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Coding Freedom: The Ethics and Aesthetics of Hacking by E. Gabriella Coleman
activist lawyer, Benjamin Mako Hill, commoditize, crowdsourcing, Debian, Donald Knuth, dumpster diving, en.wikipedia.org, financial independence, ghettoisation, GnuPG, Hacker Ethic, informal economy, Jacob Appelbaum, Jaron Lanier, Jason Scott: textfiles.com, Jean Tirole, knowledge economy, laissez-faire capitalism, Larry Wall, Louis Pasteur, means of production, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer, pirate software, popular electronics, RFC: Request For Comment, Richard Stallman, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, slashdot, software patent, software studies, Steve Ballmer, Steven Levy, Ted Nelson, The Hackers Conference, the scientific method, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, web application, web of trust
Programmers could write and publish strong encryption on the grounds that software was speech. F/OSS advocates, seeing the DeCSS case as a similar situation, hoped that the courts just might declare DeCSS worthy of First Amendment protection. Consider the first message posted on dvd-discuss—a mailing list that would soon attract a multitude of programmers, F/OSS developers, and activist lawyers to discuss every imaginable detail concerning the DeCSS cases: I see the DVD cases as the natural complement to Bernstein’s case. Just as free speech protects the right to communicate results about encryption, so it protects the right to discuss the technicalities of decryption. In this case as well as Bernstein’s, the government’s policy is to promote insecurity to achieve security.
Even though Sklyarov was in no fashion part of or identified with the world of F/OSS development, local F/OSS developers were behind a slew of protest activities, including a protest at Adobe’s San Jose headquarters, a candlelight vigil at the San Jose public library, and a march held after Linux World on August 29, 2001, that ended up at the federal prosecutor’s office. At a fund-raiser that followed the march to the prosecutor’s office, Stallman, the founder of the FSF, and Lessig, the superstar activist-lawyer, gave impassioned speeches. Sklyarov, in a brief appearance, thanked the audience for their support. The mood was electric in an otherwise-cool San Francisco warehouse loft. Lessig, who had recently published his Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, a book that was changing the way F/OSS developers understood the politics of technology, fired up the already-animated crowd with charged declarations during his speech: Now this is America, right?
By means of lively protests and prolific discussions, almost continuously between 1999 and 2003, hackers as well as new publics debated the connection between source code and speech. This link became a staple of free software moral philosophy, and has helped add clarity in the competition between two different legal regimes (speech versus intellectual property) for the protection of knowledge and digital artifacts. Now other actors, such as activist lawyers, are consolidating new projects and bodies of legal work that challenge the shape along with the direction of intellectual property law. To be sure, the idea of free speech has never held a single meaning across the societies that have valued, instantiated, or debated it. Yet it has come to be seen as indispensable for a healthy democracy, a free press, individual self-development, and academic integrity.
Dreaming in Public: Building the Occupy Movement by Amy Lang, Daniel Lang/levitsky
activist lawyer, Bay Area Rapid Transit, bonus culture, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, crowdsourcing, David Graeber, deindustrialization, different worldview, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, housing crisis, Kibera, late capitalism, mass incarceration, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, out of africa, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Port of Oakland, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Slavoj Žižek, structural adjustment programs, the medium is the message, too big to fail, trade liberalization, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, War on Poverty, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, We are the 99%, white flight, working poor
If not the Soviet Union, then surely the intrepid guerrillas of Latin America, Algerian women with their battle cry, the Chinese in seeking to pass on the spirit of revolution to a new generation, even the students of Paris, had found the Answers. Painfully, we discovered that was not the case. We are all in this together. Staughton Lynd Longtime US activist, lawyer, historian and author. THE BEGINNING IS NEAR Foreword All of the writing and images we have included in this collection were created and circulated by their authors as part of their active participation in Occupy/Decolonize. Some have been read widely and are understood as key contributions to the movement’s evolution – Manissa McCleave Maharawal’s ‘So Real It Hurts’, for example.
Winners Take All: The Elite Charade of Changing the World by Anand Giridharadas
"side hustle", activist lawyer, affirmative action, Airbnb, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, Burning Man, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carried interest, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate raider, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, David Heinemeier Hansson, deindustrialization, disintermediation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, friendly fire, global pandemic, high net worth, hiring and firing, housing crisis, Hyperloop, income inequality, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, Kibera, Kickstarter, land reform, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, new economy, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Parag Khanna, Paul Graham, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit maximization, risk tolerance, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, sharing economy, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, Steven Pinker, technoutopianism, The Chicago School, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, the High Line, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, Travis Kalanick, trickle-down economics, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, Upton Sinclair, Vilfredo Pareto, working poor, zero-sum game
“Welcome to our sunrise service here at CGI,” the panel moderator, Melanne Verveer, said in opening. Her panel was, she said, emblematic of what lay ahead that day, for it brought together diverse stakeholders from multiple perspectives on the topic of women’s equality. The diverse stakeholders turned out to be three corporate executives and one UN man. There were no feminist thinkers, activists, lawyers, elected leaders, labor organizers, or other varietals of women-savers on the panel. Serious feminists might have found this slate of experts problematic, but it was not, by CGI’s standards, a poorly formed panel. On the contrary, much like the panel on globalism and its haters, it was a panel that could be counted on to provide the right amount of stimulation while worrying absolutely no one.
All Your Base Are Belong to Us: How Fifty Years of Video Games Conquered Pop Culture by Harold Goldberg
activist lawyer, Alexey Pajitnov wrote Tetris, Apple II, cellular automata, Columbine, Conway's Game of Life, G4S, game design, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Mars Rover, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Oldenburg, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Great Good Place, Thorstein Veblen, urban planning
For a while, Australia banned the game due to its violent and sexual content. Politicians like Senator Joe Lieberman railed against it, saying the violence was horrendous and that the Housers “have a responsibility not to do it if we want to raise the next generation of our sons to treat women with respect.” After seeing GTA III, Jack Thompson, a conservative activist lawyer, made it his crusade to ban the spread of violent videogames. The Housers didn’t react publicly, but privately they shook their heads. They had made the game for adults. Through the Entertainment Software Ratings Board, they had labeled it with a Mature rating, hopefully ensuring that no one under seventeen would purchase the game.
The Idealist: Aaron Swartz and the Rise of Free Culture on the Internet by Justin Peters
4chan, activist lawyer, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Bayesian statistics, Brewster Kahle, buy low sell high, crowdsourcing, disintermediation, don't be evil, global village, Hacker Ethic, hypertext link, index card, informal economy, information retrieval, Internet Archive, invention of movable type, invention of writing, Isaac Newton, John Markoff, Joi Ito, Lean Startup, moral panic, Paul Buchheit, Paul Graham, profit motive, RAND corporation, Republic of Letters, Richard Stallman, selection bias, semantic web, Silicon Valley, social web, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, strikebreaker, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, Y Combinator
In his working paper, Swartz described his new plan for the future of activism. Rather than form a political action group focused on one single issue or tactic, Swartz proposed that organizers should assemble groups of people supremely competent in certain relevant disciplines—investigators, activists, lawyers, lobbyists, policy experts, political strategists, journalists, and publicists—who could combine their efforts and advocate effectively for any issue, big or small. Swartz envisioned a flexible, intelligent, multifaceted task force that would learn from its mistakes and refine its tactics accordingly: a team of specialists that, cumulatively, worked as generalists.
The Boom: How Fracking Ignited the American Energy Revolution and Changed the World by Russell Gold
accounting loophole / creative accounting, activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, activist lawyer, addicted to oil, American energy revolution, Bakken shale, Bernie Sanders, Buckminster Fuller, clean water, corporate governance, corporate raider, energy security, energy transition, hydraulic fracturing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), margin call, market fundamentalism, Mason jar, North Sea oil, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, Project Plowshare, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Upton Sinclair
When Brune took over the Sierra Club, his first major initiative presented to the board was to recommend snubbing the group’s largest funder, at a time when the group was struggling for money. At a weekend retreat of the board of directors in August 2010, he broke the news of McClendon’s donations to the all-volunteer board, a group of activists, lawyers, and scientists. In addition to informing them about the $26 million already received, he also suggested that they turn down another $30 million in promised pledges. (The donation amounted to about 12 percent of the Sierra Club’s contributions between 2008 and 2010.) “It was a shocking time,” board member Jeremy Doochin recalled.
The Land Grabbers: The New Fight Over Who Owns the Earth by Fred Pearce
activist lawyer, Asian financial crisis, banking crisis, big-box store, blood diamonds, British Empire, Buy land – they’re not making it any more, Cape to Cairo, carbon footprint, clean water, corporate raider, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, Elliott wave, en.wikipedia.org, energy security, farmers can use mobile phones to check market prices, index fund, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, land reform, land tenure, Mahatma Gandhi, market fundamentalism, megacity, Mohammed Bouazizi, Nelson Mandela, Nikolai Kondratiev, offshore financial centre, out of africa, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, Ronald Reagan, smart cities, structural adjustment programs, too big to fail, undersea cable, urban planning, urban sprawl, WikiLeaks
If all three foreign projects proceed as planned, a total of one and a half million acres of Liberia could be under oil palm before long, more than 6 percent of the country. But Sime Darby in particular hit trouble in 2011, with locals refusing to give up land and complaining that the company was engaged in illegal clearing. Alfred Brownell, the activist lawyer, had become involved. In October, an appeal to the industry watchdog, the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, brought a promise that the company would “cease their operations immediately” on 10,000 acres claimed by the villagers and “open bilateral discussions.” Victory. Before I left Palm Bay, and after walking around the nursery, I asked an idle question about where the seedlings came from.
I Can't Breathe by Matt Taibbi
"side hustle", activist lawyer, affirmative action, Broken windows theory, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, Ferguson, Missouri, Frank Gehry, mass incarceration, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ronald Reagan, Snapchat, War on Poverty
They were the pros from Dover, and they acted like it. Aronin is young, fit, has slick hair, and looks like an extra from a stockbroker-chic movie like Wall Street or Boiler Room. Perry meanwhile has flowing silver hair that’s thin on top, long in back, and kept in a faintly hippieish style. His look hints a little at famed countercultural activist lawyers like Bill Kunstler and J. Tony Serra. Their client by then was famous enough that he was recognizable from a distance. Dressed in a trademark black ski hat and a black jacket, the lean, withdrawn-looking Orta, now twenty-four, sat glumly in the back of the courtroom. He looked like he expected an anvil to fall on his head at any moment.
Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies by Judith Stein
"Robert Solow", 1960s counterculture, activist lawyer, affirmative action, airline deregulation, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, blue-collar work, Bretton Woods, business cycle, capital controls, centre right, collective bargaining, Credit Default Swap, crony capitalism, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, desegregation, energy security, Fall of the Berlin Wall, falling living standards, feminist movement, financial deregulation, floating exchange rates, full employment, Gunnar Myrdal, income inequality, income per capita, intermodal, invisible hand, knowledge worker, laissez-faire capitalism, liberal capitalism, Long Term Capital Management, manufacturing employment, market bubble, Martin Wolf, new economy, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, open economy, Paul Samuelson, payday loans, post-industrial society, post-oil, price mechanism, price stability, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, reserve currency, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, Simon Kuznets, strikebreaker, trade liberalization, union organizing, urban planning, urban renewal, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus, working poor, Yom Kippur War
Nader’s principal animus was the corporation.127 Because he believed that corporations dominated government and corrupted labor, he also opposed tripartite modes of governing. Such collaboration would be at the expense of the consumer. Nader’s politics substituted consumers for the traditional working class as agents of change. Nader did not organize consumers. His various public interest groups were not mass organizations but groups of activist lawyers. Nader’s anticorporatism was a mindset, not a political program. In the final analysis, both Kahn and Nader believed that competition would solve all economic problems. With conservatives, they opposed social democratic solutions to U.S. economic woes. The issue was not resolved because everyone understood that, if Carter was not reelected, “this thing is academic.”
The Cigarette: A Political History by Sarah Milov
activist lawyer, affirmative action, airline deregulation, American Legislative Exchange Council, barriers to entry, British Empire, collective bargaining, corporate personhood, deindustrialization, fixed income, Frederick Winslow Taylor, G4S, global supply chain, imperial preference, Indoor air pollution, information asymmetry, invisible hand, Kitchen Debate, land tenure, new economy, New Journalism, Philip Mirowski, pink-collar, Potemkin village, precariat, price stability, profit maximization, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, rent-seeking, Silicon Valley, structural adjustment programs, The Chicago School, Torches of Freedom, trade route, union organizing, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, War on Poverty, women in the workforce
Posner, “Theories of Economic Regulation,” Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science 5, No. 2 (1974): 335–358. For an overview of the history of the capture thesis, see William J. Novak, “A Revisionist History of Regulatory Capture,” in Preventing Regulatory Capture, Daniel Carpenter and David Moss, eds. (New York: Cambridge, 2013). 23. For a discussion of the way in which young activist lawyers reimagined the judiciary as a site of democratic participation, see Reuel Schiller, “Enlarging the Administrative Polity: Administrative Law and the Changing Definition of Pluralism, 1945–1970,” Vanderbilt Law Review 53, No. 5 (2000): 1389–1453; Schiller, Forging Rivals: Race, Class, Law and the Collapse of Postwar Liberalism (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), especially 143–146; Sean Farhang, Litigation State: Public Regulation and Private Lawsuits in the United States (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010).
Random Family: Love, Drugs, Trouble, and Coming of Age in the Bro by LeBlanc, Adrian Nicole
Over the years, Jessica had maintained her many outside contacts, even those that were fleeting. (Once she’d called a guy she’d met on Fordham Road. He didn’t remember her name, but she refreshed his memory by describing how she’d been dressed.) She called Boy George’s attorney, who placed a call on Cesar’s behalf. She tried the activist lawyer who ran the prison clinic at Yale. The lawyer, also the mother of twins, held a special place in her heart for Jessica. Yale couldn’t help Cesar—they didn’t take New York State criminal cases—but, as it turned out, they could help Jessica. Following the twin boys’ birth, Jessica’s health had continued to deteriorate.
Free Speech: Ten Principles for a Connected World by Timothy Garton Ash
A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, activist lawyer, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Andrew Keen, Apple II, Ayatollah Khomeini, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, British Empire, Cass Sunstein, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, Clapham omnibus, colonial rule, crowdsourcing, David Attenborough, don't be evil, Donald Davies, Douglas Engelbart, Edward Snowden, Etonian, European colonialism, eurozone crisis, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Ferguson, Missouri, Filter Bubble, financial independence, Firefox, Galaxy Zoo, George Santayana, global village, index card, Internet Archive, invention of movable type, invention of writing, Jaron Lanier, jimmy wales, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, megacity, mutually assured destruction, national security letter, Nelson Mandela, Netflix Prize, Nicholas Carr, obamacare, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Thiel, pre–internet, profit motive, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Ronald Reagan, semantic web, Silicon Valley, Simon Singh, Snapchat, social graph, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Wisdom of Crowds, Turing test, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, WikiLeaks, World Values Survey, Yom Kippur War
Pan, ‘In China, Turning the Law into the People’s Protector’, Washington Post, 28 December 2004, http://perma.cc/Y6Y3-QV3T. So far as my Chinese-language researchers can establish, the provincial court case was actually never decided, but allowed to run into the sand; see http://perma.cc/K6KZ-PG98. For Pu’s subsequent detention, see Emma Graham-Harrison, ‘Activist Lawyer Who Defended Ai Weiwei Charged with Provoking Trouble’, The Guardian, 15 May 2015, http://perma.cc/W7K3-D8AS 76. Lewis 2007, 57 77. Lester 2014, 703 78. Human Rights Committee 2011, paragraph 47 79. ‘Defamation Act 2013’, http://perma.cc/7239-K7DV 80. Lester 2014, 707–12 81. Lord (Brian) Mawhinney in the House of Lords debate on the Second Reading, Hansard (House of Lords), Defamation Bill, Second Reading, 9 October 2012, Column 947, http://perma.cc/5C5S-3UP5.
Saving America's Cities: Ed Logue and the Struggle to Renew Urban America in the Suburban Age by Lizabeth Cohen
activist lawyer, affirmative action, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, car-free, charter city, deindustrialization, desegregation, Edward Glaeser, garden city movement, ghettoisation, Henry Ford's grandson gave labor union leader Walter Reuther a tour of the company’s new, automated factory…, hiring and firing, housing crisis, income inequality, indoor plumbing, Jane Jacobs, land reform, megastructure, new economy, New Urbanism, Peter Eisenman, postindustrial economy, race to the bottom, rent control, Robert Gordon, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, Victor Gruen, Vilfredo Pareto, walkable city, War on Poverty, white flight, white picket fence, young professional
The lone African American was Denis Blackett, a project designer at the BRA. Others included Gordon Fellman, an assistant professor of sociology at Brandeis; Robert Goodman, an assistant professor of architecture at MIT; Chester Hartman, an assistant professor of city planning at Harvard; Daniel Klubock, a young activist lawyer; James Morey, the full-time UPA executive director, who, as a psychologist and a systems analyst, had recently left the defense industry in disillusionment; Lisa Peattie, an anthropologist and associate professor of urban affairs and regional planning at MIT; and Fred Salvucci, a BRA transportation planner.60 Over the spring, summer, and fall of 1966, a fascinating, well-documented three-way struggle transpired between Logue’s BRA, the Madison Park community as represented by the LRCC, and UPA, with UPA carrying the torch for the LRCC with the BRA, while the LRCC’s mostly African American organizers and members grew increasingly distrustful of their advisers.
Working: People Talk About What They Do All Day and How They Feel About What They Do by Studs Terkel
activist lawyer, business cycle, call centre, card file, cuban missile crisis, Ford paid five dollars a day, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, job satisfaction, Ralph Nader, strikebreaker, traveling salesman, urban renewal, War on Poverty, working poor, Yogi Berra, zero day
As we walk in the restaurant, they’re looking at us. As we walk out, our pictures are taken again. Red Squad, Chicago Police Department.90 Because we represented the Young Patriots.91 that was at the time when they established the free medical clinic. The city was trying to close it down. They were keeping a file on the activist lawyers in the city. I walk back to the office and interview people. Calling finance companies, trying to find defenses on contracts where people have signed, not knowing what the hell they signed because they can’t read English. Their car gets repossessed, their wages are garnisheed . . . You can work four days straight, sixteen hours a day, and never feel tired.