stocks for the long term

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pages: 621 words: 123,678

Financial Freedom: A Proven Path to All the Money You Will Ever Need by Grant Sabatier

"side hustle", 8-hour work day, Airbnb, anti-work, asset allocation, bitcoin, buy and hold, cryptocurrency, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, financial independence, fixed income, follow your passion, full employment, Home mortgage interest deduction, index fund, loss aversion, Lyft, money market fund, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, passive income, remote working, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, Skype, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, TaskRabbit, the rule of 72, time value of money, uber lyft, Vanguard fund

If you hold them for longer than a year before you sell them, then you will get taxed at the capital gains rate (see the table above), which is typically lower than your income tax rate. A quick note on selling versus withdrawing: In a taxable account, you get taxed when you sell even if you don’t withdraw the money, but in a tax-advantaged account, you get taxed only after you sell and withdraw. Yet another reason why you should be holding stocks for the long term: If you can keep your taxable income below $75,900 if you are married or $37,950 if you are single, then you won’t pay any tax on your investment withdrawals from your taxable accounts. No taxes. This is one of the massive benefits of keeping your income low (or at least mastering your tax deductions). Tax-free withdrawals means you need less money saved to reach financial independence.

Buying and flipping homes can help you make some extra money that you can then use to either buy more properties or add to your stock investments. As you’ve already learned, because of the 1031 exchange rule, you can keep rolling over your profits tax-free by using them to buy new properties. Or you can flip your way into larger and larger homes so you can buy your dream home. You can also flip your way into buying a multi-unit property or apartment building that you can then hold and rent out. Just like buying and holding stock for the long term, buying and holding real estate is a more effective strategy than flipping to help you reach financial independence faster, since you can build up a portfolio that generates consistent monthly cash flow through rental income that can cover your mortgage debt and monthly expenses, as well as have a portfolio of assets that will also appreciate over time. You can’t get that with stocks. You can also deduct most of the interest and many of the expenses of owning rental properties, making things like upgrades, repairs, and management expenses tax deductible.


pages: 236 words: 77,735

Rigged Money: Beating Wall Street at Its Own Game by Lee Munson

affirmative action, asset allocation, backtesting, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, Bretton Woods, business cycle, buy and hold, buy low sell high, California gold rush, call centre, Credit Default Swap, diversification, diversified portfolio, estate planning, fiat currency, financial innovation, fixed income, Flash crash, follow your passion, German hyperinflation, High speed trading, housing crisis, index fund, joint-stock company, money market fund, moral hazard, Myron Scholes, passive investing, Ponzi scheme, price discovery process, random walk, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, too big to fail, trade route, Vanguard fund, walking around money

This includes me, and your next-door neighbor who is a stockbroker. Really, we make no money and what can you tell someone who wants you to look at their portfolio and tell them all of their initial ideas are great and not touch them? I have had some of these clients and they confuse me. I had a client who bought Citigroup all the way back when it hit the skids in 1994 for a few bucks after double-digit decline over the prior year. He bought the stock for the long term. After an 800 percent increase in value, the end of 2007 brought with it a serious decline in a few banking stocks, Citigroup being one of them. I suggested he let some loose. Why? He was sure that a short-term movement didn’t mean anything. As the losses piled up and the picture looked worse, I kept suggesting that he reallocate the money, or even buy a banking index to diversify the pain.


pages: 202 words: 72,857

The Wealth Dragon Way: The Why, the When and the How to Become Infinitely Wealthy by John Lee

8-hour work day, Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, butterfly effect, buy low sell high, California gold rush, Donald Trump, financial independence, high net worth, intangible asset, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, negative equity, passive income, payday loans, self-driving car, Snapchat, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, Tony Hsieh, Y2K

He doesn't get caught up in the hype of what something might be worth one day (speculation) and he doesn't buy shares in a failing company with the intention of putting in place managers who could turn the business around and raise its value (development); he simply buys stocks that he thinks are undervalued by considering the market value of that company on that day. It makes sense to apply this tactic to buying property. But there's an even bigger advantage with property. Property is the most leveraged investment you can make. The difference between buying stocks and investing in property is that you can borrow most of the money to buy property. If you want to invest £100,000 in stocks for the long term, you need to find that £100,000. If you want to buy a property for £100,000, all you need is £20,000—and you can more or less guarantee that the bank will lend you the rest. If the company you bought shares in went bust, you would lose your entire £100,000. If your house fell down or got blown away in a freak storm, you would only lose £20,000. Additionally, say your shares increase in worth to £120,000.


pages: 318 words: 87,570

Broken Markets: How High Frequency Trading and Predatory Practices on Wall Street Are Destroying Investor Confidence and Your Portfolio by Sal Arnuk, Joseph Saluzzi

algorithmic trading, automated trading system, Bernie Madoff, buttonwood tree, buy and hold, commoditize, computerized trading, corporate governance, cuban missile crisis, financial innovation, Flash crash, Gordon Gekko, High speed trading, latency arbitrage, locking in a profit, Mark Zuckerberg, market fragmentation, Ponzi scheme, price discovery process, price mechanism, price stability, Sergey Aleynikov, Sharpe ratio, short selling, Small Order Execution System, statistical arbitrage, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, transaction costs, two-sided market, zero-sum game

Trust and confidence will be restored. The many months of domestic equity outflows will start to come to an end. Investors will start to pile back into stocks because they will believe that markets are properly valuing securities and that their orders are not bait for ultra-high-speed traders. Research and stock picking will become relevant again as margin returns to brokers who deploy capital toward the valuation of stocks for the long term. Correlation among assets will fall to more normalized levels as investors focus on individual companies, instead of mindless ETF tracking devices. Ultimately, capital will find its way back to innovative, job-creating companies. A fantasy? No. It’s all up to you. Fight for Your Rights If you’ve read this book up to this point, chances are you are as outraged as we are and want to know what you can to do protect yourself.


file:///C:/Documents%20and%... by vpavan

accounting loophole / creative accounting, activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, asset allocation, Berlin Wall, business cycle, buttonwood tree, buy and hold, corporate governance, corporate raider, disintermediation, diversification, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, estate planning, fixed income, index fund, intangible asset, interest rate swap, margin call, money market fund, Myron Scholes, new economy, price discovery process, profit motive, risk tolerance, shareholder value, short selling, Silicon Valley, Small Order Execution System, Steve Jobs, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, technology bubble, transaction costs, Vanguard fund, women in the workforce, zero-coupon bond, éminence grise

The first rule of thumb is that an analyst's recommendation should never be the deciding factor in whether you buy or sell a stock. Sure, you should read analysts' reports. They are a good way to start your own research, but consider them just one more piece of information. Never buy a stock based solely on an analyst's recommendation. Instead, ask yourself: Is the stock right for me because it helps diversify my portfolio, or because it helps me meet an asset allocation goal? Am I expecting to hold the stock for the long term? Do I understand the company, and why I'd like to own it? Do I understand it well enough to know why I might want to sell the stock, beyond a short-term failure to meet analysts' expectations? Answering these questions in the affirmative is enough to justify owning a stock— far more than any analyst's say-so. Ask lots of questions. You should not be influenced by an analyst's stock recommendation unless you understand why the analyst favors it; whether the analyst's firm has any business ties to the company in the form of investment banking fees; and whether the firm or the analyst owns any of the shares being recommended.


pages: 407 words: 114,478

The Four Pillars of Investing: Lessons for Building a Winning Portfolio by William J. Bernstein

asset allocation, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, butter production in bangladesh, buy and hold, buy low sell high, carried interest, corporate governance, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Dava Sobel, diversification, diversified portfolio, Edmond Halley, equity premium, estate planning, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, financial independence, financial innovation, fixed income, George Santayana, German hyperinflation, high net worth, hindsight bias, Hyman Minsky, index fund, invention of the telegraph, Isaac Newton, John Harrison: Longitude, Long Term Capital Management, loss aversion, market bubble, mental accounting, money market fund, mortgage debt, new economy, pattern recognition, Paul Samuelson, quantitative easing, railway mania, random walk, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, risk/return, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, South Sea Bubble, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, survivorship bias, The inhabitant of London could order by telephone, sipping his morning tea in bed, the various products of the whole earth, the rule of 72, transaction costs, Vanguard fund, yield curve, zero-sum game

It is an easy thing to look at the above data and convince yourself that you will be able to stay the course through the tough times. But actually doing it is an entirely different affair. Examining historical returns and imagining losing 50% or 80% of your capital is like practicing an airplane crash in a simulator. Trust me, there is a big difference between how you’ll behave in the simulator and how you’ll perform during the real thing. During bull markets, everyone believes that he is committed to stocks for the long term. Unfortunately, history also tells us that during bear markets, you can hardly give stocks away. Most investors are simply not capable of withstanding the vicissitudes of an all-stock investment strategy. The data for the U.S. markets displayed in Figures 1-9 to 1-14 are summarized in Table 1-1. It’s pretty clear that there’s a relationship between return and risk—you enjoy high returns only by taking substantial risk.


pages: 537 words: 144,318

The Invisible Hands: Top Hedge Fund Traders on Bubbles, Crashes, and Real Money by Steven Drobny

Albert Einstein, Asian financial crisis, asset allocation, asset-backed security, backtesting, banking crisis, Bernie Madoff, Black Swan, Bretton Woods, BRICs, British Empire, business cycle, business process, buy and hold, capital asset pricing model, capital controls, central bank independence, collateralized debt obligation, commoditize, Commodity Super-Cycle, commodity trading advisor, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, currency peg, debt deflation, diversification, diversified portfolio, equity premium, family office, fiat currency, fixed income, follow your passion, full employment, George Santayana, Hyman Minsky, implied volatility, index fund, inflation targeting, interest rate swap, inventory management, invisible hand, Kickstarter, London Interbank Offered Rate, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, market fundamentalism, market microstructure, moral hazard, Myron Scholes, North Sea oil, open economy, peak oil, pension reform, Ponzi scheme, prediction markets, price discovery process, price stability, private sector deleveraging, profit motive, purchasing power parity, quantitative easing, random walk, reserve currency, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, savings glut, selection bias, Sharpe ratio, short selling, sovereign wealth fund, special drawing rights, statistical arbitrage, stochastic volatility, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, survivorship bias, The Great Moderation, Thomas Bayes, time value of money, too big to fail, transaction costs, unbiased observer, value at risk, Vanguard fund, yield curve, zero-sum game

Meanwhile, a full year after the crash of ‘08, nearly everyone in the markets—from savvy hedge fund managers to small private investors with retirement accounts to policy makers—still struggle to understand what went wrong. While the debate over who or what deserves blame will likely rage for decades, the world has not ended and investors must now adapt and adjust to the new reality. The crisis of 2008 has called many investment mantras into question—notably the Endowment Model (diversifying into illiquid equity and equity-like investments) and others including stocks for the long term, buy the dip, buy and hold, and dollar cost averaging—yet no new model has taken root. The crisis of 2008 did, however, supply the financial community with an abundance of new information with regards to portfolio construction, in particular around risk, liquidity, and time horizons. After such an extreme year in the markets, reactions in the real money world have been polarized: some have learned valuable lessons and are incorporating them in their approach, whereas others are operating as if it is business as usual, completely dismissing 2008 as a one-in-a-hundred-year storm that has passed.


pages: 504 words: 139,137

Efficiently Inefficient: How Smart Money Invests and Market Prices Are Determined by Lasse Heje Pedersen

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, algorithmic trading, Andrei Shleifer, asset allocation, backtesting, bank run, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Black-Scholes formula, Brownian motion, business cycle, buy and hold, buy low sell high, capital asset pricing model, commodity trading advisor, conceptual framework, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, currency peg, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, declining real wages, discounted cash flows, diversification, diversified portfolio, Emanuel Derman, equity premium, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, fixed income, Flash crash, floating exchange rates, frictionless, frictionless market, Gordon Gekko, implied volatility, index arbitrage, index fund, interest rate swap, late capitalism, law of one price, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, market clearing, market design, market friction, merger arbitrage, money market fund, mortgage debt, Myron Scholes, New Journalism, paper trading, passive investing, price discovery process, price stability, purchasing power parity, quantitative easing, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, random walk, Renaissance Technologies, Richard Thaler, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, selection bias, shareholder value, Sharpe ratio, short selling, sovereign wealth fund, statistical arbitrage, statistical model, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, survivorship bias, systematic trading, technology bubble, time value of money, total factor productivity, transaction costs, value at risk, Vanguard fund, yield curve, zero-coupon bond

These fund managers also analyze the quality of the company’s management, traveling to meet managers and see businesses. Furthermore, they study the accounting numbers, trying to assess their reliability and to estimate future cash flows. Equity long–short managers mostly bet on specific companies, but they can also take views on whole industries. Some equity managers, called value investors, focus on buying undervalued companies and holding these stocks for the long term. Warren Buffett is a good example of a value investor. Implementing this trading strategy often requires being contrarian, since companies only become cheap when other investors abandon them. Hence, cheap stocks are often out of favor or bought during times when others panic. Going against the norm is harder than it sounds, as traders say: It’s easy to be a contrarian, except when it’s profitable.


pages: 716 words: 192,143

The Enlightened Capitalists by James O'Toole

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Bernie Madoff, British Empire, business cycle, business process, California gold rush, carbon footprint, City Beautiful movement, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, desegregation, Donald Trump, double entry bookkeeping, end world poverty, equal pay for equal work, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, garden city movement, germ theory of disease, glass ceiling, God and Mammon, greed is good, hiring and firing, income inequality, indoor plumbing, inventory management, invisible hand, James Hargreaves, job satisfaction, joint-stock company, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Lao Tzu, longitudinal study, Louis Pasteur, Lyft, means of production, Menlo Park, North Sea oil, passive investing, Ponzi scheme, profit maximization, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, Socratic dialogue, sovereign wealth fund, spinning jenny, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tim Cook: Apple, traveling salesman, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, union organizing, Vanguard fund, white flight, women in the workforce, young professional

At the same time upscale department stores such as Nordstrom and Bloomingdale’s were becoming national chains, catering to the designer-jean tastes of affluent consumers. “In sum,” as Bob Haas explained to me some thirty-two years after our first discussion, “we were pinched from above and below: ‘The Jaws of Death,’ as a former Levi’s executive dubbed it.” Moreover, as all those untoward changes were occurring, the character of Wall Street was being transformed. Once home to patient investors who held stock for the long term, now it was the domain of restless speculators demanding high (and quick) financial returns from companies they assumed they “owned.” In effect, Wall Street had come to expect exactly what Levi Strauss was unable to deliver in the early 1980s—high quarterly profits—and that failure caused Levi’s investors to demand drastic changes in the corporation’s strategy, practices, products, and governance.