be allocated apartments in high-rise blocks on the outskirts of the city.

After two decades of decline, the Basque city’s fortunes have indeed improved in recent years. But while some claim this is due to the remarkable publicity generated by the Museum, others point out that so far the substantial foreign investment that was anticipated has not materialised. Nevertheless, in an attempt to reproduce the ‘Bilbao effect’ by attracting the creative classes and investment to post-­industrial cities, ‘starchitects’ have been drafted into other urban centres and tasked with creating dramatic new museums and cultural centres. The results, both economic and aesthetic, have been mixed. The motivation behind the planned Guggenheim Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates, is less urban regeneration than an attempt to brand a city as a high-end cultural destination. It is to be designed by Frank Gehry and built on the empty Saadiyat Island off the coast of Abu Dhabi.


pages: 618 words: 159,672

Fodor's Rome: With the Best City Walks and Scenic Day Trips by Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.

call centre, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, low cost airline, Mason jar, mega-rich, Murano, Venice glass, starchitect, urban planning, young professional

Located by the Tiber River, the grandiose new “Ponte della Musica” bridge has now “bridged the gap” between the worlds of sports and music and arts: it connects the Foro Italico area (home to Rome’s stunning Stadio Olimpico and Stadio dei Marmi) with the Flaminio district (Parco della Musica and the MAXXI museum). Designed by British star-engineer Buro Happold, the eco-friendly ponte can be used by pedestrians, cyclists, and electric buses. Last but not least, the new convention center of Rome—EUR Congressi Roma—is expected to dazzle when completed in 2013. Italian starchitect Massimiliano Fuksas whipped up a vast design centered around the “Cloud,” an airy futuristic structure that floats in a showcase of steel and glass. City officials have high hopes. … IS IN POLITICAL LIMBO. After playing a prominent role in politics for nearly two decades, controversial tycoon Silvio Berlusconi stepped down as prime minister at the end of 2011, only after an unprecedented revolt within Parliament, after scandals and continuous market pressures had left Italy in bad shape.

Here you’ll find masterpieces by Raphael and Caravaggio. TOP ATTRACTIONS MAXXI—Museo Nazionale delle Arti del XXI Secolo (National Museum of 21st-Century Arts). It took 10 years and cost some €150 million, but for lovers of contemporary art and architecture, the MAXXI—Italy’s first national museum devoted to contemporary creativity—was worth it. The building alone impresses, as it should: the design, by Anglo-Iraqi starchitect Zaha Hadid, won over 272 other contest entries. The building plays with lots of natural light, curving and angular lines, and big open spaces, all meant to question the division between “within” and “without” (think glass ceilings and steel staircases that twist through the air). While not every critic adored it in its 2010 unveiling, more and more Romans are becoming delighted by this surprisingly playful space.


pages: 638 words: 156,653

Berlin by Andrea Schulte-Peevers

Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Google Earth, indoor plumbing, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Skype, starchitect, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal

Return to beginning of chapter POTSDAMER PLATZ & TIERGARTEN Drinking; Eating; Shopping; Sleeping Despite the name, Potsdamer Platz is not just a square but Berlin’s newest quarter and a stunning showcase of urban renewal. It’s built on terrain once bifurcated by the Wall, a short walk south of the Brandenburger Tor on the edge of Tiergarten. After 1989, big developers quickly swooped on the real estate of the former death strip (which was several hundred metres wide here) and pretty soon an international cast of ‘starchitects’, including Helmut Jahn, Renzo Piano and Rafael Moneo, got to work. Their goal: to create an urban quarter that would be as dynamic and vibrant as the historic Potsdamer Platz. Back in the early 20th century, this was essentially Berlin’s version of New York’s Times Square. Until WWII sucked all life out of the area, dapper doormen welcomed celebs and high society to fancy hotels like the Bellevue and the Esplanade.

Completed in 1914, WWI and the demise of the monarchy ensured that no royal would ever use the precious silver. NEUER FLÜGEL Map 320 911; www.spsg.de; Spandauer Damm; adult/concession €6/5; 10am-5pm Tue-Sun Apr-Oct, 11am-5pm Nov-Mar; Sophie-Charlotte-Platz, then 309, Richard-Wagner-Platz, then 145 The reign of Frederick the Great saw the addition, in 1746, of the New Wing by his buddy and ‘starchitect du jour’ Georg Wenzelaus von Knobelsdorff. Here you’ll find the palace’s most beautiful rooms, including the confectionlike White Hall, a former banquet room; the Golden Gallery, a rococo fantasy of mirrors and gilding; and the Concert Room filled with 18th-century paintings by French masters such as Watteau, Boucher and Pesne. To the right of the staircase are the comparatively austere Winterkammern (Winter Chambers) of Friedrich Wilhelm II in early neoclassical style.


Croatia by Anja Mutic, Vesna Maric

call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, friendly fire, G4S, haute cuisine, low cost airline, low cost carrier, starchitect

MUSEUM OF BROKEN RELATIONSHIPS, ZAGREB 1 Pine over poignant, often funny remains of failed relationships at Zagreb’s quirkiest museum, with exhibits on display donated from all corners of the globe ( Click here ). LAUBA, ZAGREB 2 Since it opened inside a former warehouse, this edgy gallery quickly became a creative hub of Croatia’s capital, showcasing contemporary art and various events ( Click here ). HOTEL LONE, ROVINJ 3 Croatia’s first design hotel is a dazzling beauty that looms above Lone bay, a stroll from Rovinj’s old town, with gorgeous interiors done up by Croatia’s starchitects, 3LHD ( Click here ). VELA VRATA, BUZET 4 Base yourself in this brand-new boutique hideaway on the hilltop of Buzet’s old town, and use it as a jump-off point for forays into Istria’s pretty interior ( Click here ). ART HOTEL KALELARGA, ZADAR 5 A beautiful designer hotel in the middle of ancient Zadar, with an emphasis on the elegant, minimal and extra classy. A wonderful new place to live it up ( Click here ).

Outside summer months, you should be able to bargain the surcharge away. You can book through one of the travel agencies. Except for a few private options, most hotels and campgrounds in the area are managed by Maistra (www.maistra.com) . Hotel Lone DESIGN HOTEL €€€ ( 632 000; www.lonehotel.com; Luje Adamovića 31; s/d 1478/1847KN; ) Croatia’s first design hotel, this 248-room powerhouse of style is a creation of Croatia’s starchitects 3LHD. It rises over Lone bay, next door to Monte Mulini, like a ship dropped in the forest. Light-flooded rooms come with private terraces and five-star trimmings. Facilities include a restaurant, an extensive spa and a cool store with Croatian design items. Guests can use the pools at Monte Mulini. Monte Mulini HOTEL €€€ ( 636 000; www.montemulinihotel.com; A Smareglia bb; s/d 2960/3695KN; ) This swanky hotel slopes down towards the peaceful Lone bay, a 10-minute stroll from the old town along the Lungomare.


pages: 253 words: 69,529

Britain's 100 Best Railway Stations by Simon Jenkins

Beeching cuts, British Empire, joint-stock company, Khartoum Gordon, market bubble, railway mania, South Sea Bubble, starchitect, the market place, urban renewal, wikimedia commons

For what he would regard as his masterpiece, Scott sought inspiration from across Europe. The historian J. Mordaunt Crook detects the Cloth Hall at Ypres in the hotel tower, and the town hall at Oudenarde in the gabled entrance front. The station’s biographer, Simon Bradley, sees echoes of ‘Bruges, Salisbury, Caernarvon, Amiens, Verona’. Scott himself saw the work as ‘on so vast a scale as to rule its neighbourhood, instead of being governed by it’—the cry of the starchitect down the ages. His self-esteem was unbridled, declaring not just that St Pancras was the finest building in London, but ‘my own belief is that it is possibly too good for its purpose’. Gothic shadows on railway faience The hotel attracted instant celebrity, not least for its innovation of a ladies’ smoking-room and bedside telephones. The latter could connect visitors to live West End shows, I think a courtesy never repeated since.


Sweden by Becky Ohlsen

accounting loophole / creative accounting, car-free, centre right, clean water, financial independence, glass ceiling, haute couture, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, mass immigration, New Urbanism, period drama, place-making, post-work, starchitect, the built environment, white picket fence

From the 1930s to the ’80s, functionalism and the so-called international style stole the limelight, with their emphasis on steel, concrete and glass. One of the latter’s most controversial legacies is the Hötorgscity complex (built 1952–56) in central Stockholm, its five cookie-cutter office blocks blemishing the city skyline. The subsequent postmodern wave witnessed the mash-up of styles and historical influences, and the rise of contemporary starchitect Gert Wingårdh. Describing his style as ‘high organic’, the Göteborg local’s most prolific projects to date include the visionary, ecofriendly Bo01 housing project at Malmö’s Western Harbour redevelopment, Universeum (2001) in Göteborg, and the award-winning House of Sweden (2006) in Washington DC. Design & Fashion From Jonas Bohlin ‘Tutu lamps’ to Tom Hedquist Mellanmjölk milk cartons, Sweden is a living gallery of inspired design.

There’s a cafe for an on-the-spot fix, and smaller branches in Norrmalm (Map; Regeringsgatan 58) and Östermalm (Map; Grevgatan 37). DesignTorget Götgatan (Map; 462 35 20; Götgatan 31, Södermalm); Sergels Torg (Map; 50 83 15 20; Basement, Kulturhuset, Sergels Torg) If you love good design but don’t own a Gold Amex, head to this clued-up chain, which sells the work of emerging designers alongside established denizens. * * * DESIGN & THE CITY From cult fabrics to starchitect bars, Stockholm is a design buff’s dream. Most of Sweden’s creative big guns are based here and its league of design shops, studios and galleries are the perfect crash course in crisp, clean Nordic aesthetics. A good place to start is at the permanent design exhibition at Nationalmuseum. Once you’re clued-up, pay homage at stalwart design retailer, Svenkst Tenn (Map; 670 16 00; Strandvägen 5), home to rich, floral fabrics by design legend Josef Frank.


pages: 265 words: 74,941

The Great Reset: How the Post-Crash Economy Will Change the Way We Live and Work by Richard Florida

banking crisis, big-box store, blue-collar work, business cycle, car-free, carbon footprint, collapse of Lehman Brothers, congestion charging, creative destruction, deskilling, edge city, Edward Glaeser, falling living standards, financial innovation, Ford paid five dollars a day, high net worth, Home mortgage interest deduction, housing crisis, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, indoor plumbing, interchangeable parts, invention of the telephone, Jane Jacobs, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge economy, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, McMansion, Menlo Park, Nate Silver, New Economic Geography, new economy, New Urbanism, oil shock, Own Your Own Home, pattern recognition, peak oil, Ponzi scheme, post-industrial society, postindustrial economy, reserve currency, Richard Florida, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, secular stagnation, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, social intelligence, sovereign wealth fund, starchitect, the built environment, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, total factor productivity, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, white flight, young professional, Zipcar

Young tech firms and design and architectural companies are converting old factories and warehouses into office space. New generations of young professionals and even some young families are moving back downtown into revitalized districts such as the city’s fabled Lafayette Park, a seventy-eight-acre development with an amazing mix of verdant open space and modern high-rises and town houses designed by one of the original “star-chitects,” Mies van der Rohe. Across the city, acre upon acre of once-useless vacant lots are being turned into vibrant urban farms. One writer even claimed that the city was turning into a veritable laboratory for innovative approaches to urban revitalization.17 So how long will it take Detroit or any other hard-hit Rust Belt city to come back? It’s a big question—for which there are no easy answers.


pages: 230 words: 71,834

Building the Cycling City: The Dutch Blueprint for Urban Vitality by Melissa Bruntlett, Chris Bruntlett

active transport: walking or cycling, autonomous vehicles, bike sharing scheme, car-free, crowdsourcing, en.wikipedia.org, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, intermodal, Jones Act, Loma Prieta earthquake, megacity, new economy, oil shale / tar sands, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, starchitect, the built environment, the High Line, transit-oriented development, urban planning, urban renewal, wikimedia commons

In his 2017 book Velotopia, Fleming admits that flashy architecture and smart urban design are great, but there are many more practical reasons to build the cycling city. “We can talk about cycling being red paint, and being deliberately shocking and creating icons and branding, but that’s all take-it-or-leave-it stuff,” he argues. “You could build anything to achieve that.” Fleming identifies the danger with iconic design is that “starchitects” can’t keep repeating the same trick. Frank Gehry can’t build a Guggenheim Bilbao in every city and have the same effect. “So the purpose of Velotopia was to say, ‘Hang on, there’s actually a practical benefit here and that’s to increase connectivity in the city.’” Fleming looks for a tipping point in every region—the point when they can no longer build their way to better motorized connections.


pages: 341 words: 89,986

Bricks & Mortals: Ten Great Buildings and the People They Made by Tom Wilkinson

Berlin Wall, British Empire, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, double helix, experimental subject, false memory syndrome, financial independence, Ford paid five dollars a day, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Google Glasses, housing crisis, Kitchen Debate, Mahatma Gandhi, mass incarceration, megacity, neoliberal agenda, New Urbanism, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, starchitect, traveling salesman, trickle-down economics, Upton Sinclair, urban planning

From the papal curia to Florentine bankers, his writings spread his fame among Italy’s rulers. His texts are eelishly slippery, and his opinions difficult to pin down. This isn’t an uncharacteristically modest modulation of the authorial voice: by avoiding strident statements of position, Alberti made himself amenable to all potential clients. This was vital to his success because, although the Renaissance is seen as the era when starchitects were born, designers were still the servants of the money men who bought their expertise; Giovanni Rucellai never names his architect in any of his writings. A contemporary of Alberti, architect Pietro Averlino, made an impassioned plea for the recognition of his trade: The building is conceived in this manner. Since no one can conceive by himself without a woman, by another simile, the building cannot be conceived by one man alone.


pages: 313 words: 92,053

Places of the Heart: The Psychogeography of Everyday Life by Colin Ellard

augmented reality, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, Broken windows theory, Buckminster Fuller, carbon footprint, commoditize, crowdsourcing, Frank Gehry, Google Glasses, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, Howard Rheingold, Internet of things, Jaron Lanier, mandelbrot fractal, Marshall McLuhan, Masdar, mass immigration, megastructure, more computing power than Apollo, Oculus Rift, Peter Eisenman, RFID, Richard Florida, risk tolerance, sentiment analysis, smart cities, starchitect, the built environment, theory of mind, urban decay, urban planning, urban sprawl, Victor Gruen

Designed by deconstructivist architect Daniel Libeskind, the more recent addition, named the “Lee-Chin Crystal” in honor of a major benefactor, consisted of a large volume of glass- and steel-enclosed space containing sharp contours and a vertigo-inducing lack of balance and orientation. Although some critics hailed the construction as a masterpiece heralding a new age of cutting-edge architectural design in the staid, Victorian landscape of Toronto, the building was decried by many as an abomination born of the city’s urgent desire to establish itself as a world-class destination by employing the services of a globally acclaimed “starchitect.” Casual passersby deplored the transformation of the public outdoor space surrounding the museum as a result of what one commentator described as a “bizarre alien turd” having been dropped into the landscape. Pedestrians avoided the open, windblown site lying under the Crystal, which appeared to teeter from above. Many expressed concern—not completely without warrant—about the possibility of dangerous icicles falling from the sheer angles and sharp edges of the building during the fraught Canadian winters.


pages: 325 words: 89,374

Municipal Dreams: The Rise and Fall of Council Housing by John Boughton

British Empire, deindustrialization, full employment, garden city movement, ghettoisation, housing crisis, Jane Jacobs, laissez-faire capitalism, manufacturing employment, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, neoliberal agenda, new economy, New Urbanism, profit motive, rent control, Right to Buy, rising living standards, starchitect, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the market place, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, young professional

In this instance, that bland term concealed a £243 million scheme to demolish the existing 2,700-home estate and transfer existing council tenancies in new ‘social rented’ properties to the newly formed Faraday Housing Association. To fill the funding gap, sixty acres of the estate were to be sold to private developers and some 1,000–1,500 private homes built for sale. Overall housing densities would increase significantly. The ‘starchitect’ Will Alsop (who had worked on the Five Estates project in nearby North Peckham) was brought in to produce the master plan. There’s much to unpick here. There was an operating assumption (or perhaps it was just a useful pretext for demolition, one endorsed by Blair himself in his reference to ‘derelict concrete’) that the estate’s system-built housing was irredeemably, structurally, flawed. There had certainly been significant teething troubles in the original construction, but these were largely rectified.


pages: 370 words: 94,968

The Most Human Human: What Talking With Computers Teaches Us About What It Means to Be Alive by Brian Christian

4chan, Ada Lovelace, Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, carbon footprint, cellular automata, Claude Shannon: information theory, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, complexity theory, crowdsourcing, David Heinemeier Hansson, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, George Akerlof, Gödel, Escher, Bach, high net worth, Isaac Newton, Jacques de Vaucanson, Jaron Lanier, job automation, l'esprit de l'escalier, Loebner Prize, Menlo Park, Ray Kurzweil, RFID, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Skype, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, starchitect, statistical model, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Thales of Miletus, theory of mind, Thomas Bayes, Turing machine, Turing test, Von Neumann architecture, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, zero-sum game

Site-Specificity I know when I’m working that the very first time I get something right it’s righter than it will ever be again. –TWYLA THARP One of my friends, an architecture graduate student, was telling me about a famous architect—Australia’s Pritzker Prize winner Glenn Murcutt—who’s notoriously opposed to any kind of scaling-up of his output. The Pritzker jury clearly took note, saying, “In an age obsessed with celebrity, the glitz of our ‘starchitects,’ backed by large staffs and copious public relations support, dominates the headlines. As a total contrast, [Murcutt] works in a one-person office on the other side of the world … yet has a waiting list of clients, so intent is he to give each project his personal best.” Murcutt himself doesn’t find this scale-restraint, rare though it is, odd in the slightest. “Life is not about maximizing everything,” he says.


pages: 565 words: 122,605

The Human City: Urbanism for the Rest of Us by Joel Kotkin

autonomous vehicles, blue-collar work, British Empire, carbon footprint, Celebration, Florida, citizen journalism, colonial rule, crony capitalism, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, Downton Abbey, edge city, Edward Glaeser, financial independence, Frank Gehry, Gini coefficient, Google bus, housing crisis, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, labor-force participation, land reform, life extension, market bubble, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, new economy, New Urbanism, Own Your Own Home, peak oil, pensions crisis, Peter Calthorpe, post-industrial society, RAND corporation, Richard Florida, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Seaside, Florida, self-driving car, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, starchitect, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, the built environment, trade route, transit-oriented development, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Victor Gruen, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, young professional

Despite massive government efforts to promote civic engagement and patriotism, a recent survey found half of all Singaporeans are indifferent to maintaining their citizenship as long as their wealth could be maintained. Rather than being tied to tradition, religion, and family, Singapore is increasingly dominated by an ideology that former foreign minister S. Rajaratnam labeled “moneytheism.”128 These non-specific, unmoored values find physical expression in the architecture that dominates many global cities. As you travel these places, you see the same structures, be it from Frank Gehry or some other “starchitect,” in myriad cities. Increasingly, city skylines and waterfront developments appear remarkably similar—from London’s Docklands to Tokyo’s waterfront developments to Shanghai’s Pudong.129 By appealing to cosmopolitan tastes, these global centers are becoming what architect Rem Koolhaas labeled “the generic city.” Reflecting the concerns of Calvin Soh, Koolhaas described Singapore in particular as “a city without qualities” and a “Potemkin metropolis.”130 Some, like retro-urbanist architect Roger K.


pages: 519 words: 104,396

Priceless: The Myth of Fair Value (And How to Take Advantage of It) by William Poundstone

availability heuristic, Cass Sunstein, collective bargaining, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, delayed gratification, Donald Trump, East Village, en.wikipedia.org, endowment effect, equal pay for equal work, experimental economics, experimental subject, feminist movement, game design, German hyperinflation, Henri Poincaré, high net worth, index card, invisible hand, John von Neumann, Kenneth Arrow, laissez-faire capitalism, Landlord’s Game, loss aversion, market bubble, mental accounting, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nash equilibrium, new economy, Paul Samuelson, payday loans, Philip Mirowski, Potemkin village, price anchoring, price discrimination, psychological pricing, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, random walk, RFID, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, rolodex, social intelligence, starchitect, Steve Jobs, The Chicago School, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, ultimatum game, working poor

A handful of near-unattainable items can manipulate the great mass of consumers. Prada believes in engineering the context. It paid over $1,700 per square foot for its Rem Koolhaas–designed store in SoHo and is forking over equally stratospheric rents. It would not devote floor space to goods that hardly ever sell unless there was a reason for it. Trade-off contrast is part of the cost of doing business, like advertising or window displays or “starchitect” designs. It’s not unusual to find items similar to the high-priced anchor selling for a tenth as much. Anyone who can’t swing that can always try the $300 sunglasses. Or the $110 mobile phone charm. The British Prada website hints at where the money is (online, at any rate). It offers 10 makes of women’s shoes, 23 handbags, and 54 “gifts”—trinkets like keychains, bracelet charms, and golf tee holders.


pages: 339 words: 103,546

Blood and Oil: Mohammed Bin Salman's Ruthless Quest for Global Power by Bradley Hope, Justin Scheck

augmented reality, Ayatollah Khomeini, clean water, coronavirus, distributed generation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, Exxon Valdez, Google Earth, high net worth, Jeff Bezos, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, MITM: man-in-the-middle, new economy, Peter Thiel, ride hailing / ride sharing, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, sovereign wealth fund, starchitect, Steve Jobs, Tim Cook: Apple, trade route, Travis Kalanick, Uber for X, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional, zero day

Neither Badr nor Mohammed would tell a soul anything about it, no matter how many times a visiting billionaire or art consultant tried to ask during a private moment. Whereas Abu Dhabi had taken an approach of bringing art into the UAE via its relationship with the Louvre, Saudi Arabia’s consultants came up with a strategy that propped up its size, diversity, and history. Rather than have a “starchitect” design a big, impressive museum to put it on the map, the country would focus on smaller museums and archaeological restorations. Some would be devoted to just one thing, such as a Museum of Incense celebrating the love of perfume and the legendary trade routes through the kingdom. Building such attractions represented a huge change in a country whose Wahhabist religious establishment viewed museums, especially those displaying antiquities, as facilitating idol worship.


Sam Friedman and Daniel Laurison by The Class Ceiling Why it Pays to be Privileged (2019, Policy Press)

affirmative action, Boris Johnson, discrete time, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, equal pay for equal work, gender pay gap, gig economy, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, Hyperloop, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, invisible hand, job satisfaction, knowledge economy, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, nudge unit, old-boy network, performance metric, psychological pricing, school choice, Skype, starchitect, The Spirit Level, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile

The firm is now relatively large for an architectural practice, employing around 100 people, the vast majority of whom are based in London.17 81 The Class Ceiling The firm principally works in defence, education, healthcare, transport and residential development. It has been very successful in recent years, leading on a number of high-profile airport and bus terminal projects, and staff numbers have expanded rapidly. However, as a firm with a strong ‘delivery’ focus, it lacks both the cultural prestige of established ‘starchitect’-led practices, such as Fosters, or the professional cachet of design-led boutique studios. Employing many Architectural Assistants yet to complete all of their professional qualifications, Coopers is a young office, with an average age of around 30 compared with 46 for architecture nationally. It is also cosmopolitan, with nearly half of staff (43%) brought up outside the UK. In some ways, the firm compares favourably to the wider architecture profession in terms of gender and racial-ethnic diversity.


pages: 489 words: 132,734

A History of Future Cities by Daniel Brook

Berlin Wall, British Empire, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, carbon footprint, Celtic Tiger, collateralized debt obligation, collective bargaining, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, Edward Glaeser, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial innovation, glass ceiling, indoor plumbing, joint-stock company, land reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, open economy, Parag Khanna, Pearl River Delta, Potemkin village, profit motive, rent control, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, starchitect, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, working poor

Though Gazprom had obtained a special exemption from the historic neighborhood’s height limit, the UN cultural agency, UNESCO, threatened to remove St. Petersburg from its list of World Heritage sites if the tower were built. To preservationists locally and at UNESCO, the unity of the city’s church spire–dominated skyline would be destroyed by inserting the tallest building in Europe along the Neva. The design for the Gazprom tower was chosen in 2006 through an international competition marred by controversy. International starchitects Sir Norman Foster and Rafael Viñoly, who had been enlisted as judges, resigned from the committee in protest. While neither architect explained his reasons publicly, speculation was rampant that they quit over preservation concerns as well as pressure from Mayor Matviyenko to pick her favorite design, that of London-based architecture firm, RMJM. Competitors complained as well. Swiss architecture firm Herzog & de Meuron, which submitted a design to the competition, put out a statement saying that the process “seemed to confirm the clichés about Russia, which we are reluctant to believe.”


Frommer's Paris 2013 by Kate van Der Boogert

Airbnb, airport security, British Empire, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, clean water, eurozone crisis, haute couture, Honoré de Balzac, housing crisis, music of the spheres, place-making, starchitect, sustainable-tourism, urban renewal

Dédé La Frite Suits from the surrounding banks head here after work, when the cocktails are just 7.50€ and the beer 4€. When the alcohol has flowed for an hour or two, most punters give in to the aroma of juicy burgers and frites (from 9€) wafting from the kitchen. Open daily 8am–2am. 135 rue de Montmartre, 75002. 01-40-41-99-90. Metro: Bourse. Experimental Cocktail Club This cosmopolitan lounge has the feel of a retro speakeasy. The cocktails here are spot-on and the crowd is fashionable—starchitect Philippe Starck and actor Adrian Grenier have been spotted sipping drinks here late into the evening. Drinks start at 12.50€. Open daily from 6pm to 2am, until 5am Friday and Saturday. 37 rue St-Sauveur, 2e. www.experimentalcocktailclub.com. 01-45-08-88-09. Métro: Sentier. Le Bar (Hôtel Plaza Athénée) This classy, historic joint is all glamour and fabulousness with a shockingly 21st-century decor.


pages: 614 words: 174,226

The Economists' Hour: How the False Prophets of Free Markets Fractured Our Society by Binyamin Appelbaum

"Robert Solow", airline deregulation, Alvin Roth, Andrei Shleifer, anti-communist, battle of ideas, Benoit Mandelbrot, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, capital controls, Carmen Reinhart, Cass Sunstein, Celtic Tiger, central bank independence, clean water, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, currency manipulation / currency intervention, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, Diane Coyle, Donald Trump, ending welfare as we know it, financial deregulation, financial innovation, fixed income, floating exchange rates, full employment, George Akerlof, George Gilder, Gini coefficient, greed is good, Growth in a Time of Debt, income inequality, income per capita, index fund, inflation targeting, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jean Tirole, John Markoff, Kenneth Arrow, Kenneth Rogoff, land reform, Long Term Capital Management, low cost airline, manufacturing employment, means of production, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, Mohammed Bouazizi, money market fund, Mont Pelerin Society, Network effects, new economy, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, Philip Mirowski, plutocrats, Plutocrats, price stability, profit motive, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, rent control, rent-seeking, Richard Thaler, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, Robert Gordon, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Sam Peltzman, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, starchitect, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, The Chicago School, The Great Moderation, The Myth of the Rational Market, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, ultimatum game, Unsafe at Any Speed, urban renewal, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus

One lender told the Wall Street Journal, “We foreign bankers are for the free market when we’re out to make a buck and believe in the state when we are about to lose a buck.”86 During the 1984 presidential campaign, a new term came into use to describe a vast swath of the industrial heartland. People called it the Rust Belt.87 That was also the year Youngstown, Ohio, lost its carousel. The grand merry-go-round, a signature attraction at the local amusement park for sixty years, was sold at auction when the park closed; in time, it found a new home on the New York waterfront, in a transparent jewel box by the French starchitect Jean Nouvel. Reagan swept to reelection in 1984, but the political pressure to arrest the decline of American manufacturing continued to build. A new Treasury secretary, James Baker, persuaded Reagan to treat the value of the dollar as a matter of policy; Baker began to seek concessions from Japan. In April 1985, Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone asked every Japanese to spend the equivalent of $100 on foreign goods.


pages: 603 words: 182,781

Aerotropolis by John D. Kasarda, Greg Lindsay

3D printing, air freight, airline deregulation, airport security, Akira Okazaki, Asian financial crisis, back-to-the-land, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, big-box store, blood diamonds, borderless world, Boris Johnson, British Empire, business cycle, call centre, carbon footprint, Cesare Marchetti: Marchetti’s constant, Charles Lindbergh, Clayton Christensen, cleantech, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, conceptual framework, credit crunch, David Brooks, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, digital map, disruptive innovation, edge city, Edward Glaeser, failed state, food miles, Ford paid five dollars a day, Frank Gehry, fudge factor, full employment, future of work, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, George Gilder, global supply chain, global village, gravity well, Haber-Bosch Process, Hernando de Soto, hive mind, if you build it, they will come, illegal immigration, inflight wifi, intangible asset, interchangeable parts, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), intermodal, invention of the telephone, inventory management, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, Joan Didion, Kangaroo Route, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, kremlinology, low cost airline, Marchetti’s constant, Marshall McLuhan, Masdar, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, Menlo Park, microcredit, Network effects, New Economic Geography, new economy, New Urbanism, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, Pearl River Delta, Peter Calthorpe, Peter Thiel, pets.com, pink-collar, pre–internet, RFID, Richard Florida, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, savings glut, Seaside, Florida, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, South China Sea, South Sea Bubble, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, spice trade, spinning jenny, starchitect, stem cell, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, sustainable-tourism, telepresence, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Nature of the Firm, thinkpad, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, Tony Hsieh, trade route, transcontinental railway, transit-oriented development, traveling salesman, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, white picket fence, Yogi Berra, zero-sum game

This would be made possible by the twelve-mile-long, billion-dollar bridge connecting New Songdo to the airport, which cut the commute to fifteen minutes when it opened in 2009. The task of designing an instant city fell to Gale’s architects at Kohn Pedersen Fox, whose lengthy résumé includes supertall skyscrapers and dozens of corporate headquarters, but nothing on the order of New Songdo. The principal in charge of the project is Jamie von Klemperer, whose willingness to explain himself in simple English runs counter to flashier “starchitects.” Previous attempts at conceiving instant cities had been hobbled by their own utopianism, he explained one afternoon at KPF’s Manhattan offices, as we watched his assistants carve matchstick skyscrapers out of Styrofoam. In trying to draft the perfect city, he said, architects had produced inhuman ones. “Renaissance planners would take a circle and decide what geometry of roads, what uses, and what utopian order would be given to that circle,” he said.


Western USA by Lonely Planet

airport security, Albert Einstein, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, Charles Lindbergh, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Donner party, East Village, edge city, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, global village, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, intermodal, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mahatma Gandhi, Mars Rover, Maui Hawaii, off grid, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, starchitect, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, supervolcano, trade route, transcontinental railway, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

Palm Springs The Rat Pack is back, baby – or, at least, its hangout is. In the 1950s and ’60s, Palm Springs (population 44,500), some 100 miles east of LA, was the swinging getaway of Sinatra, Elvis and other big stars. Once the Rat Pack packed it in, however, Palm Springs surrendered to retirees in golf clothing. In the 1990s, a new generation rediscovered the city’s retro-chic charms: kidney-shaped pools, starchitect bungalows, vintage boutique hotels, and piano bars serving perfect martinis. Today retirees mix comfortably with hipsters and a significant gay and lesbian contingent. Sights & Activities Palm Springs is the principal city of the Coachella Valley, a string of desert towns ranging from ho-hum Cathedral City to glamtastic Palm Desert, all linked by Hwy 111. In Palm Springs’ compact downtown, Hwy 111 runs one way south as Palm Canyon Dr, paralleled by northbound Indian Canyon Dr.


Coastal California Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

1960s counterculture, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, flex fuel, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, income inequality, intermodal, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, low cost airline, Lyft, Mason jar, New Journalism, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, starchitect, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, trade route, transcontinental railway, uber lyft, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, Wall-E, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

It relaunched in 2013–14 with chic new restaurants like Umami Burger, the Anaheim Brewery ( GOOGLE MAP ; www.anaheimbrew.com; 336 S Anaheim Blvd; h5-9pm Tue-Thu, 5-11pm Fri, noon-11pm Sat, 1-7pm Sun), an evolving collection of shops and a park for events. About a quarter-mile from here is Center Street ( GOOGLE MAP ; www.centerstreetanaheim.com; W Center St), a quietly splashy redeveloped neighborhood with an ice rink designed by starchitect Frank Gehry, and a couple of blocks of hip shops. Dining offerings include the fabulous food hall of the Packing House ( GOOGLE MAP ; %714-533-7225; www.anaheimpackingdistrict.com; 440 S Anaheim St; hopens 9am, closing hours vary), and the creative vegan dishes at Healthy Junk ( GOOGLE MAP ; %714-772-5865; www.thehealthyjunk.com; 201 Center St Promenade; mains $4-10; h10am-9pm Mon-Fri, 11am-9pm Sat, 11am-5pm Sun; v). 5Eating From stroll-and-eat Mickey-shaped pretzels ($4) and jumbo turkey legs ($10) to deluxe, gourmet dinners (sky's the limit), there's no shortage of eating options, though mostly pretty expensive and targeted to mainstream tastes.


USA Travel Guide by Lonely, Planet

1960s counterculture, active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Asilomar, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, big-box store, bike sharing scheme, Bretton Woods, British Empire, Burning Man, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, edge city, El Camino Real, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, Golden Gate Park, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, Hernando de Soto, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, immigration reform, information trail, interchangeable parts, intermodal, jitney, Kickstarter, license plate recognition, Mars Rover, Mason jar, mass immigration, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, Menlo Park, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, off grid, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, starchitect, stealth mode startup, stem cell, supervolcano, the built environment, The Chicago School, the High Line, the payments system, trade route, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

Palm Springs The Rat Pack is back, baby – or, at least, its hangout is. In the 1950s and ’60s, Palm Springs (population 44,500), some 100 miles east of LA, was the swinging getaway of Sinatra, Elvis and other big stars. Once the Rat Pack packed it in, however, Palm Springs surrendered to retirees in golf clothing. In the 1990s, a new generation rediscovered the city’s retro-chic charms: kidney-shaped pools, starchitect bungalows, vintage boutique hotels, and piano bars serving perfect martinis. Today retirees mix comfortably with hipsters and a significant gay and lesbian contingent. Sights & Activities Palm Springs is the principal city of the Coachella Valley, a string of desert towns ranging from ho-hum Cathedral City to glamtastic Palm Desert, all linked by Hwy 111. In Palm Springs’ compact downtown, Hwy 111 runs one way south as Palm Canyon Dr, paralleled by northbound Indian Canyon Dr.

ARCHITECTURE In the 21st century, computer technology and innovations in materials and manufacturing allow for curving, asymmetrical buildings once considered impossible, if not inconceivable. Architects are being challenged to ‘go green,’ and the creativity unleashed is riveting, transforming skylines and changing the way Americans think about their built environments. The public’s architectural taste remains conservative, but never mind: avant-garde ‘starchitects’ are revising urban landscapes with radical visions that the nation will catch up with – one day. Art in Out-of-the-Way Places » Marfa, TX » Santa Fe, NM » Traverse City, MI » Park City, UT » Bellingham, WA » Beacon, NY » Provincetown, MA The Colonial Period Perhaps the only lasting indigenous influence on American architecture has been the adobe dwellings of the Southwest. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Spanish colonists incorporated elements of what they called the Native American pueblo (village).


Germany Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

Airbnb, Albert Einstein, bank run, Berlin Wall, bike sharing scheme, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, double helix, eurozone crisis, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johannes Kepler, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, oil shale / tar sands, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Eisenman, post-work, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, sensible shoes, Skype, starchitect, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, V2 rocket, white picket fence

Trains also stop at the Teufelsmühle (Devil’s Mill), built for silver miners in the 17th century, from where a trail leads up to the Töpfer, a photogenic 582m-high mountain whose evocative sandstone formations have been nicknamed ‘tortoise’ or ‘breeding hen’. Johanniskirche CHURCH (510 933; www.johanniskirche-zittau.de; Johannisplatz 1; tower adult/concession €1.50/1; noon-6pm Mon-Fri, 10am-4pm Sat & Sun Apr-Oct, 10am-4.30pm Mon-Fri, 10am-4pm Sat & Sun Nov-Mar) Zittau’s grand Church of St John has medieval roots but the current version was consecrated in 1837 and designed by Prussian starchitect Karl Friedrich Schinkel, who added the wooden coffered ceiling, the neo-Gothic north tower and the baptismal font. The south tower can be climbed for sweeping views of the mountains. Sleeping & Eating Hotel Dreiländereck HOTEL €€ (5550; www.hotel-dle.de; Bautzener Strasse 9; d €90; ) This one-time brewery on Zittau’s pedestrianised commercial strip is a solid pick, with warmly furnished rooms dressed in green and gold hues.


Italy by Damien Simonis

active transport: walking or cycling, airport security, bike sharing scheme, Bonfire of the Vanities, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, clean water, congestion charging, discovery of the americas, Frank Gehry, haute couture, illegal immigration, Kickstarter, large denomination, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Murano, Venice glass, pension reform, period drama, Peter Eisenman, Skype, spice trade, starchitect, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl, women in the workforce

The city’s Mafia wars hit the world’s headlines in late 2004 and early 2005, and again in 2008 with the release of Matteo Garrone’s film Gomorra (Gomorrah), itself based on a Camorra exposé by Neapolitan writer Roberto Saviano. In 2008, the city’s sporadic garbage-disposal crisis flared up again, leading frustrated residents to set fire to uncollected rubbish in the streets. More promising has been the recent inauguration of a major theatre festival, a still-under-construction high-speed rail terminal by British-Iraqi starchitect Zaha Hadid and a planned revamp of Pompeii’s train stations by prolific US architect Peter Eisenman. * * * OUR TOP FIVE FILM LOCATIONS IN CAMPANIA Naples’ airy Piazza del Gesù Nuovo, where acting great Sergio Solli makes his anything-but-menacing phone threats in No Grazie, Il Caffè Mi Rende Nervoso (1982). Caserta’s blue-blooded Palazzo Reale, whose interiors moonlight as Queen Amidala’s pad in Star Wars: Episode 1 - The Phantom Menace (1999) and Star Wars: Episode 2 - Attack of the Clones (2002).